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Sustainable management of Sahelo-Saharan protected areas

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Presented during the 17h Annual Sahelo-Saharan Interest Group Meeting organized by the NGO Sahara Conservation Fund in Senegal, from 4 to 6 May 2017. The Sahara Conservation Fund (SCF) gathers every year about a hundred people who are interested in the field of Sahelo-Saharan species conservation.

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Sustainable management of Sahelo-Saharan protected areas

  1. 1. 17th Annual Sahelo-Saharan Interest Group Meeting 2 days of talks on biodiversity conservation in the Sahara and in the Sahel Sustainable Management of Sahelo-Saharan Protected Areas Emilien DAUTREY, Threatened Species Officer – Noé May 4 – 6, 2017
  2. 2. RESULTS 2016 Projet d’appui à la gestion durable d’aires protégées sahélo-sahariennes, Niger et Tchad Project of support for a sustainable management of the sahelo-saharan protected areas, Niger – Chad Emilien Dautrey Endangered Species Officer – NOÉ Responsable du Pôle Espèces de Noé 17th SSIG, St Louis 4th of May, 2017 Project financed by the European Union
  3. 3. Transboundary sahelo-saharan megafauna conservation project – 04/05/2017 3 Partners of Noé for this project in 2016 Niger and Chad governments More than 80 CSOs in Niger and Chad SCF Financial partners in 2016
  4. 4. Transboundary sahelo-saharan megafauna conservation project – 04/05/17 4 Targeted areas Réserve Naturelle Nationale de Termit et Tin-Toumma, Niger (9 700 000 ha) Réserve de faune de Ouadi Rimé Ouadi Achim , Chad (7 795 000 ha) Manga-Eguey area, Chad
  5. 5. Global objectives: Conserve the last viable populations of the sahelo- sahara megafauna Reinforce an effective management of sahelo-saharan protected areas and their funding Improve the pastoral system for the use of the local populations Transboundary sahelo-saharan megafauna conservation project – 04/05/17 5
  6. 6. Specific Objective: To develop an institutionnal model of sustainable management of multifonctionnals protected areas : as tools for the conservation of biodiversity, local development and political stability for the local populations Transboundary sahelo-saharan megafauna conservation project – 04/05/17 6
  7. 7. 8 results to be achieved R1 - Improve the knowledge and implement the priority activities of conservation and raise awareness of the local populations R2 - Reinforce the management capacities of the RNNTT, the RFOROA and support a local management of the natural ressources R3 - Improve the knowledge of the pastoral practices in Chad and creating a communal management committee of the natural ressources for the RNNTT R4 - Implement projects for the pastoral hydraulic and support the pastoral economy in the RNNTT R5 - Implement health missions and microprojects of education in the RNNTT R6 - Create / support a consultation framework with the oil industry (CNPC, Savannah Petroleum) for developping mecanismes of biodiversity compensation R7 - Think of new way of collecting funds R8 - Communicate on the priority of conserve the megafauna sahelo-saharan Transboundary sahelo-saharan megafauna conservation project – 04/05/17 7
  8. 8. R1 - Improve the knowledge and implement the priority activities of conservation Improvement of knowledge ● Termit and Tin-Toumma Natural National Reserve Transboundary sahelo-saharan megafauna conservation project – 04/05/17 8 3 field missions organized and implemented: Ø Addax: aerial and terrestrial survey Ø Bustard population: monitoring Ø Termit massif fauna and wetlands: monitoring Four missions not organized : Ø 2 for the Oricou Vulture (identification of nest and breeding success) Ø 2 for the Addax (cold and heat seasons)
  9. 9. Transboundary sahelo-saharan megafauna conservation project – 04/05/17 9 Recommandations: Ø Establish a regional action plan for the conservation of this species Ø Stop the poaching from the military forces Ø Implement the same survey in Manga-Eguey area in Chad Ø Develop and implement a program of reinforcement and reintroduction of the addax in the wild Aerial and terrestrial survey of the addax population Conlusions: Ø 3 addax directly observed Ø Indirect observations (feces, tracks) Ø Impossible to estimate the size of the population in the Termit and Tin-Toumma Reserve Ø High decrease of the population if compared with the results of the aerial survey in 2007 Ø Evidence of poaching, around CNPC Ø Possibility of a dissemination of the population on a large scale, from Niger to Chad with few posibilities of connexion between these groups of animals
