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Nccd sudan ministry of interior - regional consultation


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Nccd sudan ministry of interior - regional consultation

  1. 1. Background: • Based on the Civil defence Act 1991, the Higher Council for Civil Defence NCCD was founded in 1991. • The Minister of Interior is the chairman of the NCCD. • The NCCD members were: – The relevant cabinet ministers – Senior executive officials from relevant specialized institutions. – Members designated by the NCCD chairman
  2. 2. The Purposes of the NCCD • The purposes of the NCCD are as follows : • a) The protection of civilians, the securing and safeguarding of transportation, the guarding of buildings, establishments, corporations, public schemes and private properties in cases of emergencies and public catartrophes and disasters, through adopting the procedures and arrangements that are provided for in this Act, and the regulation promulgated under it, with the observance of the needs of national security in such circumstances.
  3. 3. The purposes of the NCCD are as follows : b) The reduction of the probabilities of the occurrence of disasters and catastrophes, the endeavour to curb them and encircling them, the stopping of their spread, the reduction of the dangers resulting from them and the lessening of their after – effects . c) The revival and the development of the good Sudanese customs and traditions, in communal and collective work; such as, ‘Al- Nafeer’ . d) The diffusion of the civil defence operations orientation and culture among the citizens.
  4. 4. NCCD • Mandates: • Coordination of plans and civil defence operations between different authorities at the federal level. • Targeting national efforts towards disasters management and reduction of effects. • Approval and monitoring of national plans for civil defence. • Approval of annual budgets for the programme.
  5. 5. NCCD • Other mandates; • Establishment of similar institutions for civil defence at the states level and specifying their authorities and mandates. • Establishment of any other relevant additional administrations to support the programme. • Acceptance or rejection of funds that may constitute financial support to the programme. • Submission of budget proposals through the Minister to the specified authorities. • Specification and determination of banks and banking channels to run the programme activities.
  6. 6. NCCD • CONTINUED: Other mandates • The NCCD submits an annual statement of the council accounts to the Minister and an annual report of the auditor general. • Approval of payments as recommended to beneficiaries (volunteers) . • With consultation with the Minister the NCCD issues the necessary regulations, decrees and orders whenever needed.
  7. 7. NCCD • Relations between NCCD and other relevant institutions: • Institutions mandated for civil defence: – Should fully coordinate and cooperate with the NCCD and Executive Organ . – Executive Organ should formulate necessary plans to involve those institutions in civil defence operations, those plans include: • Plans targeting predicted disasters. • Plans targeting ongoing disasters. • Plans targeting precautions to be considered after the disaster. – Plans should specify roles and means of coordination.
  10. 10. NCCD • Duties and authorities of the Minister: • Regarding the NCCD: – Issues directives for meetings and agenda – Chairing and directing the NCCD meetings, and moreover take actions to dissolve those meetings. – In case of equal votes, the Minister has the balancing vote. – In case of absence, the Minister nominates his representative to chair meetings. – The NCCD submits budget proposals to the Minister who will raise it to the concerned authorities.
  11. 11. NCCD • Continued Duties and authorities of the Minister: • Regarding civil defence measures: – Organization of civil defence operations and issuing necessary directives – Delegation of power to the state governors – Appointment of committees to manage civil defence operations – Declaration of specified areas as disaster area – Temporary commandeering of: • Fixed and mobile assets • Water and electrical resources • Fuel. • Transportation means.
  12. 12. NCCD • Continued Duties and authorities of the Minister: • Regarding civil defence measures: – In consultation with the relevant authorities, the Minister will Issue directives for calling and restriction of movement of the following professionals: • Medicals, Pharmacists, and all other medical personnel • Those involved in production and marketing of feed and medical products. • Public transport personnel • Any other relevant personnel – Issuing directives and orders to enforce and implement necessary legislations and acts.
  13. 13. NCCD • Duties and authorities of the Minister of Finance: • The Minister of Finance could exempt financial allocations for civil defence from the ongoing procedures and he could: • Direct all available funds to support civil defence operations. • Delegate relevant authorities to purchase directly necessary equipment, utensils, instruments, medicines, machineries, and food. • The Minister of Finance could specify authorities that will receive, store, and use all supplies provided above when needed, this should be under the direct supervision of the Civil Defence Authorities. • Whenever there is shortage of funds at the states level, the federal government should fill the gap.
  14. 14. NUMBER OF LIVESTOCK DIED DUE TO FLOODS 1998, 1999, 2000, 2002,2007 YEAR RUMINANTS POULTRY 1998 10896 132671 1999 8547 5220 2000 8750 12545 2001 250 0 2002 4527 0 2007 20064 4241 2008 5665 3000
  15. 15. NO. of livestock death RUMINANTS POULTRY 140000 120000 100000 80000 60000 40000 20000 0 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2007 2008
  16. 16. Climatic impact: • Drought: • The next important disaster that threatens Sudan is drought. The total area considered drought prone is about 69 000 sq Km and this area produces 90% of the cultivated food crops and 85% fire wood. • Severe droughts affecting the country were in 1886, 1967-1973, and 1980-1984. Successive years of drought in certain parts of the country in 1985-1993 caused severe shortage of food, social disruption and widespread health and nutritional problems. • In the 1984 drought 8.5 million people were affected and 7.8 million livestock were lost.
  17. 17. Climatic impact on livestock sector: Drought: • Effect of drought in Sudan differs in different parts of the country: – Widespread at the western part – Moderate at the eastern and southern part – Lesser at central part • Drought affects mainly human and livestock causing feed and water shortages and displacement. • Human and livestock displacement sometimes causing tribal conflicts. • During this season wide spread drought was recorded in western Sudan and to lesser extent in southern Sudan
  18. 18. Climatic impact: Heat Stress: • In Sudan, heat stress affects many life activities • It has direct effect on livestock performance specially in diary production • Heat stress is the main constrain masking all trials to improve the national diary herd through introduction of higher potential breeds. • Excessive heat sometimes causes self ignition fires. This noted commonly in the oil seed stores causing serious losses in cereal storage depots. • Heat stroke is reported frequently at the red sea costal areas. Many deaths were recorded in August 2002
  19. 19. Climatic impact: • Desertification: • Due to climatic changes, population pressure on natural resources and lack of appropriate polices, legislation, and support for preserving the environment, Sudan as many countries in the region suffered from environmental degradation and serious desertification. • Many valuable grazing areas and range is now changed into deserts and sand hills, this affected directly the livestock habitat in many parts of the country. • In many areas herders changed their stock and their way of husbandry. In Kordofan and Darfur herders which are very famous of cattle keeping they changed to keep camel and sheep. In certain areas herders are enforced to migrate deeper to the south for better grazing in the tsetse belt thus exposing their animals to serious trypanosmiaisis infection.
  20. 20. Climatic impact : • Deforestation: • Deforestation is thought to be a major factor in drought disasters in the region and a major contributor to soil erosion. Sudan as many countries in the region lost a considerable forest cover. • This affected directly the country’s range lands and pastures and led to serious reduction in the wildlife population. • Solution: Rehabilitation of forests
  21. 21. Climatic impact: • Other climatic impacts: • Sudan is not very much affected by other disasters due to climatic changes such as winds, storms, mist and others • But it is seriously affected by sand storms that causes real threats to the normal daily activities.