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An education on
the different parts of an
Oil Tanker
An Oil Tanker
The forecastle or
Foc’sle Deck
The Fore Castle Area Or The Bow
Closed Chalk

The Chief Officer stands here when mooring the ship

Anchor Chain

Mooring B...
A typical Deck Mooring Winch

Hydraulic Motor,
The driving Power
for the winch
Bow chain stopper (Tongue Type)
installed on the Foc’sle deck

Primarily used for making fast at a SBM .
Also utilsed as p...
The Fore Castle Area viewed from the side
Fore Mast

Closed Chalks

Anchor
Mooring Wires
Ships side

Mooring tails
Top Sid...
A View from dead ahead
Closed Chock used for
Picking up SBM chain and
passing mooring lines

Starboard Anchor stowed in
Ha...
A typical Hydraulic mooring Winch with Windlass

Anchor Windlass
Warping Drum

Mooring Winches
with wires and tails

Opera...
The Main Deck
Ship Side, Midship Area
Hose Handling Crane
Mid Ship store

Manifold

Accommodation Ladder
Or The Gangway

Aft

forward

S...
Main deck of a vessel
(Courtenay Bay)

A aerial view of the main deck of the ship

Midship crane

Accommodation ladder

Po...
Helicopter landing area on a VLCC
Collapsible ship side rails

Nowadays, Helicopters are extensively used
(for Pilot embar...
A Cargo Hose Handling Crane or the
Midship crane
Accommodation Ladder Or Gangway

A typical accommodation ladder
or gangway.

In this picture , the gangway is used for
tra...
MOT Ladder

This is a portable ladder and
can be used in various location
on board the ship. This can be
lifted and placed...
Manifold Area
Manifolds
Re
du
ce
r

Cargo Drip Tray
Man hole

Tank Dome used for access
to Cargo or Ballast tank
Manifold Reducers

Different
size
Same size,
To fit to ships
manifold

These can be fitted on the manifold, so as to make ...
Heating Coils

Steam runs through
these coils which in
turn heats up the
cargo in the tank
The Pump room
Cargo Oil Pumps
Centrifugal Pumps in the Cargo Pump Room
Ships tanks
Ships Tanks
Cargo and Ballast

A typical Double bottom
space of a water ballast
tank.

Pipe line which carries
the liquid ...
The Aft or stern area
or
Commonly referred to as

The Poop Deck
The Poop deck Of Courtenay Bay
Pull Back Bit

Closed chalks

Aft Emergency
Towing Arrangement

Mooring winches on
Poop dec...
Poop deck a view from outside

Closed chalks

Mooring wires
The Accommodation Block
Or
Crew Living Quarters.
Accommodation Block Forward Facing
Radar Mast
Monkey Island is the
highest deck of the ship

Bridge or the Wheel House

Br...
The Wheel House and Chart Table

The ship is controlled or Navigated from this location.
While the vessel is at Sea, there...
The Steering Wheel On The Wheel House
Radio Room Or The GMDSS Panel

Communication of the ship is carried out from Radio Room
The Main Mast Or the Radar Mast

Radar Scanner
Christmas Tree

Navigation light

Radio Antenna

Fog Horn
Cargo Control Room (CCR)

Pumps and Valve operations for Cargo And Ballast are controlled from CCR
Some more spaces in the Accommodation

Cabin, Is were the Ship’s
Crew rest during their off
duty hours

Mess room, Is were...
The living room or Smoke room.
In their off-time, the crew relax
here and watch TV, movies or play
board games.

