VOL. XXIII. NO. 24. "NEW YORK, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 25, 1862.
PDDL1SOED WEEKLY. ON SATURDAT,
UUERICAN AKTI-SUYERV 80C1ETI,
PENNSYLVANIA ANTI-SLAVERY SOCIETY,
105 North-Tenth Sired, rhlladtlphla.
Loticrt fur ruiiillciilnn, 01 le-lntnic in any v?S '<• "'
e.ll|..rl.ilr lint"! !li.-|..'li' r..-.li..nl-l le-„.|.lr. -it.l. l.l'ITi
nr rue. ...Tin>. .|. ls7..Sl>™(ST.swiic.M" l""i-
ilbfnf^Of l' ,
DR. HELLO TVS ON THE WAR.
j from [be address
r has developed i
If I were called on lo »ay wnat
spots in our polilic.nl orgamisti"'
which the fiery
betrayed, I sboui'i ™«b—
1 A want of fn national rcnrcr.cnu
bureaus, array, and ia all public plan's
ill, Srillirmt ciccutiocB—but as n ml;
d, heart- and will, are ool.npobl.
II iif lt)ii' ,
u. : i-.
TLb best b
ndmir l^t.-iiH" And tbi
I, (bo Slitve To
,g political life parly
eked tbi! beam, against even the special .i.linnfn:.- -
D tho S
ml I i"f">
rim. I u
,„..,,„, through one great interest—tbo ton
repr,-on>aii illowcd tlM'ir slnvcs-und tin
to pur, has" at nil limes, 1)> political bribes,
.Jcieul support (it the North lo overbalance the
political power ..f iho free Slates- Had there been
rar, a lav cry was already doomed to ilio, under
very acli.ui'of that ' V.n-.U un-.n winch lor seventy
ira had given it Id". I'or ill'-- GinsliUilion, in Hscll
vsidered and regarded ns b Federal document,
rlii' r pm-slavery "or nnli-slavory.
As Ibc federal power In to pass into the hands of
the majority, the Conslitniinn becomes favorable o
unfavorable to slavery, n.'tor.linf; lo Hi" character
tbnt majority. When the nation by its constitutional
representatives in anil-slavery, then Ihc Constitution
becomes *o,nnd not before. It did become to nt
hi,, ,1,,.. ion. To sustain that elc-iion. to uphold
1'reeioYnl bc-unic il>" fir.-t I most direct polic)
the free ami loyal States. That policy anticipated
no action on the subject of slavery. It was to '
care of itself. , ,,.,,,
I confess thru, fur on,-, 1 nie.inu-ly dc-ired tin
to take that course. I dreaded mi net nt an.
lion. It seemed in mi; to be identical Willi a St
ratsce, was present, to cheer and to animate by bold
"-.,.|.l'.„! ,,. il,.' Imt.1--.tv of nntiotiH have statesmen
een railed lu «
I.-- p-rlc nuance of lumber dune- than
tore tho men who were- aummnoncd. by the Admin-
.slration they bad placed m power, i' legi-bii, fur tv
land rent and ton, by discord and a turned by Ira-
te ma1 blood. Tl,"v entered with bravo hearts nnd
resulted spirit., upon the (-relit work imposed upon
them wilhii[iM,i-| ,cd dcvuioii and tireless mdus-
try The Adminiidi-Miuii as ted lor inur hilldrcd
(hou^and men mid lu'.ir buinlr.d million of dcilnra,
,md Conyre^ | ,r,.n, |.i 1^ i'.'iv" il lire hundred t ,..i--and
men ai.d liv* linnl.-l i»illi'>i. el dollars. The urmy
und navy were inciea^d. „i,d laws enacted for lb.
orr;ani7ation and povernmcril el tin.' milltarj ami
naval force.-, and f,T ^ippli inr the pcovcrnment sill,
the needed jntain to carry on the war, nbo-o [Ujuiii-
li, nrnnuriiiun. stai tl.d and imiitved the world.
^tateMiien oi Iln: majority in bulb huunn id I on-
er i-m clearly sure tlmi alnv.ry was nut. only the cause
and tbo motive powor ol tbo rebellion, but that
ibc eeaeeb« toil of iln f..nr imlliun of enforced fs-
(iuib unnhlvd ti-;,ison t-i lill ibe ranssH, feed and psv
ita armies. They would .piiekl. hirike at tho mall
onCBCiilinR tbo properlyor
il was in iteclf a great act of ji
feding espresstd on the biibjecl oy oce oi inu unumi
and most eli'v.'ited ebanipiolis ol tbo war.
To tbi; majority of ollieers and men, ibe prodama-
licn was welcomed aa :t nolurnl event—one that was
cedain to follow Ibe eonlinuanco of the war, and was
th-reforo not a surprise to any one. It will bo
ncrpiicsced i» H»(n by those who feel little roloresl in
Ibis abatrnut questions of slavery or
"It servca 'cm right; liny have been
enough, and thBrrcsident has usbibitcd
and patience in withstanding pu lonj; iliu pressure nf
diiler.'nt parlies upon bim. It is a right act, per-
formed at tho:igbt lime, and will be sustained by
tho whole army "
—wcro the remarks of moat of those
I cooverstd with on tho subject. Ksox.
CIU11LES SUHHER AS STATESMAN.
in the poli
Jackson, V„ .
that which ns Free ,-uilern bad split oil* from th.
Whig iis'-cadeney upon 11"' n.iiiiiniitiou of Len. fay
rPrc led Geo oS. Bo well n
false prelenso that it was an o n pi edged one.
ibci'iiueiit calling ol a
feupb-'s (.'otivenLon, anil
.> nomination ut Ijoii. D.venJ fur liovcrnor, wn.« a
ibuto to Ibe chariieter and inlluen.o of their r-,:„a-
r of which bis frieoda have a right to feel
,.,-ou.d. For the first time in nur poli'ieiil history, a
pnrlv has boon organised and a State ticket iioun-
nnled for tho sob' purpose of d. f.aiin^ the reck'ctiori
of nn whois not a.-tate L.lii.r. nnd nt-var aspirid
Gov. Andrew is ng;irdc-l with a I, -uli'y
lified by thu fewness of those who feel it :
thcbittoruc-TH with whieh Mr. Sumner i-i hated insists
on the grjiliticnlinn of a canrnss, even though a
hopeh'sa one ; and. since there wai no .xislirif,' party
rbick this could I- .',it,.mpted without mamfesi
i(y, one was organiv. d lor ibe purpose. And it
best that this should be. Let ua have a census
ot the friends and the enemies of Mr. Sumner in the
Stnte which ho has so honored
I have asid that, while other Senators have shared
hih convictions, none has ceiucd SJ enjphn'.icalK-. s,..
eiiiinenllv.ns lie toeinhod and repr.. sent ibe growini;,
ricepening, Anli-Plavcry eentiment of the country.
None bus s,.",ii'.d so invariably to reali;
|,ubli. wrong is a puWk dangor-tbat irij
lb" humblest and n-.-nki-.-it i=, peril ') tin! wtll-Leiii™ nl
all. Others have seemed to regard ibc reeent ilevol
icreed. There v
.arty under dure,
rn party under
iil'tvi uri-ini; -,-- mi ,'
ei,- r.citber of thorn in
ircatcucd with foruigo if
cihiib to retain f, d;:al
crlaitj nbeut cither our
o support them, as our
],', ,|„„„.,,|i,i,„i Ktruet work', behind
r.d.el'b" n-mvbt burl sb-.I nnd hI,"11 int.,
il. bared l.OTOm.H of our d.'vuled sons, hauling for
their country und, r the old (lag. Cut tins measure,
denounced by the trnitor Brecalnndf
of a aeries ot acta loosing all bom
low of tbo land.
As tho rebellion d"V"K,].ed ,f gig-'i
n-. 'he rebel con literacy manileited i
jwer, the loyal mnS'-es whost msiu
. Inctions of statesmen, did r~'
Blavory was the vital and itnualli
bullion, and that it should be cni
! all the constitutional nnd •
is noi so hiDornblu and open confession
there can be to secular occupation equal
dignity to that of n legislator and st»
ihould be tfcn noblest ambition of our
men to Gil fteso atations. They ought t;
as ihey do in England, and even in tbr
(he man who allows private interests,
nc*s or any other rmin' ibi.n inoompeten, >, s..
bim from oceepiinf public -dbe at Ibe call of hi
low-men, corrupl!. "ibe publi! censcieneo and^rorg.':-,
the most fnered duty of a good cit
strange thing il is, nt a time like tin
Abolitionists were w.i
paliticnl imdcrboi ai
i it hah proved I
lendenoy to imjin
a.l»Ace* have )« Of.
:ir present poai
in a perleet quandar) of
unknown, till they to
country at large, am
doubt whether these
'' A ti-e-jiid weakness la tie.' e^lranrdiuan abs"
of any machinery for tuing the re-ponsilulu
greai pnblieuiiitters. '!
he cnstitulion of our Ul .,-.
Th a ->ur. r nf infinile weakness. 1 lie beads ol ile|
mem, hold ibeit r l«.:es »i ibe will of ibe Pre.-i-
No amount of public distrust, no vole of cen
moves them to lay down lieu; power. Tbo who."
have bim. Tpu
Tbo wholo c ,otry w
negro Carbonoriom. by which
o be banded ami directed— w;
lerils associated with it in our al
t is nut freedom, but the wan
noucrection ; and the educated
ink tbat the p. I..
(hat alleged, tbat
hicb the credulous
a put to shame
in, or that immi
ie blacks asserted
I have any of the
p force o( Ibis, i
ilcd by tbecierei
ar powers of t
long Sburrill of the metropolitan '.'aunty, had been
born and reared in listen without imbilung some ol
its most cbcriolii'd " nutimis." Educated a Whig of
tbo school of John Quinoy Adams, he bad resisted
ardcnllynnd on Iln.- I.igl" st gruuiid- tbat annexation
of Texas to which—or rather to the spirit wbicb
ipelled and secured that annexation—may be
aoed nil our subseipient national trulls and woes.
When tbo Whig party in ltd* selected Oen. Taylor
lor it" ('residential candidate, and refused to endorse
his I. '.bim
Ives ibe I 're
a Secretary, 1 ot
President cboos- f io
worked under Mr.
have thieves and traitors in
luntry could not help iteel!.
,« when do amount of pnb-
hcad of department out of
|, r... ponsihility and care to
t and ublcat President, Our
o retire on the first espres-
i-cr.tho present annngoment
aciid an overwhelming negro
any theory bad prepared us to aaDapoB inon,
anaiii. proclaim emantipalion as mucb of you please,
youtflect it only ah you can give ll^sc v,lo uphold
davecy an argument nbi;h b:is lou eilges. Iintuc-
liate pruehimati.ui of einaneipati"" : "
of rebellion IhsIs in the South, ji
ipation att any other scbi
wisbea, and if
heada ol departi
President was, 1
has nnv policy,
look with awnz.'inem
with Uie uiru,..-t i.'nne,
which u President nt
3. A [bird
i, of e
rse be no
of oilu'-s high and low,
nod Counties. Uisverj
pie at large
really know bow aolitary the
little the Cabinet represent or
ia a consulting body, we should
t at the autocratic position, ar*
nnd pity on tbe aolilude
I'niu-d Stales is placed.
