“To improve student learning, you do not
change the structure. You change the
instructional practices of teachers. The
schools that seem to do best are those
that have a clear idea of what kind of
instructional practice they wish to
produce, and then design a structure to go
— Richard Elmore, Harvard
“It’s not rocket science — the
better the teacher teaches, the
better the student learns.”
— Harry K. Wong, Author, The
First Days of School; How to Be an
Providing maximum opportunities for all
students to learn.
- ( Westwood, 1998)
Providing the necessary learning
environment and learning experiences
that enable all students to learn through
making meaning from experience.
Connotes with utmost commitment.
Likewise in an “interpersonal enterprise”.
The Threefold Goals of an Effective
Imbibe values and attitudes.
Characteristics of an Effective Teacher
Capped with a compassionate and
Must possess a solid background
knowledge of a particular subject
Equipped with competence in deciding
and implementing appropriate
A “building relationships”.
What are the critical influences on
psychological, instructional and
home environment variable more
- Wang, Haerteland
Create a supportive climate in which students
feel comfortable asking questions and
contributing to lessons, without
embarrassment or fear of ridicule.
Design lessons that students are
actively involved in and provide
frequent opportunity to provide
instruction on targeted concepts and
Provide instruction to ensure student
achievement–adjusting the difficulty of
their presentation, learning tasks and
assessment tasks to match level and
Systematically present new knowledge, concepts by
linking new information, focusing on background
knowledge and reviewing previously mastered skills
Ensure that learning is significant
and relevant to the needs of
Provide immediate , specific and
constructive feedback to students.
Additional Topic on how to be an Effective
Acknowledging individual differences.
Using a range of pedagogies.
Having high expectations.
Having mastery of their teaching content.
Encouraging student responsibility.
Building positive relationships.
Monitoring progress and providing
Providing a safe environment.
Pelaosa, Larino Jr. Salazar