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Another Learning Standard? Where cmi5 Fits with SCORM and xAPI

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Another Learning Standard? Where cmi5 Fits with SCORM and xAPI

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There’s SCORM, xAPI and now cmi5, how do I keep track of all these eLearning standards? While SCORM is the most widely used, it’s become clear that SCORM isn’t flexible enough to support emerging tools and technologies. xAPI was designed to support more modern learning technologies and methodologies, but shifting from SCORM to xAPI is a big leap. That’s where cmi5 comes in to help bridge the great divide.

With the emergence of xAPI and cmi5, it’s hard to know where and when to use these standards and how they relate to SCORM. This presentation will help attendees better understand what cmi5 is and where it fits in. Attendees will also have the opportunity to preview the cmi5 tools and conformance test suite currently under development with Project CATAPULT.

Chris Tompkins, Director of Sales, and George Vilches, Principal Software Engineer, at Rustici Software, gave this presentation at xAPI Cohort during the Spring 2021 Virtual Party.

There’s SCORM, xAPI and now cmi5, how do I keep track of all these eLearning standards? While SCORM is the most widely used, it’s become clear that SCORM isn’t flexible enough to support emerging tools and technologies. xAPI was designed to support more modern learning technologies and methodologies, but shifting from SCORM to xAPI is a big leap. That’s where cmi5 comes in to help bridge the great divide.

With the emergence of xAPI and cmi5, it’s hard to know where and when to use these standards and how they relate to SCORM. This presentation will help attendees better understand what cmi5 is and where it fits in. Attendees will also have the opportunity to preview the cmi5 tools and conformance test suite currently under development with Project CATAPULT.

Chris Tompkins, Director of Sales, and George Vilches, Principal Software Engineer, at Rustici Software, gave this presentation at xAPI Cohort during the Spring 2021 Virtual Party.

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Another Learning Standard? Where cmi5 Fits with SCORM and xAPI