, tb._- local distribution mndo
Tba slaves will bold
till we have bold ol their masters,
This decree of emancipation, in rebel Stales, boni
of m.btar, .. -ccssitv, pruebiiuied L,y the rresident in
,be full weed* of war powers, is now the settled
in.l irrcl-calaolo law nf ibe nation, lu he -observed,
obeyed and enfureed " by army and navy and by tbe
voice of tbo nation. The enfurc.-meiu of this pro-
clamation will give peace nnd order, freedom ar
uniiy to a low .liKtrneii d tuuntn ;
ecforce it w.U bring wilt, it diyord and anar.liy,
diasovercd Onion and a broken nation. The issu
arc clearly and distinctly drawn by this proclama-
tion between law. and order, and freedom an -
,i-.„, on ibe one bund, and anarchy, and
eo-d and flavor)' and a shivered and dishonored
Union ou the other. Freedom, humanily and reli-
gion tho unerring vui..v ol p'Hri..,ii-in. pronounce^ all
attempts to defeat tbe ,'nl.,r..,'ib.iit ol ibis proclama-
tion. decreLiog tbe freedom of all slaves in rebel
Stales as unpatriotic, as criminal, aye. and aa Ires-
.....-..,- i -j,, a- were ibe efforts to defeat the final
:d,.i,me-.t of tbo Declaration of the 4th July,
Thu men who sought lo defeat the con
of that " proclamation of the universal
nation of man from tho thraldoi
, ,„ m„, !„«,' id" yiolu'.ing (In- least tittle of the
t„( eternal r- .ii''i'l". ba- theiein made a rui.
iatake— that nothing oltie caa he so importar
profitable as stern uprightness—such_ is tt
key-note of bis lofty and beneGcent cs
„ ,._;bsafed fail
S-nale tin! iinal on ri In
fanhfiilly, so uobly
^r, with that
roomily strong body
mo time been diatin-
united in the Hufl'ulo
n order to propitiaif; Slates
.ittle understood by tho peo-
l extent this policy is carried.
,-, u , u fth qualilica..cr...-.,.ll»lc-.i.-
required for the National olbeers. if tbo No.ttern,
the Southern, the Western, Ibc EoMOro Stales ate
only duly represented in the Cabinet or on (be
Supreme Punch, is inat'-rs nui that th; best men ic
tbo country arc wt aside and tbini-ralo persons pul
into these re.-pom dde positions Fiery btalo and
County baa its number of officers apporuootd
id dishonored graves, under the bh
id withering fires of outraged patrioti
,i patriotism burn us btigbsly now an
and tho men, " who," in the worda of .. „
r, "emerge from ibeir gl.ion.1 na tho absdow
r .'.n their country." tho men who pi
as so little I
and Ibe last thing i
is Ibe best man for the vacni
country in the world whit
Why is it that tbe land resounds with the i
ured tread of a million ol armed men? Why
that tbe Republic trembles with ib„ echoes ot battle.
Why ia it that our bright waters at.' -ts„„.d and onr
orec'n fields redd,-.„-d v, ,th in.i'.roal blood r Why is
S .bat -be young men of America, in the pride and
bloom of early manhood, are aummoned from homes,
r-om tbe mother* who borD
nd eituers who love them, to the GelUB of bl.'o.ly
rife— there lo do soldiers' duiies, b.nr soldiers
jrdens, and fill soldiers' graves? Why is it that
jnusands of tbo men nnd the women nt I'bnstian
,merica nro sorrowing with aching Hearts
jarful eyes, for the nbsent, tbe loved "-'
tho heart of loyal A
d with aoxiely and
Tbe— eriues against ibe peace oi the ouuntiy
"ifa of tbe nnUon are all, all *-
alio mg > thii
out nnd another goee in. I with every Slate wen
fro.. ,,, 1:,; repr. Henied in Congress or Senate by an;
oersons all over the l-nioii whom it chose to send.
Tod Ibat all olbee, »,, filled a, all times without
the least reference to Stato or County, and with o
reference to competency. .
i. Tbe irrcspunsibb-ne.-s of tbe Cabinet to
nation hi "ins an irresponsible ness of bureaus
head:, of departments and ol" officials to heads of
Touub—which is n uinrked feature of n moat terrible
weakness—rum, ing ibr-jiigh ibc civil und by
ending to the military
i f„r the
of his fellov
i slavery perpetual and
a Lunation nod rcfiUn
rjcjt Iirnpc-rly.nl health
ifii— these appalling B
i ua are all the inflictions of slavery 11
,ntie eDbrt to foood a slaveboldiog e
tbat plunged tbe :
darkness ol civil
hands are drippit
s tho eons pi
•onspiracy against the unity anu
jpublic. Slavery is the traitor
ion into the Gre nnd blood and
constitution;*! ri-jLU -vt-jJi r,
-bould r"iaeiiibei' ibe lutenfib- " skulking neutrals,
mid ibe sticklers for " rightful authority in 1.
ere joining in giving aid ao.l ..onifi.rt to Ibe tint
,d,i.-"l- iv ho now iniidli threaten,
upon any a'
Wing mad- lu eyeeutc Ibc prccbiuiiiiinn ol Abrali,
I ii„-,dn to 'hoist Ibe Ida, I: Hag,' and proclaim nr.
nl I'Mi-rniitintioii, to secure lis withdrawal or nrr^.
" I'liiru.ii-ui instinctively endorses
this proclamation of emuncipatioii ;
treason in ever)
fibre of its being strie,:* with bloody bands tuibroti),
il. In tbe fiery and bloody struggles through which
thia proelamauon nn.si pass, struggles that will at.t
this nation lo lis pi-..|.;,ui„lcst depths, pnlnotism will
mark mid brand as trailers, .m, tbey not cowards,
I morn for the safely of thu slaves
than for tho blood of brave men
fighting the battles of tbe endangered country—
more lor tbe perpetuity nf slavery in rebellion than
for the unity and perpetuiti nf ibe Republic.
try is lion ll'.c-i •- n tbe- stonni naiesol
Darkness lowers and tempeals threalco.
are rising, and learning and breaking
around ua and over us with engulfing fury
amidst the gloom the star nt dut; '<•-'- i'= "
radiance over tin- dark and i in u bled writ. --. making
luminous our pathway. The duty or the hour is as
i, llliu lu the clear virinii r.t Inielbg.'nt p.", ', '-
though it wer.' written in letters ol ligbt on IM
bending are he* of the skies. Tbat duty IS, with
every L'um-eption of the brain, every throb of the
heart, every aspiration ol the aoul, by thought, by-
word nnd by deed, " to observe, obey and cnb.ree
bo wise, far-seeing, patrioiie, liumane and Chr™,,n "
lolicy ombotlied in tbe proeb :
tbeWilmot Proviso. Mr. Sui
eally few but intellectually anil
of lioslonians who had for at
guished us " Couacieueo " in r.
" Cotton " Whigs, revolted nnd
movement i-,l,i.l, culminated it, ._.
support of Van llureii audi'. F. Adams. The cban,
ofbase of Sir. Webslor on tho 1th of March, 1851
tin' passage of the new compromise measures of that
year, including the Fugitive Shv- law , ibe practical
adkerence iber-lo of ibc Whig as well OS of the
[lemocratic ori'ani/ation, added strength to tbe ban .1
and ridiculed " third party," which at length became
able to dictate tenin. to Ibnt large minority of tbe
pfopleof Massacburetls which lunged in grasp pow.-r
til ,- Stale, but could only do so by thl
Fr... Soil yule. The Constitution of that,
New England Stales, r-, purine nr, al.-ofsile mnjunty
to elect, no l,ov,;r„o. was chosen at the eleC "
l-',U; but ibc coaliiinn aforesaid gave the dc .
and most of the Male olbeers to Ibe Heme rats, nnd
tli" United States Senator tu the Free Soilers. St
nf lb" Democrats lung refining to support Mr. .-
net, his election was barely elTccted. and Only ft
several fruitless cflorls.
llr. Sumner bad h.lWrlo been known ratber as n
scholar und orator tbaii as a statesman. His dnt.
e political views were not shared by one-fourtfi
. „_ fcllow-cilixen, in the State, nor by one-tyven-
tieth of the people of the Union. Ot the legislator*
votes sent him to the Senate, n mnjunij uwe.1
,,h i„ (l,n-.- wbu r-gard,d anti-slavery
every form with abhorrence, These be made i
attempt to conciliate or cajole. No one was .;ith
deceived or bribed into his support, lie dei.recat.
no prejudice and plfc-aied no hostility, rbuse wl
elected bun knew exactly what to expect, and ba
" lappoinled. .
lertook bia seat in a Senate which bad
never boinre been so inlensely ,
all but iiniiniiiioush-
l,ru-«lnvery and .iL-mi, L.: was u,-l,u, livi-l) r.-i-nr.l
'M- ; -'"', ''-' :
,,,|^,-.,. io rding any tu-e. gusriintees to ' "~
slalery He had no other political object tbi
loihcek.scondli lu, -ripple, and ultimately I. .
ilirov., the Slave '1'otver. Profoundly convinced I'bat
slavery and liberty are incompatible— tbat thl
slavsment of any mvieh s and inipius ibe rigb. ,
all-be grappled' d.icctlv ami boldli with the liatclnl
m-titut.'.n," instead ot being . onttnt with resisting
.. , a- e rc-"ion.-. Slavery, in Ins view, yvna not to be
rcprebiu.d and resisted nu-r;;l> becae
u „ of the demon — .
illy so uolily resisted ; and that from Gi
to i'anama, from the St. John to the Pacitic, the
n bia daily course looks llr"
are '.—Horace Greeley, n Tie Inilfjiendenl.
|l'i''-''rout't''--c,f '.las's and local legislnt
and take a step forward ir
anil univer '
l,.,b tl . :,l I,
THE PRESIDENTS PROCLAMATION.
Is ao many arid forms which Stales incrnat them-
lives with, once in a century, if so olien, a poeiu
t and record occur. These are (be jets ot ihM.glu
Koallaire, w|,"ii, roused by danger or inspired by
the polilical b-ad-rs ,,t' the dny l-reak iln: el-e
. .i.i_ _^..,:_~„r ^t nnB r.T,,i IopmI legislalioti,
Every step ia the hlslory of
i a sally ol" Hie human mind into ttic
„| Las Ibe inleresi of g,niu9. and in
anecdotes. Liberty is a alow fruit.
_ like religion, for .licit p-riods, and in rare
conditions as if nwnitiu" a eulture ol the race "bicli
-ball make it organic and p-rmiinent. -neb moments
„| expansion in modern bi-lnrv ivc-re the eonlessie..
nf Augsburg, tbo plantation ,.( America, the I'.ngli-,
n..uw,'altbnl li.fi. Hi" io;ctarni,on of America!
i ,-„!,. ,.- [ „lcr.,.e In l"6. the Pre.-"', ..n,ar...pai,
slaves in tbe West Indies, the p -i :
;o cf Ibe It.
