Equity Begins with              Recognizing               Diversity                            Chris Stephenson           ...
Defining the Terms    Fairness      x I get what I want/need.    Justice      x Good people get rewarded and bad        pe...
Chris’ List of Scary Words         x   Class/ Socioeconomic status         x   Ethnicity/Race         x   Gender         x...
Chris’ Key Concepts    Privilege      x perks we take for granted    Prejudice      x lies we are taught to believe    Pre...
What I Offer You Today      Ideas I’ve collected over 16 years of research      on technological equity as it relates to: ...
What I Ask of You Today       x   Keep an open mind       x   Keep an open heart       x   Keep me honest by challenging m...
The Science Problem                    “ If you are going to be a woman                      scientist, you either have to...
The Media Message      x   All scientists are crazy, or weird, or both:          – the Unabomber          – Rain Man      ...
Defining the Problem       “ We are witnessing the         fracturing of the democratic         institutions that hold us ...
The Costs of Inequity      The creation of groups of technological      have’s and have not’s will have      enormous nega...
People Without Jobs  x   60% of all jobs..require technology skills  x   75% of all transactions between individuals      ...
Jobs Without People     IT employs more people and creates more     jobs than traditional industries combined.       x 71%...
The Underrepresented        720,000 women work in the IT industry.        They represent 30% of its labour force.         ...
Emotional Cost          Inequities of access and use among          segments of the population lead to:           x disenf...
Examining the InequitiesCS & IT Symposium                        June 25, 2000                    © Chris Stephenson
Consider the “ability”             and Not the ‘dis’       “ I don’t want to be viewed as         ‘normal,’, but, rather a...
Defining Disability       The term “disability” itself is problematic.        x educational        x medical/rehabilitativ...
Disability vs Culture             Many Deaf people reject the entire             idea of disability in favour of self-    ...
Disability in Education         Traditional views of disability are         expanding in education to include         audi...
Disability in Education             Students with disabilites take fewer             science and math courses. Overall the...
Breaking the Pattern        “If we can provide all students with         true equity of access, we can break         that ...
Race/Ethnicity Factors    x 32.9% of African American students own a     home computer compared to 73% of white     studen...
High School Computing         In 1999 11,793 students took the AP         Computer Science “AB” exam      x 9% women compa...
College        Students entering public black colleges        are the least likely of all freshmen to        report using ...
Socioeconomic Factors     x 20% of students from households earning        less than $30,000 per year have a home        c...
It is Where You Come From                Students in areas with a                large portion of poor and                ...
Gender Factors                    “ Women working in science                      and technology are doubly               ...
The Generation Between      High school girls are a generation caught      in the middle:       x more career options and ...
Lies We Tell Our Daughters       x   Girls are different.       x   Girls aren’t different.       x   Science is neutral. ...
What They Ask Themselves      x   How come I feel different?      x   Why is science/technology boring?      x   If they k...
What We Know For Sure      Virtually every study on gender equity and      technology in education concludes that male    ...
What Really Works      The only thing that seems to guarantee      gender equity and success in science and      technolog...
Thanks for Nothing!           Given that the majority of           young people are in           heterogeneous, multiracia...
Finding Solutions   Reality checks and attitude adjustments.CS & IT Symposium                             June 25, 2000   ...
Start by Admitting            There is a Difference   x   Encourage young people in computing to       express and explore...
Never Expect Less   Of your students     x encourage high expectations     x give them tools, not excuses   Of yourself   ...
Specific Suggestions       x   Group specific activities/access       x   Role models       x   Support groups       x   M...
Role Models       x   Model equity in your classroom.       x   On-line mentoring programs.       x   Classroom speakers. ...
Just for Us       x   Classes       x   Project groups       x   Lab time       x   Mentoring       x   Career CounselingC...
Celebrating Your             Inner Nerd  x   Technology clubs  x   Pocket protector day  x   Don’t comb your hair day  x  ...
Skills Training     x   Time management     x   Presentation skills     x   Stress management     x   Resume/interview pre...
