LOG      República Bolivariana de Venezuela.
O   “Ministerio del poder Popular para la Educación
                        S...
UNIDAD V: A través de la
    aplicación de estrategias
     de lectura que incluyan
   las etapas de pre-lectura,
    lect...
Definición y uso de :
                       Texto.
                      Párrafos
                (introductorio, de
    ...
DEFINICIÓN DEL
                  TEXTO COMO
                   MODELO DE
                   DISCURSO
                INTER...
Parte de un escrito que se
        considera con unidad
        suficiente para poder
       separarlo mediante una
      ...
Express
                  an idea
 Share                        Introduc
dialogue                      e a topic




  Des...
They help you
                organize your
             ideas so that they    2. At a
 1. At a      flow freely from    c...
Different
             paragraphs do
                different
                 things.



         1. Opening and
       ...
THE
INTRODUCTOR
Y PARAGRAPH
      ó párrafo           THE
 introductorio:      TRANSITIO
  señala el tema          NAL
   ...
THE SUMMARY
  PARAGRAPH ó
 párrafo resúmen
: resume, al final,
  todas las ideas
principales en el
                       ...
INTRODUCCIÓN:
      La primera sección de un
        párrafo; debe incluir la
          oración del tema y
        cualqui...
LA
                   CONCLUSION_
          EL          La última
  DESARROLLO:          sección;
     Sigue a la      res...
• Simple
             • Compound
             • Complex




14/06/2010
  13               PROFESORA: BELKYS
              ...
SUBJECT   PREDICATE




14/06/2010
  14               PROFESORA: BELKYS
                                MEZA
Basic Elements




      SUBJECT          PREDICATE




         The              plays
      accountant         tennis.

...
Simple Sentence




      Tom and             play
        Mary             tennis.



     Compound
     Subject



     ...
Simple Sentence




     Tom and            play tennis
       Mary             and swim.


     Compound Subject   Compou...
SIMPLE SENTENCE
       with compound subject




    Tom and Mary play
         tennis.



14/06/2010
  18                ...
SIMPLE SENTENCE
       with compound subject
                and
        compound predicate




   Tom and Mary play tenni...
SIMPLE SENTENCE
      with compound
          subject
            and
    compound predicate
   Tom and Mary play tennis
 ...
SUBJECT        PREDICATE


                an
                 d
     SUBJECT         PREDICATE




14/06/2010
  21       ...
Compound Sentence
         Tom         swims,




               an
                d
        Mary         plays
         ...
COMPOUND SENTENCE:
      COORDINATING
      CONJUNCTIONS

             FOR
             AND
             NOR
             ...
COMPOUND
           SENTENCE:
         COORDINATING
         CONJUNCTIONS

      Tom swims, and Mary
         plays tennis...
COMPOUND SENTENCE:
         COORDINATING
         CONJUNCTIONS




      Tom swims, and Mary
         plays tennis.

     ...
COMPOUND SENTENCE:
      CONJUNCTIVE
        ADVERBS
             MOREOVER
             HOWEVER
             OTHERWISE
   ...
COMPOUND SENTENCE:
     CONJUNCTIVE ADVERBS




   Bob is handsome; moreover,
            he is rich.

        Clause 1   ...
COMPOUND SENTENCE:
       CONJUNCTIVE ADVERBS



    Bob is handsome; moreover,
             he is rich.



      Note: Se...
Conjunctive Adverbs “float”




     Conjunctive adverbs are
           sometimes called
     “floating” adverbs because
...
CONJUNCTIVE ADVERB:
       AT THE BEGINNING

      Bob is handsome; moreover,
               he is rich.



             C...
CONJUNCTIVE ADVERB:
      IN THE MIDDLE



       Bob is handsome; he is,
           moreover, rich.



     Note: Place c...
CONJUNCTIVE ADVERB:
             AT THE END




   Bob is handsome; he is rich,
            moreover.




