Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Framework of ADP TRAINING - AAI

3,833 views

Published on

  • Here's the link to this awesome free video about how to cure gout in 7 days or less – 100% naturally!  https://url.cn/5KTbhTX
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • The "END OF GOUT" is a short, to the point guide on how to reverse gout symptoms without ever leaving your home. The guide goes into extensive detail on exactly what you need to do to safely, effectively and permanently get rid of gout, and you are GUARANTEED to see dramatic improvements in days if not hours. ♥♥♥ https://t.cn/A6AZCtO2
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • I wouldn't have suffered three years of gout misery if I'd known that... Thousands of people are now gout-free simply from eating foods found in their local supermarket - now I'm one of them! No meds, doctors or procedures - three years of pain gone in weeks.  http://t.cn/A67DowPY
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

Framework of ADP TRAINING - AAI

  1. 1. FRAMEWORK FOR AN AIRSIDE DRIVER TRAINING PROGRAMME S.K. SONI - AIRPORT MANAGERAUGUST - 2007 AIRPORTS AUTHORITY OF INDIA GROUND FLIGHT SAFETY DEPARTMENT
  2. 2. AIRPORTS AUTHORITY OF INDIA
  3. 3. AERODROME LAYOUT
  4. 4. NON-PUBLIC OPS. AREA
  5. 5. WARNING • “All vehicles entering the Airport Airside Area are required to conform with the speed limit signs which are displayed at various locations. • Stop signs must be adhered to and in all circumstances, aircraft have priority over vehicles, and no vehicular crossing of taxiways is allowed within 200 meters of taxiing aircraft. • Disciplinary action will be taken against offenders.”
  6. 6. Causes accidents and incidents • Primary factors include: • •Human error. • • Failure to follow established procedures. • • Poor or inadequate training. • • Ramp congestion. • • Substandard equipment maintenance. • • Lack of standardization. • Secondary factors include: • • Equipment error and malfunctions. • • Inadequate supervision. • • High employee turnover. • • Financial pressures. • • Pressure to increase turnaround times
  7. 7. VEHICLE REQUIREMENTS
  8. 8. Company Names or Logos on Vehicles All authorized motor vehicles operating within OPS. Area must be easily identified. All vehicular equipment must display signs of commercial design on both sides of the vehicle for identifying it
  9. 9. speed limit 30kmph SERVICE ROAD – SPEED LIMITS The Apron service roads are marked in white paint. Vehicles traversing the Aprons are to remain within the marked road at all times.
  10. 10. VEHICULAR LANE – SPEED LIMITS • speed limit 15kmph Vehicular Lane marked with dotted white lines on Apron, used for vehicular movements. 3 feet 4.5 to 7.5 Mtrs
  11. 11. Vehicle movements on Vehicular Lane 3 feet 4.5 to 7.5 Mtrs
  12. 12. MARKING ON ACTIVE TAXIWAY CROSSING A crossing on a live Taxiway is marked by white broken lines. Vehicles shall stop at the designated Stop Sign and give way to moving aircraft if they are approaching, then cross with care, allowing for jet blast or prop wash.
  13. 13. Apron Service road within the movement area This red line indicates DO NOT CROSS, and is known as the Vehicle Limit Line. Extreme caution must be taken at all times whilst driving in these areas.
  14. 14. Apron Safety Line
  15. 15. BREAKAWAY ZONES Marking on the taxiway center line to help aircraft tow tractor drivers Two yellow triangles connected by white dots.
  16. 16. Aircraft Parking Stand
  17. 17. AIRCRAFT PARKING STAND
  18. 18. AIRCRAFT PARKING STAND Must stay well clear of aircraft when their red anti collision beacons are operating; Must not use Vehicles to service, load or unload an aircraft unless a representative of the aircraft operator or his/her agent is present to direct the movements of that Vehicle
  19. 19. AIRCRAFT PARKING STAND
  20. 20. EQUIPMENT STAGING AREA
  21. 21. Watch For Boarding and Deplaning Passengers while driving on movement area Right of way
  22. 22. PROHIBITED ZONE AEROBRIDGE RESTRAINT AREA The red or white hatching defines safety areas that must remain clear at all times. Vehicles must not park or stand in these areas as this is the area where aerobridges move
  23. 23. HEIGHT RESTRICTED AREA
  24. 24. NOSE BAR GROUND MARKING FOR A/C
  25. 25. Wheel Chocks When parking a vehicle anywhere, be sure to set the parking brake or use wheel chocks to prevent the vehicle from rolling into aircraft or other equipment.
