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Introduction to horse event incident management & introducing the role of the horse welfare officer

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  1. 1. Introduction to Event Incident Management for horse event organisers, volunteers & riders & Introducing the role of the Horse Welfare Officer Horse SA 4 February 2014 Held at the University of Adelaide, Roseworthy Campus horse-welfare-officers/
  2. 2. Thank you to the University of Adelaide Roseworthy Campus for sponsoring the workshop. You can find out more about their new Equine Health & Performance Centre here: Resources used for this workshop include: The Australian Horse Welfare & Well-being Toolkit produced by the Australian Horse Industry Council. Equine Emergency Rescue by MaryAnne Leighton, available through the Horse SA online store. ntres/ehpc/ Facebook lthcentre?fref=ts and Riley the Rescue horse
  3. 3. Workshop Aims • Why the need for this type of workshop? • Introduce the role of the horse welfare officer • Introduce a way of managing horse event incidents more safely& with compassion • Practice techniques to manoeuvre a recumbent horse that considers volunteer WHS and horse welfare • Ideas to introduce ideas to your club/event • What next for your club or event? Photos: Friends of Hampshire Fire & Rescue
  4. 4. Why the need for this type of workshop? Grow the good “name” of your horse activity Continuous improvement in:  Horse welfare  Volunteer management (workplace safety)  Rider/driver/handler safety Image: Australian Horse Industry Council
  5. 5. It just doesn’t happen to us • Horse collapses from heat exhaustion (competition, travel) • Horse dies from heart attack or other medical condition • Horse goes “down” undertaking or in relation to the activity, which may also involve a rider • Horse gets into trouble in the float/wash bay/ non-competition areas • Horse escapes the grounds and gets into life-threating trouble (e.g. car vs. horse) • Horse is euthanased on the event site for any number of reasons e.g. colic Image: Australian Horse Industry Council So we don’t need a plan, training or equipment
  6. 6. When it all goes pear-shaped………. Make the scene safe for volunteers to work in. At your activity - who “steps up” to start to control the incident? Managing the incident involves undertaking a risk assessment which may include - stop or divert the event/traffic/other horses - care for & manage people (humans come first!) - considerations for horse welfare - restrain a loose/uncontrolled horse (s) - manage spectators - remove or manage hazards PLAN the response CONDUCT the response DEBRIEF afterwards + records Achieving an organised response with a few volunteers. Appointing roles as part of a plan. Know your limits.
  7. 7. PRACTICAL Session 1 1. Positioning people around distressed recumbent horses 2. Practice Hot Zone, Warm Zone, Cold Zone & tool dump 3. Discuss human behaviour when horses are distressed (rider/owner/spectator) 4. Discuss horse behaviour when stressed 5. Place an emergency halter on Riley 6. Place a head collar on: off-side access only 7. Encouraging a horse that is recumbent, to stay that way DISCUSSION: Heat policies used by organisations
  8. 8. PRACTICAL Session 2 Review basic equipment Review better equipment For a small club: For a small club: • Human PPE • 2 x Tarpaulins - for covering a horse & (strong) one for underneath • 4 or more tarpaulins for screening • Human PPE (incl. biosecurity kit) • Tarpaulins or other customised cover for a deceased horse • Rescue glide (could be venue based) • 2 x 4WD straps with sewn loops • At least one set of screens (could be venue based) • Spare strong rope • Set large animal rescue straps , ropes, carabineers • Towels • Strop guide • Walking cane • 2 pole hooks • 1 lunge rein & 1 lunge whip • Security/barriers to manage spectators • Horse float • Horse ambulance • Cleaning kit (biosecurity/human health) Rescue Glide • Cleaning kit (biosecurity/human health) Strop Guide
  9. 9. PRACTICAL Session 3 “The Zones” & Allocation of Job Roles 1. Set up the zones around Riley the Rescue Horse 2. Allocate & discuss roles 3. Volunteer workplace safety considerations in relation to moving a horse (heavy lift/drag/confined spaces) 4. Practice covering Riley with a tarpaulin 5. Practice screening Riley 6. Know the capabilities and constraints around your club/event/volunteers abilities to manage an incident
  10. 10. The Role of a Veterinarian Small horse events/activities are not likely to have an attending veterinarian. Often, all that volunteers can do is stabilise the situation and wait until a veterinarian arrives, keeping the horse calm & preparing a safe area for the horse to “go to” afterwards What access to a veterinarian does your event have? A vet should also attend a case of a deceased horse at an event. Sedation will be required, or euthanasia, before a horse can be safety manoeuvred out of the situation and from the venue. Fortunately, an increasing number of equine veterinarians are now familiar with Large Animal Rescue techniques. In addition large animal capabilities of emergency services in SA are improving. Discussion: Club policies for the management of horses who need to be euthanased at an event venue.
