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Työmarkkinailmasto

Kevät 2001 ennakkotietoja. SAK:n julkaisusarja.

Tutkimuksella on 1995 alkaen selvitty kahdesti vuodessa suomalaisten suhtautumista työmarkkinoiden etujärjestöihin sekä yleisimpiä työmarkkina- ja yhteiskuntapoliittisia näkemyksiä.

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Työmarkkinailmasto

  1. 1. Tutkimustieto 2/2001 Työmarkkinailmasto- tutkimus Kevät 2001 EnnakkotietojaSUOMEN AMMATTILIITTOJEN KESKUSJÄRJESTÖ
  2. 2. 7|PDUNNLQDLOPDVWR NHYlW HQQDNNRWLHWRMD6XRPHQ *DOOXS RQ NHYllVWl VHXUDQQXW VXRPDODLVWD W|PDUNNLQDLOPDVWRD MD VHQ NHKLWWPLVWl NDKGHVWL YXRGHVVD 7XWNLPXNVHOOD VHOYLWHWllQVXRPDODLVWHQ VXKWDXWXPLVWD W|PDUNNLQRLGHQ HWXMlUMHVW|LKLQ VHNl OHLVLPSLlW|PDUNNLQD MD KWHLVNXQWDSROLLWWLVLD QlNHPNVLl 7XWNLPXV WHKGllQ 6XRPHQ $PPDWWLOLLWWRMHQ .HVNXVMlUMHVW| 6$.Q WRLPHNVLDQQRVWD7lVVl KWHHQYHGRVVD HVLWHWllQ HQQDNNRWLHWRMD NHYllQ WXWNLPXNVHVWD5DSRUWWL NHYllQ WXWNLPXNVHVWD YDOPLVWXX NHVlNXXQ SXROLYlOLQ MlONHHQ7XWNLPXVDLQHLVWR NHUlWWLLQ 6XRPHQ *DOOXS 2Q 2PQLEXV WXWNLPXNVHQ KWHGHVVl +DDVWDWWHOXMD WHKWLLQ KWHHQVl 9DVWDDMDWHGXVWDYDW NRNR PDDQ YXRWWD WlWWlQWWl YlHVW|l $KYHQDQPDDWD OXNXXQRWWDPDWWD7|HOlPll MD HHWWLVLl DUYRMD NRVNHYDW PLHOLSLWHHW8VNR W|HKWRVRSLPXNVLLQ HQQlWVYRLPDNDVWD6XRPDODLVHW RYDW KYLQ NVLPLHOLVLl
  3. 3. VLLWl HWWl W|VXKWHHQ YlKLPPlLVHKGRLVWD RQ VRYLWWDYD W|HKWRVRSLPXNVLOOD VLOOl NVLWWlLQHQ W|QWHNLMl HLSVW WDVDYHUWDLVHVWL VRSLPDDQ SDONDVWDDQ W|QDQWDMDQ NDQVVD8VNR W|HKWRVRSLPXVWHQ WDUMRDPDQ YlKLPPlLVVXRMDQ PHUNLWNVHHQ RQ SVWHOOW KYLQ YDNDDQD DLQD YXRGHVWD OlKWLHQ PXWWD RQ NHYllOOl NDLNNLHQ DLNRMHQ NRUNHLPPDOOD WDVROOD .RVNDDQ DLHPPLQ NVLPLHOLVV W|HKWRVRSLPLVHQ SXROHVWD HL ROH ROOXW DLYDQ QlLQ VXXUWD YDLNND PXXWRNVHW RYDWROOHHW YlKlLVLl MD SVQHHW WLODVWROOLVHQ YLUKHPDUJLQDDOLQ VLVlOOl NDKGHOODPLWWDULOOD NROPHVWD VDDYXWHWWLLQ WlOOl NHUWDD llULDUYR7|VXKWHHQ YlKLPPlLVHKGRLVWD RQ NDQVDODLVWHQ PLHOHVWl VRYLWWDYD W|HKWRVRSLPXNVLOOD NRVND W|QWHNLM|LGHQ NRHWDDQ MllYlQ KHLNRLOOH MRV VRSLPLQHQVLLUWLVL NRNRQDLVXXGHVVDDQ W|SDLNRLOOH ² QlLQ DMDWWHOHH NROPH QHOMlVWl
  4. 4. VXRPDODLVHVWD 6HOYl YlKHPPLVW|
  5. 5. ROLVL YDOPLV DQWDPDDQ W|QDQWDMLOOH RLNHXGHQ µSDONDWD W|QWHNLM|LWl W|VXKWHHVHHQ QLLOOl HKGRLOOD MRLOODW|QWHNLMlW KHQNLO|NRKWDLVHVWL VXRVWXYDW W|LWl WHNHPllQ LOPDQ PLWllQ W|HKWRVRSLPXNVLD· (QHPPLVW| RQ NXLWHQNLQ YDVWDDQ
