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Schizophrenia: The Truth


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Schizophrenia: The Truth

  1. 1. The Truth About Schizophrenia Schizophrenia and Related Disorders Alliance of America (SARDAA) Linda Whitten Stalters Board of Directors
  2. 2. Schizophrenia and Related Disorders Alliance of America (SARDAA) Mission: Improve the lives of people with schizophrenia and related disorders by promoting hope and recovery through support programs, education and advocacy
  3. 3. Schizophrenia is NOT • A lack of will power or self-discipline • A result of poor parenting • A consequence of substance abuse • A Personality disorder • Being evil or possessed
  4. 4. Schizophrenia is a Physical Disease
  5. 5. Research Indications • Schizophrenia is a disorder of the neurochemicals that transmit messages between neurons in the brain and quantity of synapses • There are physical differences in the brain • There are differences in the cognitive processing of information • MRIs show significant changes in brain functioning for those with schizophrenia • Genetic markers that can increase a person's risk for schizophrenia
  6. 6. Brain Connectivity Synapse
  7. 7. Normal Schizophrenia Fewer synapses in schizophrenia
  8. 8. Enlarged Ventricles
  9. 9. Positive symptoms Cognitive Symptoms Hallucinations Working memory of Delusions Schizophrenia Selective attention Disordered thoughts Anosognosia Negative symptoms Avolition anhedonia anergia asociality Alogia
  10. 10. Abnormality Locations A Frontal B Lobe Temporal Negative Lobe symptoms Positive symptoms C D
  11. 11. 3-dimensional profile of gray matter loss in brains of teenagers with schizophrenia Greatest loss in the temporal and frontal brain regions that control memory, hearing, motor functions, and attention.
  12. 12. Genetic Risks General population 1% Sibling 5% Child with 1 parent w/schizophrenia 10% Dizygotic (Fraternal) co-twin 10% Child of 2 parents w/ schizophrenia 40% Monozygotic (Identical) co-twin 50%
  13. 13. Recovery Is Real
  14. 14. A Consumer’s Perspective “Recovery does not mean cure…” “…rather recovery is an attitude, a stance and a way of approaching the day’s challenges.” Patricia Deegan PhD (1996. pp.96-97)
  15. 15. Barriers To Recovery Stigma and discrimination “The stigma is harder to deal with than the illness itself.”
  16. 16. Barriers To Recovery Lack of Education Lack of Access to Effective Health Care Lack of Resources Lack of funding for Schizophrenia and related diseases Hopelessness and shame
  17. 17. Putting Things In Perspective • Schizophrenia: 3 million Americans • Multiple Sclerosis: 400,000 • Insulin-dependent Diabetes: 350,000 • Muscular Dystrophy: 35,000 • HIV/AIDS: 1.2 million • Two times more prevalent in the U.S. than Alzheimer’s 2003
  18. 18. The Real Impact & Cost Schizophrenia accounts for more hospital stays than any other illness 2% of GNP, nearly $70 Billion in direct and indirect costs One of the 10 leading causes of disability in world (WHO)
  19. 19. Did You Know? Lifelong morbidity and increased mortality Individuals with a serious mental illness die, on average, 25 years earlier than other Americans Substance Abuse & Mental Health Administration (SAMHSA)
  20. 20. The Current Approach? Two of the largest mental health providers in the country today are Cook County and Los Angeles County jails – between two and four hundred thousand or more persons with mental illnesses are confined in U.S. jails and prisons
  21. 21. SARDAA Sponsors Hope Schizophrenics Anonymous Peer Support
  22. 22. Joanne Verbanic Founder of Schizophrenics Anonymous • 1970 diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia • 1985 volunteer work with Mental Health Association in Michigan – Spokesperson at Mental Health conferences, universities, schools, clubs, TV, radio in an effort to educate the public – Founded Schizophrenics Anonymous in Michigan
  23. 23. “I have made a commitment to devote the rest of my life to helping other mentally ill…I will continue the endeavor as long as I live.” Joanne Verbanic
  24. 24. Schizophrenics Anonymous 2008 – More than130 groups meeting throughout 31 states, as well as Australia, Brazil, Mexico, and Venezuela.
  25. 25. Schizophrenics Anonymous (SA) • Voluntary • Consumer membership driven • No dues, governing bodies, or by-laws • Peer support providing empowerment in working toward recovery
  26. 26. Schizophrenics Anonymous “While most SA participants value the help they receive in professional settings, SA provides a unique type of help in dealing with schizophrenia that members do not receive from professionals or from other mental health organizations.” Salem, Reischl, & Randall, 2000 Michigan State University
  27. 27. Qualitative Findings Involvement in SA helps members: – Increase understanding of schizophrenia and how to cope with it. – Promotes change in self-esteem – Provides opportunities for participation in meaningful social roles. – Helps to combat feelings of loneliness and social isolation. Salem, Reischl, & Randall, 2000 Michigan State University
  28. 28. SARDAA Philosophy With treatment , support, public education and awareness every person with schizophrenia can have the opportunity to recover to their potential and live a full life in the community, free from stigma and discrimination.
  29. 29. What Can You Do? Contact us to learn how.
  30. 30. Schizophrenia and Related Disorders Alliance of America SARDAA PO Box 941222 Houston, Texas 77094-8222 Linda Whitten Stalters, MSN,APRN,BC,PMH,MTAPA,FAPA Board of Directors (240) 423-9432
  31. 31. Schizophrenia Quiz 1. Schizophrenia is a way of describing a “split personality.” False. It is a disease with a physical cause, like cancer or heart disease.
  32. 32. 2. No one can recover from schizophrenia. False. With proper treatment and support, the majority of people do recover.
  33. 33. 3. Schizophrenia is a common mental illness. True. About 1% of the world’s population and about 3 million U.S. citizens have the disease.
  34. 34. 4. Schizophrenia most commonly begins in people over age 50. False. The onset of schizophrenia normally begins between the ages 15 and 25.
  35. 35. 5. Schizophrenia can be caused by bad upbringing, or personal or moral weakness. False. It is a disease with a physical cause.
  36. 36. 6. Schizophrenia can be diagnosed through a series of medical tests. False. There are, currently, no medical tests for schizophrenia but several tools are used by trained professionals to evaluate and diagnose the disorder.
  37. 37. 7. Approximately 1 of every 10 people with schizophrenia completes a suicide attempt. True. And about 20%-40% of people with schizophrenia attempt to commit suicide. Suicide is the number one cause of death for young people with schizophrenia.
  38. 38. 8. Like diabetes, schizophrenia has a genetic pattern. True. There is a hereditary tendency.
  39. 39. Hereditary Tendency Rates General population 1% Sibling 5% Child with 1 parent w/schizophrenia 10% Dizygotic (Fraternal) co-twin 10% Child of 2 parents w/ schizophrenia 40% Monozygotic (Identical) co-twin 50%
  40. 40. 9. People with schizophrenia are often violent. False: People with schizophrenia are no more likely to be violent than their neighbors. In fact they are the victims of murder 6 times the general population (Lancet, 2001)