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22049748 poker-strategies-and-poker-tools


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22049748 poker-strategies-and-poker-tools

  1. 1. Digital Poker Book a k a Electronic or E-Book Written By, Jason Narog of and 1
  2. 2. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. No part of this report may bereproduced or transmitted in any form whatsoever,electronic, or mechanical, including photocopying,recording, or by any informational storage orretrieval system without express written, dated andsigned permission from the author. EARNINGS AND INCOME DISCLAIMERWe make every effort to ensure that we accuratelyrepresent these products and services and theirpotential for income. Earning made by our companyand its customers are estimates of what we thinkyou can possibly earn. There is no guarantee thatyou will make these levels of income and you acceptthe risk that the earnings and income statementsdiffer by individual.As with any game of chance, your results may vary,and will be based on your individual capacity,experience, expertise, and level of desire. Thereare no guarantees concerning the level of successyou may experience. Each individual’s successdepends on his or her background, dedication,desire and motivation.There is no assurance that examples of pastearnings can be duplicated in the future. We cannotguarantee your future results and/or success. Thereare unknown risks in poker and on the internet thatwe cannot foresee which can reduce results. We arenot responsible for your actions. 2
  3. 3. PrefaceI originally wrote all the strategy guides for From Goldfish to Piranha back inJune of 2005 while working on the first ever batch of the Poker Money Clipwhich are available for purchase at I was pretty goodat poker at the time but nowhere near where I am at now. From Goldfish toPiranha was started as a work in progress on my own theories on playingwinning poker and will never be 100% complete as my opinion on how to playand win the game will continue to change as I progress as a player. Everythingwritten in this book comes from my own head, its ideas and concepts shouldnot be thought of as concrete or even as right when it comes to playing poker.The game of poker can be played and viewed many different ways and people’sopinions vary greatly. This guide should also not be seen as an answer tomaking money-playing poker. I cannot give you a winning strategy to winningmoney while playing poker. Bankroll management is the most importantstrategy and only playing with what you can afford to lose while in a soberstate of mind are the only ways to ever be a real winner, regardless of if youwin or lose at the table. Always gamble responsibly; never use this strategyguide as a rule of thumb on playing poker but more as a book of entertainingthoughts and concepts to think about throughout your day. I do not encourageyou to go out and gamble, if you want to play poker play with your friends,family, and coworkers with cheap plastic chips for no money at all, just enjoythe game. I am not responsible if you lose money trying any of the strategieswithin the pages of this book. If you employ any strategies found within thisbook you are doing so at your own risk. I am not a professional poker player norhave I ever claimed to be one, I just enjoy playing the game. Please learn yourlocal laws to stay within the boundaries of the law; the last place you want towind up is inside a courtroom. 3
  4. 4. Table of ContentsRules of Texas Hold Em Pg. 6Betting Variations Pg. 8Hand Rankings Pg. 12Strategy Introduction Pg. 16Pre Flop Strategies Early Position Pg. 19 Middle Position Pg. 23 Late Position Pg. 26 Big and Small Blind Pg. 28Flop Strategy Pg. 29Turn Strategy Pg. 32River Strategy Pg. 35Betting, Raising, Checking, Calling, and Folding Pg. 37Bluffing Pg. 41Starting Hands Chart by Position Pg. 43The 106 Starting Hands You May (or may not) Want To Play Pg. 47The Trick To Placing In A Freeroll pg. 49AA Hand Matchups pg. 51AK Hand Matchups pg. 55Outs, Odds Against, and Pot Odds pg. 59Implied Odds, Bet Odds, Investment Odds, and Best Case / Wose Case Scenariopg. 61 4
  5. 5. Odds For The Following Events Pairs, Trips, Full Boats, and Quads pg. 64 Straight Odds pg. 66 Flush Odds pg. 68Types of Players pg. 69How To Beat A Tight Player pg. 78Strategy For Beating A Loose Player pg. 81Strategies For Beating A Passive Player pg. 85Live Tells pg. 87Online Tells / Betting Patterns pg. 90Starting A Home Game pg. 92Finding A Home Game pg. 94Poker Games and Casino Poker Games pg. 96Poker And The Law pg. 102FAQ Q and A pg. 103 Math Equations pg. 104 Acknowledgements pg. 106 5
  6. 6. Rules of Texas Hold EmThe following rules apply to any form of Texas Hold Em regardless of bettinglimits. Depending on the betting limit of the game you are playing there maybe caps on the amount you can bet during a specific round. For more on bettingcaps check out betting variations.Before the cards are dealt. Before dealing the first hand of the tournament orhome game each player is dealt 1 card face up. Depending on whether low cardor high card deals was selected either the lowest or highest card will be thedealer (have the dealer button) in front of them for the first hand. Normally itis high card is dealer but this may vary in different areas.Once a dealer is chosen. The player sitting to the direct left of the dealer willbe in the Small Blind. The Small Blind is a forced bet that the player must putinto the pot before receiving any cards. The Small Blind puts half of what thecurrent minimum bet is into the pot. Directly left of the Small Blind is the BigBlind. The Big Blind is a forced bet that must be put into the pot beforereceiving any cards. The Big Blind puts the current minimum bet into the pot.The dealer then deals 2-card face down to every player starting with the SmallBlind. Action will start on the player directly left of the Big Blind. They have adecision of whether to play their cards or fold. Action works its way around thetable in a clockwise fashion until everyone in turn (do not bet or fold if it is notyour turn to act) has called or folded. The first betting round is over when (inan unraised pot) the Big Blind has checked to see a flop or (in a raised pot)everyone to the right of the player who made the raise has called the raise orfolded.The Flop. The dealer places three up cards in the center of the table foreveryone to use. It is a good idea to place all three cards up at the same timeas opposed to one by one to avoid any players giving away a "tell" on which oneor more of the cards have helped their hand. The first person to bet or checkon the flop is the person directly to the left of the dealer who still has cards infront of them (if the Small Blind didnt fold the then the Small Blind is first toact, if the Small Blind did fold the Big Blind is first to act, and so on). Theround is over when every player has either called the bet or folded.The Turn. The dealer places one more up card in the center of the table foreveryone to use. The first person to bet is the same person that was first to beton the Flop.The River. The dealer places one final up card in the center of the table foreveryone to use. The first person to bet is still the same person who was first 6
  7. 7. to bet on the Flop. After everyone has bet each player reveals his or her holecards, in order to see who has the best five-card hand. If a player has a betterhand than you and showed it before it was your turn to show you may throwaway your cards without showing them.The Winner. The winner of the hand is the player with the best hand using any3, 4, or 5 cards in the center of the table used in combination with their 2down cards.Burning Cards - Depending on where you play / who you are playing with youmay burn 1 card before dealing to every player as well as burn 1 card beforeplacing the flop cards, turn card or river card. For the flop cards you will onlyburn 1 card for the 3 cards, not burn one play one, burn two play two. 7
  8. 8. Betting Variations H/L (8b) No Limit Limit Pot Limit Spread Limit Mixed Limit Ante Bring In Kill Game Half Kill Game Wild Card/JokerH/L (High/Low) GamesA High/Low game is a split pot game with a low hand qualifier (the typicalqualifier is 8b meaning if you have 5 different cards of 8 or below your handhas qualified for the low) where the high hand takes half the pot and the lowhand takes the other half. Your hand will not qualify for the low if you do nothave 5 different cards that are low (having 3 2s and 2 3s is not a low hand). Apair will disqualify your hand from being low. Straights and flushes do not workagainst your low hand. The best possible hand to win both the high and the lowis called The Wheel. The Wheel is A5 suited. 26 suited is definitely good enoughto win most high and low pots but would lose the low to anyone with A 2 3 4 5off suit or A 2 3 4 6 off suit.No LimitThe most popular form of poker played today. No limit simply means that youcan bet all of your chips at any time during the hand when it is your turn toact. There is a minimum bet, however, in No Limit. The minimum bet iswhatever the big blind is. 8
