SlideShare a Scribd company logo
A Ramsar Case Study on Tourism and Wetlands
Wetland Tourism: Estonia - Soomaa National Park
Estonia, Soomaa. Fifth Season in a Soomaa Boat. © Mati Kose
Estonia’s Soomaa National Park is a
land of peat bogs, naturally meandering rivers,
swamp forests and meadows on the rivers’
floodplains. Its bogs and rivers began to develop
around 10,000 years ago when the last of the
European ice sheets retreated northwards. Today
the area contains some of the best preserved and
most extensive raised bogs in Europe. Each spring,
it is subject to spectacular floods over a vast area –
a time of the year that is known locally as the ‘fifth
season’. Soomaa also has rich wildlife which
includes golden eagles, black storks, woodpeckers,
owls, various kinds of bog waders such as golden
plovers, wood sandpipers, whimbrel, curlew, great
snipe, and corn crake, as well as elk, wild boar,
beaver, wolf, lynx, and brown bear.
Soomaa National Park is the most popular
wilderness tourism destination of the Baltic
countries. Its tourism products are based on
wilderness experiences, the uniqueness of
Soomaa and its cultural heritage, and the quality
services that are offered by the local tourism
entrepreneurs and stakeholders.
The Park was established under Estonian
legislation in 1993, and joined the PAN Parks
Network of European wilderness areas in 2009. It
also received an EDEN (European Destinations of
Excellence) award from the European Commission
in 2009 for promoting sustainable tourism in and
around a protected area. The site has been listed
as a Ramsar Wetland of International Importance
since 1997.
The Ramsar Secretariat selected 14 case studies for a publication on wetlands and sustainable tourism,
to be launched at the 11th
Conference of Parties, July 2012. www.ramsar.org/tourism
1
A Ramsar Case Study on Tourism and Wetlands
Estonia, Soomaa. Mire landscape in Soomaa. © Mati Kose
The Park receives 45,000 visitors per
year: 90 % of these come from within Estonia, and
10% from overseas. There is no entrance fee, and
the park does not receive any direct income from
tourism. Visitor services, including a visitor
centre, are provided by park management, mostly
by the State Forest Centre, and are free for visitors
to use.
Private entrepreneurs provide accommodation
and restaurants, as well as most of the tourism
activities available with the Soomaa National Park.
These include:
• canoeing – the greatest spring adventure
in Soomaa
• nature trails in bogs
• bog walking with snowshoes
• bird, butterfly and plant watching
• cultural history (traditional meadow
management, old lifestyles/adaptations
for living in a wetland wilderness
environment).
The State Forest Centre also provides a Visitor and
Nature Centre that provides information,
including leaflets and brochures, about Soomaa’s
habitats, wildlife and history, as well as about the
various tours and trails that are available for
visitors.
The Sustainable Tourism Development Strategy
aims to develop tourism in ways that support the
Park’s objectives for nature conservation, to create
jobs and businesses for local communities, and
generally to support the welfare of local
communities and help to preserve the local ways
of life. It also sets out zoning for Sustainable
Tourism. The strategy has been developed with
the Soomaa Cooperation Panel which has been
The Ramsar Secretariat selected 14 case studies for a publication on wetlands and sustainable tourism,
to be launched at the 11th
Conference of Parties, July 2012. www.ramsar.org/tourism
2
A Ramsar Case Study on Tourism and Wetlands
established as the main participatory mechanism
in and around the site. The panel brings together
the park managers and local government,
business and community representatives,
including the National Environmental Board, the
State Forest Center, local authorities, the Friends
of Soomaa, the Soomaa Tourism Association, and
village groups. A Tourism Marketing Plan for
2010-2012 has also been developed, which
includes international marketing especially of
Soomaa’s wilderness aspects, in cooperation with
the PAN Parks Foundation; improvements in the
quality of the existing visitor infrastructure; and
monitoring of the effects of tourism on both
conservation and the local economy.
Soomaa National Park has benefited from its
membership of the PAN Parks Network, which has
provided guidance on developing sustainable
tourism in the region, working with the private
sector, and encouraging local businesses to
become engaged in tourism so that they can
benefit economically.
All members of the PAN Parks Network have to
comply with a series of criteria for conservation
(natural values, habitat management, visitor
management) and tourism (sustainable tourism
development strategy, tourism business partners),
and they are independently audited against these
standards every five years. As well as ensuring
that the parks apply sound management and high
standards in tourism and conservation, the PAN
Parks Network also gives them access to
experience and expertise from other regions.
Practical benefits that Soomaa National Park has
gained from its membership of the PAN Parks
Network have included encouraging an increase in
positive attitudes to conservation amongst local
stakeholders; providing a focus for cooperation
between public authorities, tourism businesses
and communities; creation of more employment
and business opportunities in tourism; and
development; joint planning and coordination on
tourism and economic development. There has
also been an increase of awareness about the
importance of old cultural traditions.
A combination of zonation and visitor
management methods is used as a management
tool to help conflicts between conservation of
sensitive sites and public use areas. This, along
