Урок 2: Visual and Cultural Literacy
1. ИЗВЕСТНЫЕ МЕСТА
The Winter Palace (Зимний дворец) is
perhaps the most famous build...
The Winter Palace is located on Palace Square (Дворцовая площадь),
across from the General Staff building (Главный штаб). ...
Вот Зимний дворец
в Санкт Петербурге.
В Зимнем дворце
жили цари и их
семьи.
Теперь это
известный музей
Эрмитаж. В нём
очен...
2. Известные русские: Пётр Первый (Великий) и
Екатерина Вторая (Великая)
Пётр I ruled Russia from 1682 until his death in
1725, though for the first fourteen of those years
he co-reigned with his...
Peter also, of course, founded St.
Petersburg in 1703 on the banks of
the Neva River (река Нева), intending
it to serve as...
Catherine II, or “the Great” (Екатерина Великая), ruled Russia from 1762-1796.
Catherine was not Russian—she was a German ...
Catherine’s reign marks the height
of the Enlightenment in Russia.
She continued the Westernization
of Russian culture—at ...
Peter and Catherine
impersonators can be
found in several of the
tourist sites in St.
Petersburg, and they
are always eage...
3. ИЗВЕСТНЫЕ ХУДОЖНИКИ И ИХ КАРТИНЫ
Василий Иванович Суриков was one of the most
significant painters from the second half...
This is one of Surikov’s most famous pieces—“The Morning of the Execution of the
Streltsy” (Утро стрелецкой казни, 1881). ...
Completed in 1887, “The Boyarynya Morozova” (Боярыня Морозова) is another of Surikov’s
most famous works. It depicts a sce...
“Suvorov’s Crossing the Alps” (Переход Суворова
через Альпы), 1899
“Menshikov at Beryozovo” (Меншиков в
Берёзове), 1883
Th...
“Yermak’s Conquest of
Siberia” (Покорение
Сибири Ермаком), 1895
“The Capture of the Snow Fortress”
(Взятие снежного городк...
4. КУЛЬТУРНЫЕ ИДИОМЫ: МЕДНЫЙ ВСАДНИК
Falconet’s equestrian statue of Peter
the Great, more commonly known
as the Bronze Ho...
This painting by
Суриков gives us a
sense of what the
monument looked like
in the late nineteenth
century. You can see
St....
«Люблю тебя, Петра творенье,
Люблю твой строгий, стройный вид...»
Пушкин, «Медный всадник»
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Lesson 2 culture