  9. 9. LimitThe amount you can bet or raise is determined by the X/Y. In the first roundsof betting (for Hold Em, Pineapple and Omaha its pre flop and flop) (for any 7card game its any cards prior to the 5th card if no pair was on board or no onedoubled the bet when the pair was on board) (for any 5 card game its the first3 cards) (in Lowball is before the draw, Triple Draw its before the draw and thefirst draw) the bet/raise is whatever the X is assumed to be (in a 2/4 game thefirst rounds of betting would be call 2 raise 2.) There is typically a cap on thenumber of raises allowed. The most common is 4 for a cap (1. bet, 2. raise, 3.reraise 4. cap). Yahoo Poker uses 5 (bet 2 raise 4 reraise 6 reraise 8 cap 10).When the first rounds of betting are over the limits increase to Y (2/4 betting isnow 4).Pot LimitPot limit is played exactly the same as limit with the minimum bets beingdesigned by what street you are currently on (every card game mentionedabove besides Lowball refer to the # of cards out as Streets. Example- Hold Em,Pineapple, Omaha, 5 card, and 7 card all call the 4th card 4th street.) UnlikeLimit, however, you can bet the amount in the pot at any time in the game.Spread LimitA spread limit game has a few choices of possible bets during the bettingrounds. For example, if the spread is 2-6 and 4-12 you can bet between 2 and 6on the first rounds of play and between 4 and 12 on the final rounds of play.The spread limit may just be 1 spread for the entire game as well (example 4-12 on all rounds of betting.) If someone bets the maximum limit (say 12) allfollowing raises must be in increments of that same number (12). Spread Limitis basically an unknown limit game until someone makes the first bet, then it’sa structured limit game (unless they bet the minimum then you can increase itby any increment up to the maximum). The limit is reset after each round ofbetting.Mixed LimitA mixed limit game is a limit game with different limits per betting round. Forexample in Hold Em the preflop bet may be 2, flop are 4, turn is 6, and river is12. The numbers can be mixed up however the dealer chooses. 9
  10. 10. AnteAntes are chips every player is required to place in the pot to receive cards. Allstud games are typically played with an ante. Tournament games typicallyinclude antes as the levels (the increase in blinds/antes) increase to force theshort stacks (players low in chips) into action or out of the tournament.Bring InTypically found in stud games. The Bring In is the bet a player with the lowestcard (or in some cases highest card) showing must place to start off the bettingaction. The Bring In is typically half of what the current limit is (exceptions- in3/6 games the bring in is 1 just like in 2/4 games to avoid decimals) so it isvery similar to a small blind found in Hold Em games. Players following theBring In may simply call the Bring In bet or Complete the bet (in 3/6completing a bet would be betting 3 instead of 1, in 2/4 its 2 instead of 1). Allraises following a complete bet will be at the current level (in 3/6 its 3, 2/4 its2, etc)Kill GameA kill game is set up to try and stop a current winning player from continuingon his/her winning streak. For a player to be eligible for the Partial Kill aka 1stLeg of a kill he/she must win a pot without any splits (in H/L must win both thehigh and the low, in any game all players must have matched the bet asopposed to one player winning a side pot because he/she had more or fewerchips on an all in) and the pot must be greater than 5 times the big blind (in2/4 the pot has to be 10 or higher). Once the player has the Partial Kill Buttonplaced in front of them they must win the next pot in the same fashion as thelast one (outright, 5 times the big blind.) If a player succeeds in winning thePartial Kill hand the limits will increase. On the Kill Hand the Small Blind willstill post the small blind amount, the Big Blind will post the big blind amountbut the player with the Kill Button will post double the Big Blind. Everyoneacts in turn but the level is doubled (2/4 is 4/8, 3/6 is 6/12) so for any playerto call the hand they must now place the new X bet into the pot. 10
  11. 11. Variations: In some areas/games (Lowball) a player may only need to win the first pot outright with no qualifier to earn the Partial Kill Button. The qualifier is in play while on the Partial Kill Button. Also the player on the Kill Button may be last to act if those are the rules of the house.Half Kill GameOperates exactly the same as a Kill Game. The stakes do no increase doublehowever, rather 1 1/2 times (2/4 games become 3/6, 4/8 become 6/12, etc).Wild Cards/JokersIn wild card and games using a joker whatever card (or cards) the dealer statedto be wild stand for whatever card you want them to be. In some games such aschase the Queen the Queen is wild and any card immediately following theQueen becomes wild. The Joker is trademarked to Card Company. 11
  12. 12. Hand RankingsThe following is the ranking of hands from highest tolowest for MOST poker games. Royal Flush Straight Flush4 of a kindFull House Flush Straight 12
  13. 13. 3 of a kind 2 pair 1 pairHigh CardRankings of High Card (from Highest To Lowest)The Ace may be used as a low in a straight for A 2 3 4 5 (or a 5 High Straight,also known as The Wheel in High/Low games)Other Points Worth Mentioning 13
  14. 14. If 2 players have the exact same hand (say both of them have a pair of 7s) lookat their high card. If they both have Ace high, look at the next highest card. Ifthey both have the same card for their 1st and 2nd highest cards look at theirfinal card. If all 3 cards are the same you have a split pot.J Q K A 2 is NOT a straight. (We know youre saying to yourself "Duh!" butsomeone has actually claimed this in a game before while we were playing soit’s worth mentioning.)There is no such thing as 3 pair. This is another thing weve heard a lot. InEVERY card game you play your best 5 cards. For example if someone has "3pair" consisting of a pair of 2s a pair of 3s and a pair of 4s they have 2 pair 4sand 3s (use the highest 2 pair) with a whatever their 7th card happens to be asa kicker (because it has to be 5 high or above in this example)Hand Rankings In OTHER GAMESStud (when determining who brings in)Suits Arranged From Highest To LowestA to 5 Lowball aka California Lowball (or the best hand you canhave in a H/L aka 8b game) 14
  15. 15. Deuce To Seven Lowball aka Kansas City LowballSoko (Canadian Stud) 2 Pair 4 Card Flush 4 Card Straight 1 PairEverything else is exactly the same from the chart above. 15
  16. 16. Strategy IntroductionThe following strategies apply to how to play specific hands out of specificpositions Pre Flop and how you should continue on betting for each round tofollow. The suggestions found here apply to the cards only rather than the typeof opponent you are facing. We have made suggestions on how to play againstparticular players in the opponent types section. At the moment thesuggestions are not very detailed.The true key to poker lies in playing your opponent based on how youropponent views you, the cards and chips are used solely as symbols in the gameof player versus player. In lower limit games and against players of lower skilllevels (Level 1), however, your cards will matter and fancy tricks such asbluffing, pot odds, and raising the pot to force draws out of hands will notwork. These lower level players have no real concept of card value or positionand will try to catch their 4 out straight draw regardless of the bet simplybecause they know if they do indeed catch their card they can win the pot.Bluffs will not work against lower level players because they will call you toeither A) make sure you werent bluffing or B) because they made bottom ormiddle pair and believe they have a shot at winning the pot regardless of ifthey make a better hand or not. A lot of lower level poker players will typicallyfall into 1 of 3 categories - 1) the tight non aggressive player 2) the overlyaggressive player with no concept of what hand beats what so they may foldflushes and straights yet hold onto face cards with weak kickers or 3) thecalling station/fisherman. The only difference between a calling station andthe fisherman is fishermen will fold to bets on the river if they did not catchthe card(s) they were fishing for whereas calling stations typically will not. Thisfirst type of player is typically the easiest to beat because you can avoid all thepots they play in. Type ones may and can win in games that have quite a fewcalling stations in them. Type two players are the hardest of the three to beatbecause they are impossible to place on a hand, especially if you are playing atype two player who doesnt even know what hand beats what. We have playedin games with type two players who will go all in with pocket tens against aboard holding both an ace and a king yet seen the same player fold flushes andstraights because he had no concept of what a straight or flush was. Type threeplayers will lose in the long run but may wind up winning a home game or twoon luck alone. Their ability to call large bets regardless of cards almost placesthem into the Level 2 style of playing against your opponents and not playingwith the cards, but not quite. The reason calling stations do not qualify forLevel 2 is because they arent calling all your bets because of the way you areplaying, they are calling all of your bets because that is their style of play.Calling stations cant shift gears depending on who they are facing, they willalways call bets (unless they dont hold cards they like in which case theyllfold.) 16