with Soomaa management’s ways to control
visitor impact, has created a good balance
between the two aims of preservation and
promotion.
Estonia, Soomaa
Nature Trail, Wilderness Core Area.
© Mati Kose
The Ramsar Secretariat selected 14 case studies for a publication on wetlands and sustainable tourism,
to be launched at the 11th
Conference of Parties, July 2012. www.ramsar.org/tourism
3
A Ramsar Case Study on Tourism and Wetlands
Soomaa National Park has established a
series of specially designed boardwalks to provide
the general public with access to the bogs without
damaging them. Using the boardwalks, visitors are
able to view the wildlife and vegetation of the
Park’s bogs and forests; while the boardwalks do
provide access, however, tour operators found
that they were also limited in the types of tourism
experience it was possible to offer visitors to the
Park. Soomaa National Park has therefore worked
with local tour operators to develop innovative
tour products that give visitors’ wilderness
experiences of the bogs, while protecting the site’s
fragile habitats and wildlife. This has led to
development of guided tours over the bogs using
snowshoes which allow people to walk over the
spongy and fragile bog vegetation without causing
damage to it and without sinking into the bog.
Using snowshoes, tours can leave the boardwalks
and explore more remote areas of the park. The
snowshoe tours have helped to diversify the
tourism products that the Park can offer and
provide an almost unique experience that attracts
visitors and helps to promote the Park and its
tourism, with benefits for local tour operators and
other businesses. At the same time, the Park and
tour operators work closely together to ensure
that snowshoe tours are carefully controlled and
monitored to ensure that no damage is caused to
the bogs and their wildlife.
The management’s efforts provide a great
example of finding innovative ways to reduce
negative visitor impact. It has been observed, for
example, that bog waders will tolerate the
boardwalk and continue to breed about 500
meters away -- so as long as visitors stay on the
boardwalks, their presence does not interfere with
the life of bog waders. Experience has also shown
that waders prefer to breed in pools and hollow
rich areas where they are safely hidden from their
natural predators. The management system of
Soomaa National Park reduces human disturbance
by controlling access to such areas during the
breeding season, when the breeding success of
waders could be in danger.
Only a limited number of local tour operators
provide the tours, and all of them work in close
cooperation with the National Environmental
Board, which controls access to sensitive areas, for
example during the breeding season for the
wading birds that nest on the bog during May and
June. The breeding success of these birds is
extremely sensitive to disturbance from tourism,
and so during the breeding season tour operators
have developed alternate snowshoeing routes that
avoid the breeding areas.
The Ramsar Secretariat selected 14 case studies for a publication on wetlands and sustainable tourism,
to be launched at the 11th
Conference of Parties, July 2012. www.ramsar.org/tourism
4
A Ramsar Case Study on Tourism and Wetlands
Sources:
Information provided by Agu Leivits, Anneli Roosalu, and Murel Merivee, Environmental Board, Estonia
Allilender, K. et al. 2000. Management Plan of Soomaa National Park 2000-2010. Soomaa National Park
Administration. Viljandi 87 pp. http://elurikkus.ut.ee/eluv_info.php?lang=eng&ref_id=3524
Fisher, M., Carver, S. Kun, Z., McMorran, R., Arrell, K. and Mitchell, G. 2010. Review of Status and
Conservation of Wild Land in Europe. Project commissioned by the Scottish Government. Pp.102-8:
Soomaa National Park. http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/1051/0109251.pdf
PAN Parks Foundation 2008. PAN Parks verification manual. Principles and criteria.
http://www.panparks.org/learn/partnerships-for-protected-areas/apply-for-verification
PAN Parks Foundation 2009. Preserving and promoting raised bog ecosystem: Soomaa NP, Estonia – In:
As nature intended – best practice examples of wilderness management in the Natura 2000 network. Pp18-
19. http://www.panparks.org/what-we-do/publications/as-nature-intended
PAN Parks Foundation 2009. Wolf. Lynx. – In: Last of the wild – overview of status and monitoring of some
wilderness related species in the Natura 2000 network. Pp. 22-30. http://www.panparks.org/what-we-
do/publications/last-of-the-wild
Ruukel, A. et al. 2009. Sustainable Tourism Strategy of Soomaa NP region 2009-2013 (Approved by:
Soomaa Cooperation Panel). Soomaa. 40 pp. [STDS]
http://www.docstoc.com/docs/42244416/Sustainable-Tourism-Strategy-of-Soomaa-NP-region-2009-
2013 http://elurikkus.ut.ee/eluv_info.php?lang=est&ref_id=3550
Timmermann C. 2009. How to measure socio-cultural and economic impacts of PAN Parks sustainable
tourism concept? A case study at the Soomaa National Park. Bremen. 110 pp.
http://elurikkus.ut.ee/eluv_info.php?lang=est&ref_id=3551
Többe, A. 2009. Assessment of the sustainable tourism potential of the Soomaa National Park. NHTV Breda
University of Applied Sciences International Tourism Management and Consultancy Specialisation. 111
pp. http://elurikkus.ut.ee/eluv_info.php?lang=est&ref_id=3552
Suurkask, M. et al. 2011. Management Plan of Soomaa National Park 2011-2020 (In Estonian).
http://www.keskkonnaamet.ee/sadr/public/adr_upload/Soomaa_rahvuspargi_kaitsekorralduskava_201
2-2021.237114.pdf
Weblinks:
http://www.soomaa.ee
http://www.soomaa.com
http://www.panparks.org
The Ramsar Secretariat selected 14 case studies for a publication on wetlands and sustainable tourism,
to be launched at the 11th
Conference of Parties, July 2012. www.ramsar.org/tourism
5