Pill, the repeal of tbe Corn l.iw". it" Jlagceiic
iiecati-Telegrnpb, though yet im|. -!. '.
'." '"- '
ibe Homestead lull in the la-; t i»,-ui. ar.J now
iiu'iitly. l're=ident Lincoln's prcclamat.on cu t^e
twentv-seeond ol September, TM.se are acts of grea
scope; working on a long future ami ,., permanent
inlereats, and honoring alike tbo-' "bo initiate so
those who receive them. These measures provoke
iny ioy, but are received into a sympathy so
__ __:.... h.t mnrlil,,! '. r" e |V '! I" T rilld
WHOLE NO, 1,168.
msofihe mechanics, ttieenduraoee of farmers, the
tsiionatc conscieneo ol women, tho sympathy of
atant nations, all rally to ita support.
Of course, we are a-suming tbo firainess of the
,li, v thus declared. It musi nut be a paper procla-
alioo. We confide that Mr. Lincoln is in earnest,
id, ns he has been slow in making up his mind, bos
resisted tho importuaacy or parlies aad of o vents to
tbo latest tuomeat, he. will ho as absolute ill his
adhesion. Not only will bu repeat aad follow up
bis stroke, but tbe nation will add its irresistible
trength. If ibe ruler has duties, so has tbe citizen,
i times like those, when tbo nation is imperilled,
batman can, without sbtime. receive good news
-obi day todav, without giving good news of him-
self ? What right baa any one lo read in tho jour-
nals tidings of victories, il he has not bought ifiem
by his own valor, treasure, personal sacrifice, or by
good in his own department 1 nl. this
,vcd from our national honor, this heavy
, nlf tbe national heart, we shall not fear
ard tt> show our fne.s among mankind.
Wu (.ball cease to be hypocrites and pretenders hut
hat we have atyled our free in.Milutio.is will bo
'in' tho light of this event, the public distress bo-
lus to bo removed. Wbat if 'be brokers' quota-
onsshowonr Blocks d,;.,.rediied, and tbo g"ld dul-
ir cost- on" huudfd nudtw. iiivoovonconts t These
..1,1— ."• [.Uautoui. r,.u» »cr» lu
intial value on tho twenty-
isepnaiibor. The eaus" nr disunion and
been reached, and begun lo be removed. r.very
man's house-lot and garden are relieved ol thu mala-
ria wbicb Ibu pureat winds and the strongest sun-
shine could not penetrate ami purge. I lis territory
of the Union shines lo-dny with a lustra which eve ry
F uro] tea n emigrant can discern from Tar: a sign of
inmost security nnd permanence Is it feared that
taxes will check immigration i fW dcpaodB on
what tbe tasea are spent lor. It iL-y gOM lill op
Ibiayawaing Dismal Swamp .yl h^ngulple -I ar-
-ali-,.d hitherto sill tb" vn.M capabilities of this enn-
nent. then this taction, which makes the land
bolesomo nnd habitable, nnd will draw all men
..nto it, ia the best investment in which property-
bolder ever lodged bis earnings.
Whilst we have pointed "Ut 111" .-,pp,rl'in,'l,.;s, nl
e proclamation, it remains to bo said that the
President had no choice. Ho might loot wisllully
for what variety of courses lay open to bim ;
Una but onn waa closed up with fire. This one, too,
bristled wilh danger, hat tLroogb it was tho sole
safety. The measure In has adopted was impera-
tive. It is wonderful to seo iho unseasonable ,,-nil-
ity of what is called iho Peace parti ,
ibrougli nil its
mtn-Ls, blinding Ib-ir .yes to t nam fealuro of the
uar-nauolv its luevilauleness. 1'liu war existed
Ion" before ibe cannonade of Suinicr, and could net
he postponed. It might have begun otherwise or
"Isenhcrc.butwnrwaa in the minds and bones ol
the cou.balaot.3 ; it was written on the iron leaf, and
you might as easily dodge gravtlatioa.
consonled to n peaceahlr ~"
^ n of tbe rebels, tbe
„,. .,„.der States made pcacea-
01 ble secession •• saiblo lb. iaeatiablo temper of the
m Sou'h mado it impossible, and the slave* n the hot-
i" I r wtnrei.r 'b. t.or.k: might be, were ™n imes
j, .iol i c-l in i. ..I bo f >iv" 'be Confederacy
Thulium and Kicbmoud.and tbey
| ( i
~ t . Louis and ll.illitnoie
..ui these' and ttey'would havo insisted ot.
Wosbingtou. ti.yo then, WashiogWo, and the)
Lnvo tissnme.l tbe army ^and "
, that mnakind ai _
. At such times it appears
created lo greet the new event,
ntor, having ended tbo eompli-
:ies wilh which he conciliated
run over the superficial fitness
'ho measure ho urges, suddenly,
loudly thus far ar
audience ia found
encroach „pou soil nubllully consecrated to _free
labor; it encroached because it was essential!;
vicious uniust, rapacious and l.alcliil. Others might
he -atiflied witb tin; re.- trie I ion or diminution of the
area which tins deadly I" pas might be authorized lo
blight ; he chose to lay tbe a.vo to the root ol the
tree and so be rid "I" us pestilential ellluvia forever.
I'uurteous and deiercnlial in bis mantiOrs, be ain-
ccrel, ile.ifcd to maintain the kind-'- personal rela-
tions widi those who .vera to be for years hi* daily
associate- and coworkers for tbe public good ;
(ln t yv,a liaoLthlilv refused. Tbe Whigs naturally
r ,.s..,rd,.l bun 'is no who bud as-isted and priifitcd
, .... ..,i.,. „r „f il.,.,r i, art viti M as saebaset Is. and
eat of Webster, Evi
ats felt bound to a
urprised and overawed :
the heart of the as-sembl.
;iu ni.ssivc and naconeemed, at
rcl.i-d and kindled tbat they come loryvard,
a represeatativeof mankind, standing for
reme moderation with which the President
10 his design,— bis long-ave.wed e.tpi'ctant
policy, as if ho chose to be strictly the cvccutivc ol
|,o best public sentiment of the country, wai
mly till it should
id that i
York, and Hnston.
l "till- batile-licid would have been nt
in that event as it is now. Tbo war
le, hut could not be avoided. I he war
i immense mischief, but brought with
e benefit of drawing n line, nnd rally
States to fix il impassably—pr, -vein. ug
"tbe whole force of So e.n connection and inlluence
throughout tbe Nnrll. ir.uii disiraeiing uvcry city
-lib ™.li». confusion, deieelune- lhat force and
redocmg it toL.-iudfnUand in the progreu of 1.08-
-infecting u" -r
the f'-tu, _ irnleadi u
. dictated (lu- conduct
of tbe Federal gov
by our foreign crit
Opponents ol tbe
abse: e of i eipl"
in the government, froi
Jed exaaiiuallon inlo complair
],-,-t.l._- aduiuii-iration of peaalli .
and ir.erti.c-ssin llu- ctal-
nebow to get3 manage-
u u, ^ueh u dreadful deficiency.
If anybody imagines ibis government is perishing
of red tape, tbey may abamlmi their fears. Iho
painled stripes on a barber's polo have as much sig-
nificance as most of tbe red tape against which I
have run. If all the rules and regulationa of the
government in all ils departments were rigidly en-
forced ; if every tape was blood-red nnd lightened lo
—a rule enforced ic-day and
pressed by (his oflicer and i
Other (having thu same du
dreadful contusion and obor
Slavery, bold, proud, doiiiiaooritig, will, bate in its
heart scorn in ils eye, defiance in its mem, has pre-
nouneed against tie: existence of republican institu-
tions in America, m-ainsl lie- supremacy uf tbo gov-
ernment, tbe unitv and life ol the nation. Slavery,
baling IbeeliensLcd instiiuiions that lend lo secure
tho rights and enlarge the privilege* ol mnnkinil,
despising the toiling maS--e.s, ils iu.i.ImII-S and white
slaves, delung tbe government, its Const,!. it.cn. and
:,a laws, has openly pronou I itselt the mortal
,ad una,, pea sable enemy ol lb- He public. Slavery
.lands to-dav the only el.-arl. pronounced foe
muntry btis'on lb" globe. Therefore, every
.ipnke'ii, everv line written, every
keen- tbe breath of life, for a mc_. .
a-ainsl tbe exi-t,r,.,. and perpetuity ot democratic
nsiitutiuns— against the dignity of the toiling mil-
ions "t America—a-aiust iln- liberty, tho peaco, tbe
honor, tbe renown and tbo life of tbe nation. In
tbe lights of to-day tbnt Hash upou ua irom camp
and battle-field, the loyal ")c. Iiearl and brntn of
ieasees and t,.!s and i.'ali;, s lhat run death
ur.iv i-i mi: tu'c of mi; .evtios! The loyal
y despised by lhat
-which makes the
ound in so many of
H, fails to tbaw,diH-
ic-rs. Itnt think of
t performed that
of tbe 22d
id eoforco" tl
„.„...,diug"lhe Chief Magistrate, w
ima it with such men, nnd such men only,
a and declared opinioos, bail and welcome
,wdiug tbe ranks of thi
" near It,,- n, II. "1
rtlng Pence and Frecdoi
ir party g.
tho just sequel of his prior aels,-the firm
vhich he announces it, without inllation or
m._all these have be* poke a such favor to
tiiat, great as the popularity of the- President
has been, we arc beginning to flunk that we have
nndcresiitualed tbe c.pacit, and virtue which Ibc
Divine Providence- has made an inslrumentof beua_Ul
so vHBt. He has been permitted
Amen, a llu. a an; oilier American
entitle, I to ibe mo=l indulgent eon;
all tbat wo thought shortcoming
,',-erv delnv. lu Ibe c-.ylre 'in'"
part, call these endurnnee, wind
illuminated, oa they now a
:s. Tbe popular siat-iii-'d ol tbe
ar nt.toa.l m the impossibibt, ol
.. .ou could add," say they. " lo your
ireogllt Ibe whole unuv nl l-:„gland. of l-'raiieo, and
,1 Austria, you could no. roe .ugh. million ol
people to come under ibis government against inn
This is an odd thing for tin laipl, ,broan, a
Frenchman, or an Austrian to say. who i-mcniiers
the Europe of tbe last seventy u-;i,,-tt." ci-l .mi
of Italy until IS'.'i-ol Poland, since liBJ-o
Francdor French Algiers-of Pri.isb l.e and, ami
Dritinb India. Hut. granting ihc t.ulb, rightly read
„ftb"bisi.,r,cal aphonsm, flint "the people always
eoaqucr," it is lu b- noted tbat ia the boathe
..._?. A. r innd, and Ibe local laws, with
,„ „„..ib1 system aot a democrat!.; but
autocratic eouipb.-Mon ;
and those Stales
-down every year a mure hostile, and aggrt—
,em^r,-.^n,.. instinct of self-preservation forced
Suites, the I
slavery, give thu s,
'hostile and aggressive
,cs instinct of eelf-preservali
ir. And the aim of the year on our
dby the aim oi lb" President s pro-
or io be tolerate
"•vsxi-t';;-';;,;.,,.-] .. -.» »r«
ore-ut parties tbc-n just entering upon tbe carle
,,Joldccnv, vvu-ibei-eruc.ino,-w, c.u.,.: or ,.,,
;,. d..,,d,-.j „mvi,-iioiis. Though Ins tibdiiy. b
luii-oments. bis pei-sonal worth, were undispule
was nt corded a pit r two of the
,siruiiiu.aiii i-ommittcaa, being reg;arded
much as he would have been in eome great
Richmond or New
TI1E HRST SEVTS OF THE FB(lCU.yjrAT10.S.
