SAK in brief

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Presentation of the Central Organisation of Finnish Trade Unions - SAK. Updated in June 2015.

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SAK in brief

  1. 1. WHAT IS SAK?  A trade union confederation that harmonises and develops the goals and work of its affiliated unions ➤ This work is based on the participation and solidarity of members and workers’ representatives  A specialist in working life and the labour market  A movement for social reform  A dependable partner in bargaining and co- operation
  2. 2. WHAT IS SAK?  In a changeable national and international operating environment SAK ensures: ➤ Conditions for affiliates to agree legally binding minimum terms and conditions of employment for their members ➤ Fundamental rights and security in the world of work ➤ Earnings-linked social security ➤ A lobbying channel for employment and social security
  3. 3. Competence is always in demand. ” Nowadays and always,Nowadays and always, the most important job ofthe most important job of a trade union is to defenda trade union is to defend its members’ interests andits members’ interests and to oversee agreements andto oversee agreements and regulations in theregulations in the bargaining sectorbargaining sector.”
  4. 4. MISSION The mission of the SAK trade union movement is  to improve the welfare, living standards and democratic participation of employees and  to promote a fair and equitable society.
  5. 5. STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES 1. A world of work that promotes social affluence 2. A strong consensus society 3. Full employment 4. Comprehensive social security and a high standard of welfare services 5. Strong organisational capacity
  6. 6. ” A union must stand up for the workers and steadfastly resist employer manoeuvres.” All work is worthy.
  7. 7. A WORLD OF WORK THAT PROMOTES SOCIAL AFFLUENCE  Human rights in the world of work ➤ More and better jobs  Decent work improves productivity and quality  On-the-job learning is normal at work  Meaningful work promotes wellbeing  Flexible working hours promoting health and respecting employee needs
  8. 8. HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE WORLD OF WORK  The right to work  The right to a wage that ensures a decent income  The right to fair and equitable treatment  The right to safe working conditions  The right to work that enhances vocational skills and to democratic channels of influence at work  The right to organise in trade unions, the right to free collective bargaining and the right to strike
  9. 9. AIMING FOR FULL EMPLOYMENT  A better employment situation must be the main aim of economic and taxation policy  Effective, high standard employment policy  Vocational qualifications for all  A universal right to freedom from discrimination at work  The keys to growth in business policy
  10. 10. ””I want a union thatI want a union that takes care of our termstakes care of our terms of employment, andof employment, and stands firm over safetystands firm over safety at work”at work”
  11. 11. A STRONG CONSENSUS SOCIETY  Principle of solidarity – joint action by trade unions  Pay settlements must improve purchasing power  Labour legislation must guarantee basic rights at work  SAK is actively involved in the work of the European trade union movement
  12. 12. SECURITY AND SERVICES  Improved coverage of social security  Public employment services must be enhanced  Safeguards for the level and financing of earnings- related pensions  A sustainable policy for prolonging working careers  Flexibility in family leave  Reduced health disparities
  13. 13. 1907 SAK established 1917 Finland becomes independent, 8-hour working day 1922 Employment Contracts Act, 4 – 7 days of annual holiday 1930s National Pension Act, 5 – 12 days of annual holiday 1940s Collective bargaining system, workers’ representative system, Labour Court, child benefit 1950s General strike, 45-hour working week 1960s Employment pension system, Sickness Insurance Act, 40-hour / 5-day working week, annual holiday pay agreement, first incomes policy agreement (Liinamaa I) 1970s Minimum wage, holiday return bonus, 7-month maternity leave, winter holiday, Occupational Health Care Act, Act on Co-operation within Undertakings 1980s Study Leave Act, Act on Equality between Women and Men, parental and child care leave 1990s Improved conditions in casual employment, annual holiday bank, Working Hours Act 2000s 4-hour minimum working time, pension reform, subscriber liability for outsourced labour,
  14. 14. ”The trade union movement must stand united and solidarity must remain its watchword.”
