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2016 Havana Studio | Cleveland + Havana Analysis


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Kent State University's Cleveland Urban Design Collaborative led a graduate studio focused on the redevelopment of Havana's Nico-Lopez Oil Refinery. Based on information gathered during a one-week visit to Cuba, students generated a holistic vision to transform the 500 acre brownfield site into a viable harbor-front neighborhood. The range of urban design proposals include a public transit corridor, ferry terminal, urban agriculture farm, flood mitigation landscape. public park network, and wastewater biofiltration infrastructure.

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2016 Havana Studio | Cleveland + Havana Analysis

  2. 2. Regla Casa Blanca Ferry to Old Havana Ferry to Regla Distrito del Centro Puento Nico Lopez Distrito del Arte Distrito del Mercado Garanja Urbana El Bosque Paseo del Union Via M ercado La Avenida de la Refineria Via Triangulo Calle de la Bahia Paseo Alonzo Via Verde Centro de Agua 500’ 1,500’0’
  3. 3. size comparison Cuba Havana Nico Lopez Refinery Ohio Cleveland First Energy Coverage Overall: 42,803 sq miles Coastline: 2,017 miles Population: 11.38 mil Overall: 44,825 sq miles Coastline: 293 miles Population: 11.61 mil Overall: 281.2 sq miles Population: 2.12 mil Overall: 82.47 sq miles Population: 289,521 Overall: 500 acres Overall: 100 acres
  4. 4. employment 1. Agriculture 2. Industry 3. Services
  5. 5. neighborhood map
  6. 6. transit map
  7. 7. asset map
  8. 8. vicinity map old havana regala nico lopez oil refinery power plant
  9. 9. Vicinity Mapview across bay regalanico lopez oil refinery powerplant
  10. 10. 1980 20161915 1960’s 1957 Belot Refinery (New Jersey Standard Oil) Shell Oil International Oil Companies Nationalized First Energy Coal Plant Approved for Demolition Nico Lopez Oil Refinery history
  11. 11. Belot (Esso)+ Shell = Ñico Lopez
  12. 12. buildings on site
  13. 13. tanks on site
  14. 14. density
  15. 15. Large Medium Small tanks by size
  16. 16. re-purposed tanks
  17. 17. tank options
  18. 18. solar re-purposed aluminum cans glass solar tiles eTree charging station as shading mechanism as “forest” as tunnel
  19. 19. hydrowind
  21. 21. water photo by: Caitlyn Scoville
  22. 22. streets branching from plazas photo by: Megan Mitchell
  23. 23. narrow streets photo by: Megan Mitchell
  24. 24. streets become public space photo by: Megan Mitchell
  25. 25. termination/focal points photo by: Megan Mitchell
  26. 26. tree presence photo by: Megan Mitchell
  27. 27. frame the sky old havana regla photo by: Megan Mitchell
  28. 28. continuous plaza facades photo by: Megan Mitchell
  29. 29. chamfered corners, loggias, corner parks photo by: Megan Mitchell
  30. 30. pocket of light photo by: Megan Mitchellphoto by: Megan Mitchell
  31. 31. pocket of light Cuban American Sunshine photo by: Morgan Gundlach
  33. 33. -Buildings centered around an inner courtyard - Wrought iron important to culture Stained glass - Beacons at nodes of alley - In Old Havana the streets are narrow (sidewalks 4’ street 20’) - Layers of architecture: Colonial, Soviet, Modern - Community spaces all throughout the city - Need to reduce urban heat island effect architectural form photo by: Sam Friesema
  34. 34. -Bike represent a negative point in their history, so not prominent form of transport - Ferry across the Bay : $0.05 -Destination of ferry is from Old Havana to Regla or Casablanca - In Old Havana, there are minimal cars and more walkable - The water near the break-wall often hits pedestrians or cars - Many Cubans walk in the street, due to narrow width of the sidewalks effect mobility photo by: Lizz Weiss
  35. 35. - Tourism plays an important role in the economy of Havana -The seawall that becomes the world’s greatest bench -One of the most polluted Bays in the world - Redeveloped pocket parks all across the city from dump sites into planted, clean sites other facts photo by: Lizz Weiss
  36. 36. THE APPROACH
  37. 37. - remediate site - improve water quality - preserve heritage Nourish (0-20 years)
  38. 38. - public space and parks - build community and identity - culture - educate Establish (20-40 years)
  39. 39. - resilient waterfront - resilient waterfront -expand development - establish new traditions Strengthen (40-60 years)
  40. 40. - adaptive - continue development Thrive (60-80 years)