  11. 11. Handling Deceased Horses with Dignity • Using empathetic verbal and non-verbal communication • Awareness that others may be distressed • Communication must be clear & concise to complete the management of the response in a timely manner • Handling the deceased horse’s limbs, head and body carefully. All parts of the horse to travel together • Keep the deceased horse covered with a tarpaulin, even behind the screen Photo: Friends of Hampshire Fire & Rescue
  12. 12. Handling Deceased Horses with Dignity • Placing personal belongings associated with the horse into a separate vehicle • Clearing & tidying the accident scene prior to taking down the screens • Driving the horse ambulance at a sedate and considered speed, using the same driving skills as for live horses • Maintain confidentiality at all times • Not leaving a deceased horse uncovered or unattended Photo: Friends of Hampshire Fire & Rescue
  13. 13. Handling a Horse during Euthanasia Video (WARNING: a horse is put to sleep) Tips (Page 27 Australian Horse Welfare & Well-being Toolkit): • A competent horse handler, who is in a position to follow instructions, is required to assist the veterinarian • Equipment includes a strong head collar and long leads/lunge reins. • Prepare the area for the horse to lay after euthanasia. The horse may be able to be guided onto a glide or tarpaulin as it becomes recumbent. • Wear PPE • Wait until the horse has been confirmed as deceased by the veterinarian before moving extra people back into the hot zone
  14. 14. PRACTICAL Session 4 Large Animal Rescue Techniques Roll Over 1. View the video/demonstration 2. Make the scene safe. Set up the zones. Allocate job roles 3. Practice a roll-over onto a glide Sideways Skid - As above
  15. 15. PRACTICAL Session 5 Remove a Deceased Horse away from your event A. Discuss ways to move a recumbent horse into a float B. Using what you have learnt so far, set up a team who will remove a deceased horse from the main arena of competition, onto a float.
  16. 16. Care for & Manage People This workshop has a focus on the horse, however, there needs to be people allocated to care for and manage other people at the scene • Provide medical help for injured riders, officials, spectators • Manage uninjured emotional riders, strappers, family • Spectator control Most clubs will by now have appointed “Member Protection Officers” (Human Welfare Officers) or an equivalent whose role it is to manage members requirements and be a part of the club or events practices in relation to child protection, grievance procedures etc. Remember that the new national WHS laws cover volunteer roles and also now includes physical & psychological. Photos: Friends of Hampshire Fire & Rescue
  17. 17. Incident Reporting (People &Horses) Separate reports are required for people and horses. Write the report asap after the incident, and within 24 hrs. Some events will have a template form to complete. 1. Basic facts. The time, date and exact location of the incident Your name and role. Names of others who were present. Use a template form if available. 2. What happened? Keep facts to what actually did happen, not what you think might have happened. Who. What. When. How. Why. 3. Photographs: to record weather, surface conditions, hazards etc. may be added 4. Submit the report to the event organiser Photo: Friends of Hampshire Fire & Rescue
  18. 18. Ideas for Promoting Horse Welfare at of a veterinarian (or on call for smaller Events/Activities • Appointment events) • Appointment of a horse welfare officer • Horse Ambulances, trained volunteers & equipment is available at each event • a health status as part of event entry incl. vaccination status • • • • Photo: Australian Horse Industry Council Regular review of rules, policies & procedures Education opportunities for members/participants Regularly review venue improvements (e.g. more shade) Liaise with your local emergency service group (CFS, SES) of any gatherings of horses & people. (provide a calendar of events to the station)
  19. 19. Understand capabilities of emergency services & your event/activity volunteer limitations Photo: Friends of Hampshire Fire & Rescue
  20. 20. Where to from here for your activity? • Share this presentation and the resources used with your colleagues • Place horse welfare onto your meeting agenda • Appoint a Horse Welfare Officer (HWO) • Start to write a plan how incidents will be managed • Arrange for volunteer/committee training in this topic area to suit your specific focus (in SA this can be arranged through Horse SA or the University of Adelaide, interstate references can be supplied) • Advise Horse SA of who your HWO is, as we can potentially provide further training, hold discussion groups etc. as the network grows
  21. 21. Thank you Remember to check the Horse SA website for upcoming events! Horse SA PO Box 20 Wayville South Australia 5034 Mob: 0402488306 Photos from the Large Animal Rescue Level 2 course June 2013 Horse SA