Nccd sudan ministry of interior - regional consultation
• Based on the Civil defence Act 1991, the
Higher Council for Civil Defence NCCD was
founded in 1991.
• The Minister of Interior is the chairman of the
• The NCCD members were:
– The relevant cabinet ministers
– Senior executive officials from relevant specialized
– Members designated by the NCCD chairman
The Purposes of the NCCD
• The purposes of the NCCD are as follows :
• a) The protection of civilians, the securing and
safeguarding of transportation, the guarding of
buildings, establishments, corporations, public
schemes and private properties in cases of
emergencies and public catartrophes and
disasters, through adopting the procedures and
arrangements that are provided for in this Act,
and the regulation promulgated under it, with
the observance of the needs of national security
in such circumstances.
The purposes of the NCCD are as follows :
b) The reduction of the probabilities of the
occurrence of disasters and catastrophes, the
endeavour to curb them and encircling them, the
stopping of their spread, the reduction of the
dangers resulting from them and the lessening of
their after – effects .
c) The revival and the development of the good
Sudanese customs and traditions, in communal
and collective work; such as, ‘Al- Nafeer’ .
d) The diffusion of the civil defence operations
orientation and culture among the citizens.
• Coordination of plans and civil defence
operations between different authorities at the
• Targeting national efforts towards disasters
management and reduction of effects.
• Approval and monitoring of national plans for
• Approval of annual budgets for the programme.
• Other mandates;
• Establishment of similar institutions for civil
defence at the states level and specifying their
authorities and mandates.
• Establishment of any other relevant additional
administrations to support the programme.
• Acceptance or rejection of funds that may
constitute financial support to the programme.
• Submission of budget proposals through the
Minister to the specified authorities.
• Specification and determination of banks and
banking channels to run the programme
• CONTINUED: Other mandates
• The NCCD submits an annual statement of the
council accounts to the Minister and an annual
report of the auditor general.
• Approval of payments as recommended to
beneficiaries (volunteers) .
• With consultation with the Minister the NCCD
issues the necessary regulations, decrees and
orders whenever needed.
• Relations between NCCD and other relevant
• Institutions mandated for civil defence:
– Should fully coordinate and cooperate with the
NCCD and Executive Organ .
– Executive Organ should formulate necessary plans
to involve those institutions in civil defence
operations, those plans include:
• Plans targeting predicted disasters.
• Plans targeting ongoing disasters.
• Plans targeting precautions to be considered
after the disaster.
– Plans should specify roles and means of
Diagram showing relation between NCCD and relevant
institutions: DIRECT CHANNELS
STATES LEVEL FEDREAL
STATE COUNCIL CIVIL DEFENCE NCCD SEC
STATE OPERATIONS TECHNICAL DEPTS CENTRAL OPERATIONS ASSISTING COMMITTEES
PROVINCIAL OPERATIONS SPECIALIZED COMMITTEES
Diagram showing relation between NCCD and
relevant institutions: INDIRECT CHANNELS
INDIRECTLY RELATED RELATED TO NCCD
POPULAR SPECIALIZED INSTITUTIONS
OFFICIAL FEDERAL MINISTERIES
• Duties and authorities of the Minister:
• Regarding the NCCD:
– Issues directives for meetings and agenda
– Chairing and directing the NCCD meetings, and
moreover take actions to dissolve those
– In case of equal votes, the Minister has the
– In case of absence, the Minister nominates his
representative to chair meetings.
– The NCCD submits budget proposals to the
Minister who will raise it to the concerned
• Continued Duties and authorities of the
• Regarding civil defence measures:
– Organization of civil defence operations and issuing
– Delegation of power to the state governors
– Appointment of committees to manage civil defence
– Declaration of specified areas as disaster area
– Temporary commandeering of:
• Fixed and mobile assets
• Water and electrical resources
• Transportation means.
• Continued Duties and authorities of the
• Regarding civil defence measures:
– In consultation with the relevant authorities, the
Minister will Issue directives for calling and
restriction of movement of the following
• Medicals, Pharmacists, and all other medical
• Those involved in production and marketing of feed
and medical products.
• Public transport personnel
• Any other relevant personnel
– Issuing directives and orders to enforce and
implement necessary legislations and acts.
• Duties and authorities of the Minister of Finance:
• The Minister of Finance could exempt financial
allocations for civil defence from the ongoing
procedures and he could:
• Direct all available funds to support civil defence
• Delegate relevant authorities to purchase directly
necessary equipment, utensils, instruments,
medicines, machineries, and food.
• The Minister of Finance could specify authorities
that will receive, store, and use all supplies
provided above when needed, this should be
under the direct supervision of the Civil Defence
• Whenever there is shortage of funds at the states
level, the federal government should fill the gap.
NUMBER OF LIVESTOCK DIED DUE TO
FLOODS 1998, 1999, 2000, 2002,2007
YEAR RUMINANTS POULTRY
1998 10896 132671
1999 8547 5220
2000 8750 12545
2001 250 0
2002 4527 0
2007 20064 4241
2008 5665 3000
• The next important disaster that threatens Sudan is
drought. The total area considered drought prone is
about 69 000 sq Km and this area produces 90% of
the cultivated food crops and 85% fire wood.
• Severe droughts affecting the country were in 1886,
1967-1973, and 1980-1984. Successive years of
drought in certain parts of the country in 1985-1993
caused severe shortage of food, social disruption and
widespread health and nutritional problems.
• In the 1984 drought 8.5 million people were affected
and 7.8 million livestock were lost.
Climatic impact on livestock sector:
• Effect of drought in Sudan differs in different parts of
– Widespread at the western part
– Moderate at the eastern and southern part
– Lesser at central part
• Drought affects mainly human and livestock causing
feed and water shortages and displacement.
• Human and livestock displacement sometimes
causing tribal conflicts.
• During this season wide spread drought was recorded
in western Sudan and to lesser extent in southern
• In Sudan, heat stress affects many life activities
• It has direct effect on livestock performance
specially in diary production
• Heat stress is the main constrain masking all trials
to improve the national diary herd through
introduction of higher potential breeds.
• Excessive heat sometimes causes self ignition fires.
This noted commonly in the oil seed stores causing
serious losses in cereal storage depots.
• Heat stroke is reported frequently at the red sea
costal areas. Many deaths were recorded in August
• Due to climatic changes, population pressure on natural
resources and lack of appropriate polices, legislation, and
support for preserving the environment, Sudan as many
countries in the region suffered from environmental
degradation and serious desertification.
• Many valuable grazing areas and range is now changed
into deserts and sand hills, this affected directly the
livestock habitat in many parts of the country.
• In many areas herders changed their stock and their way of
husbandry. In Kordofan and Darfur herders which are very
famous of cattle keeping they changed to keep camel and
sheep. In certain areas herders are enforced to migrate
deeper to the south for better grazing in the tsetse belt
thus exposing their animals to serious trypanosmiaisis
Climatic impact :
• Deforestation is thought to be a major factor in
drought disasters in the region and a major
contributor to soil erosion. Sudan as many
countries in the region lost a considerable forest
• This affected directly the country’s range lands
and pastures and led to serious reduction in the
• Solution: Rehabilitation of forests
• Other climatic impacts:
• Sudan is not very much affected by other
disasters due to climatic changes such as
winds, storms, mist and others
• But it is seriously affected by sand storms that
causes real threats to the normal daily