Livestock adaptation troicare - regional presentation


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Livestock adaptation troicare - regional presentation

  1. 1. Strengthening Climate Resilience Regional Workshop on 23rd to 25th June 2010 at All African Christian conference and Churches Presented by Alex Kavili Technical Accompanier Livestock Improvement and Breeding project Livelihoods/DRR Programme
  2. 2. Supported by – Trocaire HEARO and GORTA Location – Ten ASAL districts working with partners(dioceses of Kitui, Meru, Lodwar; East Pokot mission; Ishiara and Wenje parishes, MPIDO,PREMAP, NIA, Baraka agricultural college Budget – 800,000 – 1000,000 euros per annum Beneficiaries – 4,000 households
  3. 3.  The project Builds drought resilience of poor communities and their assets in ASALs  Over the years, droughts in ASALs have become more prolonged and recurrent thus leading to loss of livestock as well as crop failure  Rainfall has also become more erratic and thus unreliable leading to poor production outcomes in livestock and crops farming systems  From our participatory risk analysis & mappings events as well as research, it is evident that larger stocks such as cattle have faced wanton interruption and in most cases the stocks are either nil or too little to support households or are too fragile to withstand drought events.
  4. 4.  Against this background, the project sort to strengthen the small animals systems as a way of creating better resilience thus adapting livestock production systems to climate change realities.  Small stocks farming though not new in most of the areas, the project introduces the concept of supporting an entire “product chain” as a way or reducing exposure to climate change/impacts as well as building the adaptive capacity of people and their livelihoods assets
  5. 5.  The project is based on participatory risk analysis & mapping events at the community level and chronic poverty assessment in the targeted areas  These vulnerability analysis led to an understanding of the drought hazard, the affected, its occurrence/frequencies, root causes, existing capacity, action to be taken etc  The project designed out of this promotes diversified livelihoods strategies to tackle climate change.  With small stocks such as goat and sheep as the main thrust, the project has the following activities:  Restocking households whose livestock was decimated by the 2005/06 drought. About 4,000 households restocked with approximately 30,000 local does and Galla bucks
  6. 6.  Community-wide livestock disease control measures in the targeted areas e.g. construction of shoat dips, community agrovet shops, paravets, training etc  Breeding of local Galla and small east African breeds to increase production of milk, meat and sale weight  Pasture production through agro-forestry, environmental protection and reseeding
  7. 7.  Water provision  Marketing coupled with micro-credit to improve incomes and reduce over- stocking/exposure  Community level research and documentation  Advocacy at the national level on Galla breed.
  8. 8.  Tackling Exposure to Climate Extremes  Enhancing Adaptive Capacity  Addressing Poverty, Vulnerability and their Causes Exposure to climate extremes  Conducting PRA and Mapping events to develop interventions on drought with an inbuilt early warning  Formation and training community DRR groups and committees for drought  Strengthens the small animals production system as a more appropriate production activity in reducing exposure to recurrent droughts  Promotes a product chain development with marketing and micro-credit integrated to strengthen local economy and social relations
  9. 9.  The project enhances adaptive capacity through identification and implementation of appropriate and acceptable livelihoods strategies as per PRA & mapping exercises that generates risk profiles  The project trains communities on livelihoods skills and diversification in particular, offers safety nets e.g. restocking the most impoverished by drought and promotes access to markets and credit  Besides national level advocacy on the Galla breed and climate change, the project promotes environmentally friendly livestock production and environmental rehabilitation at the community level
  10. 10.  Knowledge of climate change impact- through PRAs and mapping  Research into the nature of chronic poverty in ASALs
  11. 11.  Livestock mortality  Increase in Food productivity (milk and meat)  Increase in incomes from sales of the animals and their products