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Learning Disabilities


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Learning Disabilities

  1. 1. Definition Reading Written language Spoken LanguageSocial Uses of Language Mathematics Behavioral Problems Perceptual Memory Social Competence Assessment
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  5. 5. ReadingMenu
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  11. 11. Written Language poses severe problems: Handwriting Spelling Composition Illegible and Slow WritingMenu
  12. 12. Their written work show lack of planning, organizing, draft ing and editing.Menu
  13. 13. Developmental AphasiaMenu
  14. 14. Spoken language poses problems on the mechanical uses of language syntax or grammar, semantics or word meanings and phonology or the breaking down of words into their component sounds and blending individual sounds to compose words.Menu
  15. 15. Developmental AphasiaMenu
  16. 16. Pragmantics or Social Uses of Language •Problems in the ability to carry on a conversation. •Unable to engage in a give and take conversation •Find it difficult to understand ideas •Long silences •Inability to respondMenu
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  19. 19. •Inattention •Impulsivity •HyperactivityMenu
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  21. 21. Perceptual, Perceptual-Motor, General Coordination Problems 1.Exhibit Visual and/or auditory perceptual disabilities. Problem is in organizing and interpreting visual and auditory stimuli.Menu
  22. 22. Perceptual, Perceptual-Motor, General Coordination Problems2. Difficulty with physical activities that involve gross and fine motor skills.Menu
  23. 23. Perceptual, Perceptual-Motor, General Coordination Problems 3. Problems with attention and hyperactivity.Menu
  24. 24. Memory, Cognitive and Metacognitive Problems •Problems in remembering assignments or appointments. •Disorganized thinking •Lack of awareness skills, strategies and resources to perform task effectively.Menu
  25. 25. Memory, Cognitive and Metacognitive Problems Attention Deficit- Selective attention or inability to focus on relevant details of the lessonCannot scan all the sensory stimuli such as theinstructional aids used by the teacher but insteaddistracted. Coaching and effective selective attention strategiesMenu
  26. 26. Memory, Cognitive and Metacognitive Problems Poor Memory- poor ability to store and retrieve information They lack the ability to organized information for recall. Happens either because of the absent , immature or inefficiently use of common strategies for storing and recalling information. The teacher calls him/her back to attention. ProvideMenu guides and summary of lessons. study
  27. 27. Problems in Social Competence Learning disabled person may be popular, neglected or rejected. May have low social acceptance but can enjoy popularity or may have significant deficits in social skills but enjoy acceptance.Menu
  28. 28. Assessment of Learning Disabilities •Norm-referenced tests •Process tests •Informal reading inventories •Criterion refrenced tests •Direct daily measurement of LearningMenu
  29. 29. Students with LD manifest deficits in the expected number of skills for mastery in a particular level. Specific perceptual problems are in visual perception, auditory perception, and visual-motor TESTS coordination. •llinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities •Marianne Frostig Developmental Test of VisualMenu Perception
  30. 30. Criterion Referenced Tests For specific subjects: Reading Language Mathematics Determine the mastery level of the student that he/she should be capable ofMenu achieving.
  31. 31. Informal Reading Inventory Consists of a series of progressively more difficult sentences and paragraphs for oral reading. Mistakes are recorded like problems in consonants, omissions, reversals, substitutions and comprehension.Menu
  32. 32. Direct Daily Measurement Example: In Mathematics, the teacher observes and records the correct rate or how many times the student gives wrong responses and the percentage of correct answers. So, the teacher can adjust his/her lesson.Menu
  33. 33. Direct Daily Measurement Children with learning disability should be identified early so he/she will received his/her own individualized educational plan. A SPED teacher should assist a regular teacher in her way of teaching so, the regular teacher will not be engage in doing behaviors that would make the student have inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity.Menu