India - coastal community case study - Kalvi Kendra


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India - coastal community case study - Kalvi Kendra

  1. 1. Climate Change and its Impact on Coastal areas Experiences of Kalvi Kendra and Community people S.Chinnappan Kalvi Kendra
  2. 2. About KalviKendra  Kalvi Kendra, “the NGO” was born on the bed of a man- made Disaster - a communal violence on Dalits that took place in 30 years ago in Villupuram. A Dalit colony had been set on fire, 12 Dalits had been murdered.  This incident was the foundation for establishment of Kalvi Kendra with objective of promoting a world of fraternity and equality for deprived sections torn by hatred and enimity  Kalvi Kendra started working on Disaster Risk Reduction as a follow up of Tsunami Rehabilitation work from 2005 onwards.
  3. 3. About Area- General Information  Coastal area of Villupuram District, Tamilnadu, adjoining Pondicherry, Union Territory of India  It is 30 km coastal line with population more than 3.5 Lakh.  In the region, the poorest communities are fishing community and dalits living on coast line  They become more vulnerable as they are living in flood plains- only available place to live and suitable for their occupation (fishing and agriculture)
  4. 4.  In coastal regions, lack of infrastructure such as No early warning system and Hazard resistant houses.  Lack of saving, credit linkages, insurance leading to limited capacity to recover from disaster.
  5. 5. Coastal Zone and Climate Change  Kalvi Kendra did a Risk Assessment in 2007 in 30 coastal villages.
  6. 6.  Apart from Hazard, vulnerability and Capacity Assessment, community also reflected some changes in climatic conditions/patterns over the years.  Densely populated coastal area are facing the following problems:  Increased risk of Sea Level rise- damage of houses and properties  Sea erosion has accelerated – 3 coastal villages submerged in sea in last two years. (Thanthirayan Kuppam, CM Chawadi, Nadu Kuppam)  Sea level increasing leading to intrusion of “Salt water” into ground water and badly affecting the drinking water. Saline water lead to hundreds of acres of land become alcaine.
  7. 7.  Sea erosion
  8. 8.  It has also lead to loss of wetlands/mangrove bio shields.  Accelerated evaporation reduced the effectiveness of water reservoirs and water bodies  Over a period of time, as per local community, fish catch has reduced, . They have to go FAR AWAY in sea to catch fish.  Low agriculture and fishing leading to forced Migration especially among Dalits.  Rainfall is Unpredictable in Coastal region. Past years have seen unusual floods.
  9. 9.  As per villages, earlier (3 decades back) Cyclone used to come and go without causing much damage. Now, their speed is high, and they cause disruption .  Change in season, rise in temperature, has started affecting Tourism in Pondicherry  Being in Costal/high risk area, Adaptation is more difficult than others who are living in plain.
  10. 10. Finally....  Ms. Malini Mehra (Political Scientist) and founder of Centre for Social Marketing cautions- if the earth Global surface temperature goes up by 2 degrees, Chennai and Mumbai could be submerged into sea
  11. 11. Efforts to reduce risk....
  12. 12. Risk reduction Measures by people  Initiated and being supported a movement called “Save the Earth Movement” - It’s a peoples movement at the grass root level to protect the environment and save the earth by doing little things what they can do at their level. This movement focusing on the following activities
  13. 13. 1. Environment building To make everyone in the community to aware of the global warming and to understand the climate change adaptation through seminars, meetings, workshops, cultural programs, hand outs, pamphlets, posters, etc.,
  14. 14. 2. Energy Conservation - Saving of electricity - Familiarizing CFL bulbs - Using solar energy
  15. 15. Efforts continue.... 3. Environment Protection  Supporting Organic farming  Reducing usage of plastics  Rain water harvesting  Tree plantation  Usage of smokeless choolas  Running CCA Mart (Selling CFL lamps, saplings, organic manure, insurance products, eco friendly and recycling materials > 20 microns)  Collecting and dumping of e-garbages
  16. 16. 4. Lobby and Advocacy  Grass root advocacy with PRI and District Administration
  17. 17.  Integrating the DRR concept with the on going development activities  Evolving modules for SHG training programs  Evolving curriculum for School Children  School safety and Insurance for Children  Training modules for Farmers  Mock drill and exercises to the Rescue teams  Training in swimming, First Aid, safety measures.  Publishing of IEC materials
  18. 18. Pilot Program - CMDRR  Kalvi Kendra has been involved in implementing a CMDRR program on a pilot basis in 10 flood-prone villages located on the bank of the river Thenpennai, Villupuram District, Tamil Nadu, adopting the following strategies  Strengthening the Elected PRI leaders to be proactive to CMDRR program  A Consortium of PRI leaders has been formed and oriented in Preparing and implementing Contingency and Development plan for their community  Create infrastructure facilities (prevention walls, rescue centres, hazard free shelters)  Creating DRR Reserve fund  Involving in Lobby and Advocacy with the District Administration to mobilize the local resources for DRR program
  19. 19. Human Safety - CMDRR  Formation of DRRMC (Disaster Risk Reduction Management Committee) at the village level which constitutes the members of elected leaders, Village Administrative Officer, Head Master / Teacher, representatives of youth, women and men, elders, etc.,  Participatory Risk Assessment (Hazard, Vulnerability and Capacity)  Planning the DRR activities  Reviewing & Monitoring the DRR activities
  20. 20. Human Safety – CMDRR continued…….  Formation of Rescue team  Insuring the lives and properties
  21. 21. Infrastructure Development - CMDRR  Infrastructure Development (Construction of Rescue centres, retention / prevention walls, hazard resistance shelters, safe drinking water)
  22. 22. Agriculture Development - CMDRR  Raising bunds on the river side  Insuring the crops and cattles  Nursery Raising  Flood resistant crops  Conducting veterinary crops  Organic farming  Tree plantation
  23. 23. Livelihood Promotion - CMDRR  Promotion of Savings and thrift  Credit linkages  Supporting Income Generation Activates  Entrepreneur Development
  24. 24. Information and Awareness - CMDRR  Organizing Cultural programs  Training and orientation on DRR to various groups in the community  Integrating DRR education to the school going children in the evening coaching centres  Promoting CRPs (Community Resource Persons)  Establishing Public Announcement System
  25. 25. Thanks You!!! 