MScUrbanism-P1presentationRHoekstraNov1st2011

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The 1st presentation of the graduation year(p1) of 5. This concists of the project proposel

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MScUrbanism-P1presentationRHoekstraNov1st2011

  1. 1. Informal planning in a formal planning systemThe participation ofRotterdam’s Southdeprived neighborhoodnetwork in the November 1st, 2011regional development Ruud Hoekstraperspectives ofRotterdam city andthe Randstad Deltametropolis
  2. 2. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULEINTRODUCTIONINTRODUCING AND FRAMING OBJECTIVESMOTIVATIONPROBLEM STATEMENTAIMS RESEARCH QUESTIONS MAIN RESEARCH QUESTION SUB RESEARCH QUESTION RELEVANCE SOCIETAL ACADEMIC ETHICAL FRAMEWORK THEORETICAL PRACTICAL RESEARCH APPROACH STRATEGY METHODOLOGY END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULE The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis
  3. 3. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULEINTRODUCTION >>INTRODUCING AND FRAMING OBJECTIVESMOTIVATIONPROBLEM STATEMENTAIMSINTRODUCINGAND FRAMINGOBJECTIVES The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis
  4. 4. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULEINTRODUCING AND FRAMING THE OBJECTIVES NETHERLANDS ROTTERDAM ROTTERDAM SOUTH ROTTERDAM SOUTHsource; wikimedia.org The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis 4/43
  5. 5. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULEINTRODUCING AND FRAMING THE OBJECTIVESDevelopment perspectives, Planning and Urban form Defense Trade | defense Trade | expansionhighway development high-speed network development mega-region developmentsources: (highway development) rijksplannen.nl, (high-speed) bk.tudelft.nl, (mega-region development) america2050.nl The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis 5/43
  6. 6. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULEMOTIVATIONThe history of development perspectives: from defence tocompetetivenessthe history of planning from structuralistic to post-structuralistic. Publicpolicy is usually not well apdatpted to meet the importance of placeand to handle a multitute of actors.The position of Rotterdam South in this environment: multitute of actors,competetive directed development perspectivessources: (concurrentie gebieden NW-Europa) rr2020.nl, (economische clusters in de regio) stadsregio.info The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis 6/43
  7. 7. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULEPROBLEM STATEMENTProblem 1: we observe deprivation as a place although it is part from a network. Indicatoren voor selectie van de wijken Thema Achterstanden Bron Peiljaar Sociaal-economisch 1. Inkomen RIO, CBS 2002 gemiddeld be 2. Werk RIO, CBS 2002 aandeel werk 3. Opleiding Wegener/Geo- 2002 aandeel huis marktprofiel vraagstelling 9 antwoordkl ? berekening : Fysiek Woningvoorraad CBS/Syswov/ 2002,2006 aandeel won 4. Kleine woningen /CFV # klein : eeng 5. Oude woningen # oud : bouw NATIONAL NATIONAL 6. Goedkope woningen # goedkoop : ? Problemen Sociaal /leefbaarheid WBO/WoON 2002,2006 sociale overlast, vandalisme Oordeel bew PROVINCIAL PROVINCIAL en onveiligheid 7 vandalisme # bekladding 8 vandalisme # vernieling v 9. sociale overlast # ondervindt 10 sociale overlast # ondervindt 11. onveiligheid # bent u bang MUNICIPAL MUNICIPAL Fysiek WBO/WoON 2002,2006 12. tevredenheid woning Hoe tevreden 13. tevredenheid woonomgeving Hoe tevreden 14. verhuisgeneigdheid Aandeel verh fysieke overlast Oordeel bew 15. geluidsoverlast # in welke ma 16. vervuiling # idem overla 17. verkeer # idem overla 18. veiligheid # oordeel bewsource: (Health valley Arnhem-Nijmegen) coolregion.nl, (Stedelijke regions NL) notaruimteonline.nl, (indicatoren voor de selectie van wijken) rijksoverheid.nl The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis 7/43
  8. 8. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULEPROBLEM STATEMENTProblem 1: we observe deprivation as a place although it is part from a network.Problem 2: the top down planning system and the necessity of participation in planning(bottom up).planning in functions layer approach multifunctional area development actor participationsource; ruimtelijkeplannen.bronckhorst.nl, imageshack.us The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis 8/43
  9. 9. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULEPROBLEM STATEMENTProblem 1: we observe deprivation as a place although it is part from a network.Problem 2: the top down planning system and the necessity of participation in planning(bottom up).Problem 3: the approach of problems in layers instead of a trans-scale approach layer approach vertical planning horizontal planning development approach for approach perspectives execution of gathering development stakeholders per perspectives layer and tell them what (development perspective) to do RANDSTAD 2040 NATIONAL VISIE OP ZUID HOLLAND PROVINCIAL REGIO ROTTERDAM 2020 MUNICIPALscematic representation layer approach. by author The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis 9/43