  17. 17. Our strategies can be used against a good portion of Level 1 and Level 2players. Level 2 players understand the concept of poker and can shift gearsdepending on what type of opponent they are facing. The Level 2 playerunderstands that the value of their cards can shift dramatically from player toplayer. For example, a Level 2 player may make a raise, regardless of theircards, when they see tight players in the blinds in an attempt to steal theblinds from the tight players. At the same time a Level 2 player may only playthe best 24 hands in poker (face card hands mostly) against an aggressiveplayer to give them the edge needed to beat the aggressive player a betterpercentage of the time. Trying to throw an aggressive players game back intheir face tends to backfire as they are more accustomed to playing with anytwo cards whereas, you the Level 2 non overly aggressive play any two cards,may not be able to raise or call large bets with the 9 5 off suit.As for the Level 3 player, their game is played based on how they believe theiropponents view them. This is where the concept of mind games in poker comesfrom. A skilled level 3 player may be able to fool their opposition into believingthat the only pots the skilled player enters into are quality hands when inreality the skilled player is really playing the hands they enjoy seeing flopswith. Or the skilled level 3 player may play completely overly aggressive (GusHansen did this in Poker Superstars 1) raising with any two cards to foolopponents into believing that their raise is weak when in actuality the skilledplayer holds a monster and is waiting for its opposition to make a move on thepot. Level 3 players may even play as calling stations to fool opposition intobelieving that the skilled player is a terrible card player in an attempt to winlater rounds, causing its opposition to believe the hands were won on luck.Being able to shift gears is a must in Poker and is very similar to concepts foundin The Art Of War. For those of you who havent read The Art Of War (you canfind it in our poker books section) the book covers military strategies forwarfare based on size of army and location of battle. The main point the bookdrives home is that you can have no fear of death in battle. Generals of theinvading army are told to burn their ships or line up troops to kill their ownsoldiers trying to retreat from battle in areas with only one way in and one wayout. You must use this no fear tactic in poker if you ever wish to elevate yourgame to its highest level. The best quote to drive home this no fear conceptcomes from Patrick Swayzee in Point Break - "Hesitation causes fear. And fearwill cause your worse fears to happen." You are the general, your chips areyour army, and the table is your battlefield. If you intend on playing a handdirect your troops properly. If the cards shift in your opponents directionsurrender the battle by folding your cards and taking your casualties then comeback to win the war. There is no sense in continuing on in a battle you cantwin, it takes away your ability to win the overall war.Another concept in life that also applies to poker comes from how winners playthe game versus how losers play the game. An overall winner is always playing 17
  18. 18. the game to win. They arent playing to break even, they arent playing forsecond best, and they’re playing to win. Its all or nothing. The mentality of alosing player however is completely different. The losing player is playing thegame to not lose. The losing player wants to win but doesnt hold thenecessary drive or wiring to see the situation as all or nothing. Breaking even istotally acceptable for the losing player as they view this as a victory, eventhough all they did was waste their time. Dont get us wrong breaking even ismuch better than losing but no one who plays poker should want to just breakeven. There is an exception to this, however. A winning player on a currentlosing streak is playing to break even. The break even concept is different forthe winning player as opposed to the losing player in that the winning player isplaying that particular game to win and win only, the breaking even part isbreaking even from past losses and therefore is an overall concept as opposedto one specific game. 18
  19. 19. Pre Flop Strategies by Position Early PositionYou are in early position if you are next to the big blind, or next to the personnext to the big blind, or the person next to that person. The earliest of positionis required to act first preflop and (at best) will be required to bet third on theflop. Being in early position leaves you at a major disadvantage because youhave no idea who at the table holds a weak hand, monster hand, etc. so youhave to choose your starting hands sparingly to avoid wasting chips. The reasonyou only want to select quality hands in Early Position is because the likelihoodof someone at your table raising pre flop is good and you dont want to bethrowing away chips every time youre in early position trying to limp in andsee a cheap flop. Examine our starting hands chart for Early Position. You willnotice that every single hand on that list adds up to 20 in blackjack (except AAwhich would be 12 in blackjack but this is poker) and the only 3 cards we puton the unsuited side were AK, AQ, and KQ. Even though having suited cardsdoesnt make you a shoe in for the victory having suited cards is a major pluswhen entering a hand because it leaves you with more outs. You will alsonotice that every hand on the list is either connected or contains a 1, 2 or 3card gap (the only 3 card gap hand on there is AT suited). The reason behindthis is because connected cards leave you with more outs as well.Unfortunately by nature you are not going to have many open ended straightdraws with these cards (except JT) but with the proper flop you could have 12outs just for completing your straight or flush draw.Betting Strategies for playing out of early position: Unless your table has a lotof overly aggressive pre flop raisers do not simply limp in with hands like AK,AQ, or KQ suited. You must raise with strong hands in early position eventhough it will chase out the majority of the players in the hand from calling.Thats just one of the downfalls of acting first. But, if you do not raise withyour quality hands then players in Middle and Late Position will be able to limpin with weak hands and possibly bust you out of your entire stack.Never, ever, under any circumstances limp in with AK, AA, or KK. QQand JJ are other cards you should never limp in with but too large of a raisemay turn your great starting hand into your coffin due to the fact youvebecome pot committed and theres an ace and a king on the board.Limping in with AA, KK, and AK is simply a recipe for disaster, especiallyconsidering how difficult it is to lay down AA, KK, and AK. The biggest reasonyou should never limp in with any of these big hands is because they simply donot do well against multiple opponents. Letting a player limp in with 9 3 offsuit could spell trouble if they flop trip 3s on the flop. Your larger hands onlydo well in pots against opponents holding similar large hands. Even if the boardis low AK will be a huge favorite over AQ, KQ, or QJ. You can, after all, win a 19
  20. 20. pot with Ace high..As for your suited connector drawing hands its best just to call out of EarlyPosition then, if someone does bet, determine either the pot odds or theinvestment odds (whichever you prefer playing by) and go from there. Drawinghands do best against a full table where there is enough money in the pot tojustify calling bets in hopes of catching your straight or flush card.Advantages of being in Early Position: If you are seen as a tight player (thiswill most likely not work for a loose player) a Preflop raise may pick you up theblinds because most players wont raise out of early position without a stronghand.The disadvantage to this is a player in late position may be holding a monsterand reraise you (or slow play and call) putting you, once again, at adisadvantage on the flop by having to act first. Opponents in late position maycall your large bet simply to try and steal the pot from you in the later roundsof action. For the most part it is a good idea to only call with hands that total20 or better in Blackjack and stick to mostly suited cards (except for the 3mentioned above.) Even KQ can get you into trouble if you are up against AA,AK, AQ, KK or QQ. The hand that gets most players into trouble, however, is AQoff suit. Calling an all in with AQ off suit is risky because your opponent may beholding a pocket pair or even worse AK, leaving you with 3 outs in the deck topick up the victory (unless you get a lucky flop and wind up with an insidestraight draw.) Folding AQ off suit to an all in bet can be the right move tomake. Against any pocket pair AQ is about 32% to hit on the flop, then goesdownhill from there (you have 6 outs unless you pick up a lucky flop.) Take fulladvantage of our possible flop odds charts to get a feel for what constitutes agood hand and what the probabilities are of picking up certain hands on theflop before going crazy and calling all ins left and right.Playing Out of Early Position using Investment Odds: Investment odds willallow you to add a few (or few dozen) hands to the early position playbook. Ifyou are holding say a medium sized pocket pair or T 9 suited and have decidedthe investment odds are in your favor to play this particular hand then you canignore all suggestions of what hands to play out of early position and go rightahead and play your hand. Using investment odds can allow you to play looserthan the typical Hold Em player and will allow you more freedom over startinghand choices. The trick to investment odds is knowing your opponents. If youdo not know how your opponents think and play (and what they think of youand how you think and play) then investment odds are going to be totallyuseless and you are going to throw away a lot of money on bad calls. But if youdo know how your opponents behave, say you know player X likes to raise onlywith AT and above, and youve figured out that he thinks you are a tight playerwho wont call his weak double the blind raise with weak cards, then yourinvestment odds will be much greater because player Xs raise and your call willsignal to him that you have a good hand thus making him more likely to call 20
