European Bus Operators' Forum - Yo Kaminagai

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European Bus Operators' Forum - Yo Kaminagai

  1. 1. European Bus Operators’ Forum – 11 June 2013RATP Osmose Bus station in ParisAn advanced design demonstrator for the EBSF projectYo KaminagaiHead of Design – Projects Management Department
  2. 2. Summary1. Stations = componentof a Bus system2. Present situationsoverview3. The enhanced stationconcept4. The bus stationdemonstrator5. The conclusions
  3. 3. 1.Stations= componentof a Bus systemSão Paulo - 2008
  4. 4. Stations = component of a Bus system 1VehicleStreet andpublic space Passenger informationPlatformsEtc …
  5. 5. Stations = component of a Bus system 1Standard State-of-artVehicles Standard Capacity +, comfort +, alternative energiesTransport programme Standard 18 h per day, 7 days a week, highfrequency, regularityStops and stations Bus stops, bus shelters Stations integrated in the cityStreets and publicspacesBus lanes Right-of-way lanes, public spacerefurbishmentPassengerinformationStatic (and dynamic),only about transportStatic and dynamic, covering city andservices themasMultimodality Interchange signage Multifunctional and mutimodal integratedstationsAdditionnal services Ø Services pack, in connexion and comfortIdentity Standard SpecificBus system = vehicles + infrastructures + operations
  6. 6. Stations = component of a Bus system 1The EBSF project• European Bus System of the Future project = vehicles + infrastructures+ information systems• 47 partners from 11 European countries under the UITP leadership(2008 – 2012)• European Commission financed 16 M€ in a total of 26 M€ (ResearchFrame Program FP 7)• 7 first use-cases in Budapest, Madrid, Bremerhaven, Rouen, Brunoy,Budapest, Rome, about vehicles or information systems• RATP: focus on enhanced bus stations
  7. 7. 2.PresentsituationsoverviewSão PauloParis - Porte d’Italie - 1950
  8. 8. The 4 Daltons of the bus stopsPresent situations overview 2
  9. 9. The 4 Daltons of the bus stopsPresent situations overview 2
  10. 10. 1. StopsPresent situations overviewLondon (UK)Berlin(Germany)Paris(France)Industrial products with local flavoursGenoa(Italy)Vienna(Austria)2
  11. 11. 2. SheltersPresent situations overviewDundee (UK)Montréal(Canada)Lausanne(Switzerland)London(UK)Industrial products mostly financed by advertisements2
  12. 12. 3. TerminalsPresent situations overviewSpectacular one-shot architectural realizationsHoofddorp Spaarne Ziekenhuis(The Netherlands)London Vauxhall (UK)Coire (Switzerland)Slough(UK)2
  13. 13. 3. PlatformsPresent situations overviewMid-size solutions for BRT and tram linesVienna(Austria)Paris (France)Curitiba (Brazil)Istanbul(Turkey)2
  14. 14. Present situations overviewThe Parisian caseThe different urban furniture models dedicated to the bus network are notbased on the same responsibilitiesBus stops: financed and installed by RATPBus shelters: financed and installed by the urban furniture operator incontract with the Paris city CouncilTram platforms: financed as investments in the tram projectsBus terminals: financed as investments as independent projectsLarge bus stations: lack of optimized solutions except juxtaposition of basicshelters1. Bus stops 2. Bus shelters 3. Tram platforms 4. Bus terminals2
  15. 15. 3.The enhancedstationconceptSão Paulo
  16. 16. The enhanced station conceptThe RATP Osmose research for the Great Paris network• A new metro station concept, identified through a regular architecturalcompetition on a fictional but realistic hub (on YouTube : osmose ratp)• More than a station, a mix-use urban complex :• enhanced• shared• upgreadable• expressive3
  17. 17. The enhanced station conceptApplication to the bus station case: the stakes• Urban serviceoperators• New players• Outdoorpublicityoperators• Other publicspace players• Transport authorities• Local authorities• Bus passengers• Neighbourhoods• Passers-byBus stationdemonstratorseduceconvinceinvolveinvite3
