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Top 5 Things Safety Planners and Highway Safety Offices Need to Know About Self-Driving Vehicles

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Technology is changing how we move and there are many opportunities for improving safety. Safety planners who understand the capabilities of autonomous and connected vehicles technology that begin planning now, will achieve the maximum amount of safety benefits from these new technologies. Many questions need to be asked and considered in order to maximize safety benefits, as well as negate unfavorable side effects, these new technologies can bring.

Inspired by a SlideShare my colleagues Chris Hedden, Dan Krechmer and Ron Basile created last year, The Top Five Things Planners Need to Know About Self-Driving Vehicles, I thought it would be interesting to talk about this topic from the transportation safety planners and State Highway Safety Office perspective.

I hope you find it as a fun and interesting approach to engage conversations among safety professionals in asking some of the questions in this exciting field.

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Top 5 Things Safety Planners and Highway Safety Offices Need to Know About Self-Driving Vehicles

  1. 1. Self-Driving Vehicles The TOPTOP5Things Safety Planners and Highway Safety Offices Need to Know about
  2. 2. When did texting become available on cell phones? It was 1992 (yes, really). We’ll get to the Top 5 Things. But first, a few questions to ponder…
  3. 3. HUMANS = DISTRACTED DRIVING Drinking Speeding Texting Singing 80s HAIR METAL music...
  4. 4. 90%of crashes! I’ll need to call you back. HUMAN ERROR is a contributing factor of over
  5. 5. What if there’s a NEW TECHNOLOGY with huge potential to IMPROVE ROADWAY SAFETY?
  6. 6. Have you heard the about SELF-DRIVING VEHICLES? Well get used to hearing about AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES and CONNECTED VEHICLES (AV/CVs).
  7. 7. Are AV/CVs the panacea for ELIMINATING TRAFFIC CRASHES? Probably not. I could be out of a job! SAFETY PLAN�ER
  8. 8. But INFRASTRUCTURE and BEHAVIORAL SAFETY SPECIALISTS will need to PLAN DIFFERENTLY in the future to mitigate traffic crashes.
  9. 9. When will we have enough self-driving vehicles on our roadways to see REAL REDUCTIONS IN TRAFFIC CRASHES?
  10. 10. IT DEPENDS… on how we structure and implement safety policies and programs, and how soon we do it.
  11. 11. When should we identify how AV/CVs will IMPACT ROADWAY SAFETY? When should we DEVELOP POLICIES AND PROGRAMS to address them?
  12. 12. ??? MOREquestions to address: Who will teach drivers to understand and use AV/CV technology? How? Should we plan and build roadways to maximize user safety? How? How will we update behavioral programs to address the impact of AV/CVs? How will our crash reporting and safety data change? What are the policy implications of AV/CVs to the safety community? With so many questions, what do we focus on first?
  13. 13. The TOPTOP5Things You Need to Know...
  14. 14. #1
  15. 15. The way drivers INTERACT with vehicles will change. HEL�O MICHAEL. Hi car!
  16. 16. The MINDSETfor interacting with self-driving vehicles will CHANGE
  17. 17. Young Old In-Between Drivers training won’t go away; we’ll have to BROADEN who we educate, how we do it, and who provides it.
  18. 18. STATES must be ready to address safety policy implications… there’s no avoiding it.
  19. 19. UNDERSTANDING and PLANNING for safety and training implications will allow for the SAFE INTEGRATION of AV/CV vehicles among all drivers on your roadways.
  20. 20. The AC/CV safety benefits DON’T COME AUTOMATICALLY. If we don’t GUIDE roadway users, we can turn those benefits on their head. SAFETY BENEFITS ? ? ?
  21. 21. 2#
