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Basic Life support (BLS) workshop presentation.

Basic life support (BLS) explained in simplest way possible for all the new learners including non medical background people in a precised and stepwise manner. Better than many other paid workshops. Practice on manikin for optimum results. Do like & subscribe my account. Happy learning.

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FIRST AID &
BASIC LIFE SUPPORT
Presenter,
Dr Sanket Vilas Nandekar
PHS (PM-ABHIM), APHO
Pune International Airport
Name- Dr Sanket Vilas Nandekar
QUALIFICATIONS : MBBS MD
 MBBS (MIMSR Medical college Latur)
 MD (Department of Community Medicine, Institute of
Medical Sciences – Banaras Hindu University – Varanasi.
 Certified BLS & ACLS provider by American Heart
Association.
PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE:
• Worked as Junior Resident in Department of General Surgery, GMC
Chandrapur.
• Worked as Junior Resident in Department of community Medicine, Institute
of Medical Sciences – Banaras Hindu University – Varanasi.
• Presented research papers & posters in various national & international
conferences.
• Published 4 research papers till date.
• Currently working as Public Health Specialist Pune International Airport.
Emergency Contacts & First aid
Basic Life Support
Detailed concepts in CPR
Choking & Drowning
Seizures Do’s & Don'ts
Snake bite & Dog Bite
Outlines of Presentation:
108 101 100
EMERGENCY CONTACT
FIRST AID
First Aid is the immediate assistance or treatment
given to someone before the arrival of medical
staff/ambulance.
Qualities of First Aider :
• Calm
• Confident
• Willing to offer assistance
whenever necessary.
• Patience
3PS PRESERVE LIFE
PREVENT INJURY
PROMOT INJURY
AIM OF FIRST AID
Ad

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Basic Life support (BLS) workshop presentation.