  18. 18. The enhanced station concept 3The objectives of enhanced bus stationsFor the passengers➔ more comfort, more well-being➔ more connexion and retail servicesFor the neighbours➔ local services, urban functions (rest, landmarks, …)For transport operators and authorities➔ attractivity, modernity, image➔ service philosophy, brand loyaltyFor the city➔ beauty, cultural ambition, prideFor the other service operators➔ extension and diversification of their market➔ urban visibility
  19. 19. Preliminary designsThe concept : an enhanced bus station 3A different pavement todistinguish the spacededicated to transport serviceA totem to mark thestation as an urbanmobility pointA modularandcustomisableshelter system(adaptable inlength, width,personnality)A well-managedgreening forthe spacesCommunication systems (interactiveterminals or screens) discretelyintegrated to the furnitureA large transport space integratingurban functions (mini-kiosks, retailand fooding corners, …)A signage to the lines ininterchange
  20. 20. Preliminary design studiesThe concept : an enhanced bus station 3© RATP – Plan Créatif – Wilmotte
  21. 21. 4.The busstationdemonstratorSão Paulo
  22. 22. The station locationThe bus station demonstrator 4
  23. 23. In the center of a hubThe bus station demonstrator 4
  24. 24. Day and nightThe bus station demonstrator 4
  25. 25. Obvious sizing problems (15 000 passengers per day)The bus station demonstrator 4
  26. 26. Before: a standard bus shelter (6,5 m2)The bus station demonstrator 4
  27. 27. Now: a complete enhanced resized stationThe bus station demonstrator 4
  28. 28. The bus station demonstrator 4
  29. 29. 5.TheconclusionsSão Paulo
  30. 30. The conclusions 5The resultsPassengers:extremely high satisfaction levelpositive impact on the bus imageMedia: astonishing high level of impact (worldwide)Classical information systems (paper, signage): compulsory !No vandalism: relaxed and respectful peopleAccessibility features: some difficulties to solveMaintenance: immediate high level of exigence• Bus passengers• Neighbourhoods• Passers-by
  31. 31. The resultsUrban design:Multifunctionality proven in a limited spaceParis city:Coherence with the local research agenda, oriented towardsdigital urban furnitureFeeding the future bus stops shelters tender (in 2013 - 2014),with many insights (modularity, sizing, information, services, …)used in the specsInterest for 100 enhanced bus stations in Paris (among 2000) tobe installed in 2015 - 2016• Transport authorities• Local authoritiesThe conclusions 5
  32. 32. The resultsEnergy: a basic matterRevelation of cost structure: the digital part (screens, systems, network,energy …) almost as expensive as the physical part (shelter, furniture,…)Understanding of possible business cases: if the proportion of enhancedstations is low (< 5% ?) and if the contract is long (> 10 years ?), theseenhanced stations should be normally included with innovative revenuepossibilities• Outdoorpublicityoperators• Other publicspace playersThe conclusions 5
  33. 33. The resultsAbout the tested services:The library: a major impact on the quality image with a low costhow to make it sustainable ?Street-food: a bit neglected in France, an economic sector tointertwin with bus stationsGlobally: the station should be modified to allow better placingand orientation towards the customersAbout the future:Interest of a living-lab, as incubator of innovative servicesCombination between the commercial retail sector, the publicservices sector and the new collborative economy sector• Urbanservicesoperators• New playersThe conclusions 5
  34. 34. Global results for the EBSF projectAs a research: proof of concept obtainedAs an event: a smart breakthrough in theagendaAs a service: not liked, but loved (problemsto dismount and to integrate in the currentoperations)As a strategic tool: an useful platformattracting partnersAs a vision: the public space as a marketfor an « Apple » of the urban furnituredomain ?The conclusions 5

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