More Related Content

What's hot

Exodus and PAN Parks
Exodus and PAN ParksExodus and PAN Parks
Exodus and PAN Parks
Zoltan Kun
 
Session i Maupertus
Session i MaupertusSession i Maupertus
Session i Maupertus
OECDregions
 
1 frank m omberg ffi responsible tourism
1   frank  m omberg ffi responsible tourism1   frank  m omberg ffi responsible tourism
1 frank m omberg ffi responsible tourism
Ethical Sector
 
Epmt presentation
Epmt presentationEpmt presentation
Epmt presentation
NPSCAVO
 
Tourism in Russia, Elena Nikolaeva
Tourism in Russia, Elena NikolaevaTourism in Russia, Elena Nikolaeva
Tourism in Russia, Elena Nikolaeva
Anna Spenceley
 
PO WER - XX LO Gdańsk - Environmental protection in Pomerania
PO WER - XX LO Gdańsk - Environmental protection in PomeraniaPO WER - XX LO Gdańsk - Environmental protection in Pomerania
PO WER - XX LO Gdańsk - Environmental protection in Pomerania
Agnieszka J.
 
Bison reservation Vanatori Neamt
Bison reservation Vanatori NeamtBison reservation Vanatori Neamt
Bison reservation Vanatori Neamt
DimaRobert1
 
1 a15
1 a151 a15
1 a15
chiujuey
 
Republic of Moldova: strengthening the capacity of journalists in developing ...
Republic of Moldova: strengthening the capacity of journalists in developing ...Republic of Moldova: strengthening the capacity of journalists in developing ...
Republic of Moldova: strengthening the capacity of journalists in developing ...
ENPI FLEG
 
Project 3 en
Project 3 enProject 3 en
Project 3 en
Georgeta Manafu
 
Stylus
StylusStylus
Stylus
Doug Peters
 
Developing an Environmentally Responsible Tourism Strategy for Tanintharyi Re...
Developing an Environmentally Responsible Tourism Strategy for Tanintharyi Re...Developing an Environmentally Responsible Tourism Strategy for Tanintharyi Re...
Developing an Environmentally Responsible Tourism Strategy for Tanintharyi Re...
Ethical Sector
 

What's hot (12)

Exodus and PAN Parks
Exodus and PAN ParksExodus and PAN Parks
Exodus and PAN Parks
 
Session i Maupertus
Session i MaupertusSession i Maupertus
Session i Maupertus
 
1 frank m omberg ffi responsible tourism
1   frank  m omberg ffi responsible tourism1   frank  m omberg ffi responsible tourism
1 frank m omberg ffi responsible tourism
 
Epmt presentation
Epmt presentationEpmt presentation
Epmt presentation
 
Tourism in Russia, Elena Nikolaeva
Tourism in Russia, Elena NikolaevaTourism in Russia, Elena Nikolaeva
Tourism in Russia, Elena Nikolaeva
 
PO WER - XX LO Gdańsk - Environmental protection in Pomerania
PO WER - XX LO Gdańsk - Environmental protection in PomeraniaPO WER - XX LO Gdańsk - Environmental protection in Pomerania
PO WER - XX LO Gdańsk - Environmental protection in Pomerania
 
Bison reservation Vanatori Neamt
Bison reservation Vanatori NeamtBison reservation Vanatori Neamt
Bison reservation Vanatori Neamt
 
1 a15
1 a151 a15
1 a15
 
Republic of Moldova: strengthening the capacity of journalists in developing ...
Republic of Moldova: strengthening the capacity of journalists in developing ...Republic of Moldova: strengthening the capacity of journalists in developing ...
Republic of Moldova: strengthening the capacity of journalists in developing ...
 
Project 3 en
Project 3 enProject 3 en
Project 3 en
 
Stylus
StylusStylus
Stylus
 
Developing an Environmentally Responsible Tourism Strategy for Tanintharyi Re...
Developing an Environmentally Responsible Tourism Strategy for Tanintharyi Re...Developing an Environmentally Responsible Tourism Strategy for Tanintharyi Re...
Developing an Environmentally Responsible Tourism Strategy for Tanintharyi Re...
 

Similar to Wetland tourism in Estonia Soomaa national park

Sustainable Tourism Development Strategy: case of Soomaa National Park, Estonia
Sustainable Tourism Development Strategy: case of Soomaa National Park, EstoniaSustainable Tourism Development Strategy: case of Soomaa National Park, Estonia
Sustainable Tourism Development Strategy: case of Soomaa National Park, Estonia
Aivar Ruukel
 
Soomaa Presentation at EDEN - European Destinations of Excellence
Soomaa Presentation at EDEN - European Destinations of ExcellenceSoomaa Presentation at EDEN - European Destinations of Excellence
Soomaa Presentation at EDEN - European Destinations of Excellence
Aivar Ruukel
 
Report Body - Sola
Report Body - SolaReport Body - Sola
Report Body - Sola
Olusola Folorunso
 
Soomaa national park as member of PAN Parks
Soomaa national park as member of PAN ParksSoomaa national park as member of PAN Parks
Soomaa national park as member of PAN Parks
Aivar Ruukel
 
Ecotourism in Spain. Enero, 2013 IES Monastil Elda (Alicante)
Ecotourism in Spain. Enero, 2013 IES Monastil Elda (Alicante)Ecotourism in Spain. Enero, 2013 IES Monastil Elda (Alicante)
Ecotourism in Spain. Enero, 2013 IES Monastil Elda (Alicante)
Mila Cuartero
 
E3104953
E3104953E3104953
Tourist attractions (1)
Tourist attractions (1)Tourist attractions (1)
Tourist attractions (1)
Paulina Nkuna
 
Cv ahmed saleh
Cv  ahmed salehCv  ahmed saleh
Cv ahmed saleh
mindo2020
 
La mitjana documentary
La mitjana documentaryLa mitjana documentary
La mitjana documentary
Escola Països Catalans
 
EuroEco 2010 Zhanna Galyan
EuroEco 2010 Zhanna GalyanEuroEco 2010 Zhanna Galyan
EuroEco 2010 Zhanna Galyan
Aivar Ruukel
 
How can tourism support local communities in protected areas
How can tourism support local communities in protected areasHow can tourism support local communities in protected areas
How can tourism support local communities in protected areas
Aivar Ruukel
 
TB E-News April 2017, Wildlife Translocations
TB E-News April 2017, Wildlife TranslocationsTB E-News April 2017, Wildlife Translocations
TB E-News April 2017, Wildlife Translocations
Sarah Bergs
 
ProjectJarenFriluft2012ok
ProjectJarenFriluft2012okProjectJarenFriluft2012ok
ProjectJarenFriluft2012ok
Lisa Marie Larikka
 
Lab 22: Designing a National Park
Lab 22: Designing a National ParkLab 22: Designing a National Park
Lab 22: Designing a National Park
pim205
 
Lab 22 national parl
Lab 22 national parlLab 22 national parl
Lab 22 national parl
pim205
 
Tourism Products Development Based on Tourism Resources in the Mekong Delta o...
Tourism Products Development Based on Tourism Resources in the Mekong Delta o...Tourism Products Development Based on Tourism Resources in the Mekong Delta o...
Tourism Products Development Based on Tourism Resources in the Mekong Delta o...
MaxCho
 