  21. 21. your bets when the flop comes 8 7 6 because he has put you on over cardswhile he holds over cards.If you are just learning how to play Hold Em we would suggest not playing withinvestment odds and sticking to the Early Position playbook to keep your lossesto a minimum. As you become a stronger player you can start incorporatingInvestment Odds and other tricks to your game to increase your winningpercentage. There is a major advantage to being a beginner at Hold Em aswell. Look at Chris Moneymaker. We suggest not playing like he did, however,(going all in over and over with the worst of it and magically getting lucky timeafter time) because in the long run you will lose all your money (look atMoneymaker today, he’s in Dead Last on the Poker Superstars InvitationalTournament). Good players tend to overlook the new player and will not givethem credit for a good hand. Thus, sticking to the starting hands list will rakein pot after pot for you while at the same time allowing you to avoid costlyrookie mistakes of playing way too many hands and losing all your chipsquickly.Strong Raises versus Weak Raises: Strong raises are 4x the Big Blind andabove. This type of raise will (typically) force players with weaker startinghands to fold. The point of raising is to force opponents out of the pot so yourhand has a better chance at winning. Weak raises serve absolutely no purposeand will (likely) not force anyone to fold, or at least not anyone important(exception: players in the Big or Small Blinds may fold to a weak raise becausethey were dealt a garbage hand like 4 2 off suit and had no intention of playingthe hand anyway after checking pre flop to see a flop). Weak raises should onlybe used when holding a drawing hand and you want to increase the pot size.The reason you would use a weak raise in this scenario is because youvedetermined the Bet Odds to be great and know that no one, maybe one or two,players will not call and in the future you will have reasonable pot odds to calllarger sized bets when drawing to your straight or flush draw.Other Suggestions for playing out of Early Position: If you see 2 unsuited facecards that are QJ or below, fold them. You do not have a great shot at pickingup the pot, or at least not enough information to know whether or not you havea good shot at picking up the pot. Also note that players on the button (theplayer with the dealer button in front of them) and the player in the Big Blindare likely to make a raise to the pot. This is known as a Position Raise. It isused to make Early Position / Middle Position limpers fold their less than greathands. If you are holding any of the cards on the Early Position starting handslist you may want to call this raise. The only reason(s) you wouldnt want to areA) You have a good read on your opponent making the raise and know theyactually have a great starting hand or B) The player making the raise made itlarge enough to not warrant a call. 21
  22. 22. AJ is a starting hand that will typically land you in a world of hurt. You shoulddefinitely raise with AJ suited but not enough to make yourself pot committed.Your best-case scenario is catching a Jack on the flop and (hopefully) no onemade 2 pair Jacks and whatever. Depending on the skill level / looseness ofyour opponents a pair of aces may be the best hand but could be the 3rd worsehand behind AK and AQ. Do not call an all in with AJ. We told you above thatit’s most likely a bad idea to call an all in with AQ so it’s definitely a bad ideato call an all in with AJ. Being the aggressor with AJ is one thing, but risking allyour chips on a hand that only has 3 outs against AK, AQ, KK, QQ, and JJ is aterrible idea. And if youre up against AA you better pray the board goes runnerrunner Jacks or you catch a straight / flush draw on the flop.Tournament Suggestions: If you are playing in a tournament and are on theshort stack, however, you should definitely make a strong raise (possibly all inif you dont have enough chips to play the flop and survive), especially if youhavent seen any better hands lately. A bad play would be making a small raiseor calling with a hand like AK then going all in after your opponent has seen theflop. If you hold something strong like AK before the flop and are short stackedits best just to go all in and wait for the call. The likelihood of being called isgood (unless youve been folding for the past half hour and your opponents havepicked up on this or there is no one at your table holding a pair of 2s or betterwho was just waiting for you to go all in so they could take you out of thetournament) but then again you really dont mind being called when holdingface cards and on the short stack because you may double up and be a threatat the table again. 22
  23. 23. Middle PositionThere you are smack dab in the middle of the table in spot number 4, 5 or 6waiting for the Early Position limpers to call so you can take the pot up anothernotch and watch them fold away their QJ suited while you hold something uglylike 8 7 off suit (we definitely wouldnt suggest this move out of middle positionbut it made for a good opening.) Youve seen what a few players have done,now it’s your turn to act. What cards should you play, you ask? Well, anythingfrom the Early Position playbook as well as a good number of hands you wouldhave quickly mucked had you been in Early Position. Your playable hands nowinclude pocket pairs from AA-66, Ax suited (except A7 and A6 because theyhave weaker straight draws and make lower pairs), and a couple others thatyou can check out at our play list chart.You are still at a disadvantage in the hand but you arent as bad off as theplayers in Early Position. Come flop time you will be somewhere around the 6thto 8th person to act, leaving you in great, but not the best position to act. Themajority of hands on the play list now consist of drawing hands so you are moreof an implied winner than a real winner. Depending on which hand you arecurrently holding will determine whether or not you should raise.Raise with AK-AT suited or off suit, KQ suited or off suit, Pocket Pairs down toJJ, and if you really want to QJ suited. Depending on which of these hands youhold youll want to raise varying amounts with the pocket pairs, AK, AQ, and KQbeing the larger raises. As for the rest of your drawing hands and middle pairsit’s probably best to call and hope no one raises (or at least doesnt raise toomuch to take away your pot odds.) Kickers will definitely come into play whenthe king flops and you start betting wildly with KT off suit against an opponentholding KJ off suit. Raising pre flop wont rid you of players holding the KJeither. Your best-case scenario with the KT is to either catch a straight draw orcatch two pair. Flopping two pair could spell disaster though as well if someoneis on a straight draw or worse, caught the straight on the flop.Raising from Middle Position is also dependant on how other players view you atthe table. A loose aggressive player is much more likely to be called pre flopthan a tight player. The great thing about being in Middle Position, however, isthat a lot of players know that Middle Position is where you are supposed tostart playing those middle pairs so a small pre flop raise from Middle Position(3x the big blind) will tell everyone at the table you hold a middle pair and setyou up for a bluff known as "Representing The Flop" come flop time.Representing The Flop means making a large raise on the flop when somethingalong the lines of a 7, 8 or 9 shows up and you act like youve made trips. Dontdo this too often though because opponents are sure to catch on to your rouseand start catching you on your bluffs.A good percentage of the hands youd call with from Middle Position youd nevercall a raise with. Basically every hand that is a drawing hand you should fold 23
  24. 24. unless the pot odds or investment odds tell you to do otherwise. The trick toplaying drawing hands successfully is being able to see cheap flops and foldingthem when you do not flop an 8 out straight draw or better. Dont throw awayunnecessary chips preflop hoping to get lucky and bust out your opponent. Itmight happen occasionally but in the long run youre going to be down moneyand upset with the world. Also calling large raises with hands like Q T and K Jwill cost you more chips than itll win. You have a semi-strong kicker and youropponent doing the raising most likely has a better kicker with the high card asyou.Playing 1 card gapped straight cards arent as great as they sound either. Checkout our straight odds to see for yourself. The problem with the 1-card gappersis they will typically flop more 4 card straight draws than 8 out straight draws.4 card straight draws are typically costly and dont reap the reward the playerwas seeking. You should (most likely) muck your 1-card gappers to any raiser,unless it’s an aggressive player. Even then, the play is most likely a foldbecause you should never call a raise with cards you wouldnt raise withyourself.We would suggest breaking the Middle Position playing list into 3 parts thenplaying 1, 2 or all 3 parts depending on where you are in Middle Position. If youare the 4th to act in the hand (1st person in Middle Position) play 99-88, A9-A8suited, T9 suited, AJ and AT off suit, KJ, QJ, and JT off suit. If you are the 2ndperson in