School Emergency Preparedness


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  • This section has great information from your counterparts in the education and psychology field who have been through large and small crisis. This section lays out roles each discipline generally plays in the clean-up and getting back to “normal”.
  • School Emergency Preparedness

    1. 1. All Hazard School Emergency Planning _________________________ School Facilities Management Institute December 6, 2011
    2. 2. What is school safety? <ul><li>Obvious </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Violent and disruptive incidents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>School violence and student behavior </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gang activity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intruders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vandalism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Not so obvious </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Highways, rail lines, manufacturing facilities near schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Science labs, pool chemicals, cleaning supplies = haz mat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weather-related events </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-custodial parent issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nuclear power plants </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Why do schools need to plan?
    4. 4. November 16, 1989 <ul><li>“ It made a boom sound, and everyone started to scream” </li></ul><ul><li>2nd grader </li></ul>286 Route 17K Newburgh, NY
    5. 5. <ul><li>“ Today at about 12:20pm, I was sitting in my office. I got up and walked into the front main lobby. I then walked into the cafeteria because some of the kids were getting excited because of the wind and the rain, and were standing up. </li></ul><ul><li>About 10 seconds later, the glass from the outside wall came flying into the room in sheets and went halfway across the cafeteria. I started toward the wall…to get the kids out…when the entire wall came down into the cafeteria onto the students.” </li></ul><ul><li>Harvey Gregory, Principal </li></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>Amy Innis, 8 Joanna Lichter, 7 </li></ul><ul><li>Larae Litchhult, 8 Adam Soltis, 7 </li></ul><ul><li>Peter Orsino, 8 Charles Scotto,7 </li></ul><ul><li>Maria Stuhmer, 8 Jennifer Homan, 8 </li></ul><ul><li>Mark Flanagan, 7 </li></ul>
    7. 7. Safe Schools Against Violence in Education (Project SAVE) <ul><li>Project SAVE - July 24, 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Districtwide and Building-Level MULTIHAZARD Emergency Plans (155.17) </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>A multihazard approach: </li></ul><ul><li>what internal or external factors could potentially impact the school, its occupants, and the community. </li></ul><ul><li>Severe weather </li></ul><ul><li>Flood </li></ul><ul><li>Terrorism </li></ul><ul><li>Violence </li></ul><ul><li>Power outages </li></ul><ul><li>Intruders </li></ul><ul><li>Fire </li></ul><ul><li>Air disasters </li></ul><ul><li>Hazardous materials </li></ul>
    9. 9. Basic Elements <ul><li>Each chief school administrator of an educational agency shall provide written information, by October 1st of each school year, to all students and staff about emergency procedures. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Basic Elements <ul><li>A plan for the review and conduct of drills and exercises to test the emergency response plan, including the use of tabletop exercises, in coordination with emergency responders and preparedness officials </li></ul>
    11. 11. Questions to Consider <ul><li>Do you know who the emergency manager is in your county? </li></ul><ul><li>Have you met with the county emergency manager – during “ peace time ”? </li></ul>
    12. 12. Questions to Consider <ul><li>How do you communicate with the county emergency manager during an emergency or wide-spread disaster? </li></ul><ul><li>How do the county emergency managers communicate with you during an emergency or wide-spread disaster? </li></ul>
    13. 13. Questions to Consider <ul><li>Have you invited the local law enforcement and fire officials to tour your building and review plans for responding to emergencies? </li></ul><ul><li>Have you trained and exercised with law enforcement and fire officials to prepare for an event in your school? </li></ul>
    14. 14. Key Points to Remember <ul><li>CR 155.17(f): Use of school property </li></ul><ul><li>Each board of education and board of cooperative educational </li></ul><ul><li>services shall cooperate with appropriate State, county and </li></ul><ul><li>city agencies in developing agreements for the use of </li></ul><ul><li>school-owned facilities and vehicles during a disaster . </li></ul><ul><li>School districts and boards of cooperative educational </li></ul><ul><li>services are required to relinquish to the appropriate State </li></ul><ul><li>or county agencies the control and use of school </li></ul><ul><li>transportation vehicles and facilities in accordance with </li></ul><ul><li>county emergency preparedness plans or directives . </li></ul>
    15. 15. The Role of the District Superintendent <ul><li>CR 155.17(g): Communication liaisons </li></ul><ul><li>Except in a school district in a city having a population </li></ul><ul><li>of more than one million inhabitants, each district </li></ul><ul><li>superintendent, during a local or State emergency, shall </li></ul><ul><li>act as the chief communication liaison for all </li></ul><ul><li>educational agencies within the supervisory district </li></ul><ul><li>territorial limits . </li></ul><ul><li>The superintendent of schools in the Cities of Buffalo, </li></ul><ul><li>Rochester, Syracuse and Yonkers, during a local or State </li></ul><ul><li>emergency,shall act as the chief communication liaison for </li></ul><ul><li>all educational agencies located within the city district. </li></ul>
    16. 17. <ul><li>The Process </li></ul><ul><li>Engage : staff, students, transportation and food supervisors, school nurse, mental health, school board, local emergency responders, county emergency managers …. </li></ul>
    17. 18. (631) 952-6322 (518) 793-6646 (845) 454-0430 (315) 438-8907 (315) 331-4880
    18. 19. <ul><li>The Process </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate : what are the potential hazards in and around your school facility - a hazard analysis </li></ul>
    19. 20. <ul><li>Hazard: Something that is potentially dangerous or harmful, often the root cause of an unwanted outcome. </li></ul><ul><li>Human-Caused Hazard : A hazard that arises from deliberate, intentional human actions to threaten or harm the well-being of others. Examples include school violence, terrorist acts, or sabotage . </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Hazard: A hazard related to weather patterns and/or physical characteristics of an area. Often natural hazards occur repeatedly in the same geographical locations . </li></ul><ul><li>Technological Hazard: A hazard originating from technological or industrial accidents, infrastructure failures, or certain human activities . These hazards may cause loss of life or injury, property damage, social and economic disruption, or environmental degradation, and often come with little to no warning. </li></ul>
    20. 21.