AHEC newsletter-N36-Apr-Jun 2015-final
AHEC newsletter-N36-Apr-Jun 2015-finalAHEC newsletter-N36-Apr-Jun 2015-final
AHEC newsletter-N36-Apr-Jun 2015-final
Diarso Moussa
 
tourism product development
tourism product developmenttourism product development
tourism product development
Md Ikbal Hussain
 
UN GCNI CEGET & CLAW Calender
UN GCNI  CEGET & CLAW CalenderUN GCNI  CEGET & CLAW Calender
UN GCNI CEGET & CLAW Calender
GlobalCompact
 
Courier-Myanmar
Courier-MyanmarCourier-Myanmar
Courier-Myanmar
Penny Whitman
 

Similar to Wetland tourism in Estonia Soomaa national park (20)

Sustainable Tourism Development Strategy: case of Soomaa National Park, Estonia
Sustainable Tourism Development Strategy: case of Soomaa National Park, EstoniaSustainable Tourism Development Strategy: case of Soomaa National Park, Estonia
Sustainable Tourism Development Strategy: case of Soomaa National Park, Estonia
 
Soomaa Presentation at EDEN - European Destinations of Excellence
Soomaa Presentation at EDEN - European Destinations of ExcellenceSoomaa Presentation at EDEN - European Destinations of Excellence
Soomaa Presentation at EDEN - European Destinations of Excellence
 
Report Body - Sola
Report Body - SolaReport Body - Sola
Report Body - Sola
 
Soomaa national park as member of PAN Parks
Soomaa national park as member of PAN ParksSoomaa national park as member of PAN Parks
Soomaa national park as member of PAN Parks
 
Ecotourism in Spain. Enero, 2013 IES Monastil Elda (Alicante)
Ecotourism in Spain. Enero, 2013 IES Monastil Elda (Alicante)Ecotourism in Spain. Enero, 2013 IES Monastil Elda (Alicante)
Ecotourism in Spain. Enero, 2013 IES Monastil Elda (Alicante)
 
E3104953
E3104953E3104953
E3104953
 
Tourist attractions (1)
Tourist attractions (1)Tourist attractions (1)
Tourist attractions (1)
 
Cv ahmed saleh
Cv  ahmed salehCv  ahmed saleh
Cv ahmed saleh
 
La mitjana documentary
La mitjana documentaryLa mitjana documentary
La mitjana documentary
 
EuroEco 2010 Zhanna Galyan
EuroEco 2010 Zhanna GalyanEuroEco 2010 Zhanna Galyan
EuroEco 2010 Zhanna Galyan
 
How can tourism support local communities in protected areas
How can tourism support local communities in protected areasHow can tourism support local communities in protected areas
How can tourism support local communities in protected areas
 
TB E-News April 2017, Wildlife Translocations
TB E-News April 2017, Wildlife TranslocationsTB E-News April 2017, Wildlife Translocations
TB E-News April 2017, Wildlife Translocations
 
ProjectJarenFriluft2012ok
ProjectJarenFriluft2012okProjectJarenFriluft2012ok
ProjectJarenFriluft2012ok
 
Lab 22: Designing a National Park
Lab 22: Designing a National ParkLab 22: Designing a National Park
Lab 22: Designing a National Park
 
Lab 22 national parl
Lab 22 national parlLab 22 national parl
Lab 22 national parl
 
Tourism Products Development Based on Tourism Resources in the Mekong Delta o...
Tourism Products Development Based on Tourism Resources in the Mekong Delta o...Tourism Products Development Based on Tourism Resources in the Mekong Delta o...
Tourism Products Development Based on Tourism Resources in the Mekong Delta o...
 
AHEC newsletter-N36-Apr-Jun 2015-final
AHEC newsletter-N36-Apr-Jun 2015-finalAHEC newsletter-N36-Apr-Jun 2015-final
AHEC newsletter-N36-Apr-Jun 2015-final
 
tourism product development
tourism product developmenttourism product development
tourism product development
 
UN GCNI CEGET & CLAW Calender
UN GCNI  CEGET & CLAW CalenderUN GCNI  CEGET & CLAW Calender
UN GCNI CEGET & CLAW Calender
 
Courier-Myanmar
Courier-MyanmarCourier-Myanmar
Courier-Myanmar
 

More from Aivar Ruukel

Soomaa haabja ehitamise ja kasutamise pärand 2 aastat UNESCOs
Soomaa haabja ehitamise ja kasutamise pärand  2 aastat UNESCOsSoomaa haabja ehitamise ja kasutamise pärand  2 aastat UNESCOs
Soomaa haabja ehitamise ja kasutamise pärand 2 aastat UNESCOs
Aivar Ruukel
 
30 aastat loodusturismi Eestis. Tagasivaade algusesse.pdf
30 aastat loodusturismi Eestis. Tagasivaade algusesse.pdf30 aastat loodusturismi Eestis. Tagasivaade algusesse.pdf
30 aastat loodusturismi Eestis. Tagasivaade algusesse.pdf
Aivar Ruukel
 
Soomaa haabjakultuur UNESCO turismivõrgustikus
Soomaa haabjakultuur UNESCO turismivõrgustikusSoomaa haabjakultuur UNESCO turismivõrgustikus
Soomaa haabjakultuur UNESCO turismivõrgustikus
Aivar Ruukel
 
Dug-out boats masterclass
Dug-out boats masterclassDug-out boats masterclass
Dug-out boats masterclass
Aivar Ruukel
 
Community involvement and research on haabjas heritage.pdf
Community involvement and research on haabjas heritage.pdfCommunity involvement and research on haabjas heritage.pdf
Community involvement and research on haabjas heritage.pdf
Aivar Ruukel
 
Soomeugrilaste ruhed ja haabjad.pdf
Soomeugrilaste ruhed ja haabjad.pdfSoomeugrilaste ruhed ja haabjad.pdf
Soomeugrilaste ruhed ja haabjad.pdf
Aivar Ruukel
 