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Lesson 2 culture

  1. 1. Урок 2: Visual and Cultural Literacy 1. ИЗВЕСТНЫЕ МЕСТА The Winter Palace (Зимний дворец) is perhaps the most famous building in St. Petersburg. It served until the Russian revolution in 1917 as the main residence of the royal family. It is now part of the Hermitage museum, which houses one of the world’s greatest art collections. Built during the reign of the Empress Elizabeth in the middle of the 18th century, the Winter Palace reflects the “baroque” style popular at that time. Its architect, Rastrelli, designed many other buildings in and around St. Petersburg.
  2. 2. The Winter Palace is located on Palace Square (Дворцовая площадь), across from the General Staff building (Главный штаб). In the center of the square stands the Alexander Column (Александровская колонна), which was erected by Tsar Nicholas I to commemorate the defeat of Napoleon in 1812 during the reign of his brother, Alexander I.
  3. 3. Вот Зимний дворец в Санкт Петербурге. В Зимнем дворце жили цари и их семьи. Теперь это известный музей Эрмитаж. В нём очень красивое искусство.
  4. 4. 2. Известные русские: Пётр Первый (Великий) и Екатерина Вторая (Великая)
  5. 5. Пётр I ruled Russia from 1682 until his death in 1725, though for the first fourteen of those years he co-reigned with his half-brother, Иван V. Peter’s reign is significant for many reasons, not the least of which is that it resulted in the introduction of many reforms aimed at “Westernizing” Russia. Peter’s goal was to bring Russian traditions and practices more into alignment with European culture, but many of them, including the demand that men cut off their beards or pay a beard tax, met with resistance, as we can see in this “lubok” (лубок), a type of woodcut popular at the time.
  6. 6. Peter also, of course, founded St. Petersburg in 1703 on the banks of the Neva River (река Нева), intending it to serve as “a window to Europe” (окно в Европу), and he moved the capital there from Moscow in 1712. Like many other events from his life, it became a popular subject of Russian paintings. A. G. Venetsianov, “Peter the Great. The Founding of Saint Petersburg” (А. Г. Венецианов, «Петр Великий. Основание Санкт- Петербурга»), 1838 V. A. Serov, “Peter I” (В. А. Серов, «Пётр I», 1907
  7. 7. Catherine II, or “the Great” (Екатерина Великая), ruled Russia from 1762-1796. Catherine was not Russian—she was a German princess named Sophie and married into the Russian royal family. Her husband, Peter III, was deposed and assassinated within six months of assuming the throne; most historians believe that Catherine knew about and condoned his arrest and murder. Catherine succeeded her husband and ruled as Empress until her death.
  8. 8. Catherine’s reign marks the height of the Enlightenment in Russia. She continued the Westernization of Russian culture—at least in the upper ranks of society—and was a strong advocate of the arts. It was Catherine who founded the Hermitage museum in 1764.
  9. 9. Peter and Catherine impersonators can be found in several of the tourist sites in St. Petersburg, and they are always eager to have their photo taken with you (for a fee!).
  10. 10. 3. ИЗВЕСТНЫЕ ХУДОЖНИКИ И ИХ КАРТИНЫ Василий Иванович Суриков was one of the most significant painters from the second half of the nineteenth century. As a member of the Society for Traveling Art Exhibits—often referred to as the Wanderers (in Russian, Передвижники)—he is best known for his large canvases depicting scenes from Russian history. Though a diverse group, the Передвижники were united by their goal of painting in a realistic style subjects from Russian life—its customs, culture, history, and social reality, both good and bad. В. И. Суриков (1848-1916)
  11. 11. This is one of Surikov’s most famous pieces—“The Morning of the Execution of the Streltsy” (Утро стрелецкой казни, 1881). Тhe streltsy (стрельцы) were a corps of armed guards who served the tsar in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, but were also notoriously unruly as a class. By the end of the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, they were often involved in uprisings. The target of their discontent in this painting is on horseback on the right side—can you recognize him? You should also, of course, recognize the building in the background.
  12. 12. Completed in 1887, “The Boyarynya Morozova” (Боярыня Морозова) is another of Surikov’s most famous works. It depicts a scene from the religious schism (раскол) that took place in Russia in the middle of the seventeenth century when the Patriarch Nikon, with the approval of Tsar Aleksey Mikhailovich (the father of Peter I), introduced reforms that were intended to bring Russian Orthodox rituals and texts into alignment with those of the Greek Orthodox church. One of those reforms called for a change in the way believers crossed themselves— using three fingers instead of two. Note that the Old Believer Morozova, who is being carted away to be imprisoned and tortured for refusing to comply with the new practices, is defiantly holding up two fingers (as is the “holy fool”—юродовый—in the lower right corner of the canvas).
  13. 13. “Suvorov’s Crossing the Alps” (Переход Суворова через Альпы), 1899 “Menshikov at Beryozovo” (Меншиков в Берёзове), 1883 This painting depicts the fate of Aleksandr Menshikov, Peter the Great’s friend, who (along with his family) was banished to Siberia under Peter II for political intrigues.
  14. 14. “Yermak’s Conquest of Siberia” (Покорение Сибири Ермаком), 1895 “The Capture of the Snow Fortress” (Взятие снежного городка), 1891
  15. 15. 4. КУЛЬТУРНЫЕ ИДИОМЫ: МЕДНЫЙ ВСАДНИК Falconet’s equestrian statue of Peter the Great, more commonly known as the Bronze Horseman (Медный всадник), is a well-known sight on the banks of the Neva River in St. Petersburg. The monument was commissioned by Catherine the Great in honor of Peter, the city’s founder; the monument’s large stone base is inscribed on both sides —one in Latin, one in Russian—with the words “Catherine the Second to Peter the First” («Петру первому Екатерина вторая»). The monument acquired its nickname, Медный всадник, from a narrative poem written by Pushkin in 1833.
  16. 16. This painting by Суриков gives us a sense of what the monument looked like in the late nineteenth century. You can see St. Isaac’s Cathedral (Исаакиевский собор) in the background. The monument is located on Senate Square (Сенатская площадь), which is where the doomed Decembrist revolt took place in 1825.
  17. 17. «Люблю тебя, Петра творенье, Люблю твой строгий, стройный вид...» Пушкин, «Медный всадник»

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