  10. 10. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULEPROBLEM STATEMENTThe participation of deprived networks in development perspectives needs to beconsidered in a framework of:i Competition oriented development perspectivesii A top-down oriented spatial planning systemiii Regional networks as the context where the deprived area is part of.stedelijke regios available on notaruimteonline.vrom.nlcompetetiveness South-Holland available on ro.zuid-holland.nl The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis 10/43
  11. 11. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULEAIMS the participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived network in the regional devel- AIM opment perspectives of Rotterdam 2020 and Randstad 2040. PRACTICAL THEORETICAL integrate deprived define ‘deprivation’ areas in regional in the perspective development of regional perspectives. development. actor participation building upon the in development body of knowledge perspectives in the of actor participation case of Rotterdam within development South and the perspectives in a Randstad region. regional context. (plan-making). The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis 11/43
  12. 12. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULE RESEARCH QUESTIONS >> MAIN RESEARCH QUESTION SUB RESEARCH QUESTIONSMAINRESEARCHQUESTION The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis
  13. 13. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULEMAIN RESEARCH QUESTION the participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived network in the regional devel- AIM opment perspectives of Rotterdam 2020 and Randstad 2040. How can the deprived network of Rotterdam South participate in the develop- RQ ment perspectives of Rotterdam 2020 and Randstad 2040? PRACTICAL THEORETICAL integrate deprived areas define ‘deprivation’ in the in regional development perspective of regional perspectives. development. actor participation in building upon the body development perspectives of knowledge of actor in the case of Rotterdam participation within South and the Randstad development perspectives region. in a regional context. (plan-making). The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis 13/43
  14. 14. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULESUB RESEARCH QUESTIONS the participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived network in the regional devel- AIM opment perspectives of Rotterdam 2020 and Randstad 2040. How can the deprived network of Rotterdam South participate in the develop- RQ ment perspectives of Rotterdam 2020 and Randstad 2040? SQ PRACTICAL SQ THEORETICAL What is the deprived network of PRACTICAL THEORETICALHow can actors participate in Rotterdam South and who are the planning or plan making? involved actors in which scales (national, provincial, municipal, integrate deprived areas Which actor engaging concepts define ‘deprivation’ in the neighborhood)? in regional development perspective of regionalstimulate decision power in the perspectives. development. spatial planning process of regional How can actors participate in actor participation in development perspectives? building upon the body planning or plan making? development perspectives of knowledge of actor in the case of Rotterdam participation within What are the development and the Randstad South development perspectives perspectives of Rotterdam South and region. in a regional context. the ‘Randstad’ and how is the decision (plan-making). structure and position of actors within the execution? The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis 14/43
  15. 15. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULE RELEVANCE >> SOCIETAL ACADEMIC ETHICALSOCIETAL The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis
  16. 16. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULESOCIETAL RELEVANCE1/3th (200.000) of the Rotterdams population (612.050) lives in one of the 7deprived neighborhoods (krachtwijken) Rijksoverheid (2011)People who do have a choice will chose another more connected place while peoplewho do not have the resources are condemned to less desirable places, the fragments.van Kempen (2005).Rijksoverheid (2011) 40 aandachtswijken/RotterdamKempen van, R. (2005) Restructurating large housing estates in Europe. Policy Press p. 7 The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis 16/43