The Ships...
Life boats and Life Rafts

Embarkation Ladder
Life Boat Being Launched
Life Boat davit

Life Rafts
Life boat in Water
The Engine Room
The Engine Control Room (ECR)

Machinery in the Engine Room can be controlled and monitored from the ECR
The Main Engine Of the Ship

This is the Ships Main Engine or Propulsion Plant of the vessel
This piece of machinery gener...
Auxiliary Engine Or The Generator

Generates Electricity on board the vessel.
Ship’s Funnel with TPM Colours

The Hot Exhaust Gases
from the Main engine,
Generator engine and
Boiler are exhausted to
t...
What makes the ship
move forward and steer ?
Rudder and Propeller

Port

Rudder is Used for
steering the ship,
moves in Port or
Starboard directions

Starboard

Main E...
Rudder and Propeller

Propeller

Rudder
How does the ship stay
safely alongside a berth
or tied up at a buoy ?
Ship made fast to a Single Mooring Buoy(SBM)

SBM chain made fast to the ship

Single Buoy Mooring
Pictorial view of a Single Buoy Mooring
A typical Tanker Mooring at a tanker berth

Aft Spring
Forward Breast line

Forward spring

Aft Breast Line

Head line
Ste...
Composite Buoy Mooring (CBM) Or Multi Buoy Mooring .

Ship’s Anchor
Mooring lines
So, if the vessel is not
tied up properly, what
happens ?
Safe Ships
Example when a ships moorings has not been done
properly.
This case, the cargo hose parted as vessel surges alo...
One Hose parted due elongation
Damage to shore gangway
Thank You
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Parts of a ship1

