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Prevention Resource  Center- Region 8   (210)225-4741  www.sacada.org
South Texas Centre       AT& T Building7500 US Hwy 90 W Suite 100  San Antonio, TX. 78227       210-225-4741      www.saca...
Tobacco - Snus         Camel Snus- SNUS          targets teens with a          marketing base that beats          smoke b...
Tobacco -dissolvable   Camel Orbs                                  Pulled from test markets                              ...
The tablets are being marketedby Camel as an alternative togoing tobacco-free in placeswhere smoking is off-limits.       ...
Substance of Abuse:     Tobacco           Camel Strips are very like the            dissolvable breath mints strips.     ...
Minors & Tobacco          $250 fine if found with tobacco           under the age of 18          8-40 hours of community...
E-Cigarette   HEALTH CONCERNS OVER SMOKING    VANISH IN A PUFF: Twisp electronic cigarettes    satisfies body’s demand fo...
Providing Alcohol                   to a Minor•   Purchase for or giving alcohol to a    minor is illegal unless it is the...
Minor In PossessionAttempt toPurchase, Consumption, Purchase, Possession,Misrepresentation of Age                         ...
Social Access        Most underage drinkers in Bexar County obtain alcohol                        from social sourcesSourc...
Alcohol Related Motor Vehicle          Fatalities• In 2008 Bexar County ranked 4 within the state for number of alcohol-re...
“Binge” Drinking   “Binge” Drinking is defined as the consumption of five or    more alcoholic drinks (for men) on at lea...
Prevention Resource Center- Region 8(210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
Effective Sept 2011,applies to the 2.8 million teens and20-year-olds in Texas.The 911 Lifeline law (Senate Bill 1331) prov...
Over the Counter - Cough Syrup                         (DXM)      Skittles                                          Preven...
The Anti-Energy Drink   Chill out   Relax   Slow your roll                     Prevention Resource Center- Region 8    ...
Sippin’ on some Syrup   Three 6 Mafia in    2000   "Syrup" is slang for    codeine and    promethazine.   “Lean”, “Sizz...
Songs Glorifying the use••2.- Three 6 Mafia ft. UGK - Sippin On Some Sizzurp•3.- Frayser Boy ft. Mike Jones Paul Wall - I ...
Prevention Resource Center- Region 8(210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
Prevention Resource Center- Region 8(210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
Prevention Resource Center- Region 8(210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
A Lazy Cake is… A individually wrapped “dietary  supplement” in the form of a brownie Looks like a brownie Tastes like ...
THE RECIPE FOR LAZY CAKES!             •Melatonin             •Rose Hips             •Valerian Root Extract             •H...
What the label doesn’t tell               you...   0.1 to 0.5 milligrams of melatonin is what is reasonable    to ingest ...
What does the FDA have to     say about Lazy Cakes?   In calling the product unsafe, Michael    Roosevelt of the FDA said...
What the FDA is saying about           this.   Examples of factors and information that establish that the    product is ...
Synthetic Marijuana    Now Illegal One gram is about $40.00                            Prevention Resource Center- Region ...
Legal Status Update DEA Ban As of March 1st, 2011, five cannabinoids, JWH-018, JWH- 073, CP-47,497, JWH-200, and cannabi...
K2 Spice     Texas Ban Sept. 1st   Possession or Distribution2 oz or less Class B Misdemeanor  2 - 4 oz Class A Misdemeano...
Health Effects with Spice/K2What is there to worry about?
Effects of Use K2/Spice   Paranoia         Hallucinations   Nausea           Loss of   Anxiety           Consciousnes...
Marijuana homolog exposures reported to the Texas          Poison Center Network during      1/1/10-11/1/11 (n=1,026), cal...
These bath salts are not drugs
Dangerous Bath Salts
What is MDPV (bath salts)◦ The term „bath salts‟ refer to commercially  available products that have as part of their  com...
The Effects of MDPV   MDPV is a powerful stimulant that functions    as a dopamine-nor epinephrine reuptake    inhibitor ...
Common names of Bath Salts   They are sold mostly on the internet, but can also             be found in select shops loca...