    21. 22. March 12, 2007 <ul><li>CSX train derailment in Oneida, Madison County </li></ul><ul><li>41 of the 81 cars carried hazardous materials </li></ul><ul><li>39 carried liquid propane </li></ul>
    22. 23. February 2009 – Clarence, NY Continental Connection Flight 3407 (Colgan Air)
    23. 24. Pine Plains man charged with kidnapping after holding school principal hostage <ul><li>PINE PLAINS – Police have charged Chris Craft, 42, of Pine Plains with Kidnapping in the first degree, criminal possession of a weapon in the third degree and criminal trespass in the first degree after he took a shotgun into Stissing Mountain Middle School in Pine Plains on Tuesday morning and held the principal hostage. </li></ul><ul><li>Craft walked into the school around 7:45 a.m. with a shotgun hidden on him in pieces. He reassembled it in a bathroom and went looking for Principal Robert Hess. He found him and took him hostage until he was talked into surrendering by a police negotiator. </li></ul>
    24. 25. September 2011
    25. 26. September 2011
    26. 27. September 2011
    27. 28. September 2011
    28. 29.
    29. 31. <ul><li>The Process </li></ul><ul><li>Educate : does everyone understand their roles and responsibilities in the plan - train, train, train & don’t forget the substitutes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ICS Training </li></ul></ul>
    30. 33.
    31. 35. <ul><li>Developed by the FEMA Emergency Management Institute in collaboration with the U.S. Department of Education. </li></ul><ul><li>Designed primarily for kindergarten through high school personnel. </li></ul>
    32. 37. <ul><li>Exercise : test the plan - will this plan work when you need it most - what if you’re not there – are there gaps in the plan </li></ul>
    33. 38. Questions to Consider <ul><li>During an emergency do you want to have physical access to areas where law enforcement has closed the roads? </li></ul><ul><li>Answer – It depends!! </li></ul><ul><li>Why is the road closed? Is the road still there?! </li></ul><ul><li>Why do you need to have access? </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t put yourself or your staff in danger. </li></ul><ul><li>Another reason to meet and plan with the emergency managers during “peace-time” </li></ul>
    34. 39. Probably Not Probably Yes
    35. 40. <ul><li>Enhance : review and revise the plan - what have you learned from the exercise ( or actual event ) - a good plan is never finished </li></ul>Clyde Savannah CSD Bus January 2011
    36. 41. <ul><li>Local emergency responders must have copies of school facility </li></ul><ul><li>floor plans and layouts. </li></ul><ul><li>Include them in the </li></ul><ul><li>planning and exercise process! </li></ul>
    37. 42. Know who will come to your emergency and what resources they may bring.
    38. 43. <ul><li>Roles of the : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>school administrator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>faculty and staff </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>school counselors and social workers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parents/guardians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>community partners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>law enforcement </li></ul></ul>Following an Event
    39. 44.
    40. 45. Some lessons to think about... <ul><li>Administrators may not be present during an emergency. </li></ul><ul><li>The normal communication systems may not be operable during an emergency. </li></ul><ul><li>Does everyone understand their roles and responsibilities in an emergency? </li></ul>
    41. 46. Some lessons to think about... <ul><li>Does the plan include provisions for substitute staff? </li></ul><ul><li>Is there a procedure in place for student sheltering during an emergency? </li></ul><ul><li>Are non-ambulatory individuals addressed in the emergency plan? </li></ul>
    42. 47. Some lessons to think about... <ul><li>Is there a plan for parent/child reunification and addressing non-custodial parent issues? </li></ul><ul><li>Are transportation and maintenance staff included in planning activities? </li></ul><ul><li>Are post-incident, mental health, and recovery issues addressed in the emergency plan? </li></ul>
    43. 48. Semper Gumby: Forever Flexible!
    44. 49. Hope for the best – but plan for the worst
    45. 51. Questions? <ul><li>Laura Sahr </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency Planning Liaison </li></ul><ul><li>NYS Education Department </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>518-486-7336 (w) </li></ul><ul><li>518-210-1269 (BB) </li></ul>