indonesia - child centred disaster risk reduction


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indonesia - child centred disaster risk reduction

  1. 1. Children as pioneers of change in building community Resilience in DRR and CCA A lesson learnt from the implementation of Child Centered DRR Project in Indonesia By Vanda Lengkong (Plan Indonesia) © Plan
  2. 2. Background • High vulnerability of disaster in Indonesia due to geographical condition and the impact of climate change which rapidly increase the growth of small-scale climatic disasters (localized disaster) • 94% disaster in 2002-2006 are climate related (drought, landslide, flood, cyclone and abration) • Disaster management still been dominated by top down relief effort which majority targeting adult • Chidlren been seen as a passive actors who don’t have any capacity or as a victim only • Children been categorized as vulnerable groups because lack of access in regards to information and have a passive involvement in DRR and climate change • Fulfillment of child rights based on CRS - 4 pillars:Protection, Survival, Development dan Participation © Plan
  3. 3. Impact of disaster to children Education Physic Document impact Drop out impact lost from school death Quality injured descnent disable Education Child for all right reconstruction rehabilitation Psychosocial Economic impact Trauma impact Descent in study © Plan Livelihood impact to children’s parents Spirit descent
  4. 4. Brief Profile of CCDRR Project • Been implemented since mid 2007 until now (part of Plan International’s DRR Program funded by DFID) • Piloted in two location of PUs (Sikka, NTT and Rembang, Central Java) and in Jakarta and Bogor West Java • Child Centered approach (school and community based) and used two strategy of implementation: direct implementation at PU level (existence of DRR Facilitators) and through partnership with local partners (project in Jakarta and Bogor) and with academics for research work © Plan
  5. 5. Main focus of CCDRR projects Awareness rising and giving access to children including other stakeholders to learn about DRR and Climate change and done a concrete action to reduce it risk including promoting children’s role and engagement and ensured their voices are being considered in build up a community resilience © Plan
  6. 6. GOAL Safe and resilient communities where children, young citizen and their communities build a culture of safety and actively participate in reducing the risks of disasters and the impact of Climate Change © Plan
  7. 7. Objectives • To improve awareness on the importance of child participation in DRR • To improve children’s understanding on DRR and climate change • Establishing networking and partnership with DRR actors in district and national level • Advocating DRR policy which is sensitive with Child Rights & Participation issues © Plan
  8. 8. Target beneficiaries 60 Shools (primary and junior high school) 7 children group in Sikka, Rembang, Jakarta, Bogor dan Yogyakarta: pupils and teachers, school committee and community surrounding schools and parents © Plan
  9. 9. Why children? • Children are effective drivers of change, and effective in questioning the status quo • Children care about present and future risks. Many studies from around the world show that children are worried about environment, disasters and climate change, and they want to do something about these problems. • Well educated/informed children are often better educated than their parents and usually better informed about global issues. •. © Plan
  10. 10. Why children? • Research shows that children have a clearer appreciation about long term risks compared to their elders who are usually most focused on short and medium term risks. • By involving children and schools, governments can get messages into a large number of households and push for knowledge and change precisely where it is needed. • Involving children establishes DRR with the next generation, and support intergenerational dialogue and learning © Plan
  11. 11. Project Activities • Project preparation (staff capacity building on DRR related issues) • Baseline survey at school and community level (in Sikka and Rembang) • Project socialization to beneficiaries and relevant stakeholders • DRR training of trainer for local facilitator (mostly teacher) • DRR awareness raising and education campaign with children and community • DRR training for children using Hazard Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment (HVCA) module including first aid training • Risk assessment and mapping activity by children © Plan
