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The Rorschach Psychodiagnostic Test

PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS

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The Rorschach Psychodiagnostic Test

  1. 1. A PROJECTIVE TECHNIQUE TO ASSESS PERSONALITY
  2. 2. SABA SHABIR THE ISLAMIA UNIVERSITY, PAKISTAN
  3. 3.  An inexplicit construct which is invoked to explain behavioral consistency within persons and behavioral distinctiveness between persons.(Gregory, 2004)  Assessment of personality traits  Dynamic motivation  Personal adjustment  Psychiatric symptomatology  Social skills  Attitudinal characteristics
  4. 4.  A projective test, in which subjects responses to inkblots are recorded and analyzed, using psychological interpretation.  A Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst Hermann Rorschach (1884-1922) devised the inkblot test in 1921.  He wrote a book Psychodiagnostics, in 1921
  5. 5.  Test was relied on psychoanalytical theory  Basic purpose is to assess unconscious, as subject project inner feelings towards inkblot  Test can provide insight into thought process  First formulated to diagnose Schizophrenia  In 1939, it was included in Projective Techniques
  6. 6.  Interpretation: Perception with consciousness of assimilative efforts  Perception: Assimilation without consciousness of assimilative efforts
  7. 7.  Number of responses (average 15 to 30 responses)  Reaction time ( average 20 to 30 minutes)  Failure to answer
  8. 8.  frequently recurring themes are termed as F+  less clear are called F-  F% indicates:  the acute perception  sharp visualization  associative factors and  some aspects of intelligence
  9. 9.  Also divided into M+ and M- as good and poor movement respectively, depending upon their correspondence to the considered figure  High M= introvert  Low M= extrovert
  10. 10.  Primary M: F and M are perceived at the same time  Secondary M: first F and then M is perceived  Extension movements= self-assertion  Flexion movements= passive and resigned
  11. 11.  Primary color answers (C) : Interpretation is determined by the color of the figure alone without any significant consideration of the form.  It indicates impulsiveness
  12. 12.  Color-form answers (CF) : The interpretation is primarily determined by the color of the blot, but the form in not entirely disregarded.  Representative of emotional instability, irritability, sensitivity and suggestibility
  13. 13.  Form-color response (FC): The interpretation is based primarily on the form but is also influenced significantly by the color  Indicates emotional instability, but also desire to adapt  capability for formation of rapport
  14. 14.  M balances the unit C:  M > color : means affective tone is stable  M < color : more impulsiveness and affective  Color-shock: Response of emotion suppressors  Emotion controllers: prefer blue and green, and avoid red
  15. 15.  Whole answers (W): primary or secondary  Detail answer (D): most striking detail of figure  Small detail answer (Dd): unusual detail  Intermediate Form (S): white area on card is perceived  Oligophrenic detail (do): based on only a minute and single detail
  16. 16.  Rigid  Orderly  Loose succession  Scattered
  17. 17.  Animal forms (A) or animal part (Ad)  25% to 50% normally  Imaginative person gives less than 35%  50% and above indicates stereotyped behavior  Human form (H) or human part (Hd)  Inanimate objects  Landscapes (Ldscp.)
  18. 18.  Original responses (creative)  Popular responses ( response of many subjects in population or a common response)
  19. 19.  Testing atmosphere and seating arrangements  Materials (stop-watch, location chart, pencil and Rorschach inkblot cards)  Procedure:  Free-association phase  Inquiry phase
  20. 20.  Scoring: 1. Responses on each card and position of card 2. Reaction time 3. Location (W, D, Dd, S) 4. Determinant (M, F, FC, CF, C) 5. Content (H, Hd, A, Ad, Obj.) 6. Popular/original 7. Psychograph 8. F% and A% 9. Qualitative analysis
  21. 21.  Many studies point to low reliability and a general lack of predictive validity (Carslon, Kaula, & St. Laurent, 1997; Peterson, 1978; Lanyon, 1984).  Rorschach explained a dismal 8 to 13 percent of variance in client characteristics, as compared to the MMPI, which explained 23 to 30 percent of variance. (Grab, Florio, and Grove, 1998.)  Improvements in scoring offered by Exner are more optimistic in outcome (Exner, 1995).
  22. 22. Question session…
  23. 23. Thank you…

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PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS

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