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5G- VISION TO ENABLING TECHNOLOGY

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5G- VISION TO ENABLING TECHNOLOGY

  1. 1. 5G: FROM VISION TO ENABLING TECHNOLOGY © Rupendra Nath Mitra | January 2016 | Photo Courtesy: www.pexels.com |
  2. 2. AGENDA VISION ● USER DEMAND BY 2020 ● EXPECTED FEATURES TO BE ENHANCED IN 5G ● MOBILE BROADBAND EVOLUTION BY 2020 ENABLING TECHNOLOGY ● ASPECTS OF RECENT 5G RESEARCH INITIATIVES ● RESEARCH GROUPS & THEIR WORKS © Rupendra Nath Mitra | January 2016 | Photo Courtesy: www.pexels.com |
  3. 3. VISION USER DEMAND 2020 ENHANCED FEATURES IN 5G EVOLUTION 2020 ● CLOUDIFICATION OF INDUSTRY OPERATIONS ● MASSIVE MACHINE TYPE COMMUNICATION ● CRITICAL MACHINE TYPE COMMUNICATION ● ONE NETWORK FOR MULTI- INDUSTRIES ● REDUCED LATENCY BY 5x ● 10x TO 100x INCREASED DATA RATE ● LOWER ENERGY CONSUMPTION ● MORE PERVASIVE COVERAGE ● FLEXIBLE NETWORK CAPACITY ● MORE ROBUST: SCALABLE, SECURE, RELIABLE ● BROADBAND● > 5Gbps BROADBAND ANYTIME ANYWHERE ● PERSONALIZED MEDIA SERVICE ● IoT: CONNECTED SOCIETY OF 25 B DEVICES ● SEAMLESS DATA SHARING AMONG HAND-HELD DEVICES © Rupendra Nath Mitra | January 2016 |
  4. 4. MOTIVATION © Rupendra Nath Mitra | January 2016 | Photo Courtesy:T. Blajic & Ericsson| Latency less than 1 ms Large number of devices so large Signaling requirement
  5. 5. ENABLING TECHNOLOGY © Rupendra Nath Mitra | January 2016 | 5G RESEARCH ASPECTS mmWave ( > 10 GHz), mMIMO, Beamforming Architecture D2D Communication Modulation Technique Cloudification Protocol Satellite Energy Efficiency High Frequency Systems
  6. 6. ENABLING TECHNOLOGY Cont. RESEARCH BODIES GLOBAL: 3GPP, ITU-R, NGMN NORTH AMERICA: 4G AMERICAS, ACADEMICS RESEARCH EUROPE: METIS, 5GPPP, 5GIC, 5GNOW, EMPhAtiC CHINA: 5G Promotion Group KOREA: 5GFORUM JAPAN: ARIB © Rupendra Nath Mitra | January 2016 | Photo Courtesy: www.pexels.com |
  7. 7. CANDIDATE WAVEFORMS & THEIR KEY FEATURES FOR 5G: OBJECTIVE: AN EFFICIENT AIR INTERFACE THAT NO LONGER DEPENDS ON STRINGENT ORTHOGONALITY & SYNC REQUIREMENTS ● GFDM: Block based modulation approach and reduces equalization & sync issues ● UFMC: Unlike OFDM, it uses sub-band filters & not cyclic prefix ● FBMC: Training sequence used for sync & channel estimation ● BFDM: IT exploits bi-orthogonality, a relaxed version of orthogonality MODULATION SCHEME: BETTER THAN OFDM © Rupendra Nath Mitra | January 2016 | DRAWBACKS OF OFDM: ● HIGHLY SENSITIVE TOWARDS FREQ ASYNCHRONICITY ● HIGH PAPR ● OFDM’s APPLICABILITY WITH mmWAVE & REQUIRED HARDWARE IS NOT CERTAIN BODIES WORKING ON ● 5GNOW ● METIS ● EMPhAtiC
  8. 8. mmWAVE, mMIMO & BEAMFORMING © Rupendra Nath Mitra | January 2016 | | ● ERICSSON DEMONSTRATED 5 Gbps DATA TRANSFER IS POSSIBLE WITH mmWAVE ● NOKIA TOUCHED 10Gbps PEAK DATA RATE USING MASSIVE MIMO & 3D BEAMFORMING AT BROOKLYN 5G SUMMIT ● NYU EXPERIMENTING WITH mmWAVE PROPAGATION AND PATH LOSS MODEL ● BIOLOGICAL IMPACTS OF USING HIGH FREQUENCY DEVICES TOO CLOSELY TO OUR BODY TO ACHIEVE 1000x END USER DATA RATE ON HI MOBILITY ● mmWAVE (3-300GHZ) ● mMIMO ● BEAMFORMING ● TRAFFIC OFFLOADING TO UNLICENSED SPECTRUM (5 GHz Wi-fi) BODIES WORKING ON ● NYU (USA) ● METIS ● ETRI,5Gforum (KOREA) ● EMPhAtiC
