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Sentence Structure; Common
Patterns with Nouns That Show
Cause & Effect
Cause and Effect Writing
In the essay, underline the three effects, or results,
of large ecological footprints. There is one in each
body paragraph (the paragraphs that follow the
introduction and explain each of the writer’s main
ideas).
Draw a chart like the one below on a separate
sheet of paper and write the effects.
Simple and Compound Sentences
In cause and effect writing and in academic writing in general, it is effective to use a variety of
sentence types. Writers use simple sentences to express facts or opinions strongly. They use
compound sentences to link related ideas such as causes and effects.
Simple sentence:
Lack of natural resources is one of the results of large ecological footprints.
Compound sentence:
Large ecological footprints cause many problems, and it is our social responsibility to solve them.
Simple
Sentence
Simple
Sentence
Compound
Sentence
Exercise: Underline the subject, and circle the verb in
each independent clause
Complex Sentences
 Another way to link cause and effect ideas is with complex sentences.
 Complex sentences have one independent clause and at least one dependent
clause.
Example:
Because resources are readily accessible in developed countries like the United States,
people in these countries tend to have large ecological footprints.
Complex Sentences
Exercise
 For each pair of sentences about
bald eagles, write C next to the
sentence that shows the cause
and E next to the sentence that
shows the effect.
 Next, combine the sentences
using because, if, since, or when.
Sometimes more than one
answer is possible.
Common Patterns with Nouns That Show
Cause
 Cause and effect relationships can be shown in many different ways.
 One important way is through the use of the nouns cause, reason, and
factor.
1. One important cause of overpopulation is lack of education.
2. Low cost is the primary reason why many communities use coal for energy.
3. Emissions from cars are a major factor in the increase in air pollution.
Nouns That
Show Cause:
Cause, Reason,
Factor
Vocabulary
Exercise: Nouns
That Show Cause
Complete the online article about
ways to get around. Use cause,
reason, or factor and appropriate
adjectives from the Data from the
Real World box above.
More Nouns That Show Cause

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Sentence Structures and Vocabulary for Cause and Effect Essay

  • 1. Sentence Structure; Common Patterns with Nouns That Show Cause & Effect
  • 2. Cause and Effect Writing In the essay, underline the three effects, or results, of large ecological footprints. There is one in each body paragraph (the paragraphs that follow the introduction and explain each of the writer’s main ideas). Draw a chart like the one below on a separate sheet of paper and write the effects.
  • 3. Simple and Compound Sentences In cause and effect writing and in academic writing in general, it is effective to use a variety of sentence types. Writers use simple sentences to express facts or opinions strongly. They use compound sentences to link related ideas such as causes and effects. Simple sentence: Lack of natural resources is one of the results of large ecological footprints. Compound sentence: Large ecological footprints cause many problems, and it is our social responsibility to solve them.
  • 7. Exercise: Underline the subject, and circle the verb in each independent clause
  • 8. Complex Sentences  Another way to link cause and effect ideas is with complex sentences.  Complex sentences have one independent clause and at least one dependent clause. Example: Because resources are readily accessible in developed countries like the United States, people in these countries tend to have large ecological footprints.
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  • 10. Complex Sentences Exercise  For each pair of sentences about bald eagles, write C next to the sentence that shows the cause and E next to the sentence that shows the effect.  Next, combine the sentences using because, if, since, or when. Sometimes more than one answer is possible.
  • 11. Common Patterns with Nouns That Show Cause  Cause and effect relationships can be shown in many different ways.  One important way is through the use of the nouns cause, reason, and factor. 1. One important cause of overpopulation is lack of education. 2. Low cost is the primary reason why many communities use coal for energy. 3. Emissions from cars are a major factor in the increase in air pollution.
  • 14. Exercise: Nouns That Show Cause Complete the online article about ways to get around. Use cause, reason, or factor and appropriate adjectives from the Data from the Real World box above.
  • 15. More Nouns That Show Cause