At midnight, on the battle-field, I beard tbo sound
ol coming footsteps, nnd u voice- earneat, but almost
i the distance. Nov
rimes and JWoun
eeing tho slaves 1
,got the Pre idunt'a
jgel voices when they sang
,„ the" shepherds of .luden, tbnt voice rnng again and
a-ain through Ihc silent and slumbering camp- It
was once more tbe annuneintion of " Peace ou eartli
-good-will to aien I
" Seizing the welcome mec-son-
ter and eagerly perusing ibc pre, bunation, 1 ened,
thank t.ud.itmre its light ale-ad ; there is hope for the
country: all hail tbe yn-wi.-e of freedom—d 11..H11
ig hosts of liber
courl-martial suspected pen
officers, than to go oa wiiuum. m» .1
condition of ul I subordination, all order,
must have dUciplint
:up three months an
1 and properly charged
r, the President, b>
.„. Tbirty-sevt-nth Congr.
„ ^n tho fourth of -My, and at neon un tl
dm longer^ assc-mbled lo enler upon the migl
ask imposed upunil by Ibc ualmnalperds. BCJ
hairs in both chambers v, villi impressed upon the
uind tbo gigantic proportions of tbe rebellion, ami
l,e fearful "magnitude ot the impending elruggle,
ind inspired tbe soul with something of awe 111 tbe
iretenco of events so transcendent. Few of the
biefa of slavery were present lu dominate, seduce
3i corrupt. Tbe eleni-ln-adcd, practical, dominating
llavis— tbe erratic, reckle-s, fdu-i.-rmg Toombs—the
a, complirhcd, timid, .-tiuiinus Hunter—tho eloqur"
puli-bed insincere lkiijmi.il. —tbe pretentious, p.
nous Mason—the bold, mlmit. unscrupulous Slidell
—the dark, cold, bitter Clay—the genial, courteous,
fanatical Brown, ami ilieir conquers in cona piracy,
i sedition and treason, plotted their foul, dark and
infernal work no b-ng.r in tbe 1 apilol of the nation.
Hut Breckinridge, the chosou el, id of incipient iren-
on, not lesa guilty than his absent compeers in crime,
vas present 10 cavil and criticize, to denounce the
lets of loyal patriotism en- lie slunk away to atrike
tt tbe heart of the country ibnt bad trusted and bon-
. ored bim. Thu chair of Douglas vvns vacant ;
long opponents guied sadly upon it, for Ibey grate-
s fully remembered tbat tbe closing hours of his
'ed life weru given to patriotism, lo adjuring
voted followers re .ling lo tbe lnton,andcru
God—and all the ricople
shall cry, " Amen." Tbo good nnd the just ia all
leads are, from thia hour, pledged to tbe struggle
now waging against anatocra. 1 and slavery oa Ibis
comment, and " l.iberiy and Pni.m. now aad forever,
10 and inseparable," have found a new and true
ipoundcr. Every soldier's arm n |, all be nerved with
_)W energy—every heart endowed with fresh courage,
for the prayers of good men and of angela shall
strengthen bim and shield bis bead in the day ol
Unwilling to enjoy lb- good news alone, I roused
one and another, and read to ibc-m tbe proclamation.
On a cot near by lay the wasted form of an officer,
who sprang up and clapped bis bands for joy as be
beard the welcome news. I did mil nl lirst ncugtin-
333 for. to 20 or
Nebraska, bill, the Kansas
Lceomptoa fraud, continually swelled t
Drl.ans. bad be i.i^tcd on sitting there from da. o
day and making tbe freest and least 1
iVuia on tbe na.ur, ami ...nden.-o.-a of the .business
there transacted. Who then foresaw or imagined
lhat he would one day be Cbu.rnuin of the Umi
on I'ureb-n .MTairs.a leader ol tbe majority. 1
Posted counsellnr of the President . « ell aught be
(Hy,in his recent noble oration in Faneu.l Hal ,
r,.-|,oii-" lu th" Presid, id's proclamation ol freedom
"iUkt.ud lhat 1 have lived to see this day!
Tl,c brutal nssault w herewith slavery ,
ruininli- Pio-'ks, K.-ilt and hdmomlsuli, replied t,
hl,e.vp"snreof" Ibe crimes and outrages » h bio
marked her career and illustrated l,er_ character 11
tanaaa, was one of tbe inspirations ot ibc sp, ntc
rremonl canvass oi 111'"-', winch syticbroinic-d will
tbo close of his first term, and re due., d lu a <<-™i"^>
the oppositioa to his
_.. pervading the
iree Slates, unl.l the eh- (ion 0! Lincoln, the ; '
u f ih,- ,-,.,. mi. Stales, tu, d ultimately that of
the border slave- Stales also, completely transformed
the Senate, so that, (or the last two sessions, an-' "
portion of that preceding lle-m. Mr. .-u„ie,r baa I
[„ ., majority in a bod. cheli he c-nlnred with sea
Iv ball "a tb-'icn .-oinpatriuts, and lias been aid'
sceure lb" adopiion ol imponant uie.asures where .
iormerly struggled inellectually to deteat those ol
his haugbiy and i.onte-u.piuous antagonists.
!,', -',<, that be relurns the bale- or ; ,
with ha wtis visiled in his days ol adversity _
lhat his intento condemnation of tho crime againat
humanity now culminating in r
ly ,hu 1.
|„. r, -i..,,. l i"ioi,"..l a lar-'e number of officers in the
ami t', -, ee--ion'oi" ibree Slates, on iho pro-
n,,l.ation ol it,- polity)— when we seo how tbe
rreat -take who b b'-reigu naliotia bold in our allairs
,'„. i,.,r.ur l'["Ugbt every Kurupean power
li t I 11 to tin- , uurl and it' became every day
,,,.,.,,-,-ntwb'it "".ant,.- and what remote uilere-ts
EtaM") lb '-' ' kdBi"" cf XU Wf.,„. ,-ai, hardly say 'ibe deli'., .anon was too Ion
Against all timorous enunsels be bad the courage-. .
seize Ibe moment: ami such was h,a posilion. and
,ueh Ibe felicity a,n-„di,,g the nciio.i. that be Ua.
reidaeed gure'n nt in tbe good graces of mankind.
™X .. .?_;_.... :^ .1.. .^e.^.nign than plenty 111 th.
fis wonderful whai
ed, and bow its ill oji
11 of Southern si ic-ly, t
,„, only -
Mt and bealibful basis. Then now ufGnt-
t, (he old repulsions will cease, and, the
n," say the Chi
power is, and bow ill .. -
mak.-s lit" mean. 111, -1 .be- s'.insbiie
iucric:i bad lost mucb of ils nltra
nature in the people, aud Iho ii
which (raud and violence eneou
governors work at a geom.
ummer day atoms to repair ill
or war. r , ,
A day which most of us dared
eat worth tbe dicadlul
,'„.,„!„., ed Is. lie- g-"-'ll
t b-i[,e lo Sc
. and plotting bra
ill Btrike, and all men ol Alricni
faculty enough to find their —
ed of the pro
should bo suddenly a
gigantic and fiendiah
harsh toward those
n and a vicious social
nl, ,-f treason. Ob the
uttu-rnnce bespeak hi~
At tbe outset of this war all prudent and w
menwhokiiow tbc-tcmbh- dangers uf anarchy wt
concerned thai the sirile should he carried on for the
defence oi ibe i.onstitutiun and the Lino. .
enforcement ol the laws ;
and certainly tbat was the
oiilv rn.li.-v nn wbicb a President, a Uabiaet, a Cob-
„ .,y,lrn i
'. "I the to to uphold aad ddentl the
]:, ,, ,
airy nn tbe war. Moreover "
.,,'.',,,, ii, .v. ,-i.im nt was. made becau-e
rV-'ti'u",' li bad l*'l 1" nn "b.c-liuu unfavur.-lblc te
->-.. 1 al'ivem 11 was deemed lhat there ci
had fallen exhae
.. -ed it wasCol. Clark of th" L]l-t .Massachusetts
Itegiiiient. Alter incredible mar. lies, bard-luugb.
battles, aad miraculous escapes from death on the
fiuld, his regiment reduced in ibe fragment of what it
unself prostrated b. im.e.asani lighting, bi-
lled nt ibe en mp of Gen. llurnside,
waiting the return of his wasted
rengtii. I had not m.l him since ibe battle of New-
ern, where be bore a most gallant pan, and where
many ol his hraveat officers and men fell by hia side.
He has since participated in all ibu great bailies of
ihe PeaiBsula, and more recently in those of Virginia,
and now he had scarcely a full company left- ^et
be rose up wilh all bis nout'd energy, nud, mapping
his hands, thanked tied for the proclamatinu. •'
would do more good than a dozen battles; wool
briuir to our side, not only tbe active aid of tho mi
,ndage, but secure tu ns IL.- ,-v mpatln- ; and
_.:__ ;- r...A_r n.-tqaj I
to bo close befoi
descent who bavu
of American law.
necessary lhat this measure
rkedbyany signal results on
. .„„ rebel masters. The lore,; ol
,ue act is that u commits the country .0 tins |a-iiec—
tbat it compels lie- innumerable- olbeers. civil, .milia-
ry, naval, of the Republic to range; tb-m,elv..s on be
Hone it cannot be undone by a new A.I ministration,
lor slavery n.erpowers tbe- disgust of the moral sen-
:imeBt only through ,u,meiu.,r,al usage. '
all,,!" it,-, crime and false pesiti on. The
_ .__ ailent joy v
generous hearts, and ihene
to tho world.
It was well to delay the sin
iti! this edict could be put ot. uu..». .......
surauce lo Ibe ship as 11 go, s plunging through I."
a with glad tidings In all people Happy are fit
)un" who find the pestilence eb.-ansed out 0! tne
earth" b-.avine open m them an bni.-.-t career, llappy
tic old yvbo"ee nature purified before- they depart.
D soV ^il,,!, 'l.e b'.bl tbe-tti back lo.hu,
world until von have charged their ear aud heart
with Ibis message .a < r spiritual slices, an-
nouutiag ibe meiiornlimi of our planet.
''.','i g','j'.'"i'u''"i'due. .-Ii-.e-. .,1 c'l.llc-.i nee."