Development of water-based Ecotourism
Development of water-based EcotourismDevelopment of water-based Ecotourism
Development of water-based Ecotourism
Aivar Ruukel
 
Vikingeskibsmuseets forskningsforum - Expanded dugout canoes from Estonia’s S...
Vikingeskibsmuseets forskningsforum - Expanded dugout canoes from Estonia’s S...Vikingeskibsmuseets forskningsforum - Expanded dugout canoes from Estonia’s S...
Vikingeskibsmuseets forskningsforum - Expanded dugout canoes from Estonia’s S...
Aivar Ruukel
 
Soomaa viis aastaaega
Soomaa viis aastaaegaSoomaa viis aastaaega
Soomaa viis aastaaega
Aivar Ruukel
 
Hõimurahvaste ühepuupaadid
Hõimurahvaste ühepuupaadidHõimurahvaste ühepuupaadid
Hõimurahvaste ühepuupaadid
Aivar Ruukel
 
Estonian Expanded Logboat in UNESCO’s Intangible Cultural Heritage list
Estonian Expanded Logboat in UNESCO’s Intangible Cultural Heritage listEstonian Expanded Logboat in UNESCO’s Intangible Cultural Heritage list
Estonian Expanded Logboat in UNESCO’s Intangible Cultural Heritage list
Aivar Ruukel
 
Üleujutused haabjapärandi säilitajana
Üleujutused haabjapärandi säilitajanaÜleujutused haabjapärandi säilitajana
Üleujutused haabjapärandi säilitajana
Aivar Ruukel
 
Haabjas - Tradition and Stories
Haabjas - Tradition and StoriesHaabjas - Tradition and Stories
Haabjas - Tradition and Stories
Aivar Ruukel
 
Case Study: Soomaa Tourism Region
Case Study: Soomaa Tourism RegionCase Study: Soomaa Tourism Region
Case Study: Soomaa Tourism Region
Aivar Ruukel
 
How to interpret Rural Lifestyle to foreign customers
How to interpret Rural Lifestyle to foreign customersHow to interpret Rural Lifestyle to foreign customers
How to interpret Rural Lifestyle to foreign customers
Aivar Ruukel
 
Soomaa lootsikukultuur ja selle jätkusuutlikus
Soomaa lootsikukultuur ja selle jätkusuutlikusSoomaa lootsikukultuur ja selle jätkusuutlikus
Soomaa lootsikukultuur ja selle jätkusuutlikus
Aivar Ruukel
 
Pärnu linna, Pärnumaa, Soomaa ja Matsalu rahvuspargi kestliku turismi uuring...
Pärnu linna, Pärnumaa, Soomaa ja Matsalu rahvuspargi  kestliku turismi uuring...Pärnu linna, Pärnumaa, Soomaa ja Matsalu rahvuspargi  kestliku turismi uuring...
Pärnu linna, Pärnumaa, Soomaa ja Matsalu rahvuspargi kestliku turismi uuring...
Aivar Ruukel
 
Miks (ühepuu)lootsik ja miks UNESCO-staatus on väärtuslikud?
Miks (ühepuu)lootsik ja miks UNESCO-staatus on väärtuslikud?Miks (ühepuu)lootsik ja miks UNESCO-staatus on väärtuslikud?
Miks (ühepuu)lootsik ja miks UNESCO-staatus on väärtuslikud?
Aivar Ruukel
 
Ecotourism in Europe 2022
Ecotourism in Europe 2022Ecotourism in Europe 2022
Ecotourism in Europe 2022
Aivar Ruukel
 
Sustenaablus turismis
Sustenaablus turismisSustenaablus turismis
Sustenaablus turismis
Aivar Ruukel
 

More from Aivar Ruukel (20)

Soomaa haabja ehitamise ja kasutamise pärand 2 aastat UNESCOs
Soomaa haabja ehitamise ja kasutamise pärand  2 aastat UNESCOsSoomaa haabja ehitamise ja kasutamise pärand  2 aastat UNESCOs
Soomaa haabja ehitamise ja kasutamise pärand 2 aastat UNESCOs
 
30 aastat loodusturismi Eestis. Tagasivaade algusesse.pdf
30 aastat loodusturismi Eestis. Tagasivaade algusesse.pdf30 aastat loodusturismi Eestis. Tagasivaade algusesse.pdf
30 aastat loodusturismi Eestis. Tagasivaade algusesse.pdf
 
Soomaa haabjakultuur UNESCO turismivõrgustikus
Soomaa haabjakultuur UNESCO turismivõrgustikusSoomaa haabjakultuur UNESCO turismivõrgustikus
Soomaa haabjakultuur UNESCO turismivõrgustikus
 
Dug-out boats masterclass
Dug-out boats masterclassDug-out boats masterclass
Dug-out boats masterclass
 
Community involvement and research on haabjas heritage.pdf
Community involvement and research on haabjas heritage.pdfCommunity involvement and research on haabjas heritage.pdf
Community involvement and research on haabjas heritage.pdf
 
Soomeugrilaste ruhed ja haabjad.pdf
Soomeugrilaste ruhed ja haabjad.pdfSoomeugrilaste ruhed ja haabjad.pdf
Soomeugrilaste ruhed ja haabjad.pdf
 
Development of water-based Ecotourism
Development of water-based EcotourismDevelopment of water-based Ecotourism
Development of water-based Ecotourism
 
Vikingeskibsmuseets forskningsforum - Expanded dugout canoes from Estonia’s S...
Vikingeskibsmuseets forskningsforum - Expanded dugout canoes from Estonia’s S...Vikingeskibsmuseets forskningsforum - Expanded dugout canoes from Estonia’s S...
Vikingeskibsmuseets forskningsforum - Expanded dugout canoes from Estonia’s S...
 