The Effects of MDPV   Mental: euphoria, increases in alertness &    awareness, increased wakefulness and arousal,    anxi...
Bath salts exposures reported to the Texas  Poison Center Network during 1/1/10-      11/1/11 (n=350), caller county      ...
Banned as of Sept 1st, 2011   HB 2118 bans the sale of the drugs, adding    them to the list of Texas controlled    subst...
Dangers/Legal Issues   In 2010 there were 303 calls about MDPV (bath    salt) products according to the American    Assoc...
Prescription Drug    Trends                  In 2009       None of these•Pain Relievers - 5.3 million (Vicodin, OxycodoneO...
Did You Know?   One in five teens (4.5 million) has    abused Rx drugs.   One in three teens report knowing    someone w...
Prescription Drug  Trends•12 to 17 year olds abuse prescription drugsmore than they abuseecstasy, crack/cocaine, heroin, a...
Prescription Drug Trends                                    1999 = 4,000 deaths                                          ...
Marijuana Facts                              Burns at a lower temp.     The lower the temp. the higher cancer causing chem...
Marijuana Facts Heart attack risk is 5x higher than the ususal inthe hour after smoking marijuana (Harvard University)NI...
Marijuana FactsYale   School of Medicine, 2007 ◦Long-term exposure to marijuana smoking is linked to the same health prob...
Marijuana FactsSmoked    marijuana has never been, andwill never be scientifically approved formedical useThere  are NO ...
Heroin- Signs of Use           Sleepy            Lazy           PeacefulNodding       off when in conversations       ...
Heroin               Withdrawal symptoms:   Shooting pains in muscles   Sweating   Vomiting (feel sick)   Very drowsy ...
Heroin   Major withdrawal symptoms peak    between 48 and 72 hours after the last    dose   Typically subsides after abo...
Cocaine            Signs of Use                    Withdrawal   Feels Euphoric Energetic      Depression   Respirator...
Signs of Problem Drinking,Alcoholism, & Drug AbuseLegal problems (includingDWI, MIP, DUI, PI)Poor family relationsSchool b...
Referrals   Mid-Coast Family Services 271-9452    www.midcoastfamily.org   SACADA 225-4741   Tobacco Awareness Course 1...
   Blog: http://blog.mysanantonio.com/prevention-                             resource-center/    Andrea Salazar asalaza...
Updated Drug Trends, What you Need to Know
Updated Drug Trends, What you Need to Know
Updated Drug Trends, What you Need to Know
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Updated Drug Trends, What you Need to Know

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Keep up to date with the drug trends about K2, Spice, Bath Salts, Tobacco, Alcohol, and Prescription Drugs.
Presented by Andrea Salazar & Alexis Moreno of the Prevention Resource Center Region 8

Published in: Education, Health & Medicine
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Updated Drug Trends, What you Need to Know

  1. 1. Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  2. 2. South Texas Centre AT& T Building7500 US Hwy 90 W Suite 100 San Antonio, TX. 78227 210-225-4741 www.sacada.org
  3. 3. Tobacco - Snus  Camel Snus- SNUS targets teens with a marketing base that beats smoke bans and appeals to the renegade nature of adolescents.  It states in the advertising “Wherever you are SNUS” whether it be at a ball game, in homeroom, or in front of security at a concert.  Has been proven to cause mouth, throat, and pancreatic cancCenter- Region 8 Prevention Resource er. (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  4. 4. Tobacco -dissolvable Camel Orbs Pulled from test markets 12-17-10 The products melt in the mouth within three to 30 minutes. The pellet-size Orbs last the longest. A cigarette smoker typically takes in about 1 milligram of nicotine, the Camel Dissolvables are said to deliver about 0.6 to 3.1 mg of nicotine each. Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  5. 5. The tablets are being marketedby Camel as an alternative togoing tobacco-free in placeswhere smoking is off-limits. Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  6. 