  26. 26. Report Fuel/oil Spills If you cause or notice an oil, grease, fuel or other type of spill of any size, report it immediately to the Apron Control and your supervisor.
  27. 27. Put brakes “On” when vehicle is parked in Apron.
  28. 28. ENGINE HAZARD
  29. 29. JET BLAST PRECAUTIONS •7.5M from the Front •46M from the behind (A-320) •76M from the behind (B-747) ENGINE SUCTION/INGESTION & BLAST
  30. 30. DANGER ZONES AROUND A/C Personnel and vehicles shall give way to aircraft at all times whether the aircraft is taxiing or on tow. The picture provides a guide to the safety distances where vehicles or personnel shall maintain from a taxing aircraft
  31. 31. AFFECT OF JET BLAST Jet engines force air through the engine and use thrust to maneouver. Do not walk or drive behind an aircraft that has engines running, as the Jet blast is considerable and dangerous. Injuries have occurred due to debris blown by jet blast.
  32. 32. Affect of Jet Blast A jet engine produces a blast of hot air strong enough to knock you over, burn you, even turn over a vehicle. At 25 feet behind the engine. Jet blast may reach to speed of 590 mph and a temperature of 370 degrees Fahrenheit. Even at 100 feet behind the engine, jet blast may still be up to 95 mph and about 40 degrees Fahrenheit.
  33. 33. Jet Blast ingestion stay clear of jet engine intakes. Many people have been killed or severely injured as a result of being sucked into an operating engine.
  34. 34. PRECAUTION ON A/C REFUELLING
  35. 35. PRECAUTION ON A/C REFUELLING In the event of fuel or Combustible material spill, immediately notify to Apron Control. Also warn the pilot of aircraft in the vicinity of the spill. Valves shall be shut down and the dispensing vehicle shall remain in place until the arrival of fire protection vehicles. Engine of the dispensing vehicle shall remain ON if it running or remain OFF if it is off, until the Fire Incharge orders to move. In no event shall dispensing operations resume until authorized by the fire protection incharge.
  36. 36. Aircraft Refueling Incident •Maintain a distance of 15M from the aircraft being refuelled •Do not switch off/on your vehicle •Refueller/Dispenser have right of clear exit •Do not drive over the hose/cable •Do not use mobile phones
  37. 37. FUEL HYDRAENT PIT Available on every parking stand through which an aircraft is refuelled.
  38. 38. FOD BINS
  39. 39. Foreign Object Debris Inspect your bay for foreign Object presence on apron soon after the departure of aircraft, if anything is noticed, remove immediately or inform the Apron Control by the quickest means of communication
  40. 40. A/C CATCH FIRE DUE FOD ON RWY
  41. 41. DAMAGE TO ENGINE
  42. 42. SAFETY JACKETS
  43. 43. RULES FOR TOWING •Never drive fast while towing empty trolleys. •Never overload the trolleys, you are towing. •Maximum towable length is 60feets only. •Ensure pallets are locked properly. •Do not use tractor for conveyance of personnel / workers etc.
