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Travel and tourism

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Travel and tourism

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hi, friends iam saiteja of class 10 . if u have any doubt pls add in comment box

hi, friends iam saiteja of class 10 . if u have any doubt pls add in comment box

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Travel and tourism

  1. 1. •LAND OF ALL SEASONS •ECO TOURISM •THE EMERALD ISLANDS •PROMOTING TOURISM
  2. 2. •Atithi Devo Bhavah is a Sanskrit verse which simply means – consider the guest as god. •This value-laden statement is drawn from an ancient scripture Hindu religion which has always been the ethos of Indian culture. •Recently, this value laden verse has found its place in the tagline of Ministry of Tourism to improve the treatment of the foreign tourists coming in the country due to the popularity India has gained in the recent times as a favorite tourist destination. •The reasons for India becoming one of the most sought destinations are not based on some myth or chances. • It is chiefly because of the range of choices available to the visiting tourists in the country in terms of places, geographical locations, rich historical art and artifacts, culture and cuisines that attract more and more tourists in India.
  3. 3. • There are beautiful snow-capped mountains, deep valleys, flanking coastlines and beaches, doons and lakes, forts and monuments, forests and wildlife sanctuaries and many other places of high interests in the country. •On the top of it, the chanting of mantras, the ancient practices of Yoga and spiritualism in the air raises the level of curiosity among the tourists to visit the spiritual land. •The Union Ministry of Tourism has chosen actor - Aamir Khan as brand ambassador for the campaign of 'Atithi Devo Bhavah' who endorses it at various platforms across the mass media. • The tourists had some complaints when they used to visit the country like overcharging from the vendors, misbehavior and unfriendly attitude. Responding to the need of the tourists, Ministry of Tourism came up with the Social Awareness Campaign for attitudinal and behavioural change towards the tourists and so adopted the part of the verse – athithi devo bhava from the Indian scripture itself so that it gives a psychological impact upon the local populace to treat the guests with love, respect and warmth.
  4. 4. •Ecotourism is now defined as "responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment, sustains the well-being of the local people, and involves interpretation and education" (TIES, 2015). Education is meant to be inclusive of both staff and guests Principles of Ecotourism •Minimize physical, social, behavioral, and psychological impacts. •Build environmental and cultural awareness and respect. •Provide positive experiences for both visitors and hosts. •Provide direct financial benefits for conservation. •Generate financial benefits for both local people and private industry. •Deliver memorable interpretative experiences to visitors that help raise sensitivity to host countries' political, environmental, and social climates. •Design, construct and operate low-impact facilities. Recognize the rights and spiritual beliefs of the Indigenous People in your community and work in partnership with them to create empowerment.
  5. 5. ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR ISLANDS
  6. 6. Located about 900 km from India in the Bay of Bengal is the Andaman & Nicobar Islands. These islands are one of the few undiscovered gems that have escaped the clutches of mass tourism. There are no concrete-and-glass resorts offering all-inclusive deals, no nightclubs / discotheques, no shopping malls and no fancy restaurants. All you find here is gigantic trees, fresh air, natural surroundings, rich flora & fauna, clear blue water and delicious food. While the eastern fringes of the Andaman Sea have now become the playground of the rich and famous in Phuket and Langkawi, the Andaman Islands retain the original wild and untamed character of this pocket of South East Asia. Geographically, Thailand and Burma are much closer to the Andaman Islands than India. The Andaman & Nicobar is a chain of islands includes about 572 islands in which most of them are inhabited. These islands are gifted with sandy beaches, clear seawater, and coral reefs. Only 36 islands are inhabited to the day, comprising a mix of colorful mainland Indian settlers, residual refugee communities from Myanmar, and the mysterious and endangered Paleolithic tribes of the Andamans. The Andaman & Nicobar Islands are a veritable Garden of Eden and a naturalist’s heaven. The clean environment, roads, greenery as well as unpolluted fresh air attract all nature lovers. The tropical rain forests and waters of Bay of Bengal are the home of a vast collection of plant, animal and marine life. Topographically the islands are hilly in places fringed with coconut palm, covered with tropical jungle and interspersed with flat stretches of crescent shaped beaches.
  7. 7. Indians Indian nationals need no permit to visit Andamans. However, permits are required to visit Nicobar Islands and other tribal areas, which are given in exceptional cases. Application on a prescribed form may be addressed to the Deputy Commissioner, Andaman District, Port Blair. BY AIR: The quickest and most convenient way to get to the Andaman is to fly. Air Deccan, Indian Airlines, Jet Airways, Jet Lite (formerly Air Sahara), Spice Jet and Kingfisher all have daily regular flights to Port Blair from Calcutta & Chennai. BY SEA: You can choose to travel by ship – which takes 60-72 hours and is only for the tough. There are three to four sailings every month from Calcutta and Chennai to Port Blair and vice-versa. Distance by Sea (kms) Between Port Blair & Chennai- 1190 Between Port Blair & Calcutta- 1255 Between Port Blair & Vishakapatnam- 1200 Distance by Air (Kms.) Between Calcutta & Port Blair- 1303 Between Chennai & Port Blair- 1330