  1. 1. Another learning standard? Where cmi5 fits with SCORM and xAPI Chris Tompkins & George Vilches xAPI Party - Spring 2021
  2. 2. What we will be talking about ● Understand what cmi5 is ● How it bridges the gap between SCORM and xAPI ● The state of cmi5 adoption today ● Preview the cmi5 tools and conformance test suite currently under development with Project CATAPULT
  3. 3. About Rustici Software eLearning technology experts since 2002 We help connect content and platforms across the eLearning ecosystem, leveraging our expertise in SCORM, xAPI, cmi5, LTI, and AICC. 450+ Vendors that use Rustici Software in their product 1,500+ Paid SCORM Cloud customers, plus thousands using free trial 80+ Organizations and government agencies that contract direct
  4. 4. What is this new standard called cmi5? ● It’s still xAPI! cmi5 is an “xAPI profile” ● To use xAPI, you need an extra set of rules (a profile)! ● AUs and Block, like AICC ● cmi5 has a “defined” set of verbs 1. Launched 2. Initialized 3. Terminated 4. Passed 5. Completed 6. Failed 7. Abandoned 8. Waived 9. Satisfied
  5. 5. SCORM vs xAPI vs cmi5 overlaps Feature SCORM xAPI cmi5 “Player-like” UI Experience ✅ ❌ ✅ Well-defined launches ✅ ❌ ✅ A manifest ✅ imsmanifest.xml ❌ (tincan.xml) ✅ cmi5.xml Multiple modules in a package ✅ ❌ ✅ Multiple distinctive launches ✅ ❌ ✅ Active learner “sessions” ✅ ❌ ✅ Sequencing ✅ ❌ ❌ (1) Rollup ✅ ❌ ❌ (1) Access learner data outside course ❌ ✅ ✅ Idempotency of learner data ❌ ✅ ✅ Extensions / custom learner data ❌ ✅ ✅
  6. 6. Beyond SCORM and xAPI cmi5 also includes these capabilities beyond SCORM and xAPI ● Structured launch capabilities outside an LMS ● Wider “session” structure ● Firmer profile control to improve “Big 4” reporting ● Waiving, with structured tracking ● Control of exit behavior ● Launch remote content inside an LMS context
  7. 7. Verbiage Most cmi5 verbs help represent actions or states in SCORM cmi5 (LMS / AU) SCORM Command SCORM Key / Value Launched* (L) LMSSetValue() / SetValue() “cmi.core.entry” Initialized (A) LMSInitialize() / Initialize() -- Passed / Completed / Failed (A) LMSSetValue() / SetValue() “cmi.core.lesson_status” / “cmi.completion_status” / “cmi.success_status” Terminated (A) LMSFinish() / Terminate() -- Abandoned (L) LMSSetValue() / SetValue() “adl.nav.request” Waived (L) -- -- Satisfied (L) -- --
  8. 8. cmi5 is the glue that holds it together ● cmi5 is specially designed for the LMS use case. ● xAPI is too flexible. Without consistency across systems, interoperability is lost. ● cmi5 ensures plug and play interoperability.
  9. 9. Let’s see cmi5 in action LRS LMS Create course package Enroll learner in course Learner interacts with AU Author Admin Learner LMS sets AU launch parameters LMS sends statements to the LRS Learner launches learning AU retrieves launch parameters AU sends statements to LRS
  10. 10. Adding “cmi5 defined” and “cmi5 allowed” Use the Actor the LMS provides ID and timestamp must come from the AU “result” objects has lots of rules cmi5 uses extensions on purpose Structuring an xAPI statement for cmi5
  11. 11. cmi5 loves results! { "version": "1.0.0", "verb": { "id": "http://adlnet.gov/expapi/v erbs/passed", ... }, "result": { "score": { "scaled": 1, "raw": 40, "min": 0, "max": 40 }, "success": true, "duration": "PT0H0M32S" }, ... } Verb (LMS/AU) “score” .* “success” “completion” “duration” Launched (L) ❌ ❌ ❌ MAY Initialized (A) ❌ ❌ ❌ MAY Passed (A) MAY MUST (true) ❌ MUST Failed (A) MAY MUST (false) ❌ MUST Completed (A) ❌ ❌ MUST (true) MUST Waived (L) ❌ MUST (true) MUST (true) MAY Abandoned (L) ❌ ❌ ❌ MUST Terminated (A) ❌ ❌ ❌ MUST Satisfied (L) ❌ ❌ ❌ MAY
  12. 12. Anatomy of a cmi5 statement { "id": "fd85910e-b4d7-4b33-9859-de1a8104293a", "timestamp": "2018-09-05T13:44:39.000Z", "actor": {...}, "verb": {...}, "object": { "id": "https://www2.virtualtrainingassistant.com/demo/8E632B45580E", ... }, "result": {...}, "context": { "registration": "676437af-c6b2-4619-9043-096de04ad996", "contextActivities": { "grouping": [ { "objectType": "Activity", "id": "https://presentations.scorm.com/EFE02C21-56AC-41A2-AE5A-9600275A6A00/presentation" } ], "category": [ { "objectType": "Activity", "id": "https://w3id.org/xapi/cmi5/context/categories/cmi5" } ] }, "extensions": { "https://w3id.org/xapi/cmi5/context/extensions/sessionid": "1519", "https://w3id.org/xapi/cmi5/context/extensions/masteryscore": 0.8 } } } Required for all cmi5 statements (“defined” or “allowed”) Required for cmi5 “defined” statements only
  13. 13. State of cmi5 adoption today How’s cmi5 adoption looking so far? 6 Content authoring products who have implemented cmi5 ?? Tested on the cmi5 conformance test suite 6 LMS products who have implemented cmi5 https://aicc.github.io/CMI-5_Spec_Current/adoption/ https://aicc.github.io/CMI-5_Spec_Current/adoption/ Coming this Fall!
  14. 14. Project CATAPULT overview cmi5 Advanced Testing Application and Player Underpinning Learning Technologies 12-month project that includes: ● Open Source cmi5 player Prototype ● cmi5 conformance test suite to test content and platform conformance ● Sample cmi5 course templates ● Best practice guides and documentation for implementing the tools
  15. 15. Project CATAPULT: Expected outcomes Accelerate the adoption of cmi5 and xAPI ● Enable organizations to develop and implement cmi5 ● Offer course creators options for migrating legacy content ● Provide resources to vendors and industry members to incorporate support for cmi5 in their products ● Support procurement by providing a mechanism to validate existing products and applications
  16. 16. Project CATAPULT: Prototype review
  17. 17. What’s next? Adopt cmi5 ● Assess where you are with cmi5 and determine where it fits with your plans ● Start having open conversations on where cmi5 fits in your existing tools in your ecosystem ● Request your vendors to add cmi5 in their product roadmap and ask when will they have support for cmi5 Follow along with Project CATAPULT ● Join the upcoming ADL webinars and follow xAPI.com blog for updates ● If you’re interested in working on the spec, join the cmi5 working group
  18. 18. Resources Subscribe to the xAPI blog ● https://xapi.com/blog/ Keep up-to-date on Project CATAPULT ● https://adlnet.gov/projects/cmi5-CATAPULT/ Visit ADL’s cmi5 page and xapi.com’s cmi5 page for more background ● https://adlnet.gov/projects/cmi5-standard/ and https://xapi.com/cmi5/ View ADL’s cmi5 resources ● https://adlnet.gov/resources/cmi5-resources/ Join the cmi5 weekly working group ● http://aicc.github.io/CMI-5_Spec_Current/
  19. 19. Questions? Ask us anything. Email us: info@rusticisoftware.com Learn more: rusticisoftware.com | scorm.com | xapi.com

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