Middle Position add 77, J9 suited, 98 suited, and KT off suit to thelist. If you are the 3rd person in Middle Position play the entire list. The reasonfor this is because as each player acts your cards become stronger startingcards. Still stick to not raising with anything below AT, KJ, or QJ. Avoid callinglarge raises as well. Small raises are fine and are actually welcome as this willmake your drawing hands more powerful when it comes to pot odds.Do not rely too strongly on pot odds however. Just because you have thecorrect pot odds to make a call does not mean you should chase every straightand flush draw you have. Each event is independent from the previous eventjust like in Roulette. If the Roulette wheel is black 25 times in a row thatdoesnt mean it has a better chance of being red the next time just as yourstraight and flush draws will not improve to straights and flushes based on thenumber of times you have missed them. The easiest way for a player to gobroke in poker is by drawing to every straight, flush, and 3 of a kind when theyhold a pocket pair. The odds against these events happening are there andshould be seen as a warning to those who wish to chase their money away.The other reason you should not constantly chase is because your opponentswill label you as a Fisherman. If they know you always fish after straight andflush draws they will alter their betting patterns to A) give you better pot oddsto increase the amount of money in the pot when they hold a favorable hand orB) give you worse pot odds to pick up pots right off the bat. Your opponents 24
  25. 25. may also make a bet favorable for you pot odds wise on the flop, then ifnothing hits, raise an insane amount at you to destroy your pot odds and takeyour chips from you 1 turn card at a time. Of course you can use the exactsame strategy against an opponent that you have determined to be aFisherman. 25
  26. 26. Late PositionThis is the favorable position to be in, especially if you are on the button. Thebutton is the dealer button and indicates who was dealing the hand at thetime. The dealer button is used in casinos or other establishments where thereis a designated dealer. You are assumed to be in Late Position if you are the7th or 8th person to act Pre Flop. You will also be the 9th and 10th to act onthe flop, allowing you to determine how each player is going to play their handbefore making any decisions as to what you want to do. If you are not on thebutton there are only 3 out of 9 other players (33%) who can raise up the poton you if the pot has not been raised prior. If you are on the button the only 2players who can ruin your chance at limping in for a cheap flop are the blindsthemselves.The reason you want to be in Late Position is because you now have a goodidea of who is in the hand and based on past expieriences / understanding whatcards any said player is liable to play out of a specific position, you can betterdetermine your course of action. Typically the play from Late Position is toeither raise (regardless of what cards you hold, known as a Position Raise) orcall in hopes of catching a lucky flop. Raising is usually the favorable play ifthere are a lot of players in the hand already and you know by betting (BetOdds) a good portion of them will fold to a strong raise. The others who stay inthe hand will have to act before you on the flop so you will know whether ornot to drop your hand or bet strong at the pot again. Raising with any 2 cards isdefinitely the wrong move over time, however. Any cards thats face valuetotals 19 or higher justify a decent sized raise (3x the big blind) but nothing toowild. As with Middle Position a medium sized raise will remove limpers and putthe thought of small or medium sized pockets in the minds of your opponentsallowing you to Represent the Flop when you are last to act on the flop.Drawing hands are also more powerful in late position because you knowwhether or not you can limp in cheaply. The players in Early Position have toworry about up to 9 possible opponents raising Pre Flop whereas Late Positionplayers only have to worry about 2 to 3. This means you know 66% more aboutyour opponent’s hands than the person in Early Position.Areas where you may land yourself in trouble by raising pre flop from LatePosition: A) Opponents who typically limp in with large hands in hopes of anopponent raising for them (a wolf in sheeps clothing.) B) Opponents whoprotect their blinds (Phil Ivey is an example of this kind of player, he willtypically call raises when he is in the blind to take the pot away from you onthe flop even though hes first to act) C) Opponents who love to reraise everyraise. Your raises from the Button will be tested from time to time so beware ifyou plan on making a habit out of Position Raising. Getting caught once may be 26
  27. 27. to your advantage, however, as your opponents may believe you are makingthe exact same play when you really hold a monster.There are a good number of hands for you to play in Late Position, over 80 onour chart. You do not want to play all 80 hands when you are in Late Position.Sometimes the play will be to limp in with 65 suited in hopes of catching alucky flop, other times the correct play is to fold. It all depends on the types ofhands and styles your opponents are using AND what they think about you. Ifyou are playing at a very tight table where opponents fold to almost every betthan it’s a good idea to limp in with 65 and buy a cheap pot. If your opponentsare raising wildly with any two cards then it is a terrible idea to start playingweak hands against maniac opponents. They will take your money quicklybecause they are good at throwing large sums of money into a pot, losing big,winning big, and then losing all over again (or winning even bigger.) You do notwant to be throwing your money towards a maniac with weak drawing startingcards. Maniacs most likely have some sort of face card with a weak kicker andare raising because they saw a picture card (picture card=good.) Now if youropponents believe you to be one of these maniacs raising on the button with 65suited or limping in with any 2 cards you can then betting away at the flop youare much more likely to be called than if they believe you to be a tight player.Tricking your opponents into believing you are a tight player when you areactually a loose player is the key to playing weak drawing hands well.With K8-2 suited you are mostly hoping to catch a flush or flush draw ratherthan make top pair to take the pot. If you flop a pair of kings thats alright butdont go drop your sons tuition money on it. K8-2 do best when they flop, orturn, two pair. Most opponents will not put you on two pair Kings and 3s so youhave a better chance of busting out the guy holding K9 or KT. The same appliesfor the Qs and Js although you can make a straight with all the Q and Jcombinations listed with the exception of Q7. 3 card gappers are not verypowerful and the amount of flops that will give you an 8 out straight draw arejust as small.Beware of opponents who hold the Ace or King of the suit you are fishing for onthe flush draw. Sure you may make a Queen high flush but whose to say youropponent doesnt have a King high flush? Q high and J high flushes are bestwhen there is already an ace and a king of that suit on the board so you knowyour opponents dont hold any cards that can beat you.As for playing the Tens and below suited and connected cards you should onlylimp in with them, never raise unless you know your opponents think of you asa tight player. Tight players get away with buying pots unchallenged. Looseplayers do not. If you do not flop at least 4 to a flush, a straight draw, or toppair you should drop your weak drawing hands immediately because they areno longer drawing hands, theyre dead hands. 27
  28. 28. Small BlindBeing on the small blind is a terrible place to be. Youve already investedmoney into the pot regardless of what your hole cards are and you are going tobe first to act on the flop. Because you already have half the blind put into thepot weve added pretty much every single hand that has up to 3 gaps for astraight to the playable hands list out of the small blind. Is it a favorable call?Not really but because you already have money invested in the pot you mightas well pay the other half and see if you get lucky. In the long run this will be alosing strategy but when the blinds are relatively small compared to your chipsize this style can produce some pretty interesting wins with hands you wouldnever have played otherwise. If youre short on chips or simply dont like the 3gap straight card you are holding then fold it. Also fold to any incoming raisesas they will act after you regardless of their position at the table. Big BlindBeing in the big blind is another terrible place to be because youve alreadycalled to see a flop regardless of your hole cards. And to make matters worsethere are 9 players at the table raising in an attempt to take away your alreadypurchased right at the flop. If the table goes fold, call, with no raise being inthe big blind is a powerful position because you can raise the pot (anotherPosition Raise) and force some of those limpers out. Of course if you plan onraising you should hold cards that justify such an action because 1 or moreplayers may call you on the simple fact that your raise is a common one out ofthe Big Blind.Do not fall victim to the Protect Your Blind by calling large bets syndrome withany two cards. The money you invested as the Big Blind is already lost to you,its no longer your money so there is 0 reason to try and protect it with 4 2 offsuit. On the flip side to that do not surrender your blinds too easily either orplayers will raise the pot every time you are in the blinds simply because theysee you as an easy target to take money from. If a player raises the blind onyou and you have a playable hand either call the bet or reraise the bet. If youdont have a hand worth playing then muck it. Just to throw your opponent whokeeps raising every time youre in the blind throw a reraise back at themregardless of what cards you hold, if you can afford it, and see what happens.Your opposition may be even weaker than you and wont be able to make a playback at you. The point of reraising your opponent is to show them that youwont be bullied out of your blinds and cause them to change their behavior.Even if you lose that particular pot the message is still sent.Also players who win with cards they typically would not play otherwise referto their win as the "Big Blind Special." 28
