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NATIONAL CONSULTATION
                             ON
          CLIMATE SMART DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT


                 ...
BARMER AASHRAY YOJANA


    Introduction:


Barmer, Rajasthan, India
Flash flood in desert /drought
prone region.




    ...
CHARACTERISTICS OF LOCAL COMMUNITY


• Characteristic by sparse and scattered living.

• 4 to 5 circular structures in one...
INITIAL SHELTER ASSESSMENT


• Environmental friendly materials were traditionally used for housing (mud
  walls & thatche...
HOW INDIGENOUS CONSTRUCTION PRACTICE WAS RECOGNIZED AND
                      UPGRADED



                              Co...
Adapting to Climate Change

300 Interim Shelters were
reconstructed through
reengineering indigenous coping
mechanisms to ...
RE-ENGINEERING SHELTERS FOR CLIMATE CHANGE SENSITIVITY




  Village Development committees (men, women, local govt. repre...
CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION IN SHELTER DESIGN
CLIMATE SMART DISASTER RISK REDUCTION PROCESS
Adaptation
Climate Smart DRR priorities for the project

•   Shelters designed to adapt to the changing
    climate patter...
Project Supported by

   Christian Aid
         &

       ECHO


      Thank You
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India - Shelter strategy to adapt to climate change - SEEDS

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India - Shelter strategy to adapt to climate change - SEEDS

  1. 1. NATIONAL CONSULTATION ON CLIMATE SMART DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT Shelter Strategy to Adapt to Climate Change Project: Barmer Aashray Yojana BY SEEDS 7th April,2010
  2. 2. BARMER AASHRAY YOJANA Introduction: Barmer, Rajasthan, India Flash flood in desert /drought prone region. Situation: August 2006 saw unprecedented rainfall/floods in otherwise drought stricken region of Barmer,Rajasthan. The floods led to a loss of 139 lives and rendered 50000 homeless. . Last 200 years had not witnessed rain!
  3. 3. CHARACTERISTICS OF LOCAL COMMUNITY • Characteristic by sparse and scattered living. • 4 to 5 circular structures in one cluster formed a family’s abode (locally called Dhani) • A set of cluster (Dhanis) formed a village. • Water is scarce. Women walk several kilometers each day to fetch water. • Population density lowest in the district. • Means of livelihood is severely limited.
  4. 4. INITIAL SHELTER ASSESSMENT • Environmental friendly materials were traditionally used for housing (mud walls & thatched roofs). • The houses were conducive and thermally comfortable in the extreme weather conditions. Orientation of Houses such that the wind direction and sun path ensured good ventilation and thermal comfort, critical for summer temperatures reaching about 50 degree C. • Circular and low heights design protected the structures from strong winds and earthquakes. • However, the adobe structures collapsed when severe floods took place Traditional practices were very appropriate, shortfalls in the water resistant capacity of the mud structures led to damage during floods. Traditional design was effective but need some technological intervention to address unprecedented disaster. Community needed to start Adapting to Climate Change
  5. 5. HOW INDIGENOUS CONSTRUCTION PRACTICE WAS RECOGNIZED AND UPGRADED Community leaders setting an example Community Good design involvement for safety and in comfort construction Indigenous of shelters Shelter Technology Local Extreme availability of climatic materials at conditions no cost
  6. 6. Adapting to Climate Change 300 Interim Shelters were reconstructed through reengineering indigenous coping mechanisms to help the community to adapt – Mud walling upgraded to soil- cement – Stabilized Compressed Earth Block [ SCEB] – Traditional roof material retained. – Traditional design enlarged. – Reconstruction in-situ and approach participatory
  7. 7. RE-ENGINEERING SHELTERS FOR CLIMATE CHANGE SENSITIVITY Village Development committees (men, women, local govt. representative, school teachers, NGO representative) were informed in each village to be sensitive to the change in climate and adapt it for being Climate Change Resilience
  8. 8. CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION IN SHELTER DESIGN
  9. 9. CLIMATE SMART DISASTER RISK REDUCTION PROCESS
  10. 10. Adaptation Climate Smart DRR priorities for the project • Shelters designed to adapt to the changing climate patterns and phenomena– especially floods • Protection against sandstorms and Earthquakes • Thermal Insulation • Reengineered Indigenous Coping mechanisms so as to help community to adapt • Circular Designs were easy to replicate locally , therefore sustainable
  11. 11. Project Supported by Christian Aid & ECHO Thank You

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