14/06/2010
  32 ...
CONJUNCTIVE ADVERB:
       AT THE END



   Bob is handsome; he is rich,
            moreover.



       Note: Place a com...
Semicolons
    “If the relation between the ideas
     expressed in the main clauses is
     very close and obvious witho...
COMPOUND SENTENCE:
       SEMICOLON



   Matt has benefited from his
   exercise program; he is slim
          and energe...
Complex Sentence



      SUBJECT            PREDICATE


                  even
                 thoug
                   ...
Complex Sentence


             Bob            is popular


                    even
                   though


         ...
COMPLEX SENTENCE:
         SUBORDINATING
         CONJUNCTIONS

              EVEN
              THOUGH
              WHEN...
COMPLEX SENTENCE:
         SUBORDINATING
         CONJUNCTIONS



    Bob is popular even though
            he is ugly.

...
COMPLEX SENTENCE:
         SUBORDINATING
         CONJUNCTIONS



   Even though Bob is ugly, he
           is popular.

 ...
COMPLEX SENTENCE:
         SUBORDINATING
         CONJUNCTIONS


    Bob is popular even though
            he is ugly.


...
COMPLEX SENTENCE:
         SUBORDINATING
         CONJUNCTIONS


     Even though Bob is ugly, he
             is popular....
Compound-Complex
             Sentence
         Mike             is popular


                  becau
                    ...
COMPOUND-COMPLEX
          SENTENCE:
     COMBINES BOTH TYPES


    Mike is popular because he
   is good looking, but he ...
COMPOUND SENTENCE:
         Coordinating Conjunction
    Men may exercise harder, but
    they may not exercise as
    reg...
COMPOUND-COMPLEX
          SENTENCE:
     COMBINES BOTH TYPES


  Mike is popular because he
 is good looking, but he is n...
References



      Writing Academic
      English, Second Edition,
      by Alice Oshima and Ann
      Hogue. White Plain...
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UNIT V-VI PARAGRAPH STRUCTURE/KIND OF SENTENCES

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Identificación del formato del texto (Identificación y organización de párrafos- párrafo introductorio, de desarrollo y conclusivo).