Soomaa viis aastaaega
Soomaa viis aastaaegaSoomaa viis aastaaega
Soomaa viis aastaaega
 
Hõimurahvaste ühepuupaadid
Hõimurahvaste ühepuupaadidHõimurahvaste ühepuupaadid
Hõimurahvaste ühepuupaadid
 
Estonian Expanded Logboat in UNESCO’s Intangible Cultural Heritage list
Estonian Expanded Logboat in UNESCO’s Intangible Cultural Heritage listEstonian Expanded Logboat in UNESCO’s Intangible Cultural Heritage list
Estonian Expanded Logboat in UNESCO’s Intangible Cultural Heritage list
 
Üleujutused haabjapärandi säilitajana
Üleujutused haabjapärandi säilitajanaÜleujutused haabjapärandi säilitajana
Üleujutused haabjapärandi säilitajana
 
Haabjas - Tradition and Stories
Haabjas - Tradition and StoriesHaabjas - Tradition and Stories
Haabjas - Tradition and Stories
 
Case Study: Soomaa Tourism Region
Case Study: Soomaa Tourism RegionCase Study: Soomaa Tourism Region
Case Study: Soomaa Tourism Region
 
How to interpret Rural Lifestyle to foreign customers
How to interpret Rural Lifestyle to foreign customersHow to interpret Rural Lifestyle to foreign customers
How to interpret Rural Lifestyle to foreign customers
 
Soomaa lootsikukultuur ja selle jätkusuutlikus
Soomaa lootsikukultuur ja selle jätkusuutlikusSoomaa lootsikukultuur ja selle jätkusuutlikus
Soomaa lootsikukultuur ja selle jätkusuutlikus
 
Pärnu linna, Pärnumaa, Soomaa ja Matsalu rahvuspargi kestliku turismi uuring...
Pärnu linna, Pärnumaa, Soomaa ja Matsalu rahvuspargi  kestliku turismi uuring...Pärnu linna, Pärnumaa, Soomaa ja Matsalu rahvuspargi  kestliku turismi uuring...
Pärnu linna, Pärnumaa, Soomaa ja Matsalu rahvuspargi kestliku turismi uuring...
 
Miks (ühepuu)lootsik ja miks UNESCO-staatus on väärtuslikud?
Miks (ühepuu)lootsik ja miks UNESCO-staatus on väärtuslikud?Miks (ühepuu)lootsik ja miks UNESCO-staatus on väärtuslikud?
Miks (ühepuu)lootsik ja miks UNESCO-staatus on väärtuslikud?
 
Ecotourism in Europe 2022
Ecotourism in Europe 2022Ecotourism in Europe 2022
Ecotourism in Europe 2022
 
Sustenaablus turismis
Sustenaablus turismisSustenaablus turismis
Sustenaablus turismis
 

Recently uploaded

BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...
Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
Jemison, MacLaughlin, and Majumder "Broadening Pathways for Editors and Authors"
Jemison, MacLaughlin, and Majumder "Broadening Pathways for Editors and Authors"Jemison, MacLaughlin, and Majumder "Broadening Pathways for Editors and Authors"
Jemison, MacLaughlin, and Majumder "Broadening Pathways for Editors and Authors"
National Information Standards Organization (NISO)
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...
Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
Benner "Expanding Pathways to Publishing Careers"
Benner "Expanding Pathways to Publishing Careers"Benner "Expanding Pathways to Publishing Careers"
Benner "Expanding Pathways to Publishing Careers"
National Information Standards Organization (NISO)
 
REASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdf
REASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdfREASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdf
REASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdf
giancarloi8888
 
Lifelines of National Economy chapter for Class 10 STUDY MATERIAL PDF
Lifelines of National Economy chapter for Class 10 STUDY MATERIAL PDFLifelines of National Economy chapter for Class 10 STUDY MATERIAL PDF
Lifelines of National Economy chapter for Class 10 STUDY MATERIAL PDF
Vivekanand Anglo Vedic Academy
 
Temple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation results
Temple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation resultsTemple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation results
Temple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation results
Krassimira Luka
 
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movieFilm vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Nicholas Montgomery
 
Stack Memory Organization of 8086 Microprocessor
Stack Memory Organization of 8086 MicroprocessorStack Memory Organization of 8086 Microprocessor
Stack Memory Organization of 8086 Microprocessor
JomonJoseph58
 
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
deepaannamalai16
 
Philippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) Curriculum
Philippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) CurriculumPhilippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) Curriculum
Philippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) Curriculum
MJDuyan
 
spot a liar (Haiqa 146).pptx Technical writhing and presentation skills
spot a liar (Haiqa 146).pptx Technical writhing and presentation skillsspot a liar (Haiqa 146).pptx Technical writhing and presentation skills
spot a liar (Haiqa 146).pptx Technical writhing and presentation skills
haiqairshad
 
math operations ued in python and all used
math operations ued in python and all usedmath operations ued in python and all used
math operations ued in python and all used
ssuser13ffe4
 
RESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptx
RESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptxRESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptx
RESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptx
zuzanka
 
Nutrition Inc FY 2024, 4 - Hour Training
Nutrition Inc FY 2024, 4 - Hour TrainingNutrition Inc FY 2024, 4 - Hour Training
Nutrition Inc FY 2024, 4 - Hour Training
melliereed
 
Walmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdf
Walmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdfWalmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdf
Walmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdf
TechSoup
 
SWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptx
SWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptxSWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptx
SWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptx
zuzanka
 
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit InnovationLeveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
TechSoup
 
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem studentsRHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
Himanshu Rai
 
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two HeartsA Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
Steve Thomason
 

Recently uploaded (20)

BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...
 
Jemison, MacLaughlin, and Majumder "Broadening Pathways for Editors and Authors"
Jemison, MacLaughlin, and Majumder "Broadening Pathways for Editors and Authors"Jemison, MacLaughlin, and Majumder "Broadening Pathways for Editors and Authors"
Jemison, MacLaughlin, and Majumder "Broadening Pathways for Editors and Authors"
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...
 