  17. 17. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULEACADEMIC RELEVANCE- Actor participation in planning and the improvement of livability in deprived areas.- Development perspectives and its top down approach in a regional network environment- A stronger voice of civil society asks for more participation in planning.The current planning system with its layer approach has in its current way little grip on the region as a network inthe total urban system.The combination of these topics in the context of deprived areas asks for new theoryon participation of deprived networks in regional development perspectives.Saris J, Modder J, Ree van P, Stamsnijder M, (2011) Stedelijke regio’s, over informele planning op een regionale schaal. Rotterdam: Nai Uitgevers The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis 17/43
  18. 18. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULEETHICAL RELEVANCEIn the competitive world of today and tomorrow where differences in prosperity are becoming bigger, it is thetask of the urban planner to intervene in the spatiality of the problem.“Spatial planning is not a hobby of a limited number of professionals. It has to be aservice, promoting citizen participation and realizing consumer sovereignty. For urbanplanners this means: generating alternative plans, and mobilizing long-term stake-holders to express their preferences and to make choices.” P348 Priemus, Hall (2004)There were citizens in less prosperity have little voice in decisions we as urban planners have to generatealternative plans to counteract this phenomenon in order to keep balance in the societal community.Interative maquette Rotterdam available on: mimoa.euPriemus, H., & Hall, P. (2004). Multifunctional Urban Planning of Mega-City-Regions. Journal of Built Environment Vol30(4) p. 348 The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis 18/43
  19. 19. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULE FRAMEWORK >> THEORETICAL PRACTICAL development perspectives site location / deprivation in RotterdamTHEORETICAL The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis
  20. 20. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULETHEORETICAL FRAMEWORK Globalization and development perspectives splintering Urbanism / fragmentation network regions economy and infrastructure based development Participation theory concepts (ANT, ARA) REVIEW PAPER AR3U020 activation of actors (or how search/locate them?) best practices in Europe decision power structures trampas (valkuilen) for participation Which approaches have been taken to engage actors in different planning systems? which actor participation concepts stimulate decision power in the spatial planning process of regional development perspectives? Planning integration theories (Exploration of successful planning integration strategies for deprived areas in Europe) Vienna (normative mixed program rule) The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis 20/43
  21. 21. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULEPRACTICAL FRAMEWORK | ‘Randstad 2040’ making processes. Who is in power Main focal points planning system(s) or decision - Climate change for what decision? - Versatile landscapeDevelopmentperspectives - International position - Housing and accessibilityNationalRandstad 2040network region “The region Amsterdam, with the South axe as top location, has an economic international top position. Schiphol isProvincial one of the biggest airports of Europe,South wing (Randstad)Visie op Zuid-Holland Rotterdam has a world-port, the Hague is a city of governance, justice and peace and Utrecht is pre-eminently the knowledge city. The GreenportsMunicipal are international market leader aroundRotterdam 2020 production, processing and logistics of horticulture and floriculture. Thes function are being strengthened. Moreover the cabinet wants to include this cities in theNeighborhoodPact op Zuid international network of public transport and road to make them even more attractive.”Randstad 2040 (source: rijksoverheid.nl/onderwerpen/randstad/randstad-2040/speerpunten-randstad-2040) The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis 21/43
  22. 22. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULEPRACTICAL FRAMEWORK | ‘Visie op Zuid-Holland’ Main focal points making processes. Who is in power planning system(s) or decision - An attractive and for what decision? competitive internationalDevelopmentperspectives profile - Durable and climateNationalRandstad 2040 proof delta provincenetwork region - Divers and coherence urban network - Vital, divers andProvincialSouth wing (Randstad) appealing landschapeVisie op Zuid-Holland - City and land connectedMunicipalRotterdam 2020NeighborhoodPact op Zuidsource: http://www.zuid-holland.nl/overzicht_alle_themas/thema_ruimtelijke_ontwikkeling_wonen/visieopzuidholland.htm The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis 22/43