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UNIT V-VI PARAGRAPH STRUCTURE/KIND OF SENTENCES

  1. 1. LOG República Bolivariana de Venezuela. O “Ministerio del poder Popular para la Educación Superior” Universidad De Oriente – Núcleo Monagas. Ingles I para Ciencias Administrativas. Prof: Belkis meza.
  2. 2. UNIDAD V: A través de la aplicación de estrategias de lectura que incluyan las etapas de pre-lectura, lectura y post-lectura, se debe orientar el proceso de comprensión hacia la identificación del formato del texto (Identificación y organización de párrafos- párrafo introductorio, de desarrollo y conclusivo). 14/06/2010 2 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  3. 3. Definición y uso de : Texto. Párrafos (introductorio, de desarrollo y conclusivo.) Claves para el reconocimiento de los tipos de párrafos 14/06/2010 3 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  4. 4. DEFINICIÓN DEL TEXTO COMO MODELO DE DISCURSO INTERACCIONAL. La noción del texto, dentro de su contexto social, puede explicarse como un puente que une a un escritor con un lector y que permite la comunicación entre ambos participantes. El escritor, con todos sus esquemas de conocimientos, escribe un texto en función de un lector con quien desea comunicarse; el lector, por su parte, se apropia de ese texto según sus propios esquemas de conocimiento y produce en su mente un nuevo texto. La evaluación que hace el escritor de su lector es lo que le facilita la selección del contenido y del lenguaje que va a usar. El lector, a su vez, evalúa al escritor como una forma de contextualizarse en 14/06/2010 el acto de leer. 4 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  5. 5. Parte de un escrito que se considera con unidad suficiente para poder separarlo mediante una pausa que se indica con el punto aparte. Es una unidad del texto escrito en la cual se desarrolla determinada idea que presenta una información de manera organizada y coherente. 14/06/2010 5 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  6. 6. Express an idea Share Introduc dialogue e a topic Describe somewher Support e or a thesis sometime Describe someone Conclud or e an somethin g essay 14/06/2010 6 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  7. 7. They help you organize your ideas so that they 2. At a 1. At a flow freely from change of change of one to the other. time. place. 3. To show a specific case as related to your topic. 4. To change to a more specific time. 5. When the speaker changes 14/06/2010 7 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  8. 8. Different paragraphs do different things. 1. Opening and closing 2. Find subdivisions in your topic. 3. Provides support 14/06/2010for your ideas. 8 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  9. 9. THE INTRODUCTOR Y PARAGRAPH ó párrafo THE introductorio: TRANSITIO señala el tema NAL principal del PARAGRAPH libro ó capitulo completo. o el párrafo Algunas veces de éste también transición: coloca los cambia el tópicos tema. Éste principales a ser discutidos en el señala al orden en el cual lector que el lector los el autor localizará. Es finaliza decir el autor discutiendo enumera los tópicos a ser un tópico y discutidos. esta cerca de comenzar otro. 14/06/2010 9 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  10. 10. THE SUMMARY PARAGRAPH ó párrafo resúmen : resume, al final, todas las ideas principales en el CONCLUDING capítulo o PARAGRAPH ó artículo. Un párrafo de párrafo de resumen interno conclusión en condensa las lugar del ideas explicadas y adelanta e resumen de un introduce el párrafo. Una próximo. conclusión enfoca una idea principal que el autor quiere que el lector preste atención y recuerde. 14/06/2010 10 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  11. 11. INTRODUCCIÓN: La primera sección de un párrafo; debe incluir la oración del tema y cualquier otra parte al principio del párrafo que da la información de fondo o proporciona una transición. 14/06/2010 11 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  12. 12. LA CONCLUSION_ EL La última DESARROLLO: sección; Sigue a la resume las introducción; conexiones entre la discute la idea información controlando, discutida en el utiliza los cuerpo del hechos, párrafo y el argumentos, párrafo que análisis, esta controlando la ejemplos y otra idea. información. 14/06/2010 12 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  13. 13. • Simple • Compound • Complex 14/06/2010 13 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  14. 14. SUBJECT PREDICATE 14/06/2010 14 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  15. 15. Basic Elements SUBJECT PREDICATE The plays accountant tennis. 14/06/2010 15 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  16. 16. Simple Sentence Tom and play Mary tennis. Compound Subject & 14/06/2010 16 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  17. 17. Simple Sentence Tom and play tennis Mary and swim. Compound Subject Compound Predicate & & 14/06/2010 17 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  18. 18. SIMPLE SENTENCE with compound subject Tom and Mary play tennis. 14/06/2010 18 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  19. 19. SIMPLE SENTENCE with compound subject and compound predicate Tom and Mary play tennis and swim. 14/06/2010 19 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  20. 20. SIMPLE SENTENCE with compound subject and compound predicate Tom and Mary play tennis and swim. No comma before “and” in compound subjects and predicates! 14/06/2010 20 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  21. 