  29. 29. Flop StrategySo youve made it to the flop, eh? Did it help you? If not this is the time to fold.You have already seen 5 out of the 7 cards that will make your hand. Thatsover 70% of all the cards used to make your hand. Sure you might wind up luckyand go runner runner to catch your miracle cards but that doesnt happen veryoften. Dont believe us? An open ended (8 out) runner runner will only happenabout 3% of the time (we round the number up) and a gut shot runner runnerwill only happen 1.5% (we round that up as well). As for making a backdoorflush you only have about a 4% shot (real number is 4.17%). Those are terribleodds to play if you want to be a winning poker player. Only 1 out of every 25hands will your backdoor flush hit.What cards should you hold onto if you dont catch on the flop? High cards ifthe flop comes low (unless you are playing against an extremely loose opponentwho may have already made two pair on the flop) or any hand that has 4 outsor better. Its usually best to drop your gut shot straight draws though (4 outs)unless you are getting great Pot Odds or Investment Odds. Keep in mind thatInvestment Odds are Implied Odds so those chances should only be taken whenyou have enough chips to take chances and are sure you know what youropponent has.Occasionally Investment Odds wont pay off, for example, you are trying tocatch three of a kind when you flopped middle pair. In some cases theopponent betting at you may also be betting with middle pair and is trying tocatch the exact same three of a kind only they hold a better kicker than you.Hands like this can be costly, especially if you do not reraise them out of thepot on the flop. Betting and raising should typically be your strategy, nevercalling. The only times you want to call an opponents bet rather than raise itare A) You know reraising will put your opponent all in and you want to see thenext cards B) You are setting your opponent up, i.e. slow playing your hand orC) You are unsure whether or not your hand is the best so you call (this doesnot apply to the flop.)Lets start with A. A typically happens against opponents who hold high cardslike AK and refuse to lay them down no matter what. This is a scenario wherereraising with a straight or flush draw is going to test all of your chips, thustaking away your Pot Odds and ruining your Investment Odds. Your chances bythe river may be 30% by the river but as each card comes your chances dividein half. A 17% shot (about 1 in 5) is not a great risk to be taking on the chancethat you may bust out your opponent if the right card(s) come. Your opponentcan win with ace high after all and youve just taken a huge loss to your chipstack. The type of opponent we are talking about will typically bet small on theflop, turn, and river anyway giving you cheap calls the entire way throughmaking it a worth while Pot Odds investment. Or (this is the second type of 29
  30. 30. opponent, theres only 3 types) your opponent will bet large on the flop to tryand scare out all its potential opposition even though they did not hit theirhand. This type of player will usually check the turn in fear of being beaten bya smaller or larger pocket pair giving you a free look at the river (or anopportunity to bluff them out of the pot.) They are great for playing withInvestment Odds because you know they are tied to their hand yet knowenough about cards to possibly fear the opposition. Check, check on the turnwill typically cause them to bet large again on the river, even after you havealready made your winning hand. The final type of opponent will bet large atyou on the flop, turn, and river regardless of if they made their hand or not.This type of player takes away your Pot Odds as well as your Investment Odds.You typically have to be a gambling style player to call on draws against thembut, for the most part, only want to call along if youve made a pair or better.As for B, the slow playing technique, you only want to use this if there are nocards on the board that may hurt your hand. Terrible times to slow play includeflops that contain 3 cards in order (4 5 6) showing an obvious straight, 3 cardsof the same suit when youve made 3 of a kind (because a player may have ahigh card of that suit in hand and is hoping to catch another suit for the nutflush), or 2 cards of the same suit / in order (4 5, 4 6, 3 6, even 2 6) becauseyour opposition may be on a draw and is trying to see a cheap turn card. Whenthere are 3 cards on the flop that may possibly beat you its best to representthe Flop as though youve made your hand even if you only hold two pair orthree of a kind. The reason for this is to eliminate players who are on drawsand show you (by their reraise) any opposition that may have already madetheir hand. In some cases the reraise will signal that they are on a draw. Anopponent who bets out at you without even taking a second to decide howmuch to bet is typically on the draw. An opponent who takes a second or longerto decide whether or not to reraise typically has the hand and you should fold(with 2 pair you have an 8.5% chance of hitting on the turn and basically thesame percent chance to hit on the river, as for 3 of a kind you have a maximumof 10 outs on the river to make a full house or four of a kind to beat theirstraight/flush.).If there arent any scare cards on the board you can continue on with your slowplay but in the long run may not wind up with as many chips as you would havehad you just bet from the start. Slow playing is incredibly useful when you flopsomething like the nut full boat or four or a kind and are waiting for anopponent to catch a hand so you can extract chips from them. Or catching thenut flush on the flop (if you dont hold the ace of that suit, you do not hold thenuts and should not slow play your hand. An opponent with the ace of that suitmay be trying to see a cheap turn or river card to win with the nut flush.)Straights on the flop are a hard thing to slow play as well. Typically if youcheck a straight and someone bets at you theyve made two pair or three of akind and simply dont believe someone flopped a straight because it onlyhappens about 1% of the time. 30
  31. 31. When playing top pair on the flop you should always lead out with a goodstrong bet to protect your hand from opponents drawing to a better hand. Nominimum raises either. Minimum raises will always get you into trouble whenopponents hit something better in the later rounds. You dont always have tobet the pot but you should still always make large raises into any pots youintend on playing. The reason for this is because you want to make hands costlyfor opponents to draw against you so they will at least have to second guesstheir decision on whether or not they want to call for the next card. Do not usethis betting strategy against calling stations and fishermen as it can backfire onyou if they do catch their miracle cards. The best way to deal with callingstations and fishermen is to take their chips from them 1 card at a time. If youare in a pot ONLY with a calling station/fisherman bet strong but not as strongas you would against a real opponent. As you see more cards and determinetheir chances of winning the pot start increasing your bets until you finallybankrupt them on the river. Fishermen will be harder to bankrupt on the river,however, seeing that they will only call bets up to the river then fold. Forfishermen make a larger bet on the turn than you would against the CallingStation to make up for this potential loss of profit. 31