Resources     x   Get the Guidance people on track.     x   Explore mass media.     x   Get a good guide to careers in com...
Why You Are So Important          x   Ask any child who their heroes are.          x   Now ask any successful adult. “L’ed...
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Edtl 6390

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Edtl 6390

  1. 1. Equity Begins with Recognizing Diversity Chris Stephenson University of TorontoCS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  2. 2. Defining the Terms Fairness x I get what I want/need. Justice x Good people get rewarded and bad people get punished Equity x Everyone gets what they need to achieve their full potentialCS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  3. 3. Chris’ List of Scary Words x Class/ Socioeconomic status x Ethnicity/Race x Gender x Physical abilities/attributes x Religion/Faith/CultureCS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  4. 4. Chris’ Key Concepts Privilege x perks we take for granted Prejudice x lies we are taught to believe Preconceptions x programs we run in our heads which may have no connection to realityCS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  5. 5. What I Offer You Today Ideas I’ve collected over 16 years of research on technological equity as it relates to: x disability x race/ethnicity x class/socioeconomic status x genderCS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  6. 6. What I Ask of You Today x Keep an open mind x Keep an open heart x Keep me honest by challenging my assumptions and programsCS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  7. 7. The Science Problem “ If you are going to be a woman scientist, you either have to change how you see science or how you see yourself” Suzanne K. Damarin The Ohio State UniversityCS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  8. 8. The Media Message x All scientists are crazy, or weird, or both: – the Unabomber – Rain Man – Dr. Frankenstein x Its in the genes. x Its about torturing small animals.CS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  9. 9. Defining the Problem “ We are witnessing the fracturing of the democratic institutions that hold us together. The possibility for an information underclass is growing.” The Benton Foundation ReportCS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  10. 10. The Costs of Inequity The creation of groups of technological have’s and have not’s will have enormous negative ramifications. x Economic x Social x MoralCS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  11. 11. People Without Jobs x 60% of all jobs..require technology skills x 75% of all transactions between individuals and government ..take place electronically. People without technology skills or access to electronic communication will be at considerable disadvantage.” Goslee, 1998CS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  12. 12. Jobs Without People IT employs more people and creates more jobs than traditional industries combined. x 71% of large and mid-sized companies report that demands exceed skilled workers x 1 job waiting to be filled for every 10 x computer programming is expected to grow by 21 to 35% over the next 10 yearsCS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  13. 13. The Underrepresented 720,000 women work in the IT industry. They represent 30% of its labour force. x 81% are white x 10% are Asian American x 6% are African American x 3% are Hispanic x <1% are Native North AmericanCS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  14. 14. Emotional Cost Inequities of access and use among segments of the population lead to: x disenfranchisement x disillusion x disintegration of the social fabricCS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  15. 15. Examining the InequitiesCS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  16. 16. Consider the “ability” and Not the ‘dis’ “ I don’t want to be viewed as ‘normal,’, but, rather as gifted and unique. Everyone lacks some ability. We are all gifted and unique in our own way.” DO • IT News Vol. 8, No.2CS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  17. 17. Defining Disability The term “disability” itself is problematic. x educational x medical/rehabilitative x social x culturalCS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  18. 18. Disability vs Culture Many Deaf people reject the entire idea of disability in favour of self- defining as part of Deaf Culture. x a common history x a visual orientation to the world x a unique language (ASL)CS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  19. 19. Disability in Education Traditional views of disability are expanding in education to include auditory, visual, and behavioural learning disabilities. x Greater likelihood that students will be integrated into regular classrooms. x Schools are providing new levels of assisted learning.CS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  20. 20. Disability in Education Students with disabilites take fewer science and math courses. Overall they: x have lower grade and achievement scores, x are underrepresented among those with degrees, x are underrepresented in the workplace.CS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  21. 21. Breaking the Pattern “If we can provide all students with true equity of access, we can break that cycle of the haves and the have nots. The cycle of welfare..is not an entrenched society but a pervasive society. If we can break that pervasive society, we’ve got it made.” Sharon McCoy BellCS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  22. 