  9. 9. ROLE OF SATELLITE RESEARCH AREAS ● REDUCTION OF LATENCY ● ON-BOARD BEAMFORMING ● MULTIBEAM FORMING PERVASIVE COVERAGE ● COVERAGE IN RURAL AREAS ● AT SEA ● IN THE AIR ROUTES, 35000 FEET ABOVE THE GROUND LEVEL BODIES WORKING ON ● 5GIC (UK) ● 5GNOW (GERMANY) © Rupendra Nath Mitra | January 2016 | Photo Courtesy: www.pexels.com |
  10. 10. ENERGY EFFICIENCY © Rupendra Nath Mitra | January 2016 | Photo Courtesy: www.pexels.com | ● MORE THAN 0.5% OF THE WORLD’S TOTAL ENERGY IS CONSUMED BY MOBILE NETWORKS ● INCREASED NUMBER OF SMALL CELLS LEADS TO MORE ENERGY REQUIREMENTS ● APP BASED SMART PHONES ARE ENERGY HUNGRY TOO ● HIGH FREQUENCY OPERATIONS INCUR HIGH ENERGY CONSUMPTION WORKING BODIES: METIS, KTH, ARIB (JAPAN)
  11. 11. CLOUDIFICATION © Rupendra Nath Mitra | January 2016 | Photo Courtesy: www.pexels.com | Opportunities in Virtualization ● Flexible resource allocation ● Open & Distributed Cloud for Reduced IP & Transport Cost ● Improved Latency & QoS ● Multi-Tenancy Challenges ● Integration with distributed legacy/transport/access network ● Multi-Vendor & different Protocols Teleco Virtualization Architecture App Layer Virtualization Common H/W ● Cloudification of RAN ● Core network Cloudification ● Network Function Virtualization BODIES WORKING ON ● 4G AMERICAS ● ETRI ● METIS KEY CONCEPTs ● INFORMATION CENTRIC NETWORKING (ICN) ● CLOUD RAN
  12. 12. PROTOCOL © Rupendra Nath Mitra | January 2016 | Photo Courtesy: www.pexels.com | ● COMPATIBILITY WITH OTHER OPEN SOURCE PROTOCOLS ● AN OPEN TRANSPORT PROTOCOL ● USER MAY BE CONNECTED TO MORE THAN ONE BASE STATION EVEN FROM DIFFERENT SERVICE PROVIDERS ● COMPATIBLE WITH LEGACY NETWORK WORKING BODIES: 3GPP, ITU, NGMN
  13. 13. D2D COMMUNICATION © Rupendra Nath Mitra | January 2016 | Photo Courtesy: www.pexels.com | RESEARCH AREAS ● NETWORK ASSISTED D2D ● ENERGY EFFICIENT D2D IN mmWAVE ● POSSIBILITY OF BEAMFORMING FOR 1 Tbps DATA RATE OBJECTIVE ● RELAY COMMUNICATION ● PROXIMITY SERVICES (ProSe) ● D2D IN mmWAVE BODIES WORKING ON ● 5G CHINA ● QUALCOMM (USA)
  14. 14. HI-FREQ SYSTEMS DESIGN RESEARCH AREAS ● IF CORE CONNECTIVITY COULD ALSO BE REPLACED WITH mmWAVE INTER NODE LINKS WITH SUPPORTING HARDWARE ● ENERGY EFFICIENT HIGH FREQUENCY HARDWARE ● STUDY THE PRACTICAL BEHAVIOR OF SYSTEMS UNDER HIGH FREQUENCY OPERATIONS IF THEY PERFORM AS PAR PROPOSED THEORY OBJECTIVE ● GHz TO THz RANGE OSCILLATOR AND SUPPORTING HARDWARE DESIGN ● HI FREQ SYSTEMS AND THEIR BEHAVIOR STUDY BODIES WORKING ON ● NYU (USA) ● KTH (SWEDEN) ● NI, QUALCOMM (USA) © Rupendra Nath Mitra | January 2016 | Photo Courtesy: www.pexels.com |
  15. 15. © Rupendra Nath Mitra | January 2016 | Photo Courtesy: www.pexels.com | SYNOPSIS ● VISION OF 5G: A Networked Society 2020 ● KEY MOTIVATIONS: > 10Gbps speed & Low latency ● TECHNICAL SPECS: ○ mmWAVE Carrier (3-300 GHz) ○ Beamforming ○ mMIMO ○ Hi speed D2D data transfer ○ Cloud Based Services ○ Energy Efficient Hi-Freq. Systems
  16. 16. BY RUPEN MITRA © Rupendra Nath Mitra | January 2016 | Photo Courtesy: www.pexels.com |

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