  6. 6. 7|HKWRVRSLPXVWHQ PHUNLWV WXQQXVWHWDDQ NDLNLVVD YlHVW|UKPLVVl(QHPPLVW| NDLNLVVD YlHVW|UKPLVVl YDDWLL W|VXKWHHQ YlKLPPlLVHKWRMHQVRSLPLVWD W|HKWRVRSLPXNVLQ 3LHQHW HURW VQWYlW DVLDVWD YDNXXWWXQHLVXXGHQ DVWHHQ SHUXVWHHOOD HOL VLLWl NHVNLWWYlWN| YDVWDXNVHW YDLKWRHKWRRQ ·WlVLQVDPDD PLHOWl· YDL ·MRNVHHQNLQ VDPDD PLHOWl·.HVNLPllUlLVWlNLQ YRLPDNNDDPPLQ W|HKWRVRSLPLVWD SXROXVWDYDW VRVLDDOLGHPRNUDDWLW 9DVHPPLVWROLLWRQ NDQQDWWDMDW DOHPPDW WRLPLKHQNLO|W MD W|QWHNLMlW NDXSXQJHLVVD DVXYDW VHNl 677.Q MD 6$.Q MlVHQHW PXWWD P|V YDOWDHQHPPLVW| PP NHVNXVWDQ MD NRNRRPXNVHQ VHNl 6XRPHQ ULWWlMLHQ MlVHQLVW| SLWll WlUNHlQl HWWl W|VXKWHHQ YlKLPPlLVHKGRLVWD VRYLWDDQ W|HKWRVRSLPXNVLQ SAK - Tutkimustieto 2/2001 1
  7. 7. 2 SAK - Tutkimustieto 2/2001
  8. 8. SAK - Tutkimustieto 2/2001 3
  9. 9. 7|WW|PV HL ROH W|WW|PLHQ V +XROLPDWWD W|OOLVVWLODQWHHQ SDUDQHPLVHVWD VXRPDODLVWHQ YDQNND HQHP PLVW|
  10. 10. WRUMXX YlLWWlPlQ MRQND PXNDDQ QNllQ RQ W|SDLNNRMD WDU MROOD QLLQ SDOMRQ HWWl RQ LKPLVHQ RPD YLND MRV W|Wl HL O|G · 9DLQ YDMDD NROPDVRVD
  11. 11. NDQVDVWD DUYHOHH W|WW|PGHQ YlKLQWllQNLQ RVLWWDLQ MRK WXYDQ W|WW|PlQ RPDVWD NYWW|PGHVWl WDL KDOXWWRPXXGHVWD 0LHOLSLGH MRQND PXNDDQ RQ LKPLVHQ RPD YLND MRV W|SDLNNDD HL O|G QlWWll WRVLQ KLXNDQ YDKYLVWXQHHQ YLLPHNVL NXOXQHHQ YXRGHQ DLNDQD YXRVL VLWWHQ WlWl PLHOWl ROL SURVHQWWLD .HVNLPllUlLVWl HQHPPlQ W|WW|PLl VO OLVWHWllQ SllNDXSXQNLVHXGXOOD MD 8XGHOODPDDOOD 9lHVW|UKPLVWl YDLQ ULWWl MLHQ
  12. 12. HQHPPLVW| XVNRR W|WW|PLHQ ROHYDQ VSlLWl RPDDQ W|WW|P WHHQVl 6XRPHQ ULWWlMLHQ MlVHQLVWl WRVLQ QLXNND HQHPPLVW| RQ WRLVWD PLHOWl
  13. 13. .DKGHNVDQ NPPHQHVWl KXROLVVDDQ N|KGHVWl 7XWNLPXNVHVVD VLYXWWLLQ P|V DMDQNRKWDLVWD N|KVNHVNXVWHOXD 9DLQ YLL GHVRVD
  14. 14. VXRPDODLVLVWD XVNRR N|KGHQ SRLVWXQHHQ PDDVWDPPH WD ORXGHOOLVHQ NDVYXQ VHXUDXNVHQD 6XRPDODLVLVWD SURVHQWWLD WRUMXX YlLWWl PlQ MRQND PXNDDQ µWlPlQ SlLYlQ 6XRPHVVD HL ROH RLNHDVWL PLWllQ N| KWWlµ (QHPPLVW| NDLNLVVD YlHVW|UKPLVVl SLWll VHOYlQl HWWl 6XRPHVVD RQ WRGHO OLVWD N|KWWl 2SWLPLVWLVLPSLD WlVVl VXKWHHVVD RYDW 6XRPHQ ULWWlMLHQ Ml VHQHW MRLVWD SHUlWL SURVHQWWLD SLWll N|KWWl OlKLQQl PWWLQl ² KHLVWlNLQ WRVLQ HQHPPLVW|