  23. 23. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULEPRACTICAL FRAMEWORK | ‘Regio Rotterdam 2020’ making processes. Who is in power Main focal points planning system(s) or decision for what decision? 1.North axes: diversity on the inner- flank of the Randstad metropolisDevelopmentperspectives 2.South flank: Delta landscape 3.International center Rotterdam:National strengthen, broaden andRandstad 2040network region densifying 4.Greenport B-triangle: sustainable glashousing landscape 5.River zones: utilization of regionalProvincial opportunity mapSouth wing (Randstad)Visie op Zuid-Holland 6.Break in the tendency of restructuration 7.Pro-active approach of the environmental issuesMunicipalRotterdam 2020 8.Offensive approach of green and water 9.Investment in the strengthening of infrastructure and nodesNeighborhoodPact op Zuid 10.Strengthening the South-wing structurep59 Report Ruimtelijk Plan Regio Rotterdam, Tien punten voor de regio Rotterdam (2005) available on: http://www.rr2020.nl/Documenten/brochure%20plan.pdf The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis 23/43
  24. 24. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULEPRACTICAL FRAMEWORK | ‘Pact op Zuid’ Main focal points making processes. Who is in power planning system(s) or decision The intention of the Pact is to combine forces with the municipal executive, for what decision? housing corporations, sub-municipalities,Development school governors, residents’ associations,perspectives business associations, care and welfare institutions, the Government, district water boards and the European Union.NationalRandstad 2040network region The three keystones of the Rotterdam South Pact, which are to enhance the social, economic and physical qualities of Rotterdam South, are: ThrivingProvincial Neighborhoods, Attractive Districts andSouth wing (Randstad) Strong Rotterdam South.Visie op Zuid-HollandMunicipalRotterdam 2020NeighborhoodPact op ZuidSource: http://www.pactopzuid.info/index.php?pageID=22 The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis 24/43
  25. 25. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULEPRACTICAL FRAMEWORK | site location / deprivation in Rotterdam ROTTERDAM SOUTH’S DISTRICTS 200.000 + inhabitants | Rotterdam 612.502 FEIJENOORD 87.210 IJSSELMONDE 60.870 CHARLOIS 66.000Source: google.nl/maps and own illustration The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis 25/43
  26. 26. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULEPRACTICAL FRAMEWORK | site location / deprivation in Rotterdam ROTTERDAM SOUTH’S DISTRICTS OF EMPOWERMENT (krachwijken) Feijenoord Afrikaanderwijk, Bloemhof, Hillesluis Katendrecht Vreewijk Charlois Oud Charlois Carnisse Tarwewijk Pendrecht ZuidwijkSource: google.nl/maps, own illustration, http://www.rijksoverheid.nl/onderwerpen/aandachtswijken/40-aandachtswijken/rotterdam/rotterdam-oud-zuid The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis 26/43
  27. 27. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULEPRACTICAL FRAMEWORK | site location / deprivation in Rotterdam ROTTERDAM SOUTH’S NEIGHBORHOODS | SAFETY< 3,9 unsave neighborhood3,9-5,0 problem neighborhood5,0-6,0 threatened neighborhood6,0-7,1 priority neighborhood>7,1 reasonably safe neighborhoodSource: google.nl/maps, own illustration, safety index available on rotterdamveilig.nl / v-index.nl The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis 27/43
  28. 28. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULE RESEARCH APPROACH >> RESEARCH STRATEGY RESEARCH METHODOLOGYRESEARCHSTRATEGY The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis
  29. 29. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULERESEARCH STRATEGY How can the deprived network of Rotterdam South RQ participate in the development perspectives of Rot- terdam 2020 and Randstad 2040? SQ PRACTICAL SQ THEORETICAL ANALYSIS SLITERATURE RESEARCH development perspectives literature review what is the position of actors? what is the position of actors? planning systems globalization and development history? perspectives decision power splintering urbanism? who is in power for which decisions? participation theories definition deprivation which participation theories are there? what is deprivation and is it a place or a network? The case of Rotterdam South How does the deprived network appear in the regional network of ROtterdam and the Randstad? CASE STUDIES Limburg what is the position of actors? The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis 29/43
  30. 30. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULERESEARCH STRATEGY CASE STUDIESLimburgwhat is the position of actors?INTEGRATION STRATEGIES FOR DEPRIVED NETWORKS IN DEVELOPMENT PERSPECTIVES PRODUCT PRODUCTdesign intervention proposels development perspectives knowledge on actor participation of deprived networks in development perspectives EVALUATIONwhat is the practical applicability of the design intervention proposels? FINAL PRODUCTadapted integration strategiesrecommendations on futher research The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis 30/43