  8. 8. Port Blair is the capital of the Union Territory of Andaman & Nicobar Islands. It is located on the east coast of the South Andaman Island. Port Blair is the gateway to the pristine islands. Port Blair is also an Island town offering water based activities like snorkeling, scuba diving, sea-cruises, and glimpses of the history and culture of the region. The Aberdeen Bazaar forms the centre of the town. Most of the restaurants and hotels are around this area. The main bus station is just west of the bazaar and the Airport 4 Kms. to the south west. The main passenger dock for ferries-the Phoenix Bay Jetty is 1 Km. to the North West.
  9. 9. The tradition of kite flying has been followed over generations in our society. People of all ages go out in the open and try their hand at kites. Festivals such as Basant and Makar Sankranti usually complete with a game of kite flying. Terraces and rooftops are used in places where fields are difficult to find to play this traditional sport. The festival is regarded as the change of season, marking the movement of the Sun into the northern hemisphere - a celebration to mark the end of winter. The clear blue skies and cool breeze provides a feeling of joy and delight to all who celebrate this occasion. Kites are representative of man's spirit and imaginative powers. The history of kite flying is beautifully depicted in the Kite Museum of Ahmedabad. India developed a rich tradition of kite flying because of Kings and Nawabs, for whom the sport was both entertaining and a way of showing their power. Kings used to employ trained flyers to fly kites for them. Gradually, the art started becoming famous, and today it is enjoyed in forms such as this particular Kite Flying Festival. The festival is held each year in important cities of Gujarat as well as neighboring states. The festival draws expert kite-makers and flyers not only from cities of India but also from around the world.
  10. 10. The Elephant Festival is an annual festival which is held every year in the Pink City, Jaipur.ThiS matchless event is organised on the full moon day of Phalgun Purnima which falls in the month of February/March. It is celebrated on the day before the festivals of colours i.e. Holi. From the ancient times, elephants have always been an important part of the Indian society. The Elephant-headed God, Ganesha, believed to be the remover of obstacles and foremost to all the gods, is revered and devotedly worshipped in all the parts of India. They are also one of the most important parts of religious events, marriage ceremonies, processions, etc. and in the historic time, they were a significant part of the battlefield.
  11. 11. Gangaur is one of the most vivid festivals rejoiced with great enthusiasm and happiness all over the Indian state of Rajasthan. In the word Gangaur, 'Gan' is the synonym for Lord Shiva whereas 'Gaur' stands for Gauri or Goddess Parvati. But mainly, this festival is held in the honour of Goddess Parvati as she is regarded as the epitome of marital love, strength, courage, power and excellence. During the festivities, married women worship Goddess Parvati for the long life, well being and wealth of their husbands while the girls pray for getting a smart and an understanding life partner. The festival is rejoiced in the month of Chaitra, the first month of the Hindu calendar and falls in between March and April, according to Gregorian calendar. It begins on the very first day Chaitra month, the day after Holi and is celebrated for 18 days. Also, it marks the end of winter season and the coming of spring season.
  12. 12. Teej, a three-day-long Hindu festival, is dedicated to Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. It falls in the month of Shravana or Sawan and Bhadrapada or Bhado, that corresponds to the Indian monsoon season of July - August - September. The exact day on which it is celebrated is determined by the moon’s cycle. This festival is celebrated in different states - Rajasthan, Bihar, UP, Punjab, Jaipur, Haryana and even Kathmandu - and different religions with different names. The Sindhi community also celebrates this festival by the name of Teejri. There are 3 variants of Teej festival, namely Hariyali, Kajari and Hartalika Teej. Each of them is celebrated with equal vigour and fervour by women. On the occasion of Kajari Teej, we bring you an insight into the Teej celebrations. Kajari Teej, also known as Badi teej falls during Krishna Paksha of Bhadrapada month according to the North Indian calendar. TEEJ FESTIVAL
  13. 13. The Tourism Special Event will be structured in the form of short forwarding-thinking presentations by the UN agencies followed by an interactive roundtable discussion to address tourism’s potential for development in LDCs and the range of technical assistance services that follow these main themes: Building good governance and sustainability in tourism development; Promoting domestic and foreign investment for sustainable tourism development; Fostering poverty reduction through linkages between the tourism sector and local suppliers of goods and services; and Supporting human resource development through improved education, training and decent work, including related capacity building, in the tourism sector.
  14. 14. SOME BROUCHERS PROMOTING TOURISM

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