American and Japanese occupation

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  • American and Japanese occupation

    1. 1. Ma. Kathrina M. Capinpin Joyce Dimaculangan Almera V. Herrera
    2. 2. Brief DescriptionHighlights of EducationStrengths and Weaknesses Insights Quiz
    3. 3. In accordance with the Protocol of PeaceBrief Description of… and fivesigned on August 12, 1898, five AmericanSpanish commissioners were appointed to meet inParis to discuss the final peace terms betweenSpain and the United States. On December10,1898, the Treaty of Paris was signed. It providedthat Spain would cede the Philippines to the UnitedStates in return for which they would receive$20,000,000 from the United States as paymentfor improvements made in the colony.
    4. 4. The American propaganda, directed mainlyby the instruments of imperialists, won andthereafter the Philippines became aterritory of the United States. When theAmericans occupied Manila in 1898, theyimmediately repair the Philippines’ statusin education.
    5. 5. The ten-year preparatory period, known as the Brief Description interrupted when theCommonwealth regime, was rudely of…Japanese, looking for territories to accommodate not onlytheir excess population but also their manufacturedgoods, started the war in the Pacific. Japanese navalbombers attacked Pearl Harbor in Hawaii on December1941. The United States declared war against Japan andthe war in the Pacific was formally on. As a consequenceof this war, the Philippines was occupied by the Japanese.For three years, the Filipinos suffered the rigors of war.
    6. 6. American Rule A highly public school system was installed in 1901 by thePhilippine commission by virtue of Act no. 74. - Thomasites - established the Philippine Normal school ( now thePhilippine normal University) Pensionado Program/ Scholars Use of the English Language The Commonwealth provided free education in the publicschools all over the country, in accordance with the 1935constitution Education emphasized nationalism.
    7. 7. Vocational education and some household activitieslike sewing, cooking and farming were given importance. Good manners and discipline were taught to students. The Institute of private education was established inorder to observe private schools.There was also the existence of “Adult education” inorder to give formal education even to adults
    8. 8. Japanese Occupation Promote and enrich the Filipino Culture. To recognize that the Philippines is a part of the Greater EastAsia Co-prosperity Sphere -It represented the desire to create a self-sufficient "blocof Asian nations led by the Japanese and free of Westernpowers“ To be aware of materialism to raise the morality of theFilipinos. To learn and adopt Nippongo and to stop using EnglishLanguage. To spread elementary and vocational education To develop love for work.
    9. 9. Strengths Weaknesses•They everyone the chance to study•Gave teach us not to depend on other •To learn Nipponggo terms of •They influence Filipinos inand stop Strengths and Weakn•Equality between men and womencountries. using English love the American what they eat, to language•Technical/vocational skills were•Promote and enrich the Filipino culture, and most of all to prioritizeemphasizedculture. their products.•Filipinos love for work.reading and•Develop knowledge in •The US exploited the labor influx ofwriting are high•Spread elementary and vocational Filipinos causing brain drain to theeducation. Philippines.
    10. 10. Americans’ actions in establishing the firstformal education in the Philippines was something towhich we should be thankful for. The contents of theAct No.74 of the Philippine commission was a proofthat we really had received a help from them. Wewere given the chance to be educated. And since themedium of instruction in public schools were inEnglish, Filipinos were given the chance to learn thelanguage of our occupants: Americans, the chance tolearn the universal language. Here, Filipinos werevery willing to learn and were glad that they weregiven the chance.
    11. 11. Then during the Japaneseoccupation, Filipinos has not much enthusiasm inreturning to school first because the Filipinos as awhole were suspicious of the Japanese intensionand second, children focused on helping theirparents tide over the difficult times. Even thoughthe Japanese allowed to continue using Englishas the medium of instruction inteaching, Niponggo was later injected to bestudied in schools including elementary schools.
    12. 12. This abrupt transition of learning fromEnglish to Niponggo caused damage in the senseof national consciousness because the Filipinosdon’t have their own knowledge. They arelearning another countries’ language whiledestroying the main variations of their country’slanguages. Instead of learning their ownlanguage, Filipinos were forced to learn theothers’ that causes them to forget their own.
    13. 13. Evaluation Choose the letter of the correct answer. During whose rule does vocational courses were given importance? A. Spanish Rule B. American Rule C. Japanese
    14. 14. Evaluation Choose the letter of the correct answer. Whose rule wants to develop love for work? A. Spanish Rule B. American Rule C. Japanese
    15. 15. Evaluation Choose the letter of the correct answer. They taught their students good manners and discipline. A. Spanish B. American C. Japanese
    16. 16. Evaluation Choose the letter of the correct answer. Who established the Philippine Normal School? A. Spanish B. American C. Japanese
    17. 17. Evaluation Choose the letter of the correct answer. Who inculcate Niponggo as one of the subjects in elementary schools? A. Spanish B. American C. Japanese

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