  22. 22. We know that walkers, bikers, and drivers deserve the SAFEST SYSTEM POSSIBLE. In fact, engineers and planners focus on this all the time.
  23. 23. But the times, they are A-CHANGIN’!
  24. 24. TECHNOLOGY NOW HELPS: Staying in lanes. Staying on the roadway. Avoiding collision. “Seeing” what’s in blind spots.
  25. 25. Consider a NEW NETWORK FOOTPRINT, with a typical vehicle that is unlikely to leave the roadway. EMBRACE TECHNOLOGY to improve communication across modes and design SMART STREETS that lower conflict by increasing traveler information. PLANNING FOR THE FUTURE CAN:
  26. 26. 20 YEARS from now our vehicles, communications, and technology will be different... HOW CAN YOUR INFRASTRUCTURE AND SAFETY INVESTMENT CHANGE ALONG THE WAY?
  27. 27. 3#
  28. 28. Humans sometimes make POOR DECISIONS.
  29. 29. Poor decisions on the road can cause INJURY OR DEATH. POOR DECISIONS
  30. 30. In many states, 1 3 of roadway fatalities involve IMPAIRED DRIVERS.
  31. 31. But even people with a HISTORY of impaired driving need to be MOBILE MEMBERS OF SOCIETY.
  32. 32. With AV/CV TECHNOLOGY, safety and criminal justice officials can KEEP HIGH-RISK DRIVERS MOBILE. For example: requiring rental of a vehicle that senses impaired driving. Getting alerts from the vehicle that the driver is on the roadway.
  33. 33. Safety planners who UNDERSTAND THE CAPABILITIES OF AV/CV AND V2I technology can begin planning now to IMPROVE HIGHWAY SAFETY IN THE FUTURE.
  34. 34. 4#
  35. 35. Today’s crash reports tell us a lot about WHERE AND WHEN the crash occurred.
  36. 36. Data in the world of AV/CVs will tell us WHAT HAPPENED BEFORE THE CRASH: Driver behavior. Road conditions. Vehicles Interaction with Roadway. Other vehicle behaviors.
  37. 37. AV/CVS CAN PROVIDE… A revolutionary REAL-TIME DATA SOURCE to safety planners analysis of the crash. Accurate, real-time information to FIRST RESPONDERS, so the most appropriate care responds to the crash. A shift to focusing on what occurred before and during the crash, to develop NEW COUNTERMEASURES. A continuous SAFETY FEEDBACK LOOP to help address and correct poor driving habits. PARENTAL MONITORING of teen driving habits. Real-time NOTIFICATION TO CARS AND DRIVERS of hazardous road conditions.
  38. 38. But none of this will happen unless the INFRASTRUCTURE AND PLANNING ARE IN PLACE.
  39. 39. We must know WHAT DATA ARE CAPTURED by AV/CV and V2I and understand how to INCORPORATE THEM INTO SAFETY PLANNING on our roadways.
  40. 40. 5#
  41. 41. WHAT ARE WE WAITING FOR!? Here are a few conversation starters...
  42. 42. What are the POLICY IMPLICATIONS of AV/CVs to the safety community? RULES?
  43. 43. We’ve talked about a few already – NEW TRAINING requirements for all drivers, CHANGING ROADWAY DESIGN standards and policies, and NEW DRIVING SANCTIONS for impaired drivers. CHANGES next exit
  44. 44. What we haven’t’ talked about is how law enforcement is going to report these crashes which involve AV/CVs. Do the crash causation factors change? WHO IS AT FAULT – THE VEHICLE OR THE FRONT SEAT PASSENGER? He did it.
  45. 45. What does the safety planning community want to see CHANGE on the CRASH REPORT FORM?
  46. 46. Will crashes in an AV/CV go into the DRIVERS HISTORY file if the VEHICLE IS AT FAULT and the driver wasn’t driving? Driver’s Record Car’s Record
  47. 47. Could this new technology OPEN UP DRIVING TO INDIVIDUALS WHO CAN’T DRIVE NOW? What would that mean for driver licensing?
  48. 48. STARE THIS DOWN! RISE TO THE CHALLENGE! Because there’s no question of whether we’ll see these vehicles on our roadways. It’s only a matter of WHEN. SAFETY COMMUNITY:
  49. 49. Ready to continue the conversation? Contact RYAN KLITZSCH at: RKLITZSCH@CAMSYS.COM or 317.260.7811

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