Meantime that ill-fated, luiieh-injurcl race which
the 31tion respect, wdl lu,- ;-„u,ewbat of the
deieo^ttSuredSr ages ia their bronzed eouo-
,:,;ine:. ot.ered m the wailing "I ibetr plaintive
music—'a race tialiirully benevulent. joyous, docile,
industrious, and whose very im.enes sprang from
their great talent fur usefulness., wbicb, in a more
manage, will not ..nl., dety-l tl.e.r
^^J)-iUeive them a rank ammig 11.1 ,ms.-Jv.ii,;/t
, Emerson, in Th* AW* ii^hly M -«°-
AND EASY VIRTUE.
speech at the Cooper 1
forcing bis proposilioa
ot Davis and bin coale.
and ihe- l.iw. l>coc
first condition of
solves right. Wo have reco'
false position, and planted
moral Jiupport of every nation :
0,- ancti'iis, loyiug aspiration tbnt
,,.'. 10, >.>uth sbuuld make haste
, out '."lor l'."nii,-< ber once more docile to the
i„i„.ir.ol r-a-cm of Conscience, and of patricl.sm-
Mr. Sumner's second tern, expiring with the pre-
,,11-T, ... ,t w'i- ,1,-11' -'' 'h 1 those .'!,-" ,.'.,-',«... ...
.,.,-ure-d in pulling
"rebukedW hi- co - a ,d n.or -I by .be ,-onside- f.rst condition of success
7,,. i,|,- -.vol, should makoadeape-
Buroiie. Besides, I attempla to elect an anti^umner Ug.Blatnro, on the ot ue 01
r 1 „([,-' rhii-.s 'ilo-'mioc .ill "--;' '"'""-
i,,,. I i[. oi-J .iture f.ilcet llll
arnt«y be the way inwhich llr. Van Puren
but it is cErlatnly not tbo course which
'nnd moral men w"ould recommend; it is
ni'iha course which society has pre-senbed. it Ims,
X be contrary, stamped such loose conduct with
, lr, Mrem.-e.at diaspprolmnon ; n re-eommcmli tidclil.
,o y^v. which, noVonly for the interest of the persons
themselves, and of their offspring, but more espe-
,»y for tbe intere.U of society at large, _a«. mn
tvocable, " »» bo
irluyua ami Cbrisli;
,mend a did -nm c-nn
.^mcc'.h.Aia,^ out Mr. I',," fc'i" 1
the dUogrtemenl ojftrrtn hvtbawl <>i<i «
S.iciety, made up
^ - - - -AfsS ^
, ,'inofoy'iTrreo "in»n,nnd ibo woman a slave.
„ u hi probably suggest 'hnt the
-JV. 1'. Ermirtg Pmi.
OS» PBBNTJSS'S XA11RATIPE.
.-,., „.„.„., other thi-wt. h»;i his hnlf-ytar':
„„,„-,.;„ni„...i/ ;«.'."/ '•" into »"
Was.hsc.ton, Friday. Oct. 1 , 13J12.
,:, .11 M r,r ,. ..1111 i« ««- H'™»»*;^»
r „t V ,11:: 1 H..IL-1, :,,, 1 ^V -
V, r,,,,.™- Tins nvili«n.if iiilentlcd for mo, is
, | ,,
pleasure, » is
^ACSwmt.V,..;'.m. n .^bc^tbr«fi
fir ss.u .
^"";, v: .
..'. i - ».- ''".» "" ,;|
:?:;„, ;.i;i»s:.-.'v-n.i, c .»i.»,.-s»?~rr'"?
°;ra 1...1, »" ''' '"'
,dWd»P,.b.«|. . >••". bim ,.b-.- ..-';
Wbon In rmdiul >l.-"-- • " '» !" ''
'',,,' '; 1 ..In. ».
,- ...1.5,-1, n (..ret- - i'b'red ii U.atl a
vlilling away (heir lel'.ire '
"ihinkso. Hluuk I r.|.,T,l; 11 ",
'^^ „l,ir ^
^ Ve^oV.d Tor one C"^'.^ ™j now thins. f° r which I thank
ndvanee io.nU.1. v,-,. win give t
rt, and Ivtly In dren—givo hlra
:<.ii, i v..-n.,v.
ill ..f nil knowledge, nil .........
since I luce mini.' IliCto oil'
one step further. There la t
,iiiii, .iv • ii -jvi u- ..... ...
- '.;.[• ;
When Sir Samuel Uninlllcy propuscd to abolish
me punP-hmon, ..I ">al!l l-r ^l-lHNK .»'* ';>'«' It'f
I , ,1k. i:,«..< oi i-:..i.-i.>". o..., f.nl... c'^i.
„..il,,-.f ll,,,laivi,l 1,« W<l.tal««-».tl!1l t *»
r.,, iniKi. i.ti.." '-..iil'l •r..|"'./-r Hi- "linlc LTimmal li-v.
An.l ffl.. ii (1 lunrj.viis n-r>.r,n.v v,..l
.III,,. if.T '->. 'ill m.r.,, the HH..r> -f .In;
tV,cli-=U l:iw. T:..iinil. v i^wwt truly t.i M hi*
,.,,,,1,-r. ,1. i.ij-1 lib I.OKi-ls 1" h" Himivli i" 1
;:•»»'•"'>,' ','" '1;:,'K
l.imlili n-iiiutoi ' " Wlit. ill pan* o«f-tr>D to tin: up-
.„Kv„v.:." Tli..* W.-r1Ml.c.wh«n«fl«ntoil^^»«l.
l,,.j„u,,,.,l,.,li..-v.-1lNiMl, t..i. i-, ii-.. fi»;li l.i'h- '"'.
.Lllila-.-n,... t.,lil..,r,-.l i.l > unv..nc •»? (nvn.ot,. I. it
list in i, 1 .-.f...rli"i> hi il'o l.irmoi-fl nri? mlmcvous, iiilflli
n i i.oK.-rful nii.l liti.T.il.d.i !h«'y .i-r-utut'' ;l
,1 alr.-r.ml. <•' "i"" c^inu-y. T'r.r.l.i. m> it no" ui"r-
I on fver I »« ilii-m in this ontivni^r :
ffh,t. I »[!»«
,„„„.,„ f„ M!l , fi .
.1,.. ..I ..nr ,.o«.nl t y. I. nut.' 1|" ".' ' *'
mt ..n.i S Wnt will, the nvopn.lio, of th, S ^.-^v.-k
TpdeVGoilVn ,.,„,,-ill... —Mlir....!-,
,l,r,.otod by the l'r.-i.i.l.:..t of the I'nlled f
..... .1.,.,- 1.. ... .,„.,. I hv |1,» I'rer.ident, "".]
T hin".v'....l. c^tryil.iip closely
X ™ "SS.a
i I.mv ilii--' idu'Ii'v v.-'il' :'h-.ll I-." worked uut, and
;i,, h y ,„ jubilv, come to God". ra0-n d p Mpl.
him Kti;,t ihc Lord ordnincl
A WAK HVMN.
,11,' I .ii.nl, Jl.'i Ifliii'iuiJ.™
i,i, oiir ii|.i-liiiulion,—
1 i.k-n. IlikmM, 01' Thy ..[.j.-'nr
"I'lMit'ii'-UI itn.t 1 hchcld lllin
Indiaojv, Entiling lor
rovcmmcnt. L*-i hi'.',*".' " '-^ liftv(i
TV,".',;;,! i...s»«b. I
:„ ,., ?|u .
W-S i Bsnuolbwir. It is no
.„,;! ,,»..., b« lb" "",; '„"„,"o(
-„";,' !r.t.."")^ t
!™.:.»'li'.e.w,...i.>..>.»blb;» °»" """
luni tutu >»™ "™"
from Sundny until
lV t:''iV,t^hr^;d^,o> Liberty p«in.cd upon tW
dq«oOco U|,o« .1-' ...™.
''I-"';'";" ,.."». lb.
0 tbs «.u.lo.-s ...-I il.t". "^
credit for .loinu, h,L
,.,i,o .r t»«a« » «sP^
' f?r w :i
,; ;;:;.;.„', ,
,.. ':. ;-
. „,1 1 hnve ;ll"l in 'n> f""' -'"" .''''
""','.'..,'v ci cant luor us: wo shnll
•'-;' ;-,' ;,-"
iiu..i.ti'.r. k. -l,
",';,„;:;;.' ]t -„ni i..- »iv ™n
!,'..;-. 'in,., '" »' „..J ;'"
:«../' '." -• ',;:•
I/,. r,',!-'hV,Fi (kind nnd pvoloticcd iipplnuaO-
t".-i.il ri- II
H, r ,].-li..l,tl,:i
DCOIrJ, JOUlUIU. iiuu ...
.tctta. Thin nclglihorh
tmherat litis buried t
nd only Within ii few di
?r lieru cjtploined lliu
on of tlio Presidot
mrosdinte tind pru
, and thon qlowa :
, ,„,r.,t.ii.t -t Iiu;;-lil"i k
is ih.n,' lor IrfT'J • This
:. niih tin.- Iilier.il liirimia
ii« ii]k:t of tninneipiliiin ii
.ii,,,..: In- the
ot il„.i MiU'.y.
''„,',' T..1U„L- f.'.rtli tin- 't.o..p-, iiti.l ! '-'"''ih..) to t
„„, .:,,,..,.,(. It i« not „ ,„,:,,.,•,- ot M.olHi-o,
:|,v,|.,....r ot i.hibii.lin.i.y ;
hot :, «..v inaoit:
,„,.,. u,.t M,,.i.h.-. If tU.j ..- I- any v-'i-."" ,!i'l;."i
J... ;, 1 ii^vnlii.n lli!llJi-i/..)nrI..i/rr.«il'..:'l'l
„,'(,.„,%('•-'-' '*'" '/ '" '"-;"""-"-''-' "''.
re « hut olio course now iK'love u_- >?
u anei ptilion, nt liint i..h.]i'id ." ' ivur^iTT^.-
PBSHSYLVANIA STATE MEETING.
Tub Twcnty-ufih Annual Meting of the Peniwyi™-
niaAuU^Uvery Society will bah^ld in Hortkultnral
Hull, West Cheater, on Saturday, the Mth inat,, at 10
o'cloclt, (..m. A full tttwodftnee of the membere oni
friends of the Society ia requested, while a cordial irm-
Utlion U extended to all othera faTorable to the cause,
out of the Statu, to be present and participate in
the proKBlings of 'he meellug.
The anti-slnrery movement ia prcsentinu IWclf id s
,ew aspect. It has reached a point in its progrest
whore nsw ohllB ationB ftre devolved upon those vrht
..cw'and snliliiue n. 1
The !: t. .lli.-n will hi-
[ 1, nl.-vaicd to lifi-'lil-, ...i
' will I -
.,i|.|...,- , Wen
it leja tirduous, at
;in those which lin
C5. What these r,
naturnl subject o[ in
,„ . -^ ,- l„..rl ,il.<n. oot orrivsl. Tbo 'l"'*"™
"„ ooiiir... ."I '" !'•"• ' 'I'";?- ,u t
lb-,,'-r.'~; "w" ".
0,0 .... dsy lo ......l.io.M.-.. "'I' ...
™»s,"Sn..m: "; '," "i.".i».J«.."i...o.i»«i " '""'>'
nss tbo .Ds.v.r. '"Tln„'s rlgLt. ..von Ibo.
