rugby – zespołowa gra sportowa i jej odmiany: rugby union – rugby 15-osobowe o rugby union sevens – 7-osobowa odmiana rugby union rugby league – rugby 13-osobowe o rugby league sevens – 7-osobowa odmiana rugby league o rugby league nines – 9-osobowa odmiana rugby league Rugby – miasto w Anglii (Wielka Brytania), od którego pochodzi nazwa gry rugby HiSTORYRugby football is a style of football that originated from Rugby School in the United Kingdom. It isseen most prominently in two current sports, rugby league and rugby union.The game of football that was played at Rugby School between 1750 and 1859 permitted handling ofthe ball, but no one was allowed to run with it in their hands towards the oppositions goal.The popular myth of the sports origin states that Rugby pupil William Webb Ellis broke the local rulesby running forward with the ball in his hands in a game in 1823. Rugby School produced the firstwritten rules for their version of the sport in 1845.Eguipment:
Rugby shirts were formerly made of cotton but are now made of a cotton and polyester mix. Thismaterial has the advantage of not absorbing as much water or mud as cotton alone.Rugby ballIn rugby union, the International Rugby Board the size and shape of the ball under Law 2(also knownas Law E.R.B); an official rugby union ball is oval and made of four panels, has a length in-line of 280–300 millimetres, a circumference (end to end) of 740–770 millimetres, and a circumference (in width)of 580–620 millimetres. It is made of leather or suitable synthetic material, and may be treated tomake it water resistant and easier to grip. The rugby ball may not weigh more than 460 grams or lessthan 410 and has an air pressure of 65.71–68.75 kilopascals, or 0.67–0.70 kilograms per squarecentimetre, or 9.5–10.0 lbs per square inch. Spare balls are allowed under the condition thatplayers or teams do not seek an advantage by changing the ball. Smaller sized balls may also be usedin games between younger players. Much larger versions of traditional balls are also available forpurchase, but these are mainly for their novelty attraction.
Curiosity :Richard Lindon (1816-1887) Inventor of the Rugby Ball, the rubber inflatable bladder and the brasshand pump.