22. Race/Ethnicity Factors x 32.9% of African American students own a home computer compared to 73% of white students x 9% of African Americans are likely to use the Web at home compared to 14% of white Americans x 2.8% of African Americans are likely to purchase a home computer compared to 10% of white AmericansCS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  23. 23. High School Computing In 1999 11,793 students took the AP Computer Science “AB” exam x 9% women compared to 91% men x 65% were white x 22% were Asian American x 5% were African American x 5% were Hispanic x 3% were “other”CS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  24. 24. College Students entering public black colleges are the least likely of all freshmen to report using the Internet for email and research.CS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  25. 25. Socioeconomic Factors x 20% of students from households earning less than $30,000 per year have a home computer compared to 80% in homes with incomes higher than $75,000 x 43.5 of families on public assistance do not have telephones x 50% of female-headed households living in poverty do not have phonesCS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  26. 26. It is Where You Come From Students in areas with a large portion of poor and minority students are much less likely to have technology access.CS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  27. 27. Gender Factors “ Women working in science and technology are doubly marked, doubly silenced, and doubly denied.” Suzanne K. Damarin The Ohio State UniversityCS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  28. 28. The Generation Between High school girls are a generation caught in the middle: x more career options and expectations, x more access to technology, x still subject to enormous peer and social pressure concerning difference, x less comfortable with technology than elementary students.CS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  29. 29. Lies We Tell Our Daughters x Girls are different. x Girls aren’t different. x Science is neutral. x Its okay to be smart and a girl. x Life is fair. x There are no limitations. x Having a career doesn’t mean sacrificing your personal life.CS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  30. 30. What They Ask Themselves x How come I feel different? x Why is science/technology boring? x If they know I’m smart will they like me? x Are there going to be any jobs left for me? x How come my Mom still does most of the housework as well as her full time job?CS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  31. 31. What We Know For Sure Virtually every study on gender equity and technology in education concludes that male and female students are treated differently: x males receive more attention, x males receive more praise, x males have greater access to resources, x males are encouraged to pursue a greater variety of careers.CS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  32. 32. What Really Works The only thing that seems to guarantee gender equity and success in science and technology is single-sex education where girls do not have to compete for: x resources, x attention, x encouragement.CS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  33. 33. Thanks for Nothing! Given that the majority of young people are in heterogeneous, multiracial, multiethnic, integrated, coeducational academic settings, what can we do???CS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  34. 34. Finding Solutions Reality checks and attitude adjustments.CS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  35. 35. Start by Admitting There is a Difference x Encourage young people in computing to express and explore ways in which they feel different. x Organize around difference to make it easier for them to own it. x Encourage them to begin building support groups that will help support and sustain them.CS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  36. 36. Never Expect Less Of your students x encourage high expectations x give them tools, not excuses Of yourself x always be aware of your own programs x don’t forget, you can’t fix everything but every day you make a BIG differenceCS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  37. 37. Specific Suggestions x Group specific activities/access x Role models x Support groups x Management skills x ResourcesCS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  38. 38. Role Models x Model equity in your classroom. x On-line mentoring programs. x Classroom speakers. Try to avoid token over-achievers who scare young people into thinking they could never be the perfect rocket scientist, spouse, parent....CS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  39. 39. Just for Us x Classes x Project groups x Lab time x Mentoring x Career CounselingCS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  40. 40. Celebrating Your Inner Nerd x Technology clubs x Pocket protector day x Don’t comb your hair day x Short pants dayCS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  41. 41. Skills Training x Time management x Presentation skills x Stress management x Resume/interview preparationCS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  42. 42. Resources x Get the Guidance people on track. x Explore mass media. x Get a good guide to careers in computing. x Novels like Microserfs and 82 Desire. x Find good technology websites.CS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson
  43. 43. Why You Are So Important x Ask any child who their heroes are. x Now ask any successful adult. “L’education nous faisait ce que nous sommes” HelvetiusCS & IT Symposium June 25, 2000 © Chris Stephenson

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