J,:™ Yankee;,." •' Hoiv mmiy have you on
«,V^.b?=iH«',1 .[,;, | io Mer.Jinn mid placed in quarters
J..W Ko.d bsil fc Shll.b." Wb.rm.r ft. nu,
stopp.-d l'-'|.l.' ran "
Mil. SUMSEffS CATTLE-SHOW SPEEOB-
, ,. ..,„ .tim-r of the llsoipsldre County AtrrlcuKunil
i ij.ti Gestibiirk: 1 cannot
i |„„V.cd upon ihii hiM.itifn!
„jow and hill.e.id, ...ntribnio
hile I was a youth in i-ullege.
;ral oi my elafsmnt
lorn Cambridge we
..and arrived atAml
. refrCihcd ourselvc
the blood w
^rk.l ' I'iallilenn. ihou linat coi,:]i,erc,.
,,il] v.I he lic«.J if.iin it"' apoi-tme e hicfs ...." --
-.,.1.:. l.lh,rti-, th.„, I,,,;.:...,.,.!.-,--! ,
rv will hi., her.r.1 round the globe.
elusion I oUlt Iho (olio wing sentiment
,n... y the Connecticut. Iltippy in its fertilitj
beauty ; happier
in Hi... l.'ul-
J ill i-- riVL-r '- Mlv.rivulJli.L- throil:--!. Hi ."'»'
villi 1« ruer
^^ ^^ ( irK.
]mn , Illt|lt> , r, hK-b
';,-., i-,. [
:.. I>, .ri,. LI. nl....vewe Blopt netr
-..]',[.: 1 „; |1,.. Kinporr-.r lulimi. '."-"i'
i for ho had once umln-atcu '.iiris-
imiti'.ih'irveH'liii.n beff-re he bl.,1 Mriielt il... la-
...epired Li l.i* hatred I i-i.ttani y, lie I.^Ue
f.j ...1...1, (pined from his side and then
i hut eonqnerod.'
lterprbc. Iho dutica ot
nro in tome reapects less ouorous
heretofore demanded our cnor-
t ohligfttiona are, will form a-
dry at the approaching meeting,
preiiiint to any that topics ot the
masting and obcer-inapiring character will be
eonaldered, ftnd that parties in all respects competent
will bo pment to give value lo their diacust
Jjyts Morr, P
J. Si. lIcKui, Cor. Scc'y.
,.( lit. ..II, V
llucky Major, whose
, wh- c-ldlj- enough indicativo of his office, tb»t
was the Kcv thai unlocks Iho luyjlcry of our luture.
It is not eo much Submission as it is Sepftrntiou thai
is the pressing danger of thia present hour. This
turn eiplnius all ihiit has been incsplic«blo in the
past yenr-s hiflory. Why liichmond was not tHken
last November, why it did not fall tlio last
Thy lien. MeClellan is eetticp ready to go i^.v. ..
.er quarters at thiu moment, U (ill clear in (ho light
of Major Keys incautious revOaKon. It nt leM*t
redeems Gen. McClellau from the charge of incapacity
lo form rt plan, if it bo (rue that all he has done and
lelt undone has hnd tlio definite objett of enhausting
nil wearying out the North, and bringing it to the
pint of accepting peace on any terms ho and -Mr.
lava can agree upon.
Wo haw faith to believe that this scheme, if it
*oro indeed entertained, has bceu defenied by iha
very policy of delay designed to ensure i
l)ad Itichuiond been taken last Kovembj
last May, it ia iu the nature of lhings that ..
opportunity of compromise might have been possible.
Rut the unbroken successes of Iho rebel artaa conse-
quent upon those delays—uDbroken except by the
,o indisputable victory of Rosuucranr. at l'errysville
-have put the rebels in a position to dictate and
„at to sue for terms. Nothing hut tlio recognition of
their independence, can satisfy them now. and we
believe they would turn n, deal car to Bunnell and
Fernaudo Wood, if thov oflared them nny olher term
thnn these. Thus far the delays or our campaign
been the salvation of the country. Now. c
they will assume a very different aspecl. Tl.e.y
censa or the republic is nt an end. Nothing
invoitbut thaiesoiuto trying ontoftheFiesi-
B policy of emancipation. If the rebellion e*r,
not he put down with ihc assistance of the slaves
acl'ive, or passive even, 3nd the Southern country
setlled anew and lis society reorganized, then then-
nothing for it but to acknowledge the independence
„,tl."n1',.krnev. The reeoguition of that indepen-
dence by the Great Powers of Europe is imminent.
It impends over us Mid can he averted only by suc-
cesses on the soil of Ihe rebellion whieh shnll make
its overthrow no doubtful matter- And they must
bo had soon or they will arrive loo Into to prevent
he most serious foreign complications. The tal
ion ol the republic Ilea in the hands of the Prctid
H,. bag given the country a policy—let bitii now (
it a man nblo and willing to carry it out.
believe that ho has the country behind him. That
Dickinson and Ilrowiison and Bancroft represent the
Democratic party more truly than Seymour, the
Woods and the Brookses. That Edward tverett
more filly represents what was honest in thB old
Whig parly than George Lout. What the countr;
croans for is action nud that speedy. What it drendi
at. than dcleat U delay. Is the long
.nd in nothing or worse than nothing
is iheThlood that has been poured out like water t
„k like water into the ground, estorting from
„caven no justice by iw exceeding hitter cry ! Alter
all this agony and bloody awent ia there to bo no
Awful are tho responsibilities of tho
men in whose hands, under God, are these issues oi
life and death. May their Strength ho even as therr
,„- ™ time during several days following
.itcning of lh« thirteenth day, iho feebly loyal rci'.lu-
liota read by Mr. WinUvrop were taken up to I
upon, in spite of veer atrong opposition. Rcr. Dr.
Mason, of Maryland, moved to lay them on tl i
Illi motion was rejected. The more encrceiic loyal
resolutions offered by Mr. Hoflroan were then ruled
upon and rejected. Rov. Mr. Home, of Now Jersey
(son of the late Bishop Do»no, and lite bim always
favoring slavery), tried to tarn the current ot (eeline; by
proposing prayer. The President ottered eevcral Col-
vote was then taken on certain anil-loyal rcsolu-
prcaenced by Dr. Thmll.and thay were aegativeJ.
lur relolutiom presented by Uev. Mr. M. Atli ler
met with the simo fate. Rov. Dr. Qnwka hoped to
.p the li'Io of fit'linjf by nioiin? nn s.Jj.-.urnu.ont. and
rentening further amendments if the meeting did not
yield. Ho was voted down, and then Judge Chambers
left the bouso, apparently with 'ho expectation that his
absence would leave the Convention without a quorum,
i Iboa taken (about eleven o'clock p.m.1 by
tho resolutions were adopted by the fol-
lowing vote -.
Clergymen, yen) 13, nny* T. Laymen,
On Friday. Ihe seventeenth and la« day ef the Con-
,entioo. Bishop Mcflvnine, of Ohio, read ihe l'Mtoral
Letter of the r.iinops. From iho publithcd ab»trnct of
Ibis document we learn that ll spoke o( the rebellion
crime'," and beitaned "strong con-
domnali.in " upon thuso elergymcu who hod taken up
jnin in it, but declared it not necessary to set
forth our own sins which bad brought upon u* Ibis
.amity, and made no mention at all ot slavery.
The cuureo ul the Episcopal Church in ihis Conven-
u has been aymmstilcal with her pa.«t shntncful hbt-
ry in this country. F rale, airing with slavery, frum
commencement to the present time, like Iho uther
sis It has been even more vigilant and pen-blent
In they in ita efforts to prevent iulcr.erenco Bgainst
ot wicked system. Fewer of lu mrakra Umn of
.. „.-„. .»,. (t h,. Roman f'itholh perhaps cicpted)
ir acted In i. h.iK
in churchmen iu opposil
ily frowned down and c
astlcal bodies. The aol
orasing Iho llguro of
CAN THE HEP UELIC BE SA VESi ?
r ih in leriility "
GEh-ERALMlirtia tfEihlXQ TO TEE
of couirehands -
I mvi; been requested to say
:ch uy Gen. MiroBEi. t
deeply interesting, I
valley. Since then
and abroad ;
but I k
beauty. I have sect
,-i.ll.ll- —..-— --
sec the Yankees, and the „
ent on They manifested a
ive Yankee General. Some of
,. people have published con
for I was a little annoy for i
to to ihe window to show my
C,,|.,n.f in charge, -. ..
" Tata your bead
idows of Lombard)'
ne and the Arno, and
ienry IV. called the t
words to you by
good man. Any avjod/nin-U
, o. ccnor. 1 r.....i.-et I.ini > ;ir.i.. Ii
ilo, k '..- v.hii.-, Ii he he n>nlW-ii. 1
, 1S sneh.. whether hei. .vh,'.. .,i i-l i-li.
ow lliat llmvu lalk..'.| I'.. ..I! ti.y i-..h!l",.:
..,.,. oil and seiic ;
?«ene wliich I witne..-. J n >* U" neish-
i...^.. ^.,T-na^^.-il In nnv kin-
.,'! M,..ti„-,-f..i ..I"' m. Idier-'. Bim k.ive not yet urn
,i.,. iv | ).,, Inn liln. are under inv [.roteetieti
guidance, and in whom 1 lukc deep i ,x,t, iV.lh
i„v „ i-.t llle i fullv avnipntliii-e. 1 hnee. and ondtr-
lU I ,.,.; ,; lr...| ,i, Hi.-.- luidst of .livery.
, , n K
, tueky, and know all about ,.. ll,ile II,,.
... „.,„,, ...,"(..„„,.,.. I with It Hi:.! are pk.vi.iil.
,„ which you will lenity, there are .-.ivl many other
things which are not pleasant, and 1 (hint
iting i.ir any further i
landmen, it th
,n l.ii i I
,. U f ilii.i i.ei:-l,i...ili-.'-.l
ilten quoted, "Fort,
:w the good they h
,,t „i,.| liberal npint. -
in. nl Ike ere ale,- 1
,(,1,11,. U | il, L. bi-I ...nliii-,.
,rke,l in kin:
- hi..-:." rou;^
, u , live Yankee, lou have
„i- ,t l.oil alone WH l-l'-'l' ,l '^
(applause and laughter).
Kbile we iw-; ,,1o ed on uiit.sponsand here
for the first time learned, hat we were " >* "^
rited fr ih.' i.rivi.i.- soldiers, the) v-.r,_ ..ent to
th pr»X of [viabaum. A. T„„.iloosa, I earned
rial we officers bail to go to 'lalladega Having
ta mjpo^ssion from . »1. Jor-lw.. «" Aid to Gen
Iieauremrd who, permit me to say here lo-nighl.
and Ji. ma, h- raid .. .hm.i.hou, ,h,s country
i« ,l,r- onlv mm wearing a i-.-eesh iinilonu that 1
l^'i re'.,ve.l the le:,,t" partiele of courtesy from
aincel have been w, lb tl.e.n, drew me aside era.*
• Wl.,,1 in his name! "What is his name I )
Hi mime is I'ol .I'mluii, AfsiMant AdJul ant-General
Of Gen. Beauregard. That man budI
given me a
letter to his brother at Mobile lo ass at mo it 1
needed food, lie nl So_ wro.e .to Gen. Jones, com-
mai.ilnnl Ihere, aulhor.^tig him to parol.
fertility but on oocoii
truth. But here In tl
there greater fertility
If the farmers of oi
,.,- ih. i
,e,. shall U ...
shall serve bim with I
'["tiiink IbiH is true. 1 a .it cerhi
i;„, ,„ ime .i-.-i :-H I i«r. em. all 1"'
al privilege, cannut be taken nwa.