  15. 15. SAK: A MILLION STRONG  1 038 000 members in SAK-affiliated unions  100,000 activists  21 affiliated unions ➤ about 2,900 branches ➤ about 100 local organisations ➤ 13 regional offices and a representative in Åland ➤ 1,500 staff in SAK and its affiliates ➤ 100 staff in SAK
  16. 16. SAK – A UNION FOR UNIONS
  17. 17. WHO DO WE REPRESENT?  SAK represents 1,038,000 union members: ➤ Industry 450 525 (43 %) ➤ Private services 248 381 (24 %) ➤ Public sector 238 861 (23 %) ➤ Transport 100 106 (10 %) ➤ 170,000 members under 30 years of age ➤ 482,039 women and 556,360 men  The women and men of SAK  MEN WOMEN Private services 24 % 76 % Industry 77 % 23 % Public sector 32 % 68 % Transport 72 % 28 % Average income (€/month) 2 810 € 2 438 €
  18. 18. MEMBERSHIP OF AFFILIATES IN 2013 UNION TOTAL Women % Finnish Transport Workers´ Union 50 582 11 Finnish Aviation Union 3 712 25 Trade Union for the Public and Welfare Sectors JHL (total including Customs, Coastguard, Railwaymen, Prison Officers, NCOs) 238 861 68 Union of Foremen in Commerce 7 655 67 Metalworkers´ Union 152 476 18 Service Union United PAM 229 811 78 Paperworkers´ Union 39 665 24 Finnish Post and Logistics Union 29 593 50 Wood and Allied Workers´ Union 37 534 23 Construction Trade Union 88 909 7 Railway Salaried Staff´s Union 1 220 54 Finnish Food Workers´ Union 36 237 58 Finnish Elite Athletes Union 3 216 18 Finnish Cabin Crew Union 1 875 89 Finnish Seamen´s Union 9 841 41 Finnish Musicians´ Union 3 331 32 Finnish Social Democratic Journalists´ Union 347 31 Finnish Electrical Workers´ Union 35 615 4 Industrial Union TEAM 60 089 48 Theatre and Media Employees in Finland 4 368 64 Finnish Locomotivemen´s Union 3 283 1 General Union of Journalists 179 38 Yhteensä 1 038 399 46
  19. 19. MAIN REASONS FOR JOINING A UNION*  Pay security and job security: 45 %  Unemployment security: 30 % * Source: Labour market policy opinion survey, spring 2012
  20. 20. SAK IN THE REGIONS  SAK works regionally and locally  Promoting co-operation with affiliated unions and officials  Promoting trade union organisation  Lobbying regionally to improve society
  21. 21. SAK IN THE REGIONS  Offices in the Eastern Finland operating area ➤ Joensuu, Kuopio and Mikkeli  Offices in the Southern Finland operating area ➤ Helsinki, Lahti and Lappeenranta  Offices in the South-Western Finland operating area ➤ Pori and Turku  Offices in the Western Finland operating area ➤ Jyväskylä, Tampere and Vaasa  Offices in the Northern Finland operating area ➤ Oulu and Rovaniemi  Representative in Åland
  22. 22. SAK AND YOUNG ADULTS  170,000 members under 30 years of age  Youth Committee ➤ Co-ordinates union youth work, expresses opinions and prepares proposals concerning young adults.  Arvo magazine for young adults  Regional action groups for young people
  23. 23. ”The traditional march with banners and a brass band is not the only way to make a stand and lobby effectively in all directions.”
  24. 24. SAK AS AN NGO  the largest women’s organisation in Finland  the largest immigrant organisation in Finland
  25. 25. TRADE UNION DENSITY AND COLLECTIVE BARGAINING COVERAGE* *The latest data available Source: OECD Employment Outlook 2012
  26. 26. STRUCTURE OF SAK Congress General Council Executive Board Specialist committees and Project Groups 1 representative for every 3,000 union members 119 representatives from workplaces 18 representatives from affiliated unions, plus the President and Vice-President of SAK 22 groups, representatives from trade unions Affiliated trade unions (21) Union districts / regions Union branches (2 900) SAK regional organisation • 13 regional committees • 13 offices in 5 operating areas Local organisations (110) • Trade union branches as members Workplaces • About 100,000 workers’ representatives
  27. 27. SAK ORGANISATION
  28. 28. SOCIAL PARTNERS SAK Member Unions STTK Member Unions Akava Member Unions Confederation of Finnish Industries EK Local government employers Office for the Government as Employer Labour Market Organisation of the Church Central government
  29. 29. SAK INTERNATIONALLY  Improving core labour rights, especially trade union rights all over the world  Solidarity projects (Trade Union Solidarity Centre of Finland SASK)  Influencing on EU policies  Collaboration in the Baltic Sea region (BASTUN) FinUnions Joint EU Representation of SAK, STTK and Akava in Brussels Council of Nordic Trade Unions NFS ETUC European Trade Union Confederation International Trade Union ConfederationITUC Trade Union Advisory Committee to the OECDTUAC Trade Union Solidarity Centre of FinlandSASK ILO International Labour Organization
  30. 30. ”The strength of the trade union movement is at the workplace” Thank you!

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