6. Substance of Abuse: Tobacco  Camel Strips are very like the dissolvable breath mints strips.  Camels advertising says you can put it between your cheek and gum like dip.  “So being the brave soul that I am I placed one on my tongue. It lasted about a minute and a half, turned kind of chalky and disappeared. The flavor was slightly minty, no tobacco flavor at all. Sweet, but no worse than most chewing gums. Then the fun began.” Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  7. 7. Minors & Tobacco  $250 fine if found with tobacco under the age of 18  8-40 hours of community service  Tobacco Awareness classes  Driver’s License revoked for 180 days  1 pack a day for a year costs $2,555.00  1 pack a day for 5 years = $12,775.00 Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  8. 8. E-Cigarette HEALTH CONCERNS OVER SMOKING VANISH IN A PUFF: Twisp electronic cigarettes satisfies body’s demand for nicotine and excludes cancer-causing chemicals associated with traditional smoking. Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  9. 9. Providing Alcohol to a Minor• Purchase for or giving alcohol to a minor is illegal unless it is the minor’s • Adult parent • Adult guardian • Adult spouse • Adult court custodian• Provider must be visibly present Penalties Up to $4,000 fine Up to 1 year in jail Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  10. 10. Minor In PossessionAttempt toPurchase, Consumption, Purchase, Possession,Misrepresentation of Age PENALTIES Community Loss of Offense Fine Education Jail Service License 1st Up to $500 8-12 hours 30 days Required None Optional 2nd Up to $500 20-40 hours 60 days None with judge 3rd or Optional Up to 180 $250-$2000 None 180 days more with judge days Deferred Disposition is conviction for enhancement. No Deferred Disposition on 3rd or more. Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  11. 11. Social Access Most underage drinkers in Bexar County obtain alcohol from social sourcesSource: Circles of San Antonio Community Coalition Environmental Strategies Instrument, 2008 Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  12. 12. Alcohol Related Motor Vehicle Fatalities• In 2008 Bexar County ranked 4 within the state for number of alcohol-related crash fatalities with a rate of 4.62 per 100,000 residents• Alcohol related motor vehicle fatalities have declined by 3% since 2007. Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  13. 13. “Binge” Drinking “Binge” Drinking is defined as the consumption of five or more alcoholic drinks (for men) on at least two occasions within the past month. For women, it is defined as having consumed four drinks or more on at least two occasions within a month. “One Drink” of alcohol is defined as one, twelve-ounce can of beer; one, four-ounce glass of wine; or 1.5 ounces of 80- proof liquor. “Moderate Consumption” or “Social Drinking” of alcohol is defined as No more than two drinks per day, once or twice a week (for men) or, (for women), one drink per day, one or two days per week. Definitions provided by the American Medical Association, the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse & Alcoholism, the Centers for Disease Control, and Rutgers University Center of Alcohol Studies. Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  14. 14. Prevention Resource Center- Region 8(210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  15. 15. Effective Sept 2011,applies to the 2.8 million teens and20-year-olds in Texas.The 911 Lifeline law (Senate Bill 1331) provides limitedimmunity to minors under 21 for alcohol possession orconsumption offenses if they meet three conditions:1. The minor is calling 911 for a possible alcohol overdoseby themselves or another minor;2. The minor is the first person to call 911; and3. The minor stays on the scene and cooperates withmedical and law enforcement Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  16. 16. Over the Counter - Cough Syrup (DXM) Skittles Prevention Resource Center- Region 8http://www.dextroverse.org/sources.html (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  17. 