  32. 32. Turn Strategy Or Better Known As 4th Street StrategyIf youve made it to the turn then you have to fall into one of the followingcategories: A) You made a pair (or better) on the flop / are holding a pocketpair B) You hold two over cards to a low board C) Are on a draw D) Plan onpulling a bluff to steal the pot away from 1 or more players E) are sitting at atable where everyone checked.Well start with A, youve hold a pair or better and are now looking at the turncard. If you are holding top pair now would definitely be the best time to forceout any players who called your flop bet on a draw because their odds werejust cut in half. A good portion of poker players use the "By the River"percentages when deciding whether or not to call on the flop so they believetheir odds of catching their card was a lot greater than it truly is. By the Rivermeans they have two different cards in which their draw may hit, but now thatwere on the turn (and they didnt hit) their odds are much worse and your oddsare much greater. Before making any large bets with your top pair examine theboard. Make sure there arent three cards that would give someone a straightor flush. When we say any three we mean any. Some players like to play withtwo gapped cards because they make less obvious straights. A board with 4 5 7is just as likely to have someone holding a straight as 4 5 6. Of course if you donot see any straight or flush possibilities out there make your bet, and make itlarge enough to force out the draws. An opponent on a flush draw or straightdraw wants about 4 to 1 (5 to 1 for an 8 out straight) return on their money sokeep that in mind when determining how large of a bet to make. If youreholding two pair, three of a kind, a full boat, or even four of a kind you canand should make a much larger bet at the pot than the player with one pair isable to do. Bet the pot if you hold the nut three of a kind or better. This willremove all the draws from calling, or at least leave them at an unprofitabledisadvantage. If you hold three of a kind or two pair and dont hold the nutsthrow out a large bet anyway just not as large as the nut three of a kind would.When you arent holding the best possible hand you should still bet big, but notbig enough where you will become pot committed (cant lay down your hand.)Your bet is to find out if any opponents do indeed hold a better hand than you.The size of your bet should still force out draws just in case the opponentcalling you doesnt hold a better hand but rather a hand they are drawing with.In the event that a card to finish a straight or a flush pops up on the turn yourbets with top pair, three of a kind, etc are likely to be met with a reraise.Players on draws will call pre flop, call on the flop, then either check the turnand reraise or lead straight out with a bet. A few may slow play until the riverat which point their betting pattern would go call, call, check call, check raise 32
  33. 33. or simply bet on the river but it should still be easy to see which of youropponents have indeed hit their draw. The check on the turn is used in anattempt to slow play or be sneaky by hiding that they have in fact made theirhand but their bet later on is a dead give away as to what hand they reallyhold.If you fall into the B category (holding two over cards) youve either just pairedor you havent. If you havent youre now down to catching a pair one out ofevery eight times. Those are terrible odds especially if someone has alreadymade a pair or worse yet has made a pair and holds one of your over cards astheir kicker. Unless you are convinced that none of your opponents hold a pairor hold bottom pair and will fold to your bet (putting you in category D) youshould fold your hand.As for category C (the draws) wed hate to tell you this but the odds arentreally in your favor anymore. Being that you already know 86% of your hand theother 14% may not help you much, especially if youre on a gut shot (4 out)straight draw or are hoping the fourth suited card falls on the river because youhold the ace (or King if theres an ace on board, Queen if there’s an ace andking on board). The 4 card flush draws (excluding holding just 1 of that suit)will lose 4 out of 5 tries, the 8 out straights / 4 card flushes (holding 1 of suit)5 in 6, and the gut shots about 11 out of 12. Hopefully the other players at thetable will let you check to a free river card or at least make it profitable potodd / investment odd wise to justify calling the bet. Better yet they might letyou fall into the D category and pick up the pot without even having to worryabout making your hand.Good ole category D, the skilled bluffers. Hopefully you set up this maneuverfrom the start (pre flop or flop) otherwise it doesnt have that great of achance at working, unless a scare card pops up. Set ups for this would includeraising pre flop from Middle or Late Position to represent two over cards or asmall / medium sized pair and thus by betting on the turn you are Representingthe Turn as though youve just made top pair / trips. If you are using the scarecard tactic the best cards to hit would be an over card larger than anythingelse on the board (you may run into opposition from Category B) or a card thatcompletes a straight / flush (which may run into opposition from Category C).The main trick to pulling off a successful bluff is being able to put youropponent on a hand and knowing how committed they are to holding onto thatparticular hand. Some opponents may fold top pair with a weak kicker whereasothers may continue on with their pocket threes all the way to the river inhopes of making trips. Keep in mind that it is much more difficult (if notimpossible) to bluff Level 1 (weak) players out of pots than Level 2 and 3players (good) and is a complete waste of chips if your opponents already viewyou as a bluffer, unless this is part of your grand scheme to lose this particularpot as a way to set up huge winnings when you really make trips on the turnand pull the exact same maneuver. Also you should not try to pull a bluff in a 33
  34. 34. pot with multiple opponents, especially if two or more of them have alreadybeen betting at each other. Even with one player driving the betting it may bedifficult to bluff that particular player out, but then again you wont know untilyou try.Finally category E, a bunch of players checked to see a turn card. Sometimesthis can be the most disasterous scenario to be in. One or more of youropponents has (most likely) made a hand by now or made their weak pocketpair turn into a very powerful three of a kind. You probably should have bet onthe flop if you had any intention of winning this pot because your opponentshands are completely unknown at this point and the likelihood of someone slowplaying a monster or just now making a monster are great. Unless you were theone slow playing, just made a monster, or just made top pair with a strongkicker it’s probably best just to fold to any incoming bets. 34
  35. 35. River Strategy Were you Rivered?If youre going to bet on the river youd better be prepared for at least one opponent if not more to call you, otherwise youre just throwing your money away.Before we get into any scenarios we should start by repeating what poker proshave been saying for years. If you think you have the best hand on the river youneed to throw out a bet. Opponents who didnt make their hand or believetheir hand to be weak will fold and opponents who do think they have awinning hand will either call or raise you. Checking the river because you areunsure of the quality of your hand leaves your opponents with extra chips intheir stack that should be in your stack. Also you should know by now thequality of your hand and have made up your mind as whether or not to bet orfold, not check. If you are on the other side of the coin and think you have awinning hand but arent sure and an opponent has bet at you the correct play isto call rather than raise, unless you smell a bluff / weakness. If you smellweakness you should probably raise. We say probably because some opponentsmay be wolves in sheeps clothing, displaying weakness when theyre strong.Depending on how good of a read you have on your opponents style of play willtell you if you should just call or raise.Now that youre at the river card its best to make sure that the board hasntcompleted any flush or straight draws before you bet with your top pair orbetter. If you dont see any then go right ahead and bet. If you do see any bet alittle smaller than you would if you hadnt as a feeler bet to see if anyopponents have the intention of reraising you. Depending on the size of theraise, the speed of the raise, and any other possible tells the player gives awayas well as your read on how your opponent plays will tell you whether or nottheir reraise is legit or if its just a bluff to pick up the pot on the river.The problem with the river card is that some players may have just made twopair to your one pair. Checking your top pair wont help you find out which ofthese players has made such a hand, however. Theyll bet at you and youll stillcall losing to their two pair. This is why you should always bet the river. If anopponent has made their two pair then they will either raise you or call you.If you were on a draw and it didnt hit its probably best just to fold unlessyouve been driving the betting on every previous round then the correct playwould be to bet again, unless you want to cut your losses short and surrenderover the pot. 35
  36. 36. Bluffing on the river may win you a pot here or there but can be costly as well.As with pulling off bluffs at any other point in the hand this all depends on youropponents and their opinion of you. Opponents that you could / should be ableto bluff out of the pot include: anyone on a draw that did not catch theircard(s); opponents with middle or bottom pair who were hoping to make threeof a kind or two pair; and opponents holding top pair with a weak kicker. Thesize of your bet and effectiveness will vary depending on which opponent weare talking about. Opponents in the draw category will fold to any sized betwhereas opponents in the other categories may or may not be tied to theirhand.What else can we say? Theres not a lot to say about the river being thateveryone has either made their hand or hasnt and theres no need to makeprotection bets so opponents cant draw to better hands. 36
