The Assessment of  Nephrops  Stocks in the Irish Sea Dr Richard Briggs
Probably not  Nephrops
Overview <ul><li>Biology and Fishery </li></ul><ul><li>Stock Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>UWTV Method </li></ul><ul><li>Th...
Dublin Bay prawn (Nephrops norvegicus) Cod (Gadus morhua) 1.  Biology Nephrops  in NOT a fish!! Phylum: Arthropoda Class: ...
<ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Hard exoskeleton which is periodically shed (ecdysis) and growth is  </li></ul><...
Life Cycle
The Fishery Captured by otter trawls (single or multiple) or by creels
Northern Ireland Marine Fisheries
2.  Stock Assessment Functional  Units as defined by ICES
Irish Sea  Nephrops  TAC:  Sub-Area VII Sub Area   VII Western Irish Sea = FU15
Assessment  Methods <ul><li>Larval Production </li></ul><ul><li>Using fecundity data to back calculate the number of femal...
3.  UWTV Method   <ul><li>Adults inhabit burrows in offshore sediment from which they only emerge to feed and to mate. </l...
Nephrops  burrows
Resin Casting Polyester resin pours underwater rather like treacle in air and when mixed with catalyst cures to produce hi...
RV Corystes RV Celtic Voyager The Ships AFBI have performed collaborative UWTV  Nephrops  surveys  with the Irish Marine I...
The AFBI camera sledge Deploying the camera Camera Surveys  (AFBI/Marine Institute initiative but now includes CEFAS to co...
<ul><li>The Stations </li></ul><ul><li>3.5km apart  </li></ul><ul><li>Camera towed for 10  </li></ul><ul><li>mins at each ...
Eastern Irish Sea  (FU14)  Stations UWTV survey extended since2007 and used for the assessment in 2010 Joint survey with C...
4.  The 2010 Assessment Western Irish Sea (FU15)
Contour plots of burrow densities using geostatistics  (2003 – 2009 )
Burrow densities from different areas
Summary of data analysis  Landings Bias Adjusted  Burrow Count   Harvest Rates from  Model Predicted  Landings  Size distr...
Bias estimates introduced by ICES Benchmark Assessment 2009 Bias Adjusted Count = Count X Bias
Catch Option Table 8,724 17.10% Fmax (combined) 6,832 13.40% F35% (combined) 5,612 11.00% F0.1 (combined) 9,199 18.00% F20...
Justification for choice of Harvest Rate F max F 0.1 F 2009 Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY):  now forming ICES advice basi...
Evidence for Harvest Rate at Fmax as Proxy for MSY Commercial Fishery Data :   ie fished sustainably for many years above ...
Trawl Survey Data
Trawl Surveys : catch rates
 
Trawl survey data scaled to UWTV survey abundance index
Other Data <ul><li>Examination of historical data from 1960s when the fishery was in its  </li></ul><ul><li>infancy shows ...
5.  ICES  Advice   Benchmark Workshops Data compilation  + External review Expert Groups Stock annex Review Group Advice D...
6.  Conclusions <ul><li>Since 2005  Nephrops  stock assessment based on UWTV surveys </li></ul><ul><li>The 2010 assessment...
----- The End ---- CEFAS - AFBI – MI (Jon Elson, Richard Briggs, Colm Lordan)
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Richard Briggs (Agri-Food & Biosciences Institute) – The Assessment of Nephrops stocks in the Irish Sea (2009)

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Richard Briggs (Agri-Food & Biosciences Institute) – The Assessment of Nephrops stocks in the Irish Sea (2009)

