Care for deaf children


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Care for deaf children

  1. 1. Indian Deaf Children
  2. 2. It is everyone’s responsibility to take care of deaf children and protect them. It is also very important to learn their vocabulary and Indian Sign Language এটা বধির ধিশুদের যত্ন ধিদে এবং োদের রক্ষা করার জিয সকদের োধ়িত্ব. এটা োদের িব্দভান্ডার ধিখদে খুব গুরুত্বপূর্ণ এবং? ভারেী়ি সাইি েযাঙ্গুদ়িজ
  3. 3. Indian Sign Language ভারতীয় সাইন ল্যাঙ্গুযয়জ
  4. 4. Exposure to Language: Hearing Children ভাষা এক্সদপাজার: শ্রবর্ ধিশু Hearing Individuals T.V Relatives Friends groups Peers of School Radio Neighbour s friend Communit y of Language Parent’s Friends Cultural Hearing Teacher
  5. 5. Hearing children-ধিশুদের শ্রবর্  Watching T.V. is a great entertainment as they hear and see various programmes and they also understand them to a great extend  Hearing radio and enjoy songs, news, drama, informative talks &stories etc.  Children have dialogue through speaking and listening/ conversation with parents , peer of schools, relatives etc.  Teacher teaches children for subjects but they are can understood it.  োরা শুিদে এবং ধবধভন্ন প্রাগ্রাম প্েখদে এবং োরা একটি মহাি রসাধরে োদের বুঝদে ধহসাদব টিধভ ও়িাধ ং একটি বড় ধবদিােি হ়ি  প্রধিও শ্রবর্ ও গাি উপদভাগ কদরি, সংবাে, িাটক, েথ্যপূর্ণ আদো িা ও গল্প ইেযাধে  ধিশু বেদে এবং ধপোমাোর সদঙ্গ / কদথ্াপকথ্ি প্িািা, স্কুে, আত্মী়ি ইেযাধে ধপ়িার মািযদম সংোপ আদে  ধিক্ষক ধবষদ়ির জিয ধিশুদের প্িখা়ি ধকন্তু োরা এটা বুঝদে
  6. 6. Exposure to Language Deaf Children ভাষা বধিরযের ধিশু মযরযে Hearing impaired Individuals T.V Relatives Friends groups School peers Radio Neighbour ’s friend Communit y of Language Parent’s Friends Cultural Hearing Teacher ? ? ? ? ?? ? ? ? ?
  7. 7. Deaf Children - বধির ধিশু • Deaf children can watch T.V with Captions lines. • Deaf children can communicate with parents, relatives, peers of school, etc…. Through sign language? • An interpreter or Deaf teacher can teaches deaf children by which they understand instantly . • Deaf children should learn Indian Sign Language • Do not force to speak • Do not feel ashamed for using Sign because it is deaf children's own culture- Indian Sign Language  বধির ধিশুদের পধর ়ি ধেধপ োইি T.V প্েখদে পাদরি.  বধির ধিশুদের বাবা, আত্মী়ি, উধি্ল্লধখে স্কুদের সহকমীরা, ইেযাধে সদঙ্গ প্যাগাদযাগ করদে পাদরি .... সাইি ভাষা মািযদম?  একজি প্োভাষী বা বধিরদের ধিক্ষক োরা সদঙ্গ সদঙ্গ বুঝদে যার দ্বারা বধির ধিশুদের ধিক্ষা করদে পাদরি.  বধির ধিশুদের ভারেী়ি সাইি ভাষা ধিখদে হদব  কথ্া বেদে বািয করদবি িা  এটি বধির ধিশুদের ধিদজর সংস্কৃধে ভারেী়ি সাইি
  8. 8. Exposure to Language Deaf Children Deaf Group friendsPeers of School FamilyCaptions T.V Interpreter teacher
  9. 9. Problem for deaf children Conversing :- India Sign Language is the way that many deaf Children talk with each other. Many of the Deaf in our country consider India Sign Language to be their primary language and think of English as a "second language." In India Sign Language (ISL) there are signs for most words. Words that don't have a sign are "finger spelled" using a group of signs called the "manual alphabet" which represent individual letters. Just like hearing Children, the Deaf like to talk with others. Depending on who the Deaf are talking with, conversation can be difficult for them. If two deaf Children are signing to each other, there isn't a problem, but if a hearing children and a deaf children are trying to communicate and the hearing children doesn't know sign, or much about the Deaf community, there can be a communication problem. When the deaf children goes up to the hearing children, and starts signing to communicate the hearing children might look away in disgust because of their lack of learning about the Deaf community
