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Adaptation to climate Change

The experience of Practical Action

Mohamed M. Fidiel
April 2010
Practical Action Vision
  Practical Action's Vision is of a sustainable world
  free of poverty and injustice in which tec...
Strategic fit
• Practical Action operates under four strategic
  objectives:
  – Vulnerability reduction :
     • Coping w...
What do we mean by adaptation?
• Adaptation is action taken to cope with a
  changing climate.
• It include strategies and...
A glance at the context in Sudan?
                                      Mekheit – Famine food
– Drought is responsible for...
A glance at the context in Sudan?
 – Overstocking of pastures,
   regardless of their actual
   carrying capacity
 – Perma...
A glance at the context in Sudan?
– During the drought years
  1969 – 1973, 60% of the
  Zaghawa settlements (475 of
  804...
Practical Action Climate Change Programme

• Run a programme of work that helps poor people to
  adapt and which helps us ...
Practical Action Climate Change Programme

1. Enhance our knowledge and understanding of the
   actual and likely effects ...
Some Adaptation interventions
Terraces
– To retain as much of the rain that does fall in the
  target area or upstream
– Communities are trained to deci...
Dams
1. It helps spread water in a wide area to be
   cultivated recession farming after the rainy
   season
2. It enhance...
Dams
Technically:
1. In addition to spillways,
   building sluice gates to
   allow for washing the silt
   that deposit u...
Enhancing the vegetation cover

• Established 6 community
nurseries with a capacity of 80,000
seedlings
• Rehabilitated El...
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Sudan - experience of climate change - practical action

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Sudan - experience of climate change - practical action

  1. 1. Adaptation to climate Change The experience of Practical Action Mohamed M. Fidiel April 2010
  2. 2. Practical Action Vision Practical Action's Vision is of a sustainable world free of poverty and injustice in which technology is used for the benefit of all. Practical Action Mission “To use technology to challenge poverty by: • building the capabilities of poor people, • improving their access to technical options and knowledge, and • working with them to influence social, economic and institutional systems for innovation and the use of technology”.
  3. 3. Strategic fit • Practical Action operates under four strategic objectives: – Vulnerability reduction : • Coping with the risk if natural and complex hazards, including climate change • Natural Resource Management • Food security – Markets and livelihoods • Actors, access, diversification of products/services, – Infrastructure services • WATSAN, energy, shelter, transport - livelihoods – New Technologies
  4. 4. What do we mean by adaptation? • Adaptation is action taken to cope with a changing climate. • It include strategies and practical steps taken at community level or by individuals • Practical Action’s adaptation efforts involve: – Indigenous knowledge and practices – People’s own coping strategies – Technologies and skills transferred and adapted
  5. 5. A glance at the context in Sudan? Mekheit – Famine food – Drought is responsible for the decrease of land productivity – Intensive agriculture, mainly millet cultivation – Land use methods incompatible with the given natural conditions are the major causes of destruction of agricultural resources in the Sahel. Sandstorm in Khartoum 2007
  6. 6. A glance at the context in Sudan? – Overstocking of pastures, regardless of their actual carrying capacity – Permanent grazing in areas only suitable for seasonal use hinder the natural rehabilitation of grasses and shrubs. – The extension of rain-fed farming far beyond the agronomic dry boundary is one of the most important causes of desertification in the Sahelian zone of Sudan. – Excessive felling of trees for buildings and fuel wood.
  7. 7. A glance at the context in Sudan? – During the drought years 1969 – 1973, 60% of the Zaghawa settlements (475 of 804) were deserted (RIFAI & AHMED 1974) – 60% of the people moved to live in other parts of Darfur and in urban towns in central Sudan (Khartoum) – The line of isohyets 200mm moved southward between 1950- 1973
  8. 8. Practical Action Climate Change Programme • Run a programme of work that helps poor people to adapt and which helps us develop models of excellence in adaptation. • Use our experience and knowledge to promote best practice seeking to influence other development practitioners, donors and decision-makers to ensure that all development work is „climate proofed‟. • Persuade decision makers and donors to urgently adopt more ambitious targets for mitigation and give more support to help poor women and men to adapt. • Reduce the carbon footprint of our own organization and its work.
  9. 9. Practical Action Climate Change Programme 1. Enhance our knowledge and understanding of the actual and likely effects of climate change upon the people we are working with, the impact upon their lives and livelihoods 2. Understanding of what our programme will contribute to enabling people to adapt to climate change 3. What our work will do to reduce greenhouse gas emissions 4. Identifying which issues Practical Action will engage on nationally and what will be contributed to the organisation‟s global policy agenda
  10. 10. Some Adaptation interventions
  11. 11. Terraces – To retain as much of the rain that does fall in the target area or upstream – Communities are trained to decide on slopes and construct the terraces – It generates helps farmers grow crops even if rains fall away from farm areas but drained by wadis from upstream – It continue producing diversified crops for 6 months after the rainy season
  12. 12. Dams 1. It helps spread water in a wide area to be cultivated recession farming after the rainy season 2. It enhances sub-surface aquifer for domestic water supply 3. It enhances the vegetation cover 4. Food from edible crops grown, income from selling cash crops, subsurface water, jobs as casual workers; fodder from wild weeds, etc 5. Built 5 dams (approximately 10,000 feddans flooded
  13. 13. Dams Technically: 1. In addition to spillways, building sluice gates to allow for washing the silt that deposit upstream. 2. Dig a trench below the earth embankment to minimize possibilities of washing the embankment 3. Pitching of the embankment to protect it from washing.
  14. 14. Enhancing the vegetation cover • Established 6 community nurseries with a capacity of 80,000 seedlings • Rehabilitated El Fashir central nursery • Trained communities in managing the nurseries • Grown over 800,000 seedlings with focus on endangered the Baobab tree

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