  15. 15. RQ WRLVWD PLHOWl .|KVRQJHOPDQ SRLVWXPLVHHQ PDDVWDPPH XVNRYDW P|V KLXNDQ NHVNLPllUlLVWl HQHPPlQ PDDQYLOMHOLMlW
  16. 16. VHNl HOlNHOlLVHW ULWWlMlW MD NRNRRPXNVHQ NDQQDWWDMDW NDLNLVVD HP UKPLVVl
  17. 17. $OHPPDW WRLPLKHQNLO|W DNDYDODLVHW W|WW|PlW MD YLKUHLGHQ NDQQDWWDMDW SXROHVWDDQ QlNHYlW N|KGHQ ROHYDQ HGHOOHHQ YDKYDVWL NHV NXXGHVVDPPH ² KHLVWl YDLQ QRLQ MRND NPPHQHV XVNRR HGHV MRVVDLQ Pll ULQ HWWHL 6XRPHVVD ROH RLNHDD N|KWWl $OXHHOOLVHVWL YlKLWHQ N|KV KXROHWWDD XXVPDDODLVLD
  18. 18. HQLWHQ PXXDOOD (WHOl6XRPHVVD
  19. 19. MD 3RKMRLV6XRPHVVD
  20. 20. DVXYLD .DQVDODLVWHQ HQHPPLVW| QlWWll RGRWWDYDQ WRLPHQSLWHLWl N|KGHQ Yl KHQWlPLVHNVL PDDVVDPPH .DNVL NROPDVRVDD
  21. 21. NDQVDODLVLVWD VDQRR WXWNLPXNVHVVD HWWl µN|KGHVWl RQ SDOMRQ SXKXWWX PXWWD PLWllQ WRGHOOLVLD WRLPLD HL ROH VHQ SXROHVWD WHKWµ 0|V WlVWl RYDW NDLNNL YlHVW|UKPlW NVL PLHOLVLl 9DKYLPPLQ WlWl PLHOWl RYDW 07.ODLVHW
  22. 22. MD YDVHPPLVWROLLWWR ODLVHW
  23. 23. ² PXWWD P|V NDNVL NROPDVRVDD
  24. 24. WRLVWD llULSllWl HGXV WDYLVWD ULWWlMLVWl MD NRNRRPXNVHQ NDQQDWWDMLVWD RQ WlWl PLHOWl 6XRPDODLVWHQ PLHOLSLWHHW MDNDDQWXYDW YRLPDNNDDVWL NDKWLD VXKWDXWXPLVHVVD NDQVDODLVSDONNDDQ 1RLQ SXROHW
  25. 25. NDQVDODLVLVWD VDQRR HWWl KHLGlQ ROLVL YDLNHD KYlNVl VLWl HWWl QDDSXUL MlLVL MRND DDPX NRWLLQ MD HOlLVL YHURYDURLVWD UDKRLWHWXOOD NDQVDODLVSDONDOOD 1LXNND HQHPPLVW|
  26. 26. WDDV HL SLWlLVL WlWl RQJHOPDQD 6XRPDODLVWHQ VXKWDXWXPLQHQ RQ SVWHOOW PXXWWXPDWWRPDQD YXRGHVWD 4 SAK - Tutkimustieto 2/2001
  27. 27. OHPPlW WRLPLKHQNLO|W MD HOlNHOlLVHW DUYLRLYDW PXXWD YlHVW|l XVHDPPLQ HWWlKHLGlQ ROLVL YDLNHD KYlNVl QDDSXULQ MllPLQHQ NRWLLQ NDQVDODLVSDONDOOD(OlNHOlLVHW HKNl DMDWWHOHYDW HWWl NRWLLQ NDQVDODLVSDONDOOD MllYlW HLYlW YLHOlDQVDLWVLVL µHOlNHOlLVWPLVWlµ OHPPlW WRLPLKHQNLO|W SXROHVWDDQ VDDWWDYDWDMDWHOOD HQHPPlQNLQ NDQVDODLVSDONDQ NXVWDQQXVSXROWD NXND WDL NHWNl NDQVDODLVSDONDQ PDNVDLVLYDW 0|V RSLVNHOLMRLOOD RQ WDLSXPXVWD PXXWD YlHVW|lXVHDPPLQ VXKWDXWXD NLHOWHLVHVWL DMDWXNVHHQ HWWl QDDSXUL MlLVL NRWLLQ NDQVDODLVSDONDOOD6XRPDODLVWHQ NRUNHDVWD SVNRORJLVHVWD NLLQQLWWPLVHVWl VRVLDDOLWXUYDDQ NLHOLLVH HWWl OLNLPDLQ NDLNNL