  31. 31. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULERESEARCH METHODOLOGY methods Literature research (LR) sub-research questions LR DA M SO CA CS DR RD Theoretical How can actors participate in Reviewing the theory on participation planning or plan making? in the spatial planning process in order to retrieve theoretical insight Which actor engaging concepts which should be useable in forming a stimulate decision power in the bottom-up approach in the planning spatial planning process of regional process of development perspectives. development perspectives? Practical documents The review on actor involvement What is the deprived network of and analysis of documents as Rotterdam South and who are the development perspectives set up by involved actors in which scales the public sector. Aim is to retrieve (national, provincial, municipal, possible entries for participation in the neighborhood)? creation of these perspectives. What are the development perspectives of Rotterdam South Case studies (CA) and the ‘Randstad’ and how is the The case study consists of a comparison decision structure and position of between the actor network and actors within the execution? the influence in the development perspective as well the participation in the planning process. The case schematic representation research methodology (own illustration) study(ies) should be conducted within an matrix and in a methodological theoretical practical way to offer a solid basis for their evaluation and the usability of the LR = literature research SO = site observation DR = design research findings / results. DA = data research CA = case studies RD = research by design M = mapping CS = scenarios The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis 31/43
  32. 32. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULE END PRODUCT >> BOTTOM-UP APPROACH DEVELOPEMENT PERSPECTIVES ACTOR PARTICIPATION IN PLANNING DEFINITION DEPRIVED NETWORKENDPRODUCT The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis
  33. 33. Current traditional top-down create RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULEEND PRODUCT perspectives Development perspectives Randstad 2040 national Design intervention proposels within the development South wing (Randstad) Provincial perspectives to stimulate integration of the deprived network among scales Rotterdam 2020 Municipal Pact op Zuid Neighorhoodschematic representation end products and hypothesis (own illustration) The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis 33/43
  34. 34. Current traditional planning system Current traditional top-down create ing plann RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011 g lanninINTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULE own a blic sector n in p ipatio h: ch: c Actor -up approaEND PRODUCT pproa Top-d nal pu perspectives partic io Bottum Tradit Development perspectives Randstad 2040 national Actor participation (deprived network) in the planning process. South wing (Randstad) Provincial In the context of post-structuralistic planning (layer approach) delivers input for the current debate; is Rotterdam 2020 the structuralistic planning still suitable for Municipal regional objectives? Pact op Zuid Neighorhoodschematic representation end products and hypothesis (own illustration) The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis 34/43
  35. 35. Current traditional planning system Current traditional top-down create ing plann RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011 g lanninINTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULE own a blic sector n in p ipatio h: ch: c Actor -up approaEND PRODUCT pproa Top-d nal pu perspectives partic io Bottum Tradit Development perspectives Randstad 2040 national South wing (Randstad) Provincial Definition of deprived network and localization of actors in the different scale-levels. Rotterdam 2020 Municipal Pact op Zuid Neighorhoodschematic representation end products and hypothesis (own illustration) The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis 35/43
  36. 36. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULE TIME SCHEDULE >> PHASINGTIMESCHEDULE The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis
  37. 37. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011 INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULE TIME SCHEDULE 2011 2012 Sept. Okt. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mrt. Apr. Mei Jun. Jul. the participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived AIM network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam 2020 and Randstad 2040. 