21. SUBJECT PREDICATE an d SUBJECT PREDICATE 14/06/2010 21 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  22. 22. Compound Sentence Tom swims, an d Mary plays tennis. 14/06/2010 22 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  23. 23. COMPOUND SENTENCE: COORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS FOR AND NOR BUT OR YET SO 14/06/2010 23 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  24. 24. COMPOUND SENTENCE: COORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS Tom swims, and Mary plays tennis. Clause 1 Clause 2 Independent Independent 14/06/2010 24 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  25. 25. COMPOUND SENTENCE: COORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS Tom swims, and Mary plays tennis. Comma before “and” in compound sentences! 14/06/2010 25 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  26. 26. COMPOUND SENTENCE: CONJUNCTIVE ADVERBS MOREOVER HOWEVER OTHERWISE THEREFORE 14/06/2010 26 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  27. 27. COMPOUND SENTENCE: CONJUNCTIVE ADVERBS Bob is handsome; moreover, he is rich. Clause 1 Clause 2 Independent Independent 14/06/2010 27 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  28. 28. COMPOUND SENTENCE: CONJUNCTIVE ADVERBS Bob is handsome; moreover, he is rich. Note: Semicolon before conjunctive dverb and comma after conjunctive adverb! 14/06/2010 28 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  29. 29. Conjunctive Adverbs “float” Conjunctive adverbs are sometimes called “floating” adverbs because they can be positioned at the beginning, in the middle, or at the end of a clause. 14/06/2010 29 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  30. 30. CONJUNCTIVE ADVERB: AT THE BEGINNING Bob is handsome; moreover, he is rich. CONJUNCTIVE ADVERB: IN THE MIDDLE Bob is handsome; he is, moreover, rich. 14/06/2010 30 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  31. 31. CONJUNCTIVE ADVERB: IN THE MIDDLE Bob is handsome; he is, moreover, rich. Note: Place commas before and after a conjunctive adverb in the middle! 14/06/2010 31 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  32. 32. CONJUNCTIVE ADVERB: AT THE END Bob is handsome; he is rich, moreover. 14/06/2010 32 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  33. 33. CONJUNCTIVE ADVERB: AT THE END Bob is handsome; he is rich, moreover. Note: Place a comma before a conjunctive adverb at the end! 14/06/2010 33 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  34. 34. Semicolons  “If the relation between the ideas expressed in the main clauses is very close and obvious without a conjunction, you can separate the clauses with a semicolon” (Little, Brown Handbook, 9th Edition, p. 361). 14/06/2010 34 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  35. 35. COMPOUND SENTENCE: SEMICOLON Matt has benefited from his exercise program; he is slim and energetic. 14/06/2010 35 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  36. 36. Complex Sentence SUBJECT PREDICATE even thoug h SUBJECT PREDICATE 14/06/2010 36 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  37. 37. Complex Sentence Bob is popular even though he is ugly. 14/06/2010 37 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  38. 38. COMPLEX SENTENCE: SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS EVEN THOUGH WHEN BECAUSE ADVERB CLAUSES UNLESS WHEREAS 14/06/2010 38 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  39. 39. COMPLEX SENTENCE: SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS Bob is popular even though he is ugly. Clause 1 Clause 2 Independent Dependent 14/06/2010 39 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  40. 40. COMPLEX SENTENCE: SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS Even though Bob is ugly, he is popular. Clause 1 Clause 2 Dependent Independent 14/06/2010 40 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  41. 41. COMPLEX SENTENCE: SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS Bob is popular even though he is ugly. When the MAIN clause is first, it is usually NOT followed by a comma! 14/06/2010 41 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  42. 42. COMPLEX SENTENCE: SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS Even though Bob is ugly, he is popular. When the ADVERB clause is first, it is followed by a comma! PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA 42
  43. 43. Compound-Complex Sentence Mike is popular becau se he is good looking, but he is not very happy. 14/06/2010 43 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  44. 44. COMPOUND-COMPLEX SENTENCE: COMBINES BOTH TYPES Mike is popular because he is good looking, but he is not very happy. Punctuate each clause according to its rules! 14/06/2010 44 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  45. 45. COMPOUND SENTENCE: Coordinating Conjunction Men may exercise harder, but they may not exercise as regularly as women do. Comma before coordinating conjunction! 14/06/2010 45 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA
  46. 46. COMPOUND-COMPLEX SENTENCE: COMBINES BOTH TYPES Mike is popular because he is good looking, but he is not very happy. Punctuate each clause according to its rules! PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA 46
  47. 47. References Writing Academic English, Second Edition, by Alice Oshima and Ann Hogue. White Plains: Addison, Wesley, Longman, 1999. The Little, Brown Handbook, by H. Ramsey Fowler and Jane E. Aaron, Pearson, 2004. 14/06/2010 47 PROFESORA: BELKYS MEZA

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