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Parts of a ship1

  1. 1. An education on the different parts of an Oil Tanker
  2. 2. An Oil Tanker
  3. 3. The forecastle or Foc’sle Deck
  4. 4. The Fore Castle Area Or The Bow Closed Chalk The Chief Officer stands here when mooring the ship Anchor Chain Mooring Bitts or Bollards This is the Forecastle or fore or forward part of the Ship. At this location,the vessel is anchored and Moored
  5. 5. A typical Deck Mooring Winch Hydraulic Motor, The driving Power for the winch
  6. 6. Bow chain stopper (Tongue Type) installed on the Foc’sle deck Primarily used for making fast at a SBM . Also utilsed as part af the Emergency Towing Apparatus
  7. 7. The Fore Castle Area viewed from the side Fore Mast Closed Chalks Anchor Mooring Wires Ships side Mooring tails Top Side Bulbous bow
  8. 8. A View from dead ahead Closed Chock used for Picking up SBM chain and passing mooring lines Starboard Anchor stowed in Hawse pipe Port Anchor is in the water & has been used for Anchoring
  9. 9. A typical Hydraulic mooring Winch with Windlass Anchor Windlass Warping Drum Mooring Winches with wires and tails Operator platform
  10. 10. The Main Deck
  11. 11. Ship Side, Midship Area Hose Handling Crane Mid Ship store Manifold Accommodation Ladder Or The Gangway Aft forward Ship Side (Starboard side)
  12. 12. Main deck of a vessel (Courtenay Bay) A aerial view of the main deck of the ship Midship crane Accommodation ladder Port side or the left side of the ship Manifold Starboard side or the right side of the ship Mooring Winch Walkway Or Safe access to Bow Cargo Pipe line Tank dome PV Valve
  13. 13. Helicopter landing area on a VLCC Collapsible ship side rails Nowadays, Helicopters are extensively used (for Pilot embarking, Crew changes and Stores supplies).
  14. 14. A Cargo Hose Handling Crane or the Midship crane
  15. 15. Accommodation Ladder Or Gangway A typical accommodation ladder or gangway. In this picture , the gangway is used for transferring people (during a bunkering operation) between two ships. This Gangway is fixed to the ship and can be only used if the jetty or other ship is within its range.
  16. 16. MOT Ladder This is a portable ladder and can be used in various location on board the ship. This can be lifted and placed in position by the Hose handling crane.
  17. 17. Manifold Area Manifolds Re du ce r Cargo Drip Tray Man hole Tank Dome used for access to Cargo or Ballast tank
  18. 18. Manifold Reducers Different size Same size, To fit to ships manifold These can be fitted on the manifold, so as to make the same manifold available for different size of shore connections To fit to shore connection
  19. 19. Heating Coils Steam runs through these coils which in turn heats up the cargo in the tank
  20. 20. The Pump room
  21. 21. Cargo Oil Pumps Centrifugal Pumps in the Cargo Pump Room
  22. 22. Ships tanks
  23. 23. Ships Tanks Cargo and Ballast A typical Double bottom space of a water ballast tank. Pipe line which carries the liquid in and out of the tank Bell Mouth Cargo & Stripping
  24. 24. The Aft or stern area or Commonly referred to as The Poop Deck
  25. 25. The Poop deck Of Courtenay Bay Pull Back Bit Closed chalks Aft Emergency Towing Arrangement Mooring winches on Poop deck Also called as the stern
  26. 26. Poop deck a view from outside Closed chalks Mooring wires
  27. 27. The Accommodation Block Or Crew Living Quarters.
  28. 28. Accommodation Block Forward Facing Radar Mast Monkey Island is the highest deck of the ship Bridge or the Wheel House Bridge Wing Port Holes Pump room vent
  29. 29. The Wheel House and Chart Table The ship is controlled or Navigated from this location. While the vessel is at Sea, there is an officer and lookout man inside the wheelhouse at all times.
  30. 30. The Steering Wheel On The Wheel House
  31. 31. Radio Room Or The GMDSS Panel Communication of the ship is carried out from Radio Room
  32. 32. The Main Mast Or the Radar Mast Radar Scanner Christmas Tree Navigation light Radio Antenna Fog Horn
  33. 33. Cargo Control Room (CCR) Pumps and Valve operations for Cargo And Ballast are controlled from CCR
  34. 34. Some more spaces in the Accommodation Cabin, Is were the Ship’s Crew rest during their off duty hours Mess room, Is were the Ship’s Crew Eat their Meals
  35. 35. The living room or Smoke room. In their off-time, the crew relax here and watch TV, movies or play board games. The Ships Galley or Kitchen. Food for the crew is prepared here
  36. 36. Life boats and Life Rafts Embarkation Ladder Life Boat Being Launched Life Boat davit Life Rafts Life boat in Water
  37. 37. The Engine Room
  38. 38. The Engine Control Room (ECR) Machinery in the Engine Room can be controlled and monitored from the ECR
  39. 39. The Main Engine Of the Ship This is the Ships Main Engine or Propulsion Plant of the vessel This piece of machinery generates the power to move the ship through water.
  40. 40. Auxiliary Engine Or The Generator Generates Electricity on board the vessel.
  41. 41. Ship’s Funnel with TPM Colours The Hot Exhaust Gases from the Main engine, Generator engine and Boiler are exhausted to the atmosphere through the funnel
  42. 42. What makes the ship move forward and steer ?
  43. 43. Rudder and Propeller Port Rudder is Used for steering the ship, moves in Port or Starboard directions Starboard Main Engine rotates the Propeller which like a fan pushes the water and makes the ship move through the water.
  44. 44. Rudder and Propeller Propeller Rudder
  45. 45. How does the ship stay safely alongside a berth or tied up at a buoy ?
  46. 46. Ship made fast to a Single Mooring Buoy(SBM) SBM chain made fast to the ship Single Buoy Mooring
  47. 47. Pictorial view of a Single Buoy Mooring
  48. 48. A typical Tanker Mooring at a tanker berth Aft Spring Forward Breast line Forward spring Aft Breast Line Head line Stern lines
  49. 49. Composite Buoy Mooring (CBM) Or Multi Buoy Mooring . Ship’s Anchor Mooring lines
  50. 50. So, if the vessel is not tied up properly, what happens ?
  51. 51. Safe Ships Example when a ships moorings has not been done properly. This case, the cargo hose parted as vessel surges alongside • Vessel was alongside discharging cargo of unleaded gasoline. • While the discharging was in progress, another vessel passed at high speed causing Sunshine to surge heavily along the berth. • The surging parted the tails of forward springs. • The shore gangway was damaged and the cargo hose parted, spilling approximately 500 bbls of Gasolene into the water.
  52. 52. One Hose parted due elongation
  53. 53. Damage to shore gangway
  54. 54. Thank You

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