.age and wicked the master may
praying in "lie "» i' t
ir wluilo ll
But It seems to mo that the
for you colored people ; a hi
v..h"i N.-..-I..1 .in.! .I" 1 '. n-'i.',,
,i e. mis I'Uly one ii""'--'-
.,|„, u , .„ ,ereenl- Th«e
,r. .km. iiu.nce ot tho ugi
] tin: head
my, find both
Where ii ihcrc a Iruer liberty T
t r country needed anvth'mg to
That nf 160(1 is uol yet prepared, and I go
c. Dlloon yc.n. ol .(,., ..." o.ilb..o Lo. Loo-
q= ;»5Voil pursuits, while Ik'- t" 1
j[. ,,,(,. ^^ M„,
a should ponder
inruu^ii ,.j - •ii--....
God will bless your i
level than you have :
children may bee on'
["sUmws Hint in IS-''" Hi" four b.r|,-i: -t
,„„. .vitb tlmt letti
quarters of Gen. Jop.cs, who, by the way. is - «"»-
SadoYnukec. I extended my hand. Oe^.-No,
^ro^d l^LZ '
"respect me. when the Adjutant handed me my
parole, and bid good byo. '
,,i,,„;,,l his liMid- 1 .Hid, ''No, sir, and bowed.
I went up the Alabama river. No accomtnoda-
ions for the officers, b.it we were told .that
were to be ireuf-d ns g.titU'inen. ' e knew
not to he disappointed. We "ore scut to •,.....-
degn in North,.', M.-iL.a.m,, .hlek is a very healthy
i;;,"',! r.riega.l. Illuioi.ian, who said: » General
have you any Chicago men in your ci
sir we have ; the oiheers of ono
58th Illinois." .
; Indian Cien, S-:.i'.. )...-
"re'fanS'bnO^OOD. These ll,ures,
rowncd, and yr' ""
obody will be willlon -
unelvea u>il.u gutdjSioo
,y ihe Republic, the great Amur!
Nation in its territorial integrity. The vicissitudes
of the last filleen months have made hope and fe.
alternate in all thinking minds. And even now,
be light of the late elections in Pennsylvania and
,e Western States, it docs not yet seem sure that
. ,„„;,,, ia worthy of salvation. 11 not worthy, it
maot be saved, for nations, like individuals M
„-ork out their own salvation. It cannot and wOl
not be forced miraculously upon Ihe not, or e o or.
The ,uesiion ot. ivl.ieh that of life and death turns,
s whether more men in the Northern States love
.heir nationality holler than slavery 1 Whether they
choose to sink down into a second or third-rate
Power rather than Ibat slavery should go down and
black men have an even chance in the battle of life
ith white menl For this, wo apprehend, is the
ae statement of the case, all sophistries and lying
elusions put aside. We assume that it » now clear
that either slavery is lo be destroyed or the Confede-
racy to ho recognized. Mr. John Van Baren baa been
well censured for what he said in Cooper Instiluto
the other day, nud we imagine that the loud curses
with whieh his statements have been received by the
Itepublicans were more than counterbalanced by the
deep ones bestowed on his frantic ingenuousness by
his own party. Truth is not a sate tb.ng to say,
alwavs-ns poor Maj. Key found when he let the cat
, nf tuTbag a* to the secret of the MeClellan delays
,he Po.oinac. We see interest is making to oblain
TDK EPISCOPAL OBURCB AJSD SLAVERY.
Church Ac Church,
: but ' will • v Ihi
tneir nigin-a. niy...-. ... -.-. -.-—
God, is to do all they can foe the
id people in tho free Si
, Thia e:q.e
rou have a great work to dc
'oi re.-i.oii,,b,lny. The .vliol
your beleiil e.'it
wn crops ;
you shall gather and tell
)'our industry fo
tho products ot j-i
you shall own you
lo feel that God i
r ..eie ..
.randed vessel, anu an tue sn-eu^
red is put upon this rope to li
ily rope breaks, the vessel is lost
i,l kelp cull io belpy
idoleut and ncgli
„, JU lived in
Chicago ; but I was compelled to leave there, be-
»aa persecuteJ for my teniinjent.- 1
o wilb the AbolilionUis, and I could not
ir goveriiiiivnt because il was so e irrupt.
Vee sir," 1 responded, " you were no doubt com-
pelled to leave because you were gu, ly of .-o„,e
'rime lor which you (eared an arrest (laughter).
,ked a special favor of Hint gentleman that h
i.i —i .,i...i-o..i,li ,.- again and tieuible us by ti
Wo remaincS a week at Tnlli-l-.-a.
MJ of us were cor, fined in n room HO by 50
j-,.,-1 well .inlilaleil. bill setesli toldier, k:id
quartered there. It was a lively place In
you- our rations wen, a qui. H.-r ol ap.inndul mus.y
bacon and a piece of con. bread, said to be the
rations. We were soon sent to
Solum, where we were j.ui in charge of Col. Kent- If
3 yearn ; and .
Dut gratifying »= ..
iiilke.eslatislies, wlueh must a.
the content of the former, the
whieh to my mind are more
.hue agriculture was only an
developed. The plough 01 the
was lilde more than a pole with
which Iho earlb was scratched
1,1,.,,-, i-.-i :! y.-ara. Hnil leiiillli ol
;,..,,,.,. |,„ r ,,i[,r.iiluet.
'...,,. ! ... i
v. .ilt'ii •
But agriculture is
cannot >idYoc,„ .. ..— .
cord is made, ll this persecutor oi me ...." i^ —
..ilieer, mils into mv bands, he shall sulior as
suffered, lie ulleiuplod lo torluro mo about my f
who, he said, bad been lakeii and hung as a spy,
their pupnrs could bu believed, lint 1 had » pa]
in my pocket to givt Unit ihe lie wilb. ami Ibis is h
1 g.ii il.e pi,|-er: A lady was passing >" the sir
beneath Ike window, the bud passed several tin
Dtlore and had attracted the atleniion of ihe olbc
confined; some ef tl.eiu sugge-iled that she wai
Union lady. We tore oil one of ihe ciirlnins wb
huag in the hotel where we were iinprisiieeil, j
in la.',' let, .T.i wrote eft it with chalk, God b!
Ik., pri, r,,' friend." She nodded assent, i
bowed to us when wo showed it. hho went I
J.uiifi; com" I.",J yards dislant, and I sent a nt
i are other aspects,
iloresting. In early
t most imperfectly
inoient bus bund man
stick at the end by
„„ t ,„,liai, art, in a hie/
jt it is nl.-,, a science, wn.. ..
.1 .* na much as navigation or ailronoiny.
I,!, ledgevlue l-,,„t help tlK farmer ;
»hysiol.,gi w',11 ji.l c.,...r..
r,:gar,l agriculture in this hel. Ihal » b > e '"
.., fail .1...
ler. It i
r. if nU
, ,„e idle, vile
nod your lnsThvF -
rivot eternally tlio
e careful of your ch.il
iu industrious, cleanly
lion ot tke c
once. Bui innn.ni i' :1
d which is lollowed.
,,.,1 will la
._. ilaithtul, yo
ill tb.e.e ivliu I.e. la, are nianjutu
-.,i-,o.nnd suOer k> the dnvee'i uoad- .
your hands the r. leuii.g "I ""'- 1 ' -=**H-v>-r- per i-.f.-
'.H-rniiii you inoui-n eeutltnially- ll JoU fall. 1. lint
;i r,..,.liur,.-|,..i.aibiltt)- ii will be wkea you come tod,
lu |,.,-1 that the only ''
allowed to slip.
And you, women,
ob.-.i'i.nlnni! ilntiioi at all
,„,„,,. , t and lid v. .i..|l.il.e all 'l.'.v. " iivev M„i), ..
have 11,em in tho best possible cnndWon, always think
inn and contriving t al.e thetu ekaiicr an. i
eoiniertable. Wkea y,m.' ku.;b„i„l een.e, lemie Ir,...
II,.. l,ib,.,v.n..l la.ie.il... of the day, always l.i.i. i.e.
thing good and nice for his aupper, and .peakkiuJI
to hint for these little acid ol Tore and attention wi!
brine .'.iu happiness and joy.
,;,;,,„,, ,„., „„-„..., .mi to ,v.-.,]:. i u..| ],il,.i
A :, ,V,
!. ami -:.i. i-
,,,.,!,, ,., „.,.,b ikai i.iii have, that 1 could labor lit
:!:; .%..« >» *>
^ '«;» ^-^^
„eru ia lo ileal justly: secut.J, lo loio mete,
third, to walk humbly. First, justly -I shall ci
gelyou to do; an, duty lalth-'ully. L' ;;o
s"uch a"bTuuderer. Dut Hit
fact remnias that, if slavery be preserved, tho repub
lie, One nud Indivisible, is at an end.
Now whether of these twain alternatives will the
North elect. The deadliest and most dangerous
mies of the nation are endeavoring to bring about
t sl'tlo o
f things which shall ensure the ccMislence
jf 'these two entities-slavery and tho republic.
Thw talk of conquest, but they mean surrender.
They babble of terms to be made at Tlichmoad, _but
in their beans they are maneuvering lor conditions
which could be imposed as well at Washington as
there. Could these despicable traitors have their
the Union might possibly be maintained and
slavery not merely be saved harmless, but bo made
ie"ensWe with the Union. It is likely that JefTer-
,n Davis would consent to rule over the thirty-four
States, if he could dictate the terms of the treaty.
he substituted for Mr. Lincoln till the end of
sis years, let tho Confederate debt bo assumed,
let all Ihe dropped officers, military and naval, be
restored, lot all negroes escaped during the
always succeeded ia
di^eussion and action upon the subject of slavery. n
very few of the clergy and a very few of the laity
hav-o from time to time attempted lo arouse the body,
in its Conventions, lo do or say something In aid of tho
llave And these persons succeeded only so tar as to
.-'t themselves stipmiiiized as troublera of Israel. The
" the Chureh," alike on Sundays
^^B renialin-.f U"br.,l;.n b> any prole-at mb.ui" I
slavery It must be remembered that silence, in rela-
on lo a thing es.uWW.e'i. is support. Tho clergy and
itv ot this Church, for halt a century past, have
.cried no influence as real aad active in bt
.overy by refusing to say anything agai
North, as by buying, selling, and breeding
tunily offered by the slaveholders' rebellion, has 11
•nee been broken. How far this subject, keretol,-.:
carefully avoided, has now been touched, at
..rough what amount of opposition, we may read in
tho report of the Convention ju,t closed.
The General Coaveatloa of the Protestant Episcopal
Church, whieh is held triennially. met on tho 1st mat.,
I St. Joints Chapel in this city.