  10. 10. I. Children who are deaf or hard of hearing typically come to school with an impoverished vocabulary when compared to children who can hear. II. You need to determine where on the reading subjects your child is experiencing problems. III. Students with hearing loss have problems at all the layers of vocabulary knowledge. IV. Teach children with hearing loss a broader vocabulary. V. Children who are deaf or hard of hearing need a deeper vocabulary: Multiple meanings VI. Children with hearing loss need to know figures of speech VII. Deaf Children benefit from semantic approaches to vocabulary instruction. VIII. Deaf Children benefit from morphographemic vocabulary instruction. IX. One of the best ways to improve reading vocabulary is to read to and read with a student. X. Interpreters need to use conceptually accurate signs.
  11. 11. Watching Television Deaf child and family enjoy T.V, just like hearing family do. But if Deaf child can't hear, the program will often not be understandable. To help deaf Child understand what the people on TV are saying, they can use "closed captioning.“ Closed captions are words which are printed out right on the TV picture. So the words of actors in movies and the reporters on the news are printed right on the screen, either across the top or the bottom of the screen where deaf child can read them. Closed captions can come from a box which is connected to the TV set, or from special circuits inside the TV.
  12. 12. Door LightsSince the Deaf cannot hear well -- or at all -- it can be hard to tell when the doorbell is ringing. A "door light" will flash a light when the doorbell rings. Also specially trained silent light can alert a deaf Children when a doorbell rings.
  13. 13. Seeing System as a problem Poor quality training Rigid methods/rigid curriculum Inaccessible environmentParent not involved Schools not supported Teacher’s attitude Lack of teaching
  14. 14. Government Scheme for the deaf 1. Disability (Deaf) certificate and identity card 2. Education programmes for children with special needs 3. Scheme of Integrated Education for the Disabled 4. Children's education allowance and scholarships 5. Special Schools 6. Grant-in-aid schemes of the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment 7. Other concession and schemes 8. Public Awareness Schemes 9. Concessions for Deaf in government public transport- 50%
  15. 15. State Specific Schemes for Children With Deaf Andhra Pradesh: - Separate Institution for Partially Deaf Children: A separate institution exclusively for the partially deaf children is being run for providing education up to Class VIII Bihar:- For Hearing Impaired Persons: There are 4 Government run special schools for Deaf and Dumb children. These are situated at Patna, Darbhanga, Munger and Dumka. These schools are imparting free and formal education up to the middle standard (VIII class) to 150 students. Like blind schools, students of these schools are also provided free food, clothes, medicines, books etc. The State Government has also accepted the proposal to open two special schools exclusively for girls at Bhagalpur and Ranchi and these schools will have the capacity of 50 students each. Chandigarh:- Institution for Deaf and Dumb Children, Sector 11, Chandigarh: A Voluntary Organisation is also running the institution and it imparts primary education, including Speech Therapy and Vocational Courses Haryana :- Welfare activities: Deaf and dumb person get vocational training during which they get free rationing and free lodging/boarding and medical facilities. Jammu and Kashmir :- Facilities of boarding/lodging and education for deaf and dumb, orthopaedically handicapped students are available through voluntary organisations. Karnataka:- Schools for the Deaf: There are 4 Schools run by the State Government for the Deaf children at Gulbarga, Mysore, Bellary and Belgaum. Uttar Pradesh :- School for deaf and dumb students: 4 &Training Centre-cum-Sheltered workshop for deaf : 1
