Case Study: Fraport AG
How to Cut the Gordian Knot?
Philipp Kriegbaum
Vice President, Security and Quality Management
Frap...
How to Cut the Gordian Knot?
Airport Security Conference
Prague, 17 and 18 September 2013
Philipp Kriegbaum
Fraport AG
Table of Contents
Chart 3
•Risk-based security: Who dares?
•World-wide activities striving for a paradigm
shift
•What are ...
Risk-based, Traveller-friendly and
EfficientSecurity - Can it be
Achieved?
Chart 4
• Gordian Knot: a
metaphor for an
intra...
Security Risk Assessment to be
Conducted by National Authorities
Chart 5
3.1.3 Each Contracting State shall keep
under con...
How Much Security Does it Take to
Outweigh Risk?
Chart 6
risk
security
measures
the more security
measures the better
How Much Security Does it Take to
Outweigh Risk?
Chart 7
risk
security
measures
the more security
measures the better
less...
1977 1988 2001 2001 2006 2009 2010 2012 2014 ??
increased screening of cargo
screening of airport supplies
screening of ca...
Terrorists are a Minority in the
Community of Passengers
Chart 9
Terrorists
Travellers
Passengers
Security Resources are Distributed
Evenly on All Passengers
Chart 10
Terrorists
Travellers
Security
Resources
Risk-based Allocation of Resources
Chart 11
Terrorists
Security
Resources
Security
Resources
Passengers
Terrorists
Major Challenge: Data and
Tracking Passengers
Chart 12
Study on Differentiation of
Passenger and Risk Groups
for
European ...
Table of Contents
Chart 13
•Risk-based security: Who dares?
•World-wide activities striving for a paradigm
shift
•What are...
World Wide Efforts for Risk-Based
Security
Chart 14
Agency Initiative
ACIE / AEA better SECURITY
ACI WORLD
Next Generation...
Table of Contents
Chart 15
•Risk-based security: Who dares?
•World-wide activities striving for a paradigm
shift
•What are...
Risk Based Security Trials - Source ACIE
Information Differentiation
Random Selection/
Unpredictability
Behaviour
Detectio...
Cutting the Gordian Knot
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your attention!
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Airport security 2013 philipp kriegbaum

  1. 1. Case Study: Fraport AG How to Cut the Gordian Knot? Philipp Kriegbaum Vice President, Security and Quality Management Fraport AG
  2. 2. How to Cut the Gordian Knot? Airport Security Conference Prague, 17 and 18 September 2013 Philipp Kriegbaum Fraport AG
  3. 3. Table of Contents Chart 3 •Risk-based security: Who dares? •World-wide activities striving for a paradigm shift •What are the airports doing?
  4. 4. Risk-based, Traveller-friendly and EfficientSecurity - Can it be Achieved? Chart 4 • Gordian Knot: a metaphor for an intractable problem (disentangling an "impossible" knot) • Solved easily by cheating or "thinking outside the box" ("cutting the Gordian knot").
  5. 5. Security Risk Assessment to be Conducted by National Authorities Chart 5 3.1.3 Each Contracting State shall keep under constant review the level of threat to civil aviation within its territory, and establish and implement policies and procedures to adjust relevant elements of its national civil aviation security programme accordingly, based upon a security risk assessment carried out by the relevant national authorities. Note.— Guidance material regarding threat assessment and risk management methodologies can be found in the Aviation Security Manual (Doc 8973 — Restricted).
  6. 6. How Much Security Does it Take to Outweigh Risk? Chart 6 risk security measures the more security measures the better
  7. 7. How Much Security Does it Take to Outweigh Risk? Chart 7 risk security measures the more security measures the better less measures with proper implementation
  8. 8. 1977 1988 2001 2001 2006 2009 2010 2012 2014 ?? increased screening of cargo screening of airport supplies screening of cargo increased body search – implementation of body scanners restrictions on liquids, aerosols and gels (LAGs) in hand luggage shoe screening - additional requirements for US-bound passengers (e.g. API) separation of passengers – laptops out – staff screening - increased training requirements 100 % screening of hold baggage (beginning 1988, fully implemented 2003) screening of passengers and hand luggage – baggage reconciliation - additional measures for high risk flights Since the 1970ies: Dramatic Increase of Security Requirements - With no Layer Ever Removed
  9. 9. Terrorists are a Minority in the Community of Passengers Chart 9 Terrorists Travellers Passengers
  10. 10. Security Resources are Distributed Evenly on All Passengers Chart 10 Terrorists Travellers Security Resources
  11. 11. Risk-based Allocation of Resources Chart 11 Terrorists Security Resources Security Resources Passengers Terrorists
  12. 12. Major Challenge: Data and Tracking Passengers Chart 12 Study on Differentiation of Passenger and Risk Groups for European Commission DG MOVE Av Sec Unit Draft Leigh Fisher, 11 July 2013
  13. 13. Table of Contents Chart 13 •Risk-based security: Who dares? •World-wide activities striving for a paradigm shift •What are the airports doing?
  14. 14. World Wide Efforts for Risk-Based Security Chart 14 Agency Initiative ACIE / AEA better SECURITY ACI WORLD Next Generation Screening Task Force European Commission Smarter aviation security for the EU UK DfT Outcome-based Security IATA Checkpoint of the Future ICAO Next Genereation Screening TAG TSA TSA Pre✓™
  15. 15. Table of Contents Chart 15 •Risk-based security: Who dares? •World-wide activities striving for a paradigm shift •What are the airports doing?
  16. 16. Risk Based Security Trials - Source ACIE Information Differentiation Random Selection/ Unpredictability Behaviour Detection Screening Point Copenhagen Staff screening (EDD) Remote screening Zürich Staff screening Use of BDO ADP BDO Use of BDO Schiphol Unpredictability screening technology Unpredictability screening technology Frankfurt Staff screening Swedavia Advanced pax checkpoint Advanced pax checkpoint Advanced pax checkpoint Advanced pax checkpoint Helsinki Staff screening Brussels Remote screening Heathrow Identity Authentification Enhanced Detection Geneva Identity Authentification
  17. 17. Cutting the Gordian Knot
  18. 18. Thank you for your attention!

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