  44. 44. • Must not operate with a train of dollies in excess of six (6); and • Must ensure when towing dollies carrying loose material, garbage or waste paper, that the load is adequately covered and secured to prevent spillage; and • Must ensure that dollies being towed at night have reflective surfaces. Container Trailer / Dolly
  45. 45. Baggage Trolley The maximum number of units that can be towed on airside is: •6 Baggage Trolley (small bag cans) Operators are responsible to ensure their loads are fastened or covered to prevent the load from coming loose or falling on to the surface
  46. 46. Pallet Dollies The maximum number of units that can be towed on airside is: •4 Παλλετ ∆ολλιεσ Operators are responsible to ensure their loads are fastened or covered to prevent the load from coming loose or falling on to the surface
  47. 47. YELLOW FLASHING LIGHT -During night and adverse weather condition Anti- collision light should be ON -Flashing 60-90 per minute -Intensity 40-400 candles •The vehicle is in excess of 40feet shall have 2 lights (Front and Rear)
  48. 48. Formation of Fog • high pressure zones • winds are calm and • the sky is clear, leading to the formation of radiative fog
  49. 49. Driving under Low Visibility • Driving under CAT III Conditions  CAT III Conditions are physically indicated at every entrance gate to the apron area (Special illuminated signs are switched on) • All unnecessary traffic must be avoided • In poor visibility conditions additional Marshallers are posted on specific TWY and service road junctions • All service vehicles, working within the TWY/RWY System, have to evacuate immediately • All aircrafts within the TWY/RWY System are guided by the Follow Me jeep.
  50. 50. PRECAUTIONS DURING THE LOW VISIBILITY CONDITIONS •Do not operate vehicles unless essentially required. •Read boards provided to notify initiation of LVP, placed at different locations. •Always drive in speed less than 15 kmp/h. •Do not cross active taxiways.
  51. 51. GLIDEPATH ANTENNA CAT- III PROTECTED ATEA LOCALIZER ANTENNA An area of defined dimensions about the localizer and glide path antennas where aircraft and vehicles are excluded during all ILS operations. Their presence within the defined area will cause unacceptable disturbance to the ILS signal. This area extends to 1000 ft on ‘X’ axis and 400 ft on ‘Y’ axis from the centre of the localizer array.
  52. 52. CAT III OPERATIONS AT AIRPORT Following equipment are required to support the CAT-II, III operations at Airport. i) ILS localizer, Glide Path and ILS/DME or Outer Marker and Middle Marker. ii) Airfield ground lighting. iii) RVR System iv) Standby power supply for ILS and Airport ground lighting.
  53. 53. Low Visibility Procedures Low Visibility Procedures (LVP) are instructions for safe and efficient operation of aircraft and vehicles during CAT II/III operations and Low Visibility Take-offs.
  54. 54. CAT – II/III LIGHTS – RWY AHEAD
  55. 55. TAXIWAY CROSSING PRECAUTIONS GO LOOK 1. Aircraft has the right of way. 2. Stop the vehicle before the Road Holding position. 3. Look on either side for any aircraft movement. 4. Cross taxiway
  56. 56. STOP FOR TAXING AIRCRAFT – TRAFFIC SIGN
  57. 57. NO PEDESTRIAN TWY CROSSING
  58. 58. Taxiway A defined path on a land aerodrome established for the taxiing of aircraft and intended to provide a link between one part of the aerodrome and another
  59. 59. Taxiway Light & Center Line
  60. 60. TAXIWAY EDGE LINE MARKING RED OBS. LIGHT & BLUE TWY LIGHT
  61. 61. Pavement outboard of continuous double yellow lines is not available for aircraft use. Taxiway Edge Markings
  62. 62. Taxilane Taxilanes are areas used by aircraft for access between the taxiways and aircraft parking positions. The aircraft follow these yellow lines, which are surface painted markings. Taxilanes are part of the Non-Movement Area.
  63. 63. Intermediate Holding Position Where two Taxiways cross/intersect, yellow broken lines mark the clearance distance for Vehicles to remain behind when aircraft cross ahead
  64. 64. Intermediate Holding Position Marking Intermediate Holding Position Marking Used only at towered airports to mark the hold point along run-up pads and at some taxiway/taxiway intersections. The purpose of the marking is to provide wing tip clearance for taxiing aircraft. Pilots should stop prior to the marking when instructed to hold short of the intersection by ATC. See next slide for further details
  65. 65. HOLDING MARKING FOR A/C AND VEHICLES – RWY AHEAD These markings are always co-located with a Runway Holding Position Sign. A vehicle operator must not cross from the solid-line side of the marking without first obtaining clearance from the ATC.