  28. 28. NDQVDODLVHW KYlNVYlW VHQ HWWl µPLNlOL LKPLQHQ WHNHH W|QVl PDNVDD PDNVXQVD MD YHURQVD KlQ RQ RLNHXWHWWX NRKWXXOOLVHHQ DQVLRLGHQ PXNDLVHHQ WXUYDDQ VDLUDXGHQ WDL W|WW|PGHQ NRKGDWHVVDWDL VLLUWHVVllQ HOlNNHHOOHµ9DOWDRVD YDDWLL DOLLNNHHOWl ULYDNRLWD WRLPLD WXORHURMHQ WDVRLWWDPLVHNVL7XORHURMHQ NDVYX KXROHWWDD VXRPDODLVLD NDLNLVVD YlHVW|UKPLVVl 9DOWDRVD
  29. 29. VXRPDODLVLVWD NDWVRR HWWl µDPPDWWLKGLVWVOLLNNHHQ SLWlLVL WRLPLD ULYDNDPPLQ WXORHURMHQ WDVRLWWDPLVHNVLµ 6XRPDODLVLVWD SURVHQWWLD WRUMXX DMDWXNVHQ HWWl µPLNlOL WXORHURW NDVYDLVLYDW YLHOl QNLVHVWllQ K|WLVL VLLWl SLWNlOOl WlKWlLPHOOl NRNR KWHLVNXQWDµ 7XORHURMHQ NDVYDWWDPLVHQ VLXQDXNVHOOLVXXWHHQ HL XVNRWD PLVVllQ UKPlVVl 9RLPDNNDLPPLQ WXORHURMHQ NDVYDWWDPLVWD YDVWDDQ QlLQ NVWWlHVVl RYDW ULWWlMlW
  30. 30. 5LYDNDPSLD WRLPHQSLWHLWl DPPDWWLKGLVWVOLLNNHHOWl RGRWWDYDW HWHQNLQ W|WW|PlW W|QWHNLMlW HOlNHOlLVHW 3RKMRLV6XRPHVVD DVXYDW VHNl 9DVHPPLVWROLLWRQ 63Q MD 9LKUHLGHQ NDQQDWWDMDW 2Q NXLWHQNLQ WlKGHQQHWWlYl HWWl HULYlHVW|UKPLHQ YlOLOOl LOPHQHH OlKLQQl DVWHHURMD VXKWDXWXPLVHVVD .XYDDYDDRQ VH HWWl MRSD ULWWlMLVWl SURVHQWWLD YDDWLL DPPDWWLKGLVWVOLLNNHHOWl ULXVNHPSLD RWWHLWD WXORHURMHQ WDVRLWWDPLVHNVL 9lKLWHQ KXROLVVDDQ WXORHURLVWD RYDWNRNRRPXVODLVHW MRLVWD KHLVWlNLQ NDNVL NROPHVWD
  31. 31. NDQQXVWDD DOLLNHWWlULYDNDPSLLQ RWWHLVLLQ(QHPPLVW| NDQQDWWDD DYLKDPLHOLVWHQ ULWVWHQ ERLNRWRLQWLD(QHPPLVW| VXRPDODLVLVWD LOPRLWWDD ROHYDQVD KYLQNLQ NLLQQRVWXQHLWD VLLWlPLWHQ WXRWWHLWD WDL SDOYHOXMD WDUMRDYD ULWV KHQNLO|VW|llQ NRKWHOHH .ROPHQHOMlVWl
  32. 32. LOPRLWWDD HWWHL KDOXD RVWDD VHOODLVHQ ULWNVHQ WXRWWHLWD WDL SDOYHOXMD MRND VXKWDXWXX KHQNLO|VW||QVl YlOLQSLWlPlWW|PlVWL WDL ODLPLQO| KWHLVNXQQDOOLVHW YHOYRLWWHHQVD 7lVLQ YlOLQSLWlPlWW|PLl RQ YDLQ NROPH SURVHQWWLD VXRPDODLVLVWD7LHGRVWDYLPSLD WlVVl VXKWHHVVD 6XRPHQ ULWWlMLHQ MlVHQHW
  33. 33. MD ULWWlMlWOHHQVlNLQ
  34. 34. OHPPlW WRLPLKHQNLO|W
  35. 35. YLKUHlW
  36. 36. MD YDVHPPLVWROLLWWRODLVHW
  37. 37. VHNl YXRWLDDW
  38. 38. 9lKLWHQ PHUNLWVWl W|QDQWDMDQ WRLPLQQDOOD WlVVl VXKWHHVVD RQ PDDWDORXVULWWlMLOOH
  39. 39. MD NRNRRPXNVHQ NDQQDWWDMLOOH
  40. 40. SAK - Tutkimustieto 2/2001 5
  41. 41. 7RLVHOOD WDYRLQ NVWWlHVVl NDNVL NROPHVWD
  42. 42. WRUMXX DMDWXNVHQ HWWHL Yl OLWWlLVL VLLWl PLWHQ ULWV VXKWDXWXX RPDDQ KHQNLO|VW||QVl WDL PLOODLVLD DUYRMD ULWVMRKWR HGXVWDD NXQKDQ WXRWWHHW MD SDOYHOXW RYDW KYLl 6DPDQDLNDLVHVWL HQHPPLVW|