17. The Anti-Energy Drink Chill out Relax Slow your roll Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  18. 18. Sippin’ on some Syrup Three 6 Mafia in 2000 "Syrup" is slang for codeine and promethazine. “Lean”, “Sizzer”, “Texas Tea”, “leaning” Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  19. 19. Songs Glorifying the use••2.- Three 6 Mafia ft. UGK - Sippin On Some Sizzurp•3.- Frayser Boy ft. Mike Jones Paul Wall - I Got That Drank•4.- Bun B, Mike Jones, Slim Thug - City of Tha Syrup•6.- DoughBoii ft. 20 20 - Sippin On Drank•7.- LiL Flip ft. Magno - Syrup In My Cup•8.- LiL Wayne -Me and My Drank•9.- Big Moe ft. Hawk, Z Ro - Po It Up•10.- LiL C - Get High Wit Me•12.- 20 20 - Purn N Lean•13.Pimp C - Pourin Up•14.- Paul Wall - Sippin Tha Barre•Far East Movement –Like a G6“Poppin bottles in the ice, like a blizzardWhen we drink we do it right gettin slizzardSippin slizzurp in my ride, like Three 6Now Im feelin so fly like a G6Like a G6, Like a G6Now Im feelin so fly like a G6” Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  20. 20. Prevention Resource Center- Region 8(210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  21. 21. Prevention Resource Center- Region 8(210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  22. 22. Prevention Resource Center- Region 8(210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  23. 23. A Lazy Cake is… A individually wrapped “dietary supplement” in the form of a brownie Looks like a brownie Tastes like a brownie Smells like a brownie Marketed as a brownie that helps you relax
  24. 24. THE RECIPE FOR LAZY CAKES! •Melatonin •Rose Hips •Valerian Root Extract •Hops Extract •St. Johns Wort Extract •Kava Kava Extract
  25. 25. What the label doesn’t tell you... 0.1 to 0.5 milligrams of melatonin is what is reasonable to ingest ◦ Some lazy cakes don’t tell you how much is in their brownie Melatonin side effects may include: ◦ drowsiness, dizziness, confusion, headache, irritability, vivid dreams, and a temporary reduction in attention and balance Melatonin shouldn’t be used by people with: ◦ autoimmune conditions , liver disease, clotting disorders Melatonin should not be mixed with: ◦ Herbs that cause sleepiness or drowsiness, such as kava kava and valerian ◦ The herb St. Johns wort About.com
  26. 26. What does the FDA have to say about Lazy Cakes? In calling the product unsafe, Michael Roosevelt of the FDA said in the letter that the agency is not aware of data that establishes the safety of melatonin for use as an ingredient in foods. He cited medical research that has shown concerns about potential reproductive, cardiovascular, ocular and neurological issues as side effects of using the drug. Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  27. 27. What the FDA is saying about this. Examples of factors and information that establish that the product is represented as a conventional food are as follows: - the product is alongside snack foods; - the name of a marketed URL, www.mylazycakes.com2 (accessed 7-14-11), that directs people to your product website, refers to a conventional food (cake); - the product is described on your website (accessed 7-14-11) as having “the same ingredients your mother uses to make brownies,” which is a conventional food; - the use of a combination of ingredients particular to a brownie (including sugar, flour, oil, cocoa, egg, and salt, in order of predominance by weight); - the appearance and packaging of the product as a brownie.(7/28/2011) Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  28. 28. Synthetic Marijuana Now Illegal One gram is about $40.00 Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  29. 29. Legal Status Update DEA Ban As of March 1st, 2011, five cannabinoids, JWH-018, JWH- 073, CP-47,497, JWH-200, and cannabicyclohexanol are now illegal in the US. Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  30. 30. K2 Spice Texas Ban Sept. 1st Possession or Distribution2 oz or less Class B Misdemeanor 2 - 4 oz Class A Misdemeanor 4 oz – 5lbs state jail felony Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  31. 31. Health Effects with Spice/K2What is there to worry about?