Benner "Expanding Pathways to Publishing Careers"
Benner "Expanding Pathways to Publishing Careers"Benner "Expanding Pathways to Publishing Careers"
Benner "Expanding Pathways to Publishing Careers"
 
REASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdf
REASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdfREASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdf
REASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdf
 
Lifelines of National Economy chapter for Class 10 STUDY MATERIAL PDF
Lifelines of National Economy chapter for Class 10 STUDY MATERIAL PDFLifelines of National Economy chapter for Class 10 STUDY MATERIAL PDF
Lifelines of National Economy chapter for Class 10 STUDY MATERIAL PDF
 
Temple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation results
Temple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation resultsTemple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation results
Temple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation results
 
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movieFilm vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
 
Stack Memory Organization of 8086 Microprocessor
Stack Memory Organization of 8086 MicroprocessorStack Memory Organization of 8086 Microprocessor
Stack Memory Organization of 8086 Microprocessor
 
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
 
Philippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) Curriculum
Philippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) CurriculumPhilippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) Curriculum
Philippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) Curriculum
 
spot a liar (Haiqa 146).pptx Technical writhing and presentation skills
spot a liar (Haiqa 146).pptx Technical writhing and presentation skillsspot a liar (Haiqa 146).pptx Technical writhing and presentation skills
spot a liar (Haiqa 146).pptx Technical writhing and presentation skills
 
math operations ued in python and all used
math operations ued in python and all usedmath operations ued in python and all used
math operations ued in python and all used
 
RESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptx
RESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptxRESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptx
RESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptx
 
Nutrition Inc FY 2024, 4 - Hour Training
Nutrition Inc FY 2024, 4 - Hour TrainingNutrition Inc FY 2024, 4 - Hour Training
Nutrition Inc FY 2024, 4 - Hour Training
 
Walmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdf
Walmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdfWalmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdf
Walmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdf
 
SWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptx
SWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptxSWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptx
SWOT analysis in the project Keeping the Memory @live.pptx
 
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit InnovationLeveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
 
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem studentsRHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
 
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two HeartsA Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
 