  43. 43. VXRPDODLVLVWD VDQRR HWWl µSDONDQVDDMDMlUMHVW|MHQ MlVHQWHQ SLWlLVL ERLNRWRLGD VHOODLVHQ ULWNVHQ WXRW WHLWD MRND VXKWDXWXX YLKDPLHOLVHVWL DPPDWWLKGLVWVOLLNNHHVHHQµ 7lOODLVHQ ERLNRWWLOLQMDQ WRUMXX NROPDQQHV
  44. 44. YlHVW|VWl 3DONDQVDDMDMlUMHVW|MHQ MlVHQWHQ ERLNRWRLQWLOLQMDD NDQQDWWDYDW HWHQNLQ DOHP PDW WRLPLKHQNLO|W W|QWHNLMlW MD W|WW|PlW .HVNXVMlUMHVW|MHQ MlVHQLVWl HWHQ NLQ 6$.ODLVHW LQQRVWXYDW WXNHPDDQ DMDWXVWD MlVHQWHQ RVWRERLNRWLVWD VHOODL VHQ ULWNVHQ NRKGDOOD MRND VXKWDXWXX YLKDPLHOLVHVWL DPPDWWLKGLVWVOLLN NHHVHHQ .XULRVLWHHWWLQD PDLQLWWDNRRQ HWWl ULWWlMLVWl SURVHQWWLD MD MRKWD YDVVD DVHPDVVD ROHYLVWD SURVHQWWLD VXKWDXWXX P|WlPLHOLVHVWL WlOODLVHHQ ERLNRWRLQWLDMDWXNVHHQ 9RLPDNNDLPPLQ ERLNRWWHMD YDVWDDQ RYDW 07.Q MlVHQHW NDQQDWWDD YDVWXVWDD
  45. 45. 6 SAK - Tutkimustieto 2/2001
  46. 46. SAK - Tutkimustieto 2/2001 7
  47. 47. 8 SAK - Tutkimustieto 2/2001
  48. 48. SAK - Tutkimustieto 2/2001 9
  49. 49. 10 SAK - Tutkimustieto 2/2001
  50. 50. SAK - Tutkimustieto 2/2001 11
  51. 51. 12 SAK - Tutkimustieto 2/2001
  52. 52. SAK - Tutkimustieto 2/2001 13
  53. 53. 14 SAK - Tutkimustieto 2/2001
  54. 54. SAK - Tutkimustieto 2/2001 15
  55. 55. 16 SAK - Tutkimustieto 2/2001
  56. 56. SAK - Tutkimustieto 2/2001 17
  57. 57. 18 SAK - Tutkimustieto 2/2001
  58. 58. 7XORSROLWLLNNDD NRVNHYDW PLHOLSLWHHW7XSR WDUSHHOOLQHQ NRURWXNVHW PDWDODSDONNDDORLOOH.DQVDODLVWHQ NlVLWNVLl WXORSROLLWWLVWHQ UDWNDLVXMHQ WDUSHHOOLVXXGHVWD MD PHUNLWNVHVWl RQ VHXUDWWX MR SLWNllQ 9XRGHVWD WHKGLVVl NDLNLVVD WXWNLPXNVLVVD VHOYl HQHPPLVW| RQ DVHWWDQXW DLQD WXORSROLLWWLVHQ VRSLPLVHQ HWXVLMDOOH 6NVQ QHXYRWWHOXNLHUURVWD HGHOWlQHHVVl WXWNLPXNVHVVD NDNVL NROPHVWD
  59. 59. WRLYRL WXORSROLLWWLVWD NRNRQDLVUDWNDLVXD MD OLLWWRNRKWDLVHQ VRSLPXNVHQ NDQQDOOD ROL SURVHQWWLD.DQVDODLVLOWD RQ NVWW SLWNllQ P|V NlVLWNVLl VLLWl PLWNl DVLDW RYDW WRGHOOD WlUNHLWl DVHWHWWDHVVD WDYRLWWHLWD VHXUDDYLOOH WXORQHXYRWWHOXLOOH 7DYRLWHOLVWDQ NlUMHVVlRQ YXRGHVWD OlKWLHQ ROOXW W|OOLVGHVWl KXROHKWLPLQHQ 0XLNVL WlUNHLNVL DVLRLNVL RYDW LKPLVWHQ RGRWXNVLVVD QRXVVHHW SDONDQVDDMLHQ VRVLDDOLWXUYDVWD KXROHKWLPLQHQ LQIODDWLRQ KLOOLWVHPLQHQ YHURKHOSRWXNVHW MD W|WW|PVWXUYD 3DONDQNRURWXNVHW WlUNHLPSLLQ WDYRLWWHLVLLQ OLVWDVL MRND NROPDV