  16. 16. Education programmes for children with special needs 1. Scheme of Integrated Education for the Disabled Children - IEDC 2. Inclusive Education for Disabled (IED) Under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) - 3. (Ministry of Human Resource Development – MHRD) 4. Inclusive Education for the Disabled at Secondary Stage (IEDSS) 5. Components of the Scheme :- It is proposed to provide for educational facilities under this scheme for all children with disabilities that are included in like general schools at the secondary and senior secondary level (classes IX to XII) 6. Other support :- can take the initiate action to set it up. The cell will consist of support of special teachers, SCERTs, DIETs Special Schools, Resource Centers, Non-Governmental Organizations, State Boards and any other community institutions available at the local level for this purpose. 7. Regulations for Relaxation of Rules 8. Implementing Agencies 9. Monitoring and Evaluation
  17. 17. Legal Rights of the Disabled in India •The Mental Health Act,1987 •The Rehabilitation Council of India,1992 •The Person with Disabilities Act, 1995 •The National Trust Act, 1999 •New Disabilities Bill , 2012 •Right of Persons disabilities Bill, 2013 There are 6Acts related to disabilities
  18. 18. The new Department has been formed under the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment and has been allocated subjects (as follows:) 1. Social Security and Social Insurance, save to the extent allotted to any other Department 2. Education and Training of Rehabilitation Professionals 3. International Conventions and Agreements on matters dealt with in the Department. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. 4. Awareness generation, research, evaluation and training in regard to subjects allocated to the Department. 5. The Rehabilitation Council of India 6. The Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation ) Act, 1995 (1 of 1996) 7. The Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities.’ 8. Ali Yavar Jung National Institute for the Hearing Handicapped, Mumbai 9. The Indian Sign Language Research and Training Centre, New Delhi.
  19. 19. How to Help a Deaf Child Learn to Read Social to inner speech (English or ISL) Inner written speech (Egocentric ISL or English) Learning synoptic genets (Some from of English) Further development of India Sign Language (English or ISL) Learning the first language (English or ISL)
  20. 20. Increase your own sign language skills in order to teach a deaf child to read. The Indian Sign Language (ISL) standard form of signing provides a nationally recognized program of hand signs that deaf children learn easily. Work on your own signing skills, not only to teach your child but also to communicate with other deaf children that he will meet in future schools, Villages and play environments. Increase your child’s written vocabulary by adding new words daily. Repetition and committing basic words to memory is the key to reading success for any child and deaf children are no different in that manner. As you introduce new words, take the time to refresh previous words and build a large written vocabulary.
  21. 21. Late. Nikhil Thapa from Darjeeling, age 8 years, died due to an Electric Shock on 17th June 2011. You can use this case study, but you have to highlight what went wrong in this case study as you have told that parents do not tell them what to touch & What not.
  22. 22. Who is responsible for his death? Could his life have been saved? How?
  23. 23. Deaf – Mute? means silent and without voice Deaf – Dumb? mean “silent Hearing Impaired? “hearing-impaired” is often viewed as negative Deaf or Hard of hearing “Deaf” right
  24. 24. Do you want right for deaf people and children/ not dumb, not mute and Hearing Impaired? It is a common perception/ thinking of people to talk about deaf and dumb, deaf and mute & Hearing Impaired people and children. Deaf and dumb, deaf and mute & hearing impaired are considered to be one. But in reality these are many people who can be hearing impaired but not speech impaired. We need to superfluity talk about the rights of deaf children and people.
  25. 25. Is it OK to use the term “deaf-mute”, “deaf and dumb” or “hearing impaired” in reference to a deaf person who can’t talk? No, it’s no longer an acceptable term. For many people, DEAF and HARD OF HEARING are acceptable terms to use.