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Boston Library Consortium Webinar Part 1, Accessibility of AAPB for Academic Libraries

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This webinar covered AAPB's background, governance and infrastructure. Casey Kaufman, AAPB Project Manager, and Ryn Marchese, AAPB Engagement and Use Manager, discussed the scope, content and provenance of the AAPB collection; methods of searching, navigating, and accessing content in the AAPB; examples of the types of materials available in the AAPB collection, and the scholarly and research value of audiovisual collections and specifically public media archives.

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Boston Library Consortium Webinar Part 1, Accessibility of AAPB for Academic Libraries

  1. 1. WELCOME PART 1 OF 2 WEBINARS March 2, 2018 Jessica Hardin Program Coordinator, BLC jhardin@blc.org Casey Davis Kaufman Associate Director,WGBH Media Library and Archives Project Manager, AAPB casey_davis-kaufman@wgbh.org Ryn Marchese Engagement and Use Manager, AAPB ryn_marchese@wgbh.org “Accessibility of AAPB in Academic Libraries”
  2. 2. a collaboration between the Library of Congress and WGBH Seeking to preserve and make accessible significant historical content created by public media, and to coordinate a national effort to save at-risk public media before its content is lost to posterity. Missio n:
  3. 3. Packard Campus for Audio Visual Conservation
  4. 4. WGBH Educational Foundation American Archive of Public Broadcasting
  5. 5. Goals Coordinate a national effort to preserve and make accessible as much significant public broadcasting materials as possible Become a focal point for discoverability Provide standards and best practices for storing, processing, preserving, and making accessible historical content Facilitate the use of archival content by scholars, educators, students, journalists, media producers, researchers, and the public Increase public awareness of the significance of historical public media and the need to preserve it and make it accessible
  6. 6. Background Identified more than 3 million items kept at stations, archives, producers, university collections across the country dating back to the 1950s 2.5 million inventory records from 120 stations CPB Digitization Project - 40,000 hours of digital material initially from more than 100 stations Selection of the “Permanent Home”
  7. 7. More than 50,000 hours of digitized and born digital material from over 100 public broadcasting stations and organizations Website launched October 2015 >31,000 streaming video and audio files in an Online Reading Room (36% of full collection) Public access to the full collection of video and audio on-site at WGBH and the Library of Congress >2.5 million inventory records from 120 stations The AAPB Collection www.americanarchive.org
  8. 8. Imperative Need The audiovisual records of the 20th century are increasingly at risk. The 2012 National Recording Preservation Plan stated that “many endangered analog formats must be digitized within the next 15 or 20 years before further degradation makes preservation efforts all but impossible.” As this report was years in the making, we may now have no more than 10 to 15 years to preserve this material. Moreover, “audiovisual materials are the fastest-growing segment of our nation’s archives and special collections,” as reported by the Library of Congress.
  9. 9. 20+ years ago… Public television has been responsible for the production, broadcast, and dissemination of some of the most important programs which in aggregate form the richest audiovisual source of cultural history in the United States. . . . [I]t is still not easy to overstate the immense cultural value of this unique audiovisual legacy, whose loss would symbolize one of the great conflagrations of our age, tantamount to the burning of Alexandria’s library in the age of antiquity. -Television and Video Preservation (1997), a Library of Congress report
  10. 10. Cultural heritage at stake “I’ve long been frustrated…gaining access to the vast audiovisual record of my period.” ”Working to document recent American history without access to the pictures has been a real challenge.” “Key historical moments and events are lost to us forever.”
  11. 11. AAPB Collaboration Shared Responsibilities – Overall governance – Policy – Collection development – Ingest – Rights decisions Preservation Access & Outreach
  12. 12. A Centralized Web Portal for Discovery All AAPB digitized content discoverable through single searches Direct links to public media on other sites (KUHT, Louisiana Public Broadcasting, Minnesota Public Radio, WNYC) One-stop shopping Digital Public Library of America (DPLA) as a model Helps solve the separate silos syndrome for search and discovery
  13. 13. Access via the AAPB Other Access Points FIX IT, FIX IT+, and ROLL THE CREDITS All metadata available via an API Transcripts for materials in the Online Reading Room available via an API ORR harvested and accessible via the Digital Public Library of America Social media accounts often highlight collections, stations, or themes of interest On Location Access Available to researchers who visit WGBH and the Library of Congress Online Reading Room Access Available within the U.S. for research, educational and informational purposes (download not authorized) Behind firewall subject to terms of use In a category approved by counsel as fair use Streaming only Subject to notice and takedown policy Certain materials not available online are accessible via password-protected two-week access for bona fide research purposes