  10. 10. Transboundary sahelo-saharan megafauna conservation project – 04/05/17 10 Recommandations: Ø Establish a formal collaboration with traditionnal hunters from the Sultan of Zinder Ø Stop the poaching on motorbikes in the Kandil Bouzou Dilia Ø Increase the monitoring field missions in the area of Kandil Bouzou, piority area for dorcas gazelles, bustards and vultures Monitoring of the Bustard population Organization: Ø Actors ; SCF, Reneco Wildlife and Noé Ø Goal: to equip10 bustard of GPS collars Ø 2 Traditionnal hunters to capture bustard Results: Ø 10 bustards captured, 9 equiped, collars still functionnal Ø Identification of a new distribution area for the megafauna : Kandil Bouzou Dilia Ø First collaboration with traditionnal hunters very positive regarding their knowledge of the area and of poaching
  11. 11. Transboundary sahelo-saharan megafauna conservation project – 04/05/17 11 Dorcas gazelle, dama gazelle and Barbary sheep Ø Stable kilometer abundance index fo the dorcas gazelles during the rain season, creepage distance lower in the Termit massif than in the Kandil Bouzou Ø Few observations of dama gazelles and barbary sheeps Recommandations: Ø Reinforce the anti-poaching activities Ø Reinforce the monitoring of the species in the Termit massif Ø Obtain commitments form the local communities for not degrading or stealing the equipment used such as camera traps Monitoring of Termit massif Fauna and pools of water Pools of water: Ø Monitoring of all the pool of water known and identified Ø Only two with water, and with the presence of livestock and some waterbirds, but no big mammals
  12. 12. R1 - Improve the knowledge and implement the priority activities of conservation Improvement of knowledge ● Manga-Eguey (ME) area and Ouadi-Rimé Ouadi Achim Fauna Reserve (RFOROA) in Chad Transboundary sahelo-saharan megafauna conservation project – 04/05/17 12 Two field mission organized and implemented: Ø Ecological inventory in the ME area Ø Identification of the main conservation and management issues in RFOROA
  13. 13. Transboundary sahelo-saharan megafauna conservation project – 04/05/17 13 Recommandations: Ø Determine and establih the way to collect informations from the field due to the lack of agents from the DCFAP in this area Ø Developp a regular monitoring in the area for the dama gazelle Ø Plan a terrestrial census of the addax in the Eguey area and near the frontier Ecological inventory in the Manga-Eguey area Conclusions: Ø Collect of testimony regarding the presence of 2 groups of addax – one in the Eguey area, and one at the frontier with Niger for a potentiel total number of around 50 addax Ø Direct observations of dorcas gazelle in the same area than durng the field mission in August 2010 Ø Tracks of dama gazelles Ø Presence of arabian and nubian bustards Ø High diversity of vultures with 5 different species observed : Oricou vulture, Ruppell vulture, African vulture, white head vulture, hooded vulture Ø Carnivores observed: fennec, jackal, ruppel fox, pale fox, striped hyena, Cat from Lybia
  14. 14. Transboundary sahelo-saharan megafauna conservation project – 04/05/17 14 Ecological inventory in the Manga-Eguey area – potentiel sites of presence of the Addax
  15. 15. Transboundary sahelo-saharan megafauna conservation project – 04/05/17 15 Recommandations: Ø Determine and establih the way to collect informations from the field due to the lack of agents from the DCFAP in this area Ø Developp a regular monitoring in the area for the dama gazelle Ø Plan a terrestrial census of the addax in the Eguey area and near the frontier Ecological inventory in the Manga-Eguey area Conclusions: Ø Collect of testimony regarding the presence of 2 groups of addax – one in the Eguey area, and one at the frontier with Niger for a potentiel total number of around 50 addax Ø Direct observations of dorcas gazelle in the same area than durng the field mission in August 2010 Ø Tracks of dama gazelles Ø Presence of arabian and nubian bustards Ø High diversity of vultures with 5 different species observed : Oricou vulture, Ruppell vulture, African vulture, white head vulture, hooded vulture Ø Carnivores observed: fennec, jackal, ruppel fox, pale fox, striped hyena, Cat from Lybia