  60. 60. YLLPH VNVQ WXWNLPXNVHVVD7lPlQNHUWDLVHVVD WXWNLPXNVHVVD SGHWWLLQ YDVWDDMLD DUYLRLPDDQ P|V MlONLNlWHHQVDDYXWHWWXD WXORSROLLWWLVWD VRSLPXVWD 7XWNLPXNVHVVD YDVWDDMLHQ WXOL RWWDD NDQWDDHULODLVLLQ YLLPH MRXOXNXXVVD WHKWl WXSRD NRVNHYLLQ OXRQQHKGLQWRLKLQOHLVNXYD WXORNVLVWD PXRGRVWXX NDQVDODLVWHQ NHVNXXGHVVD VDPDQDLNDLVHVWL WXORUDWNDLVXD DUYRVWDYDNVL MD NHKLWWlPLVHKGRWXNVLD WDUMRDYDNVL -RXOXNXXQ WXORVRSX ROLHQHPPLVW|Q PLHOHVWl PDDPPH NRNRQDLVWLODQWHHQ NDQQDOWD WDUSHHOOLQHQ .DNVLNROPHVWD
  61. 61. RQ WlWl PLHOWl 6DPDWHQ YDUVLQ PRQL QlNHH HWWl UDWNDLVXOOD WDYRLWHOWLLQ WDVDSXROLVHVWL KWHLVWl HWXD9DVWDDMDW OlKHWWlYlW P|V VHOYLl WHUYHLVLl PLKLQ VXXQWDDQ KH WRLYRYDW WXORUDWNDLVXD NHKLWHWWlYlQ 9DOWDRVD NDQVDVWD WRLYRR HWWl SDONDQNRURWXNVHW ROLVLYDW NRKGHQWXQHHW HQHPPlQ PDWDODSDONNDDORLKLQ 7lWl PLHOWl RQ SHUlWL SURVHQWWLDVXRPDODLVLVWD$MDWXV HWWl NRUNHDVWL NRXOXWHWWXMHQ ROLVL SLWlQW VDDGD HQHPPlQ NXLQ PXXW HLYDNXXWD VXRPDODLVLD ² YDLQ QHOMlQQHV
  62. 62. ROLVL SLWlQW WlWl NRKWXXOOLVHQD7XORNVHW RYDW PLHOHQNLLQWRLVLD VLOOl PRQLVVD YLLPH YXRVLHQ MXONLVLVVD SXKHHQYXRURLVVD RQ SRQWHYDVWL YDDGLWWX WXORHURMHQ KXRPDWWDYDDNLQ NDVYDWWDPLVWD MD PDUNNLQDYRLPLHQ YDLNXWXNVHQ YRLPLVWDPLVWD .DQVDODLVPLHOLSLWHHVVl QlLOOH OLQMDXNVLOOH HLQlWl O|WYlQ WXNHD VXRPDODLVHW RYDW HGHOOHHQNLQ KYLQ VROLGDDULVLD P|V WXORSROLLWWLVHVVD DMDWWHOXVVDDQ 6DPDD NHUWRR P|V VH HWWl VXRPDODLVWHQ VXXULHQHPPLVW|
  63. 63. WRLYRR DOLLNNHHOWl ULYDNDPSLD WRLPLD WXORHURMHQ WDVRLWWDPLVHNVLNV VLYX
  64. 64. -RNVHHQNLQ NVLPLHOLVLl NDQVDODLVHW RYDW P|V VLLWl HWWl YDLNND P|V W|WW|PVWXUYDDQ VDDWLLQ WXORNLHUURNVHOOD SDUDQQXVWD HLYlW W|WW|PlW K|WQHHW UDWNDLVXVWD PXLGHQ WDYRLQ 6RSLPXVUDWNDLVXXQ NXXOXQHHVWD WDVDDUYRHUlVWl KXROLPDWWDVXRPDODLVHW NDWVRYDW HWWl UDWNDLVX HL OLVlQQW VXNXSXROWHQ YlOLVWl WDVDDUYRDPDDVVDPPH SAK - Tutkimustieto 2/2001 19
  65. 65. 6NVQ VRSLPXVNHVNXVWHOXVVD NlWLLQ LVR NDPSSDLOX P|V SDONDQNRURWXVWHQ PL WRLWXNVHVWD W|QDQWDMD MD SDONDQVDDMDMlUMHVW|MHQ YlOLOOl 0HUNLOOHSDQWDYDD RQ HWWl KXKWLNXXVVD HQHPPLVW| NDQVDODLVLVWD RQ VLWl PLHOWl HWWl SDONDQNRURWXNVHW ROLVLYDW YRLQHHW ROOD VRYLWWXMD VXXUHPSLD 6RSLPXNVHQ WHRQ KWHGHVVl NlGVVl MXONLVHVVD NHVNXVWHOXVVD DUYLRLWLLQ ODDMDVWL HWWl SDONDQVDDMDSXROL ROLVL VDDQXW HQHPPlQ WDYRLWWHLWDDQ OlYLWVH NXLQ W|QDQWDMDW 3DONDQVDDMDSXROHQ YRLWWRLKLQ NLUMDWWLLQ PP HQVLPPlLVHQ YXRGHQ SDONDQNRURWXV WHQ WDVR LQGHNVLHKWR