  14. 14. Online Reading Room (ORR) ORR totals more than 31,000 programs available to anyone in the United States Online access in accordance with the copyright law of the United States, including the legal doctrine of fair use Access for research, educational, and informational purposes only Inclusion in the ORR determined by analysis of types of programs and examination of individual series and programs
  15. 15. Metadata • Titles • Contributing Organization • Identifiers • Description • Date • Asset Type • Genres • Creators • Contributors • Publishers • Media Type • Copyright • Duration
  16. 16. Curated Exhibits Curators contextualize digitized primary and secondary source public television and radio materials. Each curated set of selected recordings present a diversity of perspectives concerning the exhibit's focus. http://americanarchive.org/exhibits
  17. 17. “Gavel-to- Gavel”: The Watergate Scandal and Public Television http://americanarchive.org/ex hibits/watergate 1972-1974
  18. 18. Special Collections Each Special Collection provides detailed information about the content, such as its creator, recommended search strategies, and related resources. http://americanarchive.org/sp ecial_collections
  19. 19. Special Collections
  20. 20. Incoming Collections PBS NewsHour Digitization Project Peabody Awards Digitization Project National Educational Television Collection Catalog Project Riverside Radio WRVR Digitization Project
  21. 21. Other new collection s • CUNY-TV: Magazines and public affairs programs produced by CUNY-TV • KBOO-FM: Community radio from Portland, Oregon from KBOO-FM • New Hampshire Public Radio: 86 interviews and speeches from candidates in New Hampshire presidential primaries from 1996 to 2012 • Southern California Public Radio: Award-winning stories chronicling endangered species and environmental issues in California • Vision Maker Media: Native American films for public broadcasting • WNET: 67 NET programs • Firing Line: metadata with URLs to online media from Stanford University
  22. 22. Public Broadcasting Preservation Fellowship
  23. 23. AAPB can be of value for scholarship because of... Geographical breadth • to uncover ways that national and global processes played out on the local scene Chronological reach • to document change (or stasis) over time
  24. 24. Documents... national history regional history local history news public affairs civic affairs religion social issues science education environmental issues music art literature filmmaking dance poetry
  25. 25. Genres… debates coverage of events educational lectures news reports call-in radio shows documentaries local news and culture magazines talk shows panel discussions interviews instructional programming
  26. 26. The Importance of Local History ... “emphasis on diversity” “the history of the nation is many different stories, no one of which can be considered the ‘main’ story” a “skepticism about finding common definitions of American nationalism or discovering common values” among many historians of the 1960s and 1970s History from the bottom up - Alan Brinkley, Political Historian
  27. 27. The Importance of Local History for... “relating “national experiences to larger processes and local resolutions.” - Thomas Bender Rethinking American History in a Global Age (2002)
  28. 28. AAPB can be of value for scholarship because of… scholarship pertaining to the period of 1973 onwards is “limited, fragmentary, and politically conflicted” for the 1980s, “the archival and monographic work … has not yet been done” accounts about the 1990s and later have “not really been history” - Kim Phillips-Fein, “1973 to the Present,” in American History Now (2011)
  29. 29. AAPB can be of value for scholarship because of... Geographical breadth • to uncover ways that national and global processes played out on the local scene Chronological reach • to document change (or stasis) over time
  30. 30. News Magazines More than 2,600 assets available in the ORR More than 7,331 in the collection Covering 25 states Over 39 organizations From the 1970s – present
  31. 31. News Reports • Channel 17 Reports (Buffalo) • The Evening Compass (Boston) • Iowa Press • MPR News (Minnesota) • National Native News (Alaska) • New Jersey Nightly News • Newscheck (Southern California) • Newsnight Maryland • Ten O’Clock News (Boston)
  32. 32. Call-in Radio Shows 2,941 Assets Importance: local programs call out topics of importance with the community members speaking to those issues during that period.
  33. 33. Documentaries Moving Image 1,460 Sound 250 Top five topics: History – 546 Local Communities – 471 Nature – 175 Social Issues - 163 Race and Ethnicity – 127
  34. 34. Unedited interviews 6000+ interviews and other raw materials Importance: provides raw, full-length accounts with historical figures and witnesses of historic events, of which only minutes are incorporated into the edited films
  35. 35. americanarchive.org @amarchivepub facebook.com/amarchivepub @amarchivepub
  36. 36. THANK YOU!

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