  16. 16. Transboundary sahelo-saharan megafauna conservation project – 04/05/17 16 Recommandations: Ø Establish the management plan of the Reserve Ø Developping a network of community agents Ø Strenghening the monitoring of the dama gazelle population Ø Strenghen the capacity of the Reserve to fight bushfires Identification of the main conservation and management issues for the Ouadi-Rimé Ouadi-Achim Fauna Reserve Conclusions: Ø Increase of the population of the dama gazelle certainly thanks to the presence of the Oryx camp with a population estimated between 30 to 50 individuals Ø Anthropics pressures : logging, permanent agriculture causing the desertification, and overgrazing, bushfires
  17. 17. R1 - Improve the knowledge and implement the priority activities of conservation Conservation actions ● Community guard patrols Transboundary sahelo-saharan megafauna conservation project – 04/05/17 17 6 community agents, 7 missions of community guard patrols: 75 camps visited, more than 5300 km of patrols, raise awareness of 3656 inhabitants, arrest of 4 poachers ● Anti-poaching activities Ø Purchase of 2 HF radios, 4 VHF radios, fuel, maintenance of vehicles of the Unity of Management of the Protected Area Ø New patrol sheet Ø Information boards Ø Arrest of 8 poachers, seizure of 60 traps ● Advocacy Ø Advocacy on the need to change the law authorizing the forestry officers to sell the fauna poached confiscated as the trafic is now more oriented on the poaching of living animals
  18. 18. R1 - Improve the knowledge and implement the priority activities of conservation Conservation actions ● Recommandations to the Ministry of Environment in Niger Transboundary sahelo-saharan megafauna conservation project – 04/05/17 18 Ø Support the Unity of Management of the Protected Area through the use and the training on tool such as SMART Ø Strenghen the presence of forestry agents in the Termit massif Ø Increase the number of field missions and logisitical and human ressources (35 agents for 97 000 km2, 3 vehicles etc.) Ø Allow the reintroduction in the wild of the living fauna confiscated to poachers Ø Give the community agents a official acknowledgment Ø Raise awareness on the need to protect and conserve biodiversity of the forestry agents and military forces during their training Recommandations pour répondre à l’état d’urgence écologique au sein de la RNNTT Contact : Abdoulaye HAROUNA, Chef de projet Noé Niger Port. : +227 94 66 22 33 aharouna@noe.org Mai 2016 Photo©ThomasRabeil–SCF-2016
  19. 19. R2 - Reinforce the management capacities of the RNNTT, the RFOROA and support a local management of the natural ressources Capacity building of managers of the 2 protected areas ● Training of forestry agents in Niger Permanent training of the forestry agents during each field mission on the ecological monitoring, and the knowledge of the key species Support of the decentralization of natural ressources management ● Communal development plan of Tesker Support of the revision of the Communal Development Plan of Tesker for the integration of the Management issues of the Reserve within the development plan of the locality. Transboundary sahelo-saharan megafauna conservation project – 04/05/17 19
  20. 20. R3 - A communitary management of the natural ressources in the RNNTT Territory contracts (« contrats terroirs ») for the natural ressources management ● Effectiveness of these contracts Ø Denunciation of 6 illegal wells Ø Rational use of the water pools in the Termit Massif Ø Information on poaching Ø Stop of use of poison against jackals Ø Stop disturbance on Oricou vultures nests ● Dongoumi declaration Ø 120 people gathered: 65 chiefs of nomadic camps, regional and local authorities, CSOs Ø Remind of the commitments of the local communities through the territory contracts and statement that the government needs to do more. Ø Declaration transmitted to the minister of interior and minsiter of environment Transboundary sahelo-saharan megafauna conservation project – 04/05/17 20
  21. 21. R4 – Develop the pastoral hydraulic and support the pastoral economy in the RNNTT Reinforcement of traditional wells Ø Partnerhsip with Savannah petroleum funding the building of a new reinforced traditionnal well in the locality of N’Gourti Transboundary sahelo-saharan megafauna conservation project – 04/05/17 21 Support to pastoralism activities ● Improvement to the access of veterinary services Ø Diagnostic of the main pathologies in the RNNTT Ø Schedule of campaigns of vaccination