KHODWRUVWDLQ W|DMDQ OKHQQV MD W|WW|PVWXUYDQ SDUDQWD PLQHQ 0LHOHQNLLQWRLVWD NXLWHQNLQ RQ HWWl NDQVDODLVHW DUYLRLYDW W|QDQWDMLHQ YRLW WDQHHQ WXORUDWNDLVXVVD HQHPPlQ NXLQ W|QWHNLMlW .DLNLVVD DPPDWWLUKPLVVl HQHPPLVW| WRUMXX DMDWXNVHQ HWWl NRNRQDLVUDWNDLVX ROLVL WXOOXW PDDPPH ULWVWHQ NLOSDLOXNYQ NDQQDOWD OLLDQ NDOOLLNVL OHPPLVWl WRLPLKHQNLO|LVWl MD $NDYDQ MlVHQLVWl QRLQ SXROHW NDWVRR HWWl NRUNHDVWL NRXOXWHWWXMHQ HULWLVUKPLHQ ROLVL SLWlQW VDDGD HQHPPlQ NXQ PXXW SDONDQVDDMDW 6DPDDQ KHQJHQYHWRRQ P|V $NDYDODLVWHQ VXXUL HQHPPLVW| LOPRLWWDD HWWl SDONDQNRURWXVWHQ ROLVL SLWlQW NRKGHQWXD HQHPPlQ PDWDODSDONNDDORLKLQ20 SAK - Tutkimustieto 2/2001
  66. 66. SAK - Tutkimustieto 2/2001 21
  67. 67. 22 SAK - Tutkimustieto 2/2001
  68. 68. 3XROXHLGHQ SDONDQVDDMDLGHQWLWHHWWL+DDVWDWHOWDYLD SGHWWLLQ DUYLRLPDDQ HULNVHHQ NXXWWD SXROXHWWD MD NHUWRPDDQNXLQND KYLQ WDL KHLNRVWL QH KHLGlQ PLHOHVWllQ KRLWDYDW SDONDQVDDMDQ DVHPDD NRVNHYLD DVLRLWD 9DVWDXNVHW DQQHWDDQ QHOLSRUWDLVHOOD DVWHLNROOD NNlYRLGDDQ SLWll HULWWlLQ WDL PHONR KYlQlKHLNNRQD6XRPDODLVWHQ PLHOHVWl SDONDQVDDMLHQ DVLDD HGLVWll SDUKDLWHQ 6XRPHQ 6RVLDOLGHPRNUDDWWLQHQ 3XROXH (QHPPLVW|
  69. 69. RQ YDOPLV WXQQXVWDPDDQHWWl VHQ KRLGRVVD DVLDW HGLVWYlW YlKLQWllQ PHONR KYLQ7RLVHNVL SDUKDDQD SDONDQVDDMLHQ DVLRLGHQ KRLWDMDQD SLGHWllQ 9DVHPPLVWROLLWWRD
  70. 70. .HVNXVWD QRXVL YLLPH VNVQ PLWWDXNVHVVD HQVLPPlLVWl NHUWDD RKL NRNRRPXNVHQ MD HWXPDWND RQ SXROHQ YXRGHQ DLNDQD NDVYDQXW 1W NHVNXVWDQ XVNRR DMDQHHQ SDONDQVDDMLHQ DVLDD SURVHQWWLD VXRPDODLVLVWD MD NRNRRPXNVHQ SURVHQWWLD 9DVWDDYDVWL NRNRRPXV VDD P|V HQHPPlQ NULWLLNNLlRVDNVHHQ .RNRRPXV VDD KHLNRQ DUYRVDQDQ SDONDQVDDMLHQ HWXMHQ DMDPLVHVWD SHUlWL SURVHQWLOWD MD NHVNXVWD SURVHQWLOWD VXRPDODLVLVWD.RNRRPXVWD OXNXXQ RWWDPDWWD NDLNNL SXROXHHW VDDYDW KLXNDQ YLLPH VNVLVWlSDUHPPDQ DUYRVDQDQ SDONDQVDDMLHQ DVLRLGHQ DMDPLVHVWD 6LOWL YDLQ 63 VDDVXRPDODLVLOWD HQHPPlQ NLLWRVWD NXLQ NULWLLNNLl WlVVl VXKWHHVVD 9DVHPPLVWROLLWWR VDD P|QWHLVWl MD NLHOWHLVWl SDODXWHWWD KWl SDOMRQ PXXW MllYlW SDNNDVHQ SXROHOOH9LKUHlW VDDYDW NLLWRVWD SURVHQWLOWD MD 5.3 SURVHQWLOWD VXRPDODLVLVWD NULWLLNNLl QLLOOH DQWDD UHLOX SXROHW1XRUHW MD LNllQWQHHW NDQVDODLVHW QlNHYlW 63Q RQQLVWXQHHQ SDUHPPLQSDONDQVDDMLD NRVNHYLVVD NVPNVLVVl NXLQ NHVNLLNlLVHW 6RVLDDOLGHPRNUDDWLW LWVH DUYRVWDYDW