1 evaluation concolidation graduation How can the deprived network of Rotterdam South RQ participate in the development perspectives of Rot- terdam 2020 and Randstad 2040? TF 2 4 TP 3 5 PF PRACTICAL THEORETICAL CESQ PRACTICAL SQ THEORETICAL CRWhat is the deprived integrate deprived areas define ‘deprivation’ in the can actors participate How review methodologynetwork of in regional development Rotterdam perspective of regional planning or plan making? inSouth and who are perspectives. the development. APT 6involved actors in which Which actor engaging actor participation inscales (national, provincial, development perspectives building upon the body of concepts knowledge of actor partici- stimulate RPA 7municipal, neighborhood)? decision power in the in the case of Rotterdam pation within development spatial planning process TESTHow can actors participate and the Randstad South perspectives in a regionalregional development of region.in planning or plan making? context. (plan-making). perspectives? TR 8 9What are the developmentperspectives of RotterdamSouth and the ‘Randstad’and how is the decision relevancestructure and social position ethical relevance academic relevance P1 P2 go/no go P3 P4 go/no go P5of actors within theexecution? TF theoretical framework 1 graduation motivation poster TP thesis plan 2 abstract theoretical review paperPRODUCT PRODUCT 3 preliminary thesis plan design intervention proposels knowledge on actor participation of PF practical framework development perspectives deprived networks in development perspectives 4 theoretical review paper CE case studie; best practices Europe 5 thesis plan EVALUATION CR case studie; Rotterdam South 6 theory on participation of actors (deprived areas) inwhat is the practical applicability of the design interventionproposels? APT actor participation theory deprived areas development prospectives RPA recommendations for participating actors 7 recommendations on development plans to integrate deprived areas FINAL PRODUCT TEST testing instruments in design proposel interventions 8 draft thesis reportadapted integration strategiesrecommendations on futher research 9 thesis report TR thesis report schematic representation phasing and time schedule (own illustration) The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis 37/43
  38. 38. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULENEXTSTEPS >> The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis
  39. 39. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULEANALYSIS OF THE DEVELOPMENT PERSPECTIVES (practical) i which actors involved (practical) ii decision power structures products (theoretical): A participation of deprived network in the development persepctiveDevelopment perspective Randstad 2040 Cramer J., Eurlings C., Verburg G. (2008) Randstad 2040 available on: rijksoverheid.nlDevelopment perspective Visie op Zuid Holland, available on: zuid-holland.nlDevelopment perspective Regio Rotterdam 2020, available on: rr2020.nlPlan description Pact op Zuid, available on: pactopzuid.info The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis 39/43
  40. 40. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011 INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULE ANALYSIS OF THE LAYER APPROACH (theoretical) Current traditional planning system nning g i layer approach (theory) n app c sector pla lannin n in p ipatio h: Heeling, Meyer & Westrik : c roach Actor -up approaTop-d nal publi Dupuy (Network City) partic Castells (Space of Flows) ow itio Bottum Trad Lefebvre (Social Space) ii participation concepts (theory: review paper) ANT, ARA iii definition deprivation as a network products (theoretical): A interscalar approach (post structuralistic planning) B participation as deprived network in planning C definition deprived network The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis 40/43
  41. 41. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULECOMPARATIVE RESEARCH (practical) Hillside Delights, South Limburg i actor localization ii actor participation (practical: review paper) iii development perspective products (theoretical): A interscalar approach (post structuralistic planning) B participation as deprived network in planning C definition deprived networkBoelens, L. (2010). Theorizing practice and practicing theory: Outlines for an Actor-Relational-Approach in planning. Journal of Planning Theory. Vol9(1): 28-62Omgevingsschap Heuvelland Zuid-Limburg Helende Hellingen, available on: urbanunlimited.nl The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis 41/43
  42. 42. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULESITE RESEARCH Rotterdam-south, Rotterdam i mapping deprived network ii actor localization (which actors are represented within the deprived network?) iii current development perspective iiii current upgrading strategies products (practical): A depicted deprived network (for research: how to locate a deprived network) B practical example of actor localization The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis 42/43
  43. 43. RUUD HOEKSTRA 1402587, GRADUATION STUDIO COMPLEX CITIES, P1 PRESENTATION, November 1st, 2011INTRODUCTION RESEARCH Q. RELEVANCE FRAMEWORK RESEARCH APPROACH END PRODUCT TIME SCHEDULESUGGESTIONS?THEEND >> The participation of Rotterdam’s South deprived neighborhood network in the regional development perspectives of Rotterdam city and the Randstad Delta metropolis

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