On tho Hrst day, after the reading of Morn ng
raver a sermon was preached by Bishop MeL ...=l;r}
1 Michigan- Ho bunted of the faithfulness of the
F.pi , ,, pB"l clergy, rejoicing that in their pulpits hero
1 no e.citing teachings relative to human nghU,
opjnininir tint" the Cliureli" muat conunue t... Le
t she has been, Iho great cense rvativ-e element in
the nation. Ho deplored the •' unhappy contest in
happy hou "of'tho last General Convention.
It is to be noted that the one chief difference between
the Convention of three years ago and the prenent ono
clergymen and laymen, were received as Christian
eihren without objection from any ono, whde Ihu
ibp the persons in question, having bcconio rebels at
ell as slaveholders, chose to stay away.
Seats, however, were assigned for those abicni
fl/irtn.as ii they had been es peeled, and m callin f
,r representatives of thodioceses, those io the secede.
States were called, as well as the others.
The Convention proceeded n iih the sort of busines.
-[..in-H-v there. dibcu^ion whether or net any aliera
n was 'needed in the canons, the rubrics, and tin
hook of Common Prayer, when, on tho third day
Judge Bruno, arriving from the bsltle-uold of Ant,
n introduced a new subject, and created an miens
nation lie was iurpri-ed tliat 'here was no tpcec
action here to indicate that we were at war wit
rebels, and ho offered a resolution proposing
Individually cared, t .
,. slave : and Iho efforts uf theae tu nrouso action
ion to slavery have been slesd-
ruihed down in their ecclcsi-
of one ol their publishers, la
tlio slave from lhat worhl-
wuuiu bo had chosen as iho vignette
el the Prayer-Book, and the etrtillcalo
iven by one of their Bishops to that dis-
graced volume, have fitly symbollied tho whole Course
ol the Episcopal Church in this country. Not otea tho
culmination of slavery in rebellion can divert them
from their allegiance lo It. Fur its sake, indeed, many
of their most eminent men wish lo leave tho rcbolliua
iuelf uncensured. Tlio speech of individuals In this
lust General Convention more frequently favor, than
discouDte nances slavery. Their public action of every
sort, their resolutions and canons, their introductory
sermon and their concluding pastoral letter, nliko
ignore that subject. And all effort lo nronne thia
great representative body to aid in Iho attainment of
civil and religioua rlghla for millions of their country
men hitherto unjustly deprived of them seems to bo
regarded by the Convention at large, as well as by
Qawke, as " the lugging > oi lilUoi
Yhy was a storm of cicitcmcnt kindled by (he very-
it mention, In this Convention, of a subject which,
.... eighteen months past, has excited Iho toolings,
affected the Interests, and occupied the .bought* of tho
whole population of this hnd, more than any other
whatever': Why was all refcrenco to the tr-
ot a rebellion la this country so strenuously
dt Why was the very moderate tctolation
which tlrst mentioned it— a resolution perfectly in har-
,oDy with tho customs and traditions of tho Church,
nd asking only prayer for the return of Union to
Church and Slate-laid ou the [able without oven the
of discussion upon its merits, by a vole of
more than two-lhirdeT And why was so large a poi-
nt tho seventeen days spent in steady resistance to
i successive movement in this direction: Can these
gs bo accounted for otherwise lhan by the fact
; tho rebellion is a slaveholders' rebellion! and that
cusioai of the Church to uphold slaveholders as
istiaus, and to throw its Influence oa tho side of tho
ilave 1'i.wer, hu.s becom
rs of Iho Episcopal Choi
. Tho i;l,u
r paid 1 Iho a
pre,.-, a fori )f pray for tho
amoved from those
rod by tho spirit
1 acta for his country
tnuli... lie think* fur km
.„ be pnl d and made
il.e lbro.,1 a I
,ur Senators apiece and twice as many Represent*,
ivea in the House for the same constituent numbers,
,ith absolute power of legislation for the whol,
,ation and we rather think our ' misguided brc-
" might be wen back again. We cannot think
them as to suppose that they nould take
nnythin" less. Let the Seymour party in this Stale
aad the People's party in Massachusetts have Ihe
itrol of our poliey.and they can have all Ibis, and
re if Ihey want it. On no other terms would
they Velum foc on no 0,hcr could thej'
guarantees for want of which they have gone to !
with us. Freedom of speech, of the press and ol
pulpit must bu razeed to the pattern of Carolina
swell as industry remodelled in tho sf
s,or slavery will still be liable to be blas-
phemed 'and molested. They mast have all or noth-
i"—nol from ambition, merely, but from necessity,
Tho lale elections hnve not A3 favorable a look as
c could desire— though they might have a much
,ore malign aspect. They are bad enough " ™
over the rebel*. Varii
ciloment nud discussion aroused by
this resolution, and details of tho voto by which it was
laid ou the table, wifl be found in Tuc Sr.i-VD.uu, nf the
„u „„al with the rebels in arms, only lack
pluek and self-devotion. Bui, slil
from them the worst that is likely
pily, those traitors are not in the C
i, they do not control it-and this
befal us. Hnp-
._...„ of Saturday, the fourth day, Judge
Cn^penter""of New-Jersey, renewed the contest by
ring a resolution requesting a new special form of
fet. An excited di-eu^.i„n mv rene.ve-I, aiel li-
ter resolulions were presenlcd, and o Committee w u
finally instructed to report respecting belli proposals
the following Thursday.
Oa Monday, the fifth day, Rev. Mr. Goodwin, of
I'onniVlvnnia, offered for mlopti'in Eomo new canons,
,i,o boid'os oi »», o...i".i- «~"' " "'•">'••:,
... ,., II,.: ..„,, 0O.0 10 OppO^tlOD, OJO.Od
,1. . ; .! ... . . -I.... »• u" "» '"< <<•"
Alter a prolonged debate, the proposed canons w
referred to tho Committee on canons.
Rev. Dr. Hawks, of this eily, a native ol Serth
I „ I mnwueoil " vasporolior. of our toulhern breth
l'hhhiv'Iii Ik" we .hould nut "lug io «J1 ihell.-..
_irly questions of the day " during Iho diseuaaion of
l of .
clod with the Siato a
ays buhl loyally to tho ciablishcd governmeni to be
i pray lor tho President, the Governors, and all who
re in authority, and lo pray for tho success of their
whenever Hie government held it needful to
nsheath tho sword. If we remember rightly, very
iany of Ihe officers, and a large proportion of tho
ehsiil „i-. in our army and navy, have been Episcopa-
ns. Hod tho government of the United States been
,iated will! force and arms by a rebellion one-tenth.
j magnitude of Ibis, of any power abroad or at homo
cept Ibo Slave Power, Tin Chvrch would have been
ited and cniplinlic, and prompt in ihe denunciation of
At present, scarcely rebellieii.ieoreely even seliism,
i 3 n ,.i-,. .eke bee rebukes, if they proceed from men so
|,„„,'|, red and uphold as Ihe Soolliern slaveholders.
a loiut thus conspicuous in the Episcopal Cburel,
nd, In less or grealcr measure, in all our Churches.
,u great, loading cede -las lie il bodies bavo pros-
d themselves to tie the bulwark of slavery. Tbo
....O ionoftho country might, if it would, long sineo
have abolished slater)', by setting the rcapectability
and moral weight of a Church coooeclion In direct an-
tagonism to that system. They have chosen, inalcad,
iot only to shrink from such antagoniim, and tako
inciter in silence, but, when compelled loopcnocQon,
lo direct their rebuko against the reformer ralhcr than
Iho slaveholder. Tho natural result has lollowed.
Tho chain which they have helped bind upon the slavo
is now riveted upon their own necks ; and those bodies,
themselves corrupted, well nigh beyond remedy.
, have been wont to call themselves " tho talt of
(Wo have received the following oolea from a cor-
ispondent whoso interest in this debate prompted
in, to attend closely at the sessions ;]
I have dropped in daily to witness [ho progress of Iho
omentum, and I can assure you many of Iho Delo-
ites have proved themselves apt scholars and bavo
.ado very creditable advancement. Bnch men as
udgc Chambers and Dr. Hawks, who bavo controlled
30 Episcopal Church for a quarter of a century, con-
tinued like the mole to burrow iu Hie dark and i.mLst
,ro is no light, and that tho Ban Is a dangerous insti-
iun. Dr. Ulson of Massachusetts was a mero iustru-
nt in their kinds and nothing more. Dr. Shtittuek
raa everything by turns and nothing long." Di-J.
Thrall and McAlisler of California made a m Intake at
iho oulbroik of tho rebellion and remained in tin
....... of gold (California) when they should have gone.
further Soulh ; but they were not nblu to, do much
Dr. Mead declined to voto for liii own rcolu-
r rather fur the re solutions of lite Committee o(
Nino of which he was chairman. Ilo in a casl-fron
very brittle. Rot. Dr. Unban IX-
sumed lie championship ol the Booth alter Dr. Good-
si,, bad floored Dr. Hawks ;
but Dr. Vinton soon took
tho starch out of bis collar, and left him lo bile hU
thin lips when diey (ailed to answer bis ponderous
Day after day light shone in upon tho Convention
„nd tho spirit ot rolorm seemed lo movo on iho great
deep of the bearls of honest mem Dr. Kandnll, a stitr
rvative who vote! ngaiaul Judje Brunol's re«olu-
at-no out in a hold and eloquent nrgumunt in
of loyalty. Mr. wobui of Pennsylvania, a very
talkative man, a sari of Lay Bishop, gSTO up the idea.
of bespattering his Southern brethren with fulsomo
On Thursday, the
eventh day, the Convci
ionsj derail on ol the s o of I
praise, and turned the table- upon them
Convention odjourued. Kev. Lir. EBgby made
iration could give it. Bu
lhat even the Demoerali
l States are to bo reckoned
iuninerite triumphs. The
that of Philadelphia have
o deeply with their blood,
hey are willing to be made
political tricksters would
.„ju'try, and of the pending rebellion. Hon. Robert C.
Winlhrop, ol Msssachusetta, read tho Ion? series of
proposed by the Conituit.ee. Ron. Murray
Hoffman pointed out that the rebuke given in them to
the rebels was conditional and prospective, not positive
amendment- He wanted
position, not only before
the Soulh. but before tho world.
Earnest and eiciting debate on tho rebellion, the
if the Contention in regard W ll, nod the qu
j mark their game.
ll,- ll ire th.li.Ta Wiinl.l il,,!, .iliellier cuuuiciu ™ _
think our peril lies b I
involuntary in their relation lo it, was continued fa
the side uf patriotism, and placed himself right o
me record. Mr. Ruggles, who bad boon a plia.
deputy In the hands Ol Judge Chambers, finally votcl
for the passage ot the resolutions from Iho Commiitcj
of Sine. , .
Aftcraaeeilouoi two week, tliv vote was^a e
hoik Ibo do.l Iron. M. L.l ^'"" ""","? '
|, || ira we iv earne-l .njni] I.. .ml -
',',..' '.r.-ervaliw body in America has
Jien a very Ui«t awp la Iho right