  66. 66. Runway Holding Position
  67. 67. Runway Holding Points Movement Area Guidance Signs
  68. 68. Holding Position Marking STOP before the SOLID LINES = SOLID WALL
  69. 69. CAT – I HOLDING POSITION
  70. 70. CAT – II / III HOLDING POSITION
  71. 71. ILS Critical Area Holding Position ILS Critical Area Hold Position Signs & Marking Remember: TAXIING AIRCRAFT ARE REQUIRED TO HOLD AT THIS POSITION ONLY IF DIRECTED BY ATC
  72. 72. Holding Position Marking Answer: You are holding short. You are here. Are You Holding Short of a Runway OR Exiting a Runway?
  73. 73. “How fast was I going?” Where is the hold position marking? Where is the hold position sign?
  74. 74. Runway- WHITE Taxiway- YELLOW Taxiway and Runway Markings
  75. 75. Runway A Defined rectangular area on a land aerodrome prepared for the landing and take- off of aircraft.
  76. 76. Marking on Runway
  77. 77. RWY GUARD LIGHT Runway Guard Lights are a highly visible warning for airside drivers and must not be passed without appropriate Air Traffic Control clearances
  78. 78. NO ENTRY SIGN – RWY AHEAD The photograph depicts a NO ENTRY sign, consisting of a white circle with a horizontal bar in the middle, on a red background.
  79. 79. Mandatory Signs – RWY AHEAD
  80. 80. Mandatory Signs – RWY AHEAD
  81. 81. Mandatory Instruction Sign – RWY AHEAD
  82. 82. Location and direction Signs
  83. 83. Direction Sign TWY LOCATION SIGN – where you are
  84. 84. PROHIBITION ON USE OF COMMUNICATION DEVICE A Driver must not operate a Vehicle while answering or using a hand-held mobile telephone.
  85. 85. RESTRICTED BAGGAGE MAKE-UP & BREAK-UP AREA
  86. 86. Surface Painted Signs Surface Painted Signs
  87. 87. Stay Away From Accident Sites If an emergency incident such as a crash, a fuel spill, etc. occurs on the airfield, stay clear of the scene
  88. 88. Never Leave a Vehicle Unattended in Active Areas No disabled vehicle be left unattended or abandoned on active airport areas. If your vehicle breaks down anywhere, call your supervisor and stay with it until it is removed
  89. 89. Bird Hit Never throw garbage, bottles, foils, eatables etc. in open, as it attracts birds and stray animals, causing bird hits/animal hits.
  90. 90. Unserviceable marker Works limit marker Apron Edge markers
  91. 91. SPEED TRAP
  92. 92. VEHICLE STANDARDS • LIGHTING – Two headlights , sidelights, fog lights, reversing lights and reflectors • BRAKES – Service brake and parking brake • STEERING – Safe and easy control • TIRES – Perfect condition depth 1.6 mm, No spikes & other metal studs • REAR VIEW MIRRORS – one outside and inside mirror • WINDSCREEN WIPERS – AT LEAST ONE AUTOMATIC WINDSCREEN WIPER • TRAILER - equipped with reflector buttons or foils • DISPLAY OF OBSTRUCTION LIGHTS AND COMPANY INSIGNIA • REQUIREMENT OF DAILY VEHCILE INSPECTION • DISPLAY OF AIRSIDE VEHICLE PERMIT (AVP)
  93. 93. DRIVER RESPONSIBITIES • FITNESS TO DRIVE, MEDICAL/HEALTH STANDARD • USE OF HIGH VISIBILITY CLOTHING & HEARING PROTECTION • NO SMOKING IN AIRSIDE • RESPONSIBILITIES WITH RESPECT TO FOD AND FUEL/OIL SPILLAGE • RESPONSIBILITY TO ENSURE VEHICLE IS SUITABLE FOR THE TASK AND USED CORRECTLY
  94. 94. EMERGENCY PROCEDURES • Inform Apron Control in the event of vehicle accident. Tel. 25696107 / 25653352 • Inform Airport Emergency Services in the event of fire. Tel. 25675006 • Inform Airport Medical Services in the event of personal injury. Tel. 25672778 / 25655576
  95. 95. THANK YOU ANY QUESTION ?

×