  32. 32. Effects of Use K2/Spice Paranoia  Hallucinations Nausea  Loss of Anxiety Consciousness Vomiting  Dilated pupils Seizures  Increased High Blood Agitation Pressure  Unsure about withdrawal or Rapid Heart dependence Rates Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  33. 33. Marijuana homolog exposures reported to the Texas Poison Center Network during 1/1/10-11/1/11 (n=1,026), caller countyAtascosa – 2 Galveston – 12Bell – 29 Guadalupe – 8Bexar – 101 Harris – 168Brazoria – 14 Hidalgo – 23Calhoun – 1 Jefferson – 28Comal – 10 Maverick – 1Dallas – 44 Uvalde -3Denton – 17 Van Zandt – 4El Paso – 54 Victoria – 9Fort Bend – 34 Wilson – 4Frio – 1 Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  34. 34. These bath salts are not drugs
  35. 35. Dangerous Bath Salts
  36. 36. What is MDPV (bath salts)◦ The term „bath salts‟ refer to commercially available products that have as part of their composition a legal stimulant called 3, 4- Methylenedioxypyrovalerone, or MDPV.◦ While they have become popular under the guise of selling as „ bath salts ‟, they are sometimes sold as other products such as insect repellant , or plant food with names like “Bonsai Grow” among others. Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  37. 37. The Effects of MDPV MDPV is a powerful stimulant that functions as a dopamine-nor epinephrine reuptake inhibitor (NDRI). It has stimulatory effects on the central nervous system and cardiovascular system. Physical: rapid heartbeat, increase in blood pressure, vasoconstriction, sweating. Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  38. 38. Common names of Bath Salts They are sold mostly on the internet, but can also be found in select shops locally.  “Red Dove,” “Blue Silk,” “Zoom,” “Bloom,” “Cloud Nine,” “Ocean Snow,” “Lunar Wave,” “Vanilla Sky,” “Ivory Wave,” “White Lightning,” “Scarface” “Purple Wave,” “Blizzard,” “Star Dust,” “Lovey, Dovey,” “Snow Leopard,” “Aura,” and  “Hurricane Charlie.” Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  39. 39. The Effects of MDPV Mental: euphoria, increases in alertness & awareness, increased wakefulness and arousal, anxiety, agitation, perception of a diminished requirement for food and sleep. MDPV reportedly has four times the potency of Ritalin and Concerta. Sometimes labeled online as legal cocaine or legal amphetamines. The effects have a duration of roughly 3 to 4 hours, with after effects such as tachycardia, hypertension, and mild stimulation lasting from 6 to 8 hours. High doses have been observed to cause intense, prolonged panic attacks in stimulant-intolerant users, and there are anecdotal reports of psychosis from sleep withdrawal and addiction at higher doses or more frequent dosing intervals
  40. 40. Bath salts exposures reported to the Texas Poison Center Network during 1/1/10- 11/1/11 (n=350), caller county Bell – 11 Bexar – 10 Calhoun – 1 Comal – 2 Dallas – 10 Denton – 2 Dimmit – 1 El Paso – 16 Harris – 76 Jefferson – 33 Victoria – 1 Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  41. 41. Banned as of Sept 1st, 2011 HB 2118 bans the sale of the drugs, adding them to the list of Texas controlled substances. The chemicals are Mephredrone and Methylenedioxypyrovalerone, also known as MDPV. Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  42. 42. Dangers/Legal Issues In 2010 there were 303 calls about MDPV (bath salt) products according to the American Association of Poison Control Centers’ National Poison Data System (NPDS). As of June 30, 2011 poison centers reported 3,740 calls (2,371 calls as of May 31, 2011). This shows the trend of how popular this class of drug has become, and the dangers associated with its increased popularity ( over 12 times as many calls in the first 6 months of 2011 than there were for all of 2010 ).
  43. 43. Prescription Drug Trends In 2009 None of these•Pain Relievers - 5.3 million (Vicodin, OxycodoneOxyContin, Darvon, Dilaudid, Demerol & Lomotil) should be•Tranquilizers - 2.0 million (Nembutal, Seroquel,)Benzodiazepines, (Valium, & Xanax) combined with•Stimulants - 1.3 million(Adderal, Ritalin, Dexedrine, Concerta) Alcohol!Sedatives - 0.4 million (Valium, Xanax, Promethazine, Rohypnol) 2010 Monitoring the Future Study - University of Michigan Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  44. 44. Did You Know? One in five teens (4.5 million) has abused Rx drugs. One in three teens report knowing someone who abuses prescription drugs. One in three teens surveyed say there is “nothing wrong” with abusing prescription drugs “every once in a Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  45. 