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Concept of development, human development index and its parameters! SAJAL1428


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Concept of development, human development index and its parameters! SAJAL1428

  1. 1. SOCIOLOGY TOPIC : Concept of Development, Human Development Index and Its Parameters. By: Sajal Shukla
  2. 2. The Concept of Development
  3. 3. Concepts and measurement in political science • Concept – Core idea – Usually a variable • “Operationalization” • Example: development
  4. 4. The Concept of Development • Socio-economic aspects • Political aspects 4
  5. 5. Socio-economic aspects of development • • • • Wealth production Provision of basic needs Improvement in quality of life Equality 5
  6. 6. Wealth production – Possible indicator: • Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita – Total value of final goods and services produced • Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) basis – Basket of goods
  7. 7. Provision of basic needs – Possible indicator: • Clean water – % of people with piped water in home
  8. 8. Improvement in quality of life – Possible indicator: • Human Development Index (HDI) • Green GDP
  9. 9. Equality
  10. 10. Political aspects of development • Maintenance of stability • State capacity • Democracy 10
  11. 11. Definition of Stability • Maintenance of stability 11
  12. 12. Definition of state capacity • Ability of state to – penetrate society – regulate social relationships – extract resources – use them in intended ways – Possible indicators • Ability of state to collect taxes 12
  13. 13. Definition of democracy • Political Rights • Civil Liberties 13
  14. 14. The Concept Of Human Development
  15. 15. What Is An Index? An index is a composite of indicators that produces a single calculation which can then be ranked.
  16. 16. Human Development Index (HDI)
  17. 17. Why HDI ??? • Human development is both an outcome and a process of enlarging people’s choices to lead lives they value; • Economic growth is only a means, though an important one, for human development.
  18. 18. Significance Of HDI • Is an index used to rank countries by level of ‘Human Development’, • Broadened prism for viewing human progress, • Governments often look at the HDI as an instrument for assessing their performance against that of neighbouring countries, • A snapshot of average national performance in human development, • Useful entry point into the rich information contained in the subsequent indicator tables on different aspects of human development.
  19. 19. Origin Of HDI • First developed in 1990 by a Pakistani economist Mahbubul Haq and India born American nobel laureate Amartya Sen.
  20. 20. Dimensions Of HDI
  21. 21. Dimensions and Indicators
  22. 22. Data Sources Of HDI
  23. 23. Calculation of HDI
  24. 24. HDI RANKINGS
  25. 25. INDIA : A FEW FACTS • 7th Largest Country By Area And 2nd by Population. • 12th largest Economy at Market Exchange Rate and 4th Largest By PPP. • INDIA’s Rank is 119th In the HDI table.
  26. 26. Criticism Against HDI • HDI is not a comprehensive measure of human development, its focus on the three basic dimensions. • The index is composed of long-term human development outcomes. • It is an average measure and thus masks a series of disparities and inequalities within countries. • It cannot provide a complete picture of human development in any situation.
  27. 27. Success Of HDI • Focus on the most basic dimension w/ universal value ( the most comprehensive, the weaker attracted attentions !! ) • Though still contested by some of its validity, widely accepted – powerful advocate. • Generate healthy competition and create political will for change. • Identify priority indicators for further development and weakness in existing data ( Philippines official statistics ). • Spur the construction of other indices.
  28. 28. Limitations Of HDI • Only focuses on 3 dimensions of capabilities. • Not designed to assess in human development over a short term period. • It does not account for variations in human development with in the country. •Countries having same HDI may be different in how HDI is distributed. •Hampered by lack of relevant data.
  29. 29. Conclusion
  30. 30. THANK YOU! SOURCES: SIHFW, GooGle Images, Wikipedia, Concept Of Development By Susan Whiting. Available for DOWNLOAD :