  22. 22. R5 - Health missions and microprojects of education in the RNNTT Health microprojects ● Vaccination campaigns Education microprojects ● Building of 2 classrooms, and equipment of 4 classrooms ● 12 students from the RNNTT in the internship of Zinder Transboundary sahelo-saharan megafauna conservation project – 04/05/17 22 year 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Nb mission 3 3 3 3 2 3 2 2 Care 238 423 456 1204 498 647 342 437 vaccination 1241 500 526 948 125 314 518 380 With booster 574 128 265 146 91 155 323 0
  23. 23. R6 - A consultation framework with the oil industry (CNPC, Savannah Petroleum) for developping mecanismes of biodiversity compensation Building capacities and empowerment of SCOs in Niger ● Diagnostic of the oil context in Chad Ø Identification of the main stakeholders in Chad in the assessment of the environmental impact of the oil activities Transboundary sahelo-saharan megafauna conservation project – 04/05/17 23 ● Support to the SCOs Ø Exchange visit in Niamey between SCOs from Niger, Chad, governmental agency for environmental assessment from Niger and Chad, Project Niger Fauna Corridor, Noé, Ministry of environment in Niger Ø Recommandations on the oil exploitation context in Niger for bringing more transparency, on the need of support the conservation of the sahelo-saharan biodiversity, on the need to create an regional netwrok between SCOs for initiating a regional collaboration
  24. 24. R6 – A consultation framework with the oil industry (CNPC, Savannah Petroleum) for developping mecanismes of biodiversity compensation Building capacities and empowerment of SCOs in Niger ● Advocacy campaigns ● A slogan : « Sauvegardons notre environnement pour nous même et les générations futures tout en exploitant durablement nos ressources. » Ø 1600 people met Ø One action plan shared with the ministry of environment Ø Meeting with members of parliament to present recommandations on the oil context in Niger and the need to improve it Ø Lecture with national authorities, french ambassador, Minister of environment Ø Radio, TV following-up Transboundary sahelo-saharan megafauna conservation project – 04/05/17 24
  25. 25. R6 - A consultation framework with the oil industry (CNPC, Savannah Petroleum) for developping mecanismes of biodiversity compensation Promote good practices ● Determine good practices Ø Good practices regarding the avifauna not applied ● MoU with Savannah Petroleum Ø Second MoU signed between Noé and Savannah Petroleum for supporting financialy activities for the local communities Transboundary sahelo-saharan megafauna conservation project – 04/05/17 25 REPUBLIQUE DU NIGER Fraternité - Travail – Progrès ------------------- MINISTERE DE L'ENVIRONNEMENT ET DU DEVELOPPEMENT DURABLE ------------------------------------- DIRECTION GENERALE DES EAUX ET FORETS ----------------------------- DIRECTION DE LA FAUNE, DE LA CHASSE ET DES AIRES PROTEGEES ----------------- RESERVE NATURELLE NATIONALE DE TERMIT ET TIN-TOUMMA ------------------------------------- RAPPORT DE MISSION Constat de Mortalités des Tourterelles (Streptopeiia Spp.) au niveau de la station intermédiaire de chauffage N°3 sur le trajet pipeline Gouméri -Raffinerie de Zinder Présenté par : M. Halidou ADAMOU, Chef de Section Protection et Surveillance de la RNNTT Juillet 2016 – Actions menées en 2016/2017 Projet d’appui à la gestion durable d’aires protégées sahélo-sahariennes, Niger et Tchad BILAN Vos contacts chez Noé : Sébastien PINCHON, Responsable du Pôle International Port. : +33 6 87 49 24 76 courriel : spinchon@noe.org Valérie COLLIN, Secrétaire générale Port. : +33 6 11 34 02 82 courriel : vcollin@noe.org Abdoulaye HAROUNA, Coordonateur du PCBR Port : +227 9466 2233 courriel : aharouna@noe.org Avril 2017
  26. 26. R8 - Communicate on the need of conserve the megafauna sahelo- saharan Ø Radio, TV, articles, web, press release from IUCN, lectures, courses in University in Niger` Ø One musical album named « Addax » from the group Dangana: 2000 CDs and 2000 DVDs disseminated within the military camps Transboundary sahelo-saharan megafauna conservation project – 04/05/17 26
  27. 27. THANK YOU

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