Wetland tourism in Estonia Soomaa national park

  • 1. A Ramsar Case Study on Tourism and Wetlands Wetland Tourism: Estonia - Soomaa National Park Estonia, Soomaa. Fifth Season in a Soomaa Boat. © Mati Kose Estonia’s Soomaa National Park is a land of peat bogs, naturally meandering rivers, swamp forests and meadows on the rivers’ floodplains. Its bogs and rivers began to develop around 10,000 years ago when the last of the European ice sheets retreated northwards. Today the area contains some of the best preserved and most extensive raised bogs in Europe. Each spring, it is subject to spectacular floods over a vast area – a time of the year that is known locally as the ‘fifth season’. Soomaa also has rich wildlife which includes golden eagles, black storks, woodpeckers, owls, various kinds of bog waders such as golden plovers, wood sandpipers, whimbrel, curlew, great snipe, and corn crake, as well as elk, wild boar, beaver, wolf, lynx, and brown bear. Soomaa National Park is the most popular wilderness tourism destination of the Baltic countries. Its tourism products are based on wilderness experiences, the uniqueness of Soomaa and its cultural heritage, and the quality services that are offered by the local tourism entrepreneurs and stakeholders. The Park was established under Estonian legislation in 1993, and joined the PAN Parks Network of European wilderness areas in 2009. It also received an EDEN (European Destinations of Excellence) award from the European Commission in 2009 for promoting sustainable tourism in and around a protected area. The site has been listed as a Ramsar Wetland of International Importance since 1997. The Ramsar Secretariat selected 14 case studies for a publication on wetlands and sustainable tourism, to be launched at the 11th Conference of Parties, July 2012. www.ramsar.org/tourism 1
  • 2. A Ramsar Case Study on Tourism and Wetlands Estonia, Soomaa. Mire landscape in Soomaa. © Mati Kose The Park receives 45,000 visitors per year: 90 % of these come from within Estonia, and 10% from overseas. There is no entrance fee, and the park does not receive any direct income from tourism. Visitor services, including a visitor centre, are provided by park management, mostly by the State Forest Centre, and are free for visitors to use. Private entrepreneurs provide accommodation and restaurants, as well as most of the tourism activities available with the Soomaa National Park. These include: • canoeing – the greatest spring adventure in Soomaa • nature trails in bogs • bog walking with snowshoes • bird, butterfly and plant watching • cultural history (traditional meadow management, old lifestyles/adaptations for living in a wetland wilderness environment). The State Forest Centre also provides a Visitor and Nature Centre that provides information, including leaflets and brochures, about Soomaa’s habitats, wildlife and history, as well as about the various tours and trails that are available for visitors. The Sustainable Tourism Development Strategy aims to develop tourism in ways that support the Park’s objectives for nature conservation, to create jobs and businesses for local communities, and generally to support the welfare of local communities and help to preserve the local ways of life. It also sets out zoning for Sustainable Tourism. The strategy has been developed with the Soomaa Cooperation Panel which has been The Ramsar Secretariat selected 14 case studies for a publication on wetlands and sustainable tourism, to be launched at the 11th Conference of Parties, July 2012. www.ramsar.org/tourism 2
  • 3. A Ramsar Case Study on Tourism and Wetlands established as the main participatory mechanism in and around the site. The panel brings together the park managers and local government, business and community representatives, including the National Environmental Board, the State Forest Center, local authorities, the Friends of Soomaa, the Soomaa Tourism Association, and village groups. A Tourism Marketing Plan for 2010-2012 has also been developed, which includes international marketing especially of Soomaa’s wilderness aspects, in cooperation with the PAN Parks Foundation; improvements in the quality of the existing visitor infrastructure; and monitoring of the effects of tourism on both conservation and the local economy. Soomaa National Park has benefited from its membership of the PAN Parks Network, which has provided guidance on developing sustainable tourism in the region, working with the private sector, and encouraging local businesses to become engaged in tourism so that they can benefit economically. All members of the PAN Parks Network have to comply with a series of criteria for conservation (natural values, habitat management, visitor management) and tourism (sustainable tourism development strategy, tourism business partners), and they are independently audited against these standards every five years. As well as ensuring that the parks apply sound management and high standards in tourism and conservation, the PAN Parks Network also gives them access to experience and expertise from other regions. Practical benefits that Soomaa National Park has gained from its membership of the PAN Parks Network have included encouraging an increase in positive attitudes to conservation amongst local stakeholders; providing a focus for cooperation between public authorities, tourism businesses and communities; creation of more employment and business opportunities in tourism; and development; joint planning and coordination on tourism and economic development. There has also been an increase of awareness about the importance of old cultural traditions. A combination of zonation and visitor management methods is used as a management tool to help conflicts between conservation of sensitive sites and public use areas. This, along with Soomaa management’s ways to control visitor impact, has created a good balance between the two aims of preservation and promotion. Estonia, Soomaa Nature Trail, Wilderness Core Area. © Mati Kose The Ramsar Secretariat selected 14 case studies for a publication on wetlands and sustainable tourism, to be launched at the 11th Conference of Parties, July 2012. www.ramsar.org/tourism 3
  • 4. A Ramsar Case Study on Tourism and Wetlands Soomaa National Park has established a series of specially designed boardwalks to provide the general public with access to the bogs without damaging them. Using the boardwalks, visitors are able to view the wildlife and vegetation of the Park’s bogs and forests; while the boardwalks do provide access, however, tour operators found that they were also limited in the types of tourism experience it was possible to offer visitors to the Park. Soomaa National Park has therefore worked with local tour operators to develop innovative tour products that give visitors’ wilderness experiences of the bogs, while protecting the site’s fragile habitats and wildlife. This has led to development of guided tours over the bogs using snowshoes which allow people to walk over the spongy and fragile bog vegetation without causing damage to it and without sinking into the bog. Using snowshoes, tours can leave the boardwalks and explore more remote areas of the park. The snowshoe tours have helped to diversify the tourism products that the Park can offer and provide an almost unique experience that attracts visitors and helps to promote the Park and its tourism, with benefits for local tour operators and other businesses. At the same time, the Park and tour operators work closely together to ensure that snowshoe tours are carefully controlled and monitored to ensure that no damage is caused to the bogs and their wildlife. The management’s efforts provide a great example of finding innovative ways to reduce negative visitor impact. It has been observed, for example, that bog waders will tolerate the boardwalk and continue to breed about 500 meters away -- so as long as visitors stay on the boardwalks, their presence does not interfere with the life of bog waders. Experience has also shown that waders prefer to breed in pools and hollow rich areas where they are safely hidden from their natural predators. The management system of Soomaa National Park reduces human disturbance by controlling access to such areas during the breeding season, when the breeding success of waders could be in danger. Only a limited number of local tour operators provide the tours, and all of them work in close cooperation with the National Environmental Board, which controls access to sensitive areas, for example during the breeding season for the wading birds that nest on the bog during May and June. The breeding success of these birds is extremely sensitive to disturbance from tourism, and so during the breeding season tour operators have developed alternate snowshoeing routes that avoid the breeding areas. The Ramsar Secretariat selected 14 case studies for a publication on wetlands and sustainable tourism, to be launched at the 11th Conference of Parties, July 2012. www.ramsar.org/tourism 4
  • 5. A Ramsar Case Study on Tourism and Wetlands Sources: Information provided by Agu Leivits, Anneli Roosalu, and Murel Merivee, Environmental Board, Estonia Allilender, K. et al. 2000. Management Plan of Soomaa National Park 2000-2010. Soomaa National Park Administration. Viljandi 87 pp. http://elurikkus.ut.ee/eluv_info.php?lang=eng&ref_id=3524 Fisher, M., Carver, S. Kun, Z., McMorran, R., Arrell, K. and Mitchell, G. 2010. Review of Status and Conservation of Wild Land in Europe. Project commissioned by the Scottish Government. Pp.102-8: Soomaa National Park. http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/1051/0109251.pdf PAN Parks Foundation 2008. PAN Parks verification manual. Principles and criteria. http://www.panparks.org/learn/partnerships-for-protected-areas/apply-for-verification PAN Parks Foundation 2009. Preserving and promoting raised bog ecosystem: Soomaa NP, Estonia – In: As nature intended – best practice examples of wilderness management in the Natura 2000 network. Pp18- 19. http://www.panparks.org/what-we-do/publications/as-nature-intended PAN Parks Foundation 2009. Wolf. Lynx. – In: Last of the wild – overview of status and monitoring of some wilderness related species in the Natura 2000 network. Pp. 22-30. http://www.panparks.org/what-we- do/publications/last-of-the-wild Ruukel, A. et al. 2009. Sustainable Tourism Strategy of Soomaa NP region 2009-2013 (Approved by: Soomaa Cooperation Panel). Soomaa. 40 pp. [STDS] http://www.docstoc.com/docs/42244416/Sustainable-Tourism-Strategy-of-Soomaa-NP-region-2009- 2013 http://elurikkus.ut.ee/eluv_info.php?lang=est&ref_id=3550 Timmermann C. 2009. How to measure socio-cultural and economic impacts of PAN Parks sustainable tourism concept? A case study at the Soomaa National Park. Bremen. 110 pp. http://elurikkus.ut.ee/eluv_info.php?lang=est&ref_id=3551 Többe, A. 2009. Assessment of the sustainable tourism potential of the Soomaa National Park. NHTV Breda University of Applied Sciences International Tourism Management and Consultancy Specialisation. 111 pp. http://elurikkus.ut.ee/eluv_info.php?lang=est&ref_id=3552 Suurkask, M. et al. 2011. Management Plan of Soomaa National Park 2011-2020 (In Estonian). http://www.keskkonnaamet.ee/sadr/public/adr_upload/Soomaa_rahvuspargi_kaitsekorralduskava_201 2-2021.237114.pdf Weblinks: http://www.soomaa.ee http://www.soomaa.com http://www.panparks.org The Ramsar Secretariat selected 14 case studies for a publication on wetlands and sustainable tourism, to be launched at the 11th Conference of Parties, July 2012. www.ramsar.org/tourism 5