  12. 12. • Development of DRR materials (leaflet, booklet, flipchart, poster, videos, information board etc) • Micro seed grant (small project initiate by children based on the result of HVCA process) • DRR simulation/mock drill based on potential risks in each area • Advocacy work in district (develop participatory contigency planning at village and district level), national and international level through children participation in different competition and DRR workshop and conferences including Plan engagement in DRR related networks • Research work by external researcher in collaboration with IDS UK and RMIT Australia • Participatory monitoring and evaluation © Plan
  13. 13. Plan Indonesia CCA’s work “Make the Link, Be the Change!” School Link Projects. Children Participatory Video on Climate Change Impacts Children networking in flood preparedness in Jakarta Video Documentary and Poster on Children in a Changing Climate. Children Participate in UNFCCC Conference (COP 13, 14 © Plan dan 15)
  14. 14. School Link Project (SLP): Make the Link Be the Change International Climate Change Educational Project involving 100 Schools from 13 Countries (2008 – 2009) In Indonesia, SLP has involving 4 Senior High Schools: SMA 70 Jakarta, SMA 82 Jakarta, SMA Lab School and SMA 34 Jakarta, with targeted 80 students. Key Issues that was raised are: 1. Impacts of climate change 2. Mitigation strategy towards behavior change 3. ©Adaptation strategies Plan
  15. 15. Developing innovative participatory tools to promote child and youth-centered DRR and CCA This project is to generate evidence based to promote children participation in DRR and Climate change as well as amplifying their voice in DRR policy through the used of participatory tools and action research © Plan
  16. 16. Networking and coordinations • District: BPBD, Government (Education Agency), Scouts, School components and government at village level • National : BNPB, DNPI, Consirtium for Disaster Education (CDE) and other DRR actors and media. © Plan
  17. 17. What we learnt … Findings and Lesson learnt… © Plan
  18. 18. Children as risks identifier Children (boys and girls) have different perspective and priority about disaster risk compare to adults © Plan
  19. 19. Children as Risk Communicators Disaster Preparedness Children’s Theater group in Team in Jakarta Sikka, NTT Children able to communicate and share information on DRR and CCA to their peers, family and event to local government Scout group in Rembang © Plan Central Java
  20. 20. Children as a risk communicator • Invoilving children in DRR and CCA since beginning will ensure inter generation’s transfer knowledge • Using participative tools is the best way to communicate risks and influence policy makers (video documenter project) • Promoting lesson learnt on peer learning © Plan
  21. 21. Children as an agent and pioneers of change Rembang “I don’t feel secure at school as people were done rock mining above our school buillding, I was afraid that it will causes a landslide to my school “, said Wati (11) during school development Children voice in changing community behavior towards illegal mining in their school © Plan
  22. 22. What we learnt … Conclusions.. © Plan
  23. 23. • Children participation is important to be considered in the whole management cycle of DRR . Involving children in disaster management will lead to more effective result since children have their own uniqueness and have a long term view of risk as well as creative and innovative in supporting it. • Children have a significant roles in DRR activities. They able to act as risk identifier, risk communicator (information dissemination to others including adult) and pioneer of change in their society, if their capacity has been well equipped and maintained • The value of children’s creativity and knowledge should be more recognized, respected and encourage by adults. They are capable of making constructive contribution to DRR decision making at all level including the global debate on climate change (children participation in international event) © Plan
  24. 24. • Inclusion of DRR and Climate Change should be done totally, equal and comprehensive (level of participation) which means that children not only been put in the position of consultation only but more on open an access to information on disaster and climate change dynamics which affected their rights (paradigm shifting including behavior and commitment from adults) • Regular coordination and collaboration with relevant stakeholder including government agencies particularly disaster management agency and education agency in all level is crucial in order to build up project ownership and leads to proper project sustainability © Plan
  25. 25. “We did not inherit the earth from our ancestors; we borrowed it from our children, so its time to listen to them” Kita tidak mewarisi bumi ini dari nenek moyang kita, kita meminjamnya dari anak-anak kita dan sudah saatnya kita mendengarkan mereka © Plan
  26. 26. Terima kasih Thank You © Plan