45. Prescription Drug Trends•12 to 17 year olds abuse prescription drugsmore than they abuseecstasy, crack/cocaine, heroin, andmethamphetamine combined•60% of teens who have abused prescriptionpainkillers did so before age 15•There are as many new abusers age 12 to 17of prescription drugs as there are of marijuana Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  46. 46. Prescription Drug Trends 1999 = 4,000 deaths   2008 = 14,800 deaths  The number of Americans who died from overdoses of prescription painkillers more than tripled in the past decade, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) November 2nd 2011,http://www.drugfree.org/join-together/drugs/number-of-prescription-painkiller-deaths-more-than-tripled-in-last-10-years?utm_source=Join+Together+Daily&utm_campaign=4ba15a85a9-JT+Daily+News%3A+Number+of+Prescription...&utm_medium=email Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  47. 47. Marijuana Facts Burns at a lower temp. The lower the temp. the higher cancer causing chemicalsMarijuana is more dangerous than tobacco---its smoke has 50% to 70% more known carcinogens than tobacco smoke.Marijuana use during pregnancy has significant effect on school-age intellectual development Nationwide, as 14 states have legalized medical marijuana the“treatment rate” for those seeking help for pot abuse rose 31% over the ten-year span http://blogs.laweekly.com/informer/2011/01/marijuana_addiction_calif.php Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  48. 48. Marijuana Facts Heart attack risk is 5x higher than the ususal inthe hour after smoking marijuana (Harvard University)NIH 5 joints a week is like smoking a pack ofcigarettes, they take in as much tar and cancer-causing chemicals  Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  49. 49. Marijuana FactsYale School of Medicine, 2007 ◦Long-term exposure to marijuana smoking is linked to the same health problems as tobacco smoke, ◦Daily Cough, ◦Phlegm production, ◦Acute chest illnesses, ◦Heightened risk of lung infections, ◦Greater tendency toward obstructed airwaysSmoking marijuana weakens the immune system Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  50. 50. Marijuana FactsSmoked marijuana has never been, andwill never be scientifically approved formedical useThere are NO FDA approved medicinesthat are “smoked”Short Term & Long Term MemoryproblemsPsychotic SymptomsSpeed of thinking Prevention Resource Center- Region 8Depression (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  51. 51. Heroin- Signs of Use Sleepy Lazy PeacefulNodding off when in conversations Very tired Just look out of it Needle tracks Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  52. 52. Heroin Withdrawal symptoms: Shooting pains in muscles Sweating Vomiting (feel sick) Very drowsy or agitated Heartbeat & breathing slow down to dangerous levels Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  53. 53. Heroin Major withdrawal symptoms peak between 48 and 72 hours after the last dose Typically subsides after about 1 week Heroin withdrawal is not usually fatal unless the person is in very poor health. http://www.nida.nih.gov/infofacts/heroin.html Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  54. 54. Cocaine  Signs of Use  Withdrawal Feels Euphoric Energetic  Depression Respiratory Failure  Anxiety Strokes  Paranoia Seizures  Insomnia Abdominal Pain  Muscle & Bone pain Nausea  Vomiting Increased Heart Rate  Cold flashes Weight loss (decreased  Increase in appetite appetite) Malnourished Nose bleeds Needle marks Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  55. 55. Signs of Problem Drinking,Alcoholism, & Drug AbuseLegal problems (includingDWI, MIP, DUI, PI)Poor family relationsSchool behavior problemsHeavy smoking/drinkingTolerance Increase/Decrease)GeneticsCraving & preoccupationwith drug of choiceUsing to cope Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  56. 56. Referrals Mid-Coast Family Services 271-9452 www.midcoastfamily.org SACADA 225-4741 Tobacco Awareness Course 1x mo. ($70.00) 2 Tuesday’s & 2 Thursdays Alcohol Awareness Course (MIP) 1 x mo. ($50.00) Tuesday & Thursday Alcohol and Drug Abuse Education Program ($200.00) 1x Week for 12 weeks DWI Classes on weekends $70.00 Circles of San Antonio Community Coalition (COSA) cosa@sacada.org Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 www.facebook.com/circlesofsa (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org
  57. 57.  Blog: http://blog.mysanantonio.com/prevention- resource-center/ Andrea Salazar asalazar@sacada.org 210-225- 4741 Alexis Moreno amoreno@sacada.org 210-225-4741  http://www.facebook.com/SACADATex  www.twitter.com/sacadatexas  www.sacada.org Prevention Resource Center- Region 8 (210)225-4741 www.sacada.org

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