SXROXHWWDDQ RONRRQNLQ HWWHL HULWWlLQ KYLl DUYRVDQRMDKHUX NRYLQ SDOMRD VLHOWlNllQ 0|V NRNRRPXVODLVLVWD NHVNLPllUlLVWl XVHDPSL DQWDD 63OOH WXQQXVWXVWD +YLQ 63 RQ KRLWDQXW OHLYLVNlQVl P|VMRKWDYDVVD DVHPDVVD ROHYLHQ OHPSLHQ WRLPLKHQNLO|LGHQ ULWWlMLHQ VHNlPDDWDORXVULWWlMLHQ PLHOHVWl6XRPHQ .HVNXVWD NHUll HQLWHQ ·NXQQLDD· RPLOWDDQ NDQQDWWDMLOWDDQ PDDWDORXVULWWlMLOWl VHNl 07.Q MlVHQLOWl 0|V 6XRPHQ ULWWlMlW UQ MlVHQLVWl PRQLDUYRVWDD SXROXHHQ W|Wl SDONDQVDDMDDVLRLVVD 1XRULPPDW LNlUKPlW DUYLRLYDW SXROXHWWD PXLWD P|QWHLVHPPLQ .ULLWWLVHPSLl NDQQDQRWWRMD HVLWWlYlW YDUVLQNLQ YDVHPPLVWROLLWWRODLVHW PXWWD P|V YLKUHlW.RNRRPXNVHQ WRLPLQWD VDD NHVNLPllUlLVWl VXXUHPPDQ NLLWRNVHQ NRNRRPXVODLVLOWD LWVHOWllQ HQHPPLVW| DQWDD WXQQXVWXVWD
  71. 71. 0|V OHPPlW WRLPLKHQNLO|W SLWlYlW SXROXHHQ WRLPLQWDD NHVNLPllUlLVWl SDUHPSDQD ·5LVXMD·VDDGDDQ YDVHPPLVWROLLWWRD NDQQDWWDYLOWD MD YLKUHLOWl (ULNVHHQ KXRPDXWHWWDNRRQ HWWl W|YlHVW||Q NXXOXYDW DMDWWHOHYDW DVLDVWD OlKHV VDPDOOD WDYRLQ NXLQNRNR YlHVW| NHVNLPllULQ SAK - Tutkimustieto 2/2001 23
  72. 72. 7DXOXNRVVD RQ ¶HL RVDD VDQRD· YDLKWRHKGRQ YDOLQQHHW HOLPLQRLWX MD OXNXDU YRQ HWXPHUNNL SDOMDVWDD YDOOLWVHYLHQ PLHOLSLWHLGHQ VXXQQDQ SRVLWLLYLQHQ HWX PHUNNL WDUNRLWWDD HWWl QLLGHQ RVXXV MRWND DMDWWHOHYDW SXROXHHQ KRLWDYDQ K YLQ SDONDQVDDMLHQ DVLRLWD OLWWll QLLGHQ RVXXGHQ MRLGHQ PLHOHVWl SDUDQWDPL VHQ YDUDD ROLVL 1HJDWLLYLQHQ HWXPHUNNL YLLWWDD SlLQYDVWDLVHHQ WLODQWHHVHHQ 7DXOXNNR 6XRPDODLVWHQ NlVLWNVHW SXROXHLGHQ NYVWl KRLWDD SDONDQVDDMLHQ DVHPDD NRVNHYLD DVLRLWD HULWWlLQPHONR KYLQ PHONRHULWWlLQ KHLNRVWL RVXXGHW
  73. 73. N V N V N V N 63 9DVHPPLVWROLLWWR 6XRPHQ .HVNXVWD .DQVDOOLQHQ .RNRRPXV 9LKUHl /LLWWR 5.3 V VVWXWNLPXV N NHYlWWXWNLPXV 7XORVWHQ SHUXVWHHOOD Nl VHOYlVWL LOPL HWWl YDUVLQDLVLQD SDONDQVDDMDSXROXHLQD SLGHWllQ HGHOOHHQ SHULQWHLVLl YDVHPPLVWRSXROXHLWD 7lPl VHOLWW SLWNlOOH VLOOl HWWl YDVHPPLVWRSXROXHHW NHUllYlW VXKWHHOOLVHQ SDOMRQ WXQQXVWXVWD .HVNXVWDQ .RNRRPXNVHQ MD 9LKUHLGHQ NDQQDWWDMLOWD 9DVHPPLVWRSXROXHLGHQ NDQQDWWDMDW VHQ VLMDDQ DQWDYDW NDLNHQ NXQQLDQ QLPHQ RPDDQ YDLQ YDVHP PLVWROOH MD PLHOXLWHQ YLHOl RPDOOH SXROXHHOOHHQ24 SAK - Tutkimustieto 2/2001
  74. 74. SAK - Tutkimustieto 2/2001 25
  75. 75. 26 SAK - Tutkimustieto 2/2001

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