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Sociology 101 09-10-2008

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Sociology 101 09-10-2008

  1. 1. The Sociological Imagination (Part 2) Soc 101: Introductory Sociology (Prof. K.R. Greene) September 10, 2008
  2. 2. How to Be Better <ul><li>Try really hard </li></ul><ul><li>Turn in assignments </li></ul><ul><li>Do not procrastinate </li></ul><ul><li>Be your best self in class </li></ul><ul><li>NEVER CHEAT!!!! </li></ul>
  3. 3. Point of Readings for this Week <ul><li>Examine what it means to think sociologically </li></ul><ul><li>Begin with a specific case of it—a sociological approach to mental illness (Rosenhan) </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate how this is connected to the “Sociological Imagination” (Mills) </li></ul><ul><li>Examine how this article is or is not “sociologically mindful” (Schwalbe) </li></ul>
  4. 4. According to Mills was is the relationship between troubles and issues? <ul><li>Issues are specific to the individual, while troubles affect everyone. </li></ul><ul><li>Sociologists are interested in troubles, but not issues. </li></ul><ul><li>Sociologists do not care about troubles. </li></ul><ul><li>Troubles are specific to the individual but are often related to the issues affecting a society. </li></ul><ul><li>All of the above. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Mills & The Promise of the Sociological Imagination <ul><li>Link between history and biography. </li></ul><ul><li>Distinction between troubles and issues. </li></ul><ul><li>Promises of sociology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Find solutions to social ills through changes in the organization of society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual efforts can be used more effectively to benefit many rather than the individual. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less individualistic sense of human existence. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. According to Schwalbe what kinds of questions can sociologists ask? <ul><li>Aesthetic </li></ul><ul><li>Interpretation </li></ul><ul><li>Empirical </li></ul><ul><li>Moral </li></ul><ul><li>Both B & C </li></ul><ul><li>Both A & C </li></ul>
  7. 7. Sociology Is Based on Theory & Empirical Research <ul><li>Empirical Research Defined </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ An empirical statement or theory is one which can be tested by some kind of evidence drawn from [systemic] experience.” (Penguin Dictionary) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Three Advantages of Empirical Research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can control for personal bias </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gets beyond what seems obvious to us </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reproducible </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. What’s was Rosenhan’s main finding(s) about insanity? <ul><li>Psychiatrists are not good doctors because they can’t tell the difference between the sane and the insane. </li></ul><ul><li>Insanity is a socially constructed category. </li></ul><ul><li>The social structure shapes individuals’ evaluations of others even when those people are professionals. </li></ul><ul><li>Both B & C </li></ul><ul><li>All of the above </li></ul>
  9. 9. Rosenhan’s Study <ul><li>Hypothesis : “The normal are not detectably sane.” </li></ul><ul><li>Experiment : Pseudo-patients with vague symptoms report to mental hospitals. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All admitted (stay between 7 to 52 days) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Immediately begin acting normal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interesting finding : normal behaviors made to fit view of individual as abnormal. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Reviewing Each Answer <ul><li>Psychiatrists are not good doctors because they can’t tell the difference between the sane and the insane. </li></ul><ul><li>Insanity is a socially constructed category. </li></ul><ul><li>The social structure shapes individuals’ evaluations of others even when those people are professionals. </li></ul><ul><li>Both B & C </li></ul><ul><li>All of the above </li></ul>
  11. 11. For Next Week <ul><li>If you have discussion section this afternoon or Friday—Go!!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure clickers are functioning—use einstruction tech support. </li></ul><ul><li>Do readings for September 15-19 before Monday. </li></ul>

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