Wednesday 02/05/2012
 Source: Nam Ngum River BasinDevelopment Sector Project (June2008) „Basin profile‟02/05/2012 NIWRMSP - River Basin Manage...
 Source: Nam Ngum River Basin Development Sector Project (June 2008) „Basin profile‟02/05/2012 NIWRMSP - River Basin Mana...
 Lao PDR territory – contributes 35% to annualflow of Mekong River Nam Ngum Basin area is nearly 17,000 km2 Average ann...
The feeling in the Past: “Plenty of water in thebasin to accommodate everyone‟s needs for ever” Historical economy focuse...
Economic Development Since 1970: Irrigation: development of irrigation indownstream Vientiane Plain, to support nationalf...
 Source: Nam Ngum River BasinDevelopment Sector Project (June2008) „Basin profile‟02/05/2012 7
Economic Development Since 1970: Important contributors:◦ Mining - large scale gold mining◦ Cassava processing◦ Steel mak...
 1. “Fish catches decline” 2. “Some production activities in one sectorharm production activities in other sectors” 3. ...
The feeling now: “Water in the basin is not enough toaccommodate everyone‟s needs for ever!” Welcome:◦ Job opportunities ...
Intensify and integrate management: Prior to 2009: preparations: legal framework development,organisational restructuring...
 The model: a multi-province River Basin Committee◦ Functions as platform for 1) sharing information among stakeholders ...
02/05/2012Lao PDR - NNRBC 13
 Permanent secretariat, lead by a MoNREDirector General Already initiated formation of sub-basincommittees in Nam Ngum B...
 Bring together representatives of differentinterests, and make information available toall about development initiatives...
 Limits to sector-wise management has beenreached Need to change to nexus management Introducing IWRM in the Sub-basins...
Thank you!02/05/2012Lao PDR - NNRBC 17
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

120502 Nam Ngum Basin Committee

520 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
520
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
17
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

120502 Nam Ngum Basin Committee

  1. 1. Wednesday 02/05/2012
  2. 2.  Source: Nam Ngum River BasinDevelopment Sector Project (June2008) „Basin profile‟02/05/2012 NIWRMSP - River Basin Management 2
  3. 3.  Source: Nam Ngum River Basin Development Sector Project (June 2008) „Basin profile‟02/05/2012 NIWRMSP - River Basin Management 3
  4. 4.  Lao PDR territory – contributes 35% to annualflow of Mekong River Nam Ngum Basin area is nearly 17,000 km2 Average annual flow of 22 Billion m3 = 5% oftotal Mekong River flow Divided into eighteen sub-basins Basin population: 520,000 (30 persons/km2) Vientiane Capital: main population and economiccentre in the basin Vientiane Plain 180,000 ha: main foodproduction area of the country (paddy,husbandry, maize, …)02/05/2012Lao PDR - NNRBC 4
  5. 5. The feeling in the Past: “Plenty of water in thebasin to accommodate everyone‟s needs for ever” Historical economy focused on food productionfor subsistence:◦ subsistence production of rice◦ collection of forest products◦ catching fish (plenty of large size fish, easy to catch)◦ handicrafts, using wood, bamboo, and rattan◦ in the mountains: slash and burn agriculture productionsystems◦ in the higher valleys: small streams community irrigationsystems02/05/2012Lao PDR - NNRBC 5
  6. 6. Economic Development Since 1970: Irrigation: development of irrigation indownstream Vientiane Plain, to support nationalfood security (large schemes, pump lift) Hydropower: ten suitable sites for hydropowerplants in the upstream areas◦ Nam Ngum 1, with a large storage reservoir on NamNgum River, commenced in 1971◦ Five more plants have come on line◦ Two plants outside the basin discharge into the basin◦ Construction of Nam Ngum 3 to start next year02/05/2012Lao PDR - NNRBC 6
  7. 7.  Source: Nam Ngum River BasinDevelopment Sector Project (June2008) „Basin profile‟02/05/2012 7
  8. 8. Economic Development Since 1970: Important contributors:◦ Mining - large scale gold mining◦ Cassava processing◦ Steel making (melting scrap metals, etc.)◦ Potash mining and fertilizer production◦ Plantations Other developments:◦ Residential and industrial area development02/05/2012Lao PDR - NNRBC 8
  9. 9.  1. “Fish catches decline” 2. “Some production activities in one sectorharm production activities in other sectors” 3. In 2011, severe flooding occurred in theVientiane plain, causing serious materiallosses to the communities (crops, cattle,houses,…)02/05/2012Lao PDR - NNRBC 9
  10. 10. The feeling now: “Water in the basin is not enough toaccommodate everyone‟s needs for ever!” Welcome:◦ Job opportunities for the people◦ Revenue for the state Not-so-welcome negative effects:◦ Deterioration of the river‟s service as a community sourcefor natural protein and drinking water Worries and concerns about the future:◦ New business propositions include potential heavypolluters, such as paper industry◦ Function of the river to supply water to residential areas &industries in rapidly expanding Vientiane Capital City02/05/2012Lao PDR - NNRBC 10
  11. 11. Intensify and integrate management: Prior to 2009: preparations: legal framework development,organisational restructuring, model development In 2009: set as formal target for 2015, to bring five largebasins under IWRM In 2010: Issued Decree on Establishment and Activities ofRBCs (and their secretariats) [Prime Minister 293] In 2011:◦ Assigned Heads of RBC Secretariat◦ Selected Nam Ngum Basin as pilot for Lao PDR IWRM mechanism◦ Launched the comprehensive National IWRM Support Programme (lawreview, capacity building, basin plan, groundwater, asset inventory,education)02/05/2012Lao PDR - NNRBC 11
  12. 12.  The model: a multi-province River Basin Committee◦ Functions as platform for 1) sharing information among stakeholders about the status and development ofthe basin 2) recommend integrated action plans and programmes to the prime minister forendorsement, thus providing a basis for coordinated resource allocation.◦ Representatives of government and private sectors◦ Chaired by one of the provincial governors◦ Reports to Prime Minister Office◦ Overseen by Lao National Mekong River Committee◦ Supported by a Basin Secretariat under MoNRE02/05/2012Lao PDR - NNRBC 12
  13. 13. 02/05/2012Lao PDR - NNRBC 13
  14. 14.  Permanent secretariat, lead by a MoNREDirector General Already initiated formation of sub-basincommittees in Nam Ngum Basin Will establish a special forum to facilitate co-operation between the government and thehydro-power and mining companies Proposal for a central fund for financing waterresources management. Realistic and practical action plan formanagement of the basin under preparation02/05/2012Lao PDR - NNRBC 14
  15. 15.  Bring together representatives of differentinterests, and make information available toall about development initiatives and ideas Future risks will be better recognised,anticipated, and managed Principles of „user pays‟ and „polluter pays‟can be more timely applied in permits andconcessions02/05/2012Lao PDR - NNRBC 15
  16. 16.  Limits to sector-wise management has beenreached Need to change to nexus management Introducing IWRM in the Sub-basins of the LowerMekong Basin has aspects of:◦ decentralisation◦ centralisation Decentralisation supports „local solutions forlocal problems‟ Centralisation supports „local solutions for widerbasin problems‟ For effective nexus management: The one needsthe other02/05/2012Lao PDR - NNRBC 16
  17. 17. Thank you!02/05/2012Lao PDR - NNRBC 17

×