  1. 1. The Assessment of Nephrops Stocks in the Irish Sea Dr Richard Briggs
  2. 2. Probably not Nephrops
  3. 3. Overview <ul><li>Biology and Fishery </li></ul><ul><li>Stock Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>UWTV Method </li></ul><ul><li>The 2010 Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>ICES Advice (International Council for the Exploration of the Sea) </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul>
  4. 4. Dublin Bay prawn (Nephrops norvegicus) Cod (Gadus morhua) 1. Biology Nephrops in NOT a fish!! Phylum: Arthropoda Class: Crustacea Order: Decapoda Super Family: Nephropsidea
  5. 5. <ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Hard exoskeleton which is periodically shed (ecdysis) and growth is </li></ul><ul><li>discernable (the only time). No hard structures with growth rings </li></ul><ul><li>Kidney shaped eye (from the Greek nephros = kidney and op = eye) </li></ul><ul><li>Live within burrows in seabed sediment which they build. </li></ul><ul><li>Females remain in burrows whilst incubating eggs (9 months) </li></ul><ul><li>Planktonic larval stage </li></ul><ul><li>Juveniles (0-group) remaining burrowed for at their 1 st year </li></ul>
  6. 6. Life Cycle
  7. 7. The Fishery Captured by otter trawls (single or multiple) or by creels
  8. 8. Northern Ireland Marine Fisheries
  9. 9. 2. Stock Assessment Functional Units as defined by ICES
  10. 10. Irish Sea Nephrops TAC: Sub-Area VII Sub Area VII Western Irish Sea = FU15
  11. 11. Assessment Methods <ul><li>Larval Production </li></ul><ul><li>Using fecundity data to back calculate the number of females required to produce the amount of larvae observed in surveys. Labour intensive and costly. Done as a one off. </li></ul><ul><li>Catch Data </li></ul><ul><li>a) Length Cohort analysis </li></ul><ul><li>b) Size compositions sliced to ages, VPA and XSA models used </li></ul><ul><li>similar to Fin-fish methods (used until 2005). </li></ul>(3) Camera Surveys * Underwater video used to count Nephrops burrow clusters *Adopted by ICES since 2005
  12. 12. 3. UWTV Method <ul><li>Adults inhabit burrows in offshore sediment from which they only emerge to feed and to mate. </li></ul><ul><li>Research in Scotland suggests that one adult Nephrops occupies a single burrow cluster and unoccupied burrows are quickly filled by sediment. </li></ul><ul><li>By counting burrow clusters over a known area it is possible to provide a fishery independent index of Nephrops abundance and to map the Nephrops grounds. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Nephrops burrows
  14. 14. Resin Casting Polyester resin pours underwater rather like treacle in air and when mixed with catalyst cures to produce high quality casts of burrows like this burrow of Nephrops norvegicus (Scale bar 20cm)
  15. 15. RV Corystes RV Celtic Voyager The Ships AFBI have performed collaborative UWTV Nephrops surveys with the Irish Marine Institute since 2003. Now 7 years data
  16. 16. The AFBI camera sledge Deploying the camera Camera Surveys (AFBI/Marine Institute initiative but now includes CEFAS to cover eastern Irish Sea stocks (FU14)
  17. 17. <ul><li>The Stations </li></ul><ul><li>3.5km apart </li></ul><ul><li>Camera towed for 10 </li></ul><ul><li>mins at each station </li></ul>
  18. 18. Eastern Irish Sea (FU14) Stations UWTV survey extended since2007 and used for the assessment in 2010 Joint survey with CEFAS/AFBI and Marine Institute
  19. 19. 4. The 2010 Assessment Western Irish Sea (FU15)
  20. 20. Contour plots of burrow densities using geostatistics (2003 – 2009 )
  21. 21. Burrow densities from different areas
  22. 22. Summary of data analysis Landings Bias Adjusted Burrow Count Harvest Rates from Model Predicted Landings Size distribution Mean Nephrops weight in Catch Option Table Catch Data Growth and Maturity Parameters
  23. 23. Bias estimates introduced by ICES Benchmark Assessment 2009 Bias Adjusted Count = Count X Bias
  24. 24. Catch Option Table 8,724 17.10% Fmax (combined) 6,832 13.40% F35% (combined) 5,612 11.00% F0.1 (combined) 9,199 18.00% F2009 9,104 17.80% MSY transition 8,724 17.10% MSY framework (tonnes) 2011 Landings Harvest ratio Rationale
  25. 25. Justification for choice of Harvest Rate F max F 0.1 F 2009 Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY): now forming ICES advice basis. Not possible to estimate directly for Nephrops as no age or SSB data. MSY proxy therefore established
  26. 26. Evidence for Harvest Rate at Fmax as Proxy for MSY Commercial Fishery Data : ie fished sustainably for many years above Fmax
  27. 27. Trawl Survey Data
  28. 28. Trawl Surveys : catch rates
  29. 30. Trawl survey data scaled to UWTV survey abundance index
  30. 31. Other Data <ul><li>Examination of historical data from 1960s when the fishery was in its </li></ul><ul><li>infancy shows little change in size composition of catches </li></ul><ul><li>Larval production studies have shown that in 1995 440 x 10 9 Nephrops </li></ul><ul><li>larvae were produced suggesting high recruitment potential </li></ul><ul><li>The Irish Sea Gyre (whirlpool effect) retains both larvae and sediment </li></ul><ul><li>enhancing recruitment success </li></ul>
  31. 32. 5. ICES Advice Benchmark Workshops Data compilation + External review Expert Groups Stock annex Review Group Advice Drafting Groups 1 st draft of advice ACOM web conference Final Advice Update assessments Benchmark Workshops Data compilation + External review Stock annex Benchmark Workshops Data compilation + External review Expert Groups Stock annex Benchmark Workshops Data compilation + External review Expert Groups Stock annex Benchmark Workshops Data compilation + External review Review Group Expert Groups Stock annex Benchmark Workshops Data compilation + External review Review Group Expert Groups Stock annex Benchmark Workshops Data compilation + External review 1 st draft of advice Review Group Expert Groups Stock annex Benchmark Workshops Data compilation + External review 1 st draft of advice Review Group Expert Groups Stock annex Benchmark Workshops Data compilation + External review 1 st draft of advice Review Group Expert Groups Stock annex Benchmark Workshops Data compilation + External review Advice Drafting Groups 1 st draft of advice Review Group Expert Groups Stock annex Benchmark Workshops Data compilation + External review Advice Drafting Groups 1 st draft of advice Review Group Expert Groups Stock annex Benchmark Workshops Data compilation + External review ACOM web conference Advice Drafting Groups 1 st draft of advice Review Group Expert Groups Stock annex Benchmark Workshops Data compilation + External review ACOM web conference Advice Drafting Groups 1 st draft of advice Review Group Expert Groups Stock annex Benchmark Workshops Data compilation + External review Final Advice ACOM web conference Advice Drafting Groups 1 st draft of advice Review Group Expert Groups Stock annex Benchmark Workshops (2009 for Nephrops ) Data compilation + External review STEC and EU
  32. 33. 6. Conclusions <ul><li>Since 2005 Nephrops stock assessment based on UWTV surveys </li></ul><ul><li>The 2010 assessment of W. Irish Sea (FU15) stocks advises </li></ul><ul><li>Landings at Fmax as an MSY proxy ie near to 2009 tonnage. </li></ul><ul><li>Management should be at Functional Unit level as components of the </li></ul><ul><li>TAC area (VIIa) have different states of exploitation eg FU 17 </li></ul><ul><li>(Porcupine Bank) are over fished and the advice is zero catch. </li></ul><ul><li>This drags the TAC downwards </li></ul>
  33. 34. ----- The End ---- CEFAS - AFBI – MI (Jon Elson, Richard Briggs, Colm Lordan)

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