  • 1. FIRST AID & BASIC LIFE SUPPORT Presenter, Dr Sanket Vilas Nandekar PHS (PM-ABHIM), APHO Pune International Airport
  • 2. Name- Dr Sanket Vilas Nandekar QUALIFICATIONS : MBBS MD  MBBS (MIMSR Medical college Latur)  MD (Department of Community Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences – Banaras Hindu University – Varanasi.  Certified BLS & ACLS provider by American Heart Association. PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE: • Worked as Junior Resident in Department of General Surgery, GMC Chandrapur. • Worked as Junior Resident in Department of community Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences – Banaras Hindu University – Varanasi. • Presented research papers & posters in various national & international conferences. • Published 4 research papers till date. • Currently working as Public Health Specialist Pune International Airport.
  • 3. Emergency Contacts & First aid Basic Life Support Detailed concepts in CPR Choking & Drowning Seizures Do’s & Don'ts Snake bite & Dog Bite Outlines of Presentation:
  • 5. FIRST AID First Aid is the immediate assistance or treatment given to someone before the arrival of medical staff/ambulance. Qualities of First Aider : • Calm • Confident • Willing to offer assistance whenever necessary. • Patience
  • 6. 3PS PRESERVE LIFE PREVENT INJURY PROMOT INJURY AIM OF FIRST AID
  • 8.  What are the possible scenario we will face in emergency situation?  What we can do to save lives of people in emergency? In this BLS workshop we will learn about:
  • 9. 1st thing to do in this case is to check for pulse & breathing: We will get 3 possible scenarios.  First- Both pulse & breathing present. (Give recovery position)  Second- Pulse present & Breathing absent. (Provide rescue breathing only under observation)  Third- Both pulse & breathing absent. ( High quality CPR)
  • 10. CHECK FOR D ANGER CHECK R ESPONSE S END FOR HELP CHECK FOR A IRWAYS CHECK B REATHING GIVE C PR APPLY D IFIBRILATOR Steps in BLS: DRS ABCD
  • 11. CPR
  • 12. Response To check the casualty for a response use the COWS Method: Can you here me? Open your eyes What is your name? Squeeze my hand Gently Squeeze shoulders (i.e. the trapezoid muscles) If the causality is unresponsive- Call for help- 108
  • 13. Airways/Breathing/Circulation  Airway Can you feel for air from mouth or nose ??  Breathing Look weather chest is rising and falling ??  Circulation Check for carotid pulse with 2 fingers on one side Access A B C for 5-10 Sec
  • 14. If Airway –Breathing – Circulation – Present – Give Recovery position. Call for Help Quickly Airways/Breathing/Circulation
  • 15.  Start CPR (Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation) If A,B,C absent – Collarbone Sternum Breast Bone Ribcage
  • 16. CPR
  • 18. If more than 1 rescuer are present better to work as a team to provide more effective CPR: Team leader Compressor Airway Monitor.  Witnessed & unwitnessed emergency.  Known person & unknown person
  • 19. Infant CPR  Check Response – By tapping on soles of feet.  Check A,B,C – Brachial pulse in the arm  If absent or less than 60 , start CPR.  2 fingers 1 Rescuer – 30:2  Encircling chest 2 Rescuers – 15:2  Depth 1.5 inch, 100-120 per min.  Interruptions less than 10 seconds.  Change positions after 2 minutes.
  • 20. Chocking • More than 10 million cases per year. • Choking is when any foreign objects stuck in the throat or in the windpipe, blocking airflow. • Choking cuts off O2 to Brain. • Adults – Piece of Food • Young – Small Objects/Milk Teeth Universal Sign of Choking : 1. Hands clutched in throat 2. Coughing vigorously/Breathlessness
  • 21. How to Relieve Self Chocking? First Call for HELP
  • 22. 5 Back blows- • Stand to side just behind the person • Place one arm around person chest • Give 5 back blows between person’s shoulder blades with heel of your hands 5 Abdominal Thrusts- • Reach around the person’s waist • Position One Clenched Fist above the navel and below the rib cage • Grasp your fist with your other hand • Pull the clenched fist sharply backwards and upwards under the rib cage 5 times quickly. How to treat Chocking? Five-and-Five Approach
  • 23. How to treat Chocking? Five-and-Five Approach
  • 25. For Infant Firstly support head and neck with one hand. Place the infant face down over your forearm, supported on your thigh. Head lower than torso. Give 5 back blows forcefully between the shoulder blades with heel of your hand While supporting the head , turn the infant face up , head lower. Using 2 fingers, deliver 5 thrusts in the sternal region (Breast Bone) Depress the sternum 1½ inch Avoid tip of sternum. Repeat this until foreign body expelled or infant becomes unconscious.
  • 26. Key Point- 1. In case of Obesity or Pregnancy, Give Chest thrusts. 2. Do not perform blind fingers sweep. 3. Remove the foreign body only if you can see it 4. If the person or infant becomes unconscious, call for help and start CPR
  • 27. Drowning  Drowning leads to Hypoxia because of water entering the lungs  Take the person out of water.  Check A,B,C for 10 seconds.  If no, start CPR.  Continue CPR Protocol.  Chest compressions – 30  Mouth-to-Mouth – 2 breaths • Don’t Give Pressure on stomach to take the water out.
  • 28. First aid for Seizure
  • 29. First aid for Seizure Do  Ease the person to the floor.  Turn the person gently onto one side. This will help the person breathe.  Clear the area around the person of anything hard or sharp. This can prevent injury.  Put something soft and flat, like a folded jacket, under his or her head.  Remove eyeglasses.  Loosen ties or anything around the neck that may make it hard to breathe.  Time the seizure. Call 108 if the seizure lasts longer than 5 minutes.
  • 30. First aid for Seizure Don’t  Do not hold the person down or try to stop his or her movements.  Do not put anything in the person’s mouth. This can injure teeth or the jaw. A person having a seizure cannot swallow his or her tongue.  Do not try to give mouth-to-mouth breaths (like CPR). People usually start breathing again on their own after a seizure.  Do not offer the person water or food until he or she is fully alert.
  • 31. FAINTING /UNCONCIOUSNESS Causes: • Dehydration • Low BP • Low Blood Sugar Levels – Fasting • Any illness TREATMENT If you see a person fainting, try to prevent fall. Lay flat on floor. Check A,B,C – If no, start CPR If Yes, Raise their feet 12 inches (30 cm) If due to BSL , give some sweets to drink or eat.
  • 32. SPRAIN /STRAIN R-I-C-E I CE, apply a cold pack. Do not apply ice directly to skin C OMPRESS, use an elastic or comforting wrap – not to tight E LEVATE, above heart level to control internal bleeding R EST, provide support
  • 33. Fracture First Aid : P-R-I-C-E P Protect the injury (Stop using the injured limb, pad to protect) R Rest the Injury I Apply wrap ice pack C Comfortable Support – Apply a Supportive Bandage E Elevate – To Reduce Swelling
  • 34. BLEEDING - Apply pressure to the wound - Raise and Support injured person - Bandage wound - Check Circulation below wound - If severe bleeding persists, give nothing by mouth and call emergency service
  • 35. Snake Bite: First Aid Note the snake appearance! Why ? To describe the snake to emergency staff Non Poisonous Poisonous Fang Mark
  • 36. Snake Bite: First Aid 1. Have the person lie down with wound below the heart. 2. Keep the person calm and at rest to keep venom from spreading. 3. Remove the jewelry from bitten area. 4. Remove shoes if leg/foot is bitten.
  • 37. Snake Bite: First Aid Don’t • Take the patient to a tantrik or a Snake Charmer for treatment • Suck the wound • Cut the wound open • Tie ligatures around the wound • Burn the wound • Apply herbal paste over the wound Do • Immobilize the affected wound • Apply basic first aid • Rush the patient to the nearest hospital that can deliver Anti Venom and Emergency Care
  • 38. Dog Bite: First Aid Do • Place a clean cloth or a towel on the dog bite injury site to stop the bleeding. • Wash the bitten area with soap and water • Place the sterile bandage on wound • Elevate the injured person • Topical antibiotics need to be applied daily to the injury to prevent the infection.