  37. 37. Betting, Raising, Calling, Checking, and FoldingBetting. When Should You Bet? You should bet whenever you have a hand or adraw. Slow playing can lead to disaster unless youve flopped the nuts and haveno possible way of being beaten. The second a card pops up that shows apossible disaster scenario for your hand you need to bet and bet enough toeither scare your opponent off their newly found draw or to make it costlyenough for them that if they do call and dont hit theyve lost a huge stack ofchips. Minimum bets do nothing for you unless it’s a feeler bet. When you havemiddle or bottom pair with no draws on the board and you simply want to testthe waters to see if your opponents are going to reraise you then a minimumbet may do the trick. If there is a draw on board and you want to at least getrid of the draws (as well as top pair with a weak kicker) then you have to betenough to force out the draws. Minimum bets and twice the blinds are notenough. (Internet players tend to whine about how their AK suited lost to 52owhen they only bet the minimum or something relatively small in relation tothe size of the stack of their opponent.)The reason you should always bet is because it forces opponents to do 1 of 3actions: 1. Reraise you costing them additional chips above and beyond your already made bet 2. Simply call and risk having to call again and again risking chips. 3. 3. Fold.Betting. When Should You NOT Bet? You should not bet against a callingstation when you do not have a pair. They will keep calling you and possiblywin with a pair of 2s or 3s. You should not bet with bottom pair against a tightplayer when the board has an ace and a king on board and you have a pair of7s. You should not bet when your hand is solely 2 live cards and a looseaggressive player is in the hand with you for they, much like the calling station,may have a pair or two.Raising. When Should You Raise? By Raise we mean preflop and beyond that itmeans ReRaise being that Bet and Raise mean exactly the same thing. When itcomes to raising preflop you should always raise with good cards to avoidlimpers coming in and flopping 3 of a kind 2s (happened to one of our editorsat his first casino tournament when he failed to raise with AT as the big blind,flop came A 2 2, opponent had limped in with Q2 off suit.) You can also raise inlate position or as the big blind to at least narrow down the field of possiblecompetition in the hand on the flop. Raising in Early Position usually signals tothe table that you have a very strong hand and will most likely not be called by 37
  38. 38. anyone unless they have AA, KK, QQ, AK, etc. Raising in Middle Position is riskyunless you have the cards to back it up. Some players like to protect theirblinds and will call then raise you on the flop or will reraise you preflop just totest you and your commitment to your hand. As for flop,turn, river reraisingyou should reraise an opponent if you are on a flush or straight draw to takecontrol of the hand. If all your opponent had was top pair they are much morelikely to go into check mode in the later rounds of betting. Also reraiseopponents who do exactly what we just told you to do above if you have 2 pairor trips and there is not a straight/flush on the board. If there is a straight orflush on the board and you bet with 2 pair/trips and were reraised you shouldmost likely fold your hand. As for 2 pair vs. trips if you are the one holding 2pair and bet, then are reraised and you reraise again your opponent will eitherfold or reraise again. Most people when they make trips wont settle unlessthey double up on the hand. By you reraising them you can test theircommitment to the hand. We never said reraise all in, we just said reraise.Dont put all your chips on the line when you are simply trying to feel out youropponent. If youve been paying attention to how they play you will also have abetter idea on whether or not they have the trips or are simply on a steal betwith their reraise and play accordingly.Raising. When Should You NOT Raise? When you have weak cards and areplaying against a loose player, a calling station or have a tight player in thehand against you. You should also not raise when you know your hand isdominated.Calling. When Should You Call? When you want to limp in from middle or lateposition with a powerful drawing hand or if you are slow playing an opponentand know your hand cannot be beaten. (note. 4 of a kind is not unbeatable. wehave a friend who was at a casino in may of 05. he had AK hearts his opponenthad pocket jacks. flop came jack of hearts ten of hearts and some other card.the opponent bet and our friend called. turn came the remaining jack in thedeck. both players checked. river was the queen of hearts and the guy with 4jacks went all in, was called and lost to a royal flush.) Make sure you know howto read a board WELL if you plan on slow playing. A bad read of a board (forinstance not noticing the inside straight draw or assuming your opponent wouldnever be going for an inside straight draw) can cost you all of your chips.You may also want to consider calling when you know youre beat on the flopbut have a lot of chips and feel like taking a stupid risk that may or may notpay off. In this situation raising would be the wrong thing to do. Lets say youhave 76 suited hearts and are up against AK suited diamonds. The opponentwith AK suited is weak so they only made a minimum pre flop bet (which toldyou he had either AA, KK, AK etc.) and you called to see the flop. Flop comesAh 7c 5h. You know he has an ace but feel like testing your luck to see if youcan catch your flush. Reraising the weak player here would be the wrong movebecause they would simply move all in on you and you dont want to risk that 38
  39. 39. many chips on a 30 something percent flush draw and middle pair. (weakplayers tend to bet small until they feel intimidated and will then go all in withtheir AK, AQ, etc regardless of if they have a pair or not.) So you call theirsmall bet that they for some reason believe removed all the necessarycompetition to leave them up against someone with AJ or AT. Turn card comes8s. Now youre 4 to the flush, 4 to the straight, and have middle pair. All youropponent has is an ace. 9 outs for your flush, 6 outs for your straight (yes weknow it should say 8. 2 of your straight cards are already included in the flush),2 cards to make trips, and 3 cards to make 2 pair. Wow, that’s 20 outs. At thispoint you could reraise your opponent being that there arent too many cards inthe deck that can hurt you (20/46 will help you, 26/46 will hurt you) but beingthat your chip commitment is still relatively low in the hand its safer just tocall based on IMPLIED ODDS. Implied odds simply means that you know youropponent will go all in on the river after you make your hand because to thiskind of player AK is unbeatable except by AA. So you catch your river card andthe AK bets into you with top pair and you reraise them all in taking a hugechip stack by calling. Of course if you didnt catch your river card you couldhave just folded and lost a small pot rather than risking all your chips on thedraw. Knowing how your opponent plays told you in this example to call ratherthan raise.Calling. When Should You NOT Call? Any time you have a hand and want tohave a chance of winning. By simply calling along the whole time you have noidea if your top pair aces with a 6 kicker is good or not. Youre risking chipswith absolutely no information about your opponent’s hands. They could be ona flush or straight draw and simply betting to try to get rid of you. Or theymight even be bluffing. If youre just calling you will also never have anycontrol over the hand. Keep calling along on straight and flush draws and watchyour stack drop to nothing when you dont catch. Professionals always say thedifference between a pro and an amateur is an amateur always calls, a probets or folds.Checking. When Should You Check? When youre the big blind and havehorrible cards and dont want to throw any more away trying to pull off a stonecold bluff. You also want to check when you didnt catch anything on the flopor are slow playing trips on the flop, turn, or river into an aggressive opponentthat you know will bet AND there are no draws, straights, flushes or anythingsimilar that could beat your hand. Checking to try and get a free look at theturn or river to finish your straight or flush works as well but if someone betsyou need to reraise them or fold, not call.Checking. When Should You NOT Check? If you flop trips but there is apossible straight/flush draw out there DO NOT CHECK. You are giving youropponents a free look at the next card to beat you and take all your money.Never check with top pair, two pair, flopped straights or flushes, etc because itgives your opponent a chance to beat you. Checking a flopped nut boat or four 39
  40. 40. of a kind is totally acceptable but checking a hand that is not the nuts is asurefire way to throw away chips in later rounds of betting if you know yourenot going to fold.Folding. When Should You Fold? When you have low pairs, small draws, oranything else you wouldnt raise with in Early Position; when you have weakcards in Middle Position; when you have extremely weak cards in Late Position;when you have weak cards in the blinds and someone raised the pot and youarent a blinds protector kind of player. You should fold any time you think youare beat and dont want to raise the pot (unless of course youre playing againstthe type of player we suggested calling against). Most of the time its eitherfold or raise.Folding. When Should You Not Fold? Cheap limp ins, inexpensive draws,checking to the river, etc. Do not fold when there are no bets coming to youunless you were in the big blind and know your 7 high wont win the showdownat the river. 40
  41. 41. BLUFFINGShould You Use Bluffing In Your Game? Absolutely. If you never bluff thenyour opponents (if they are paying attention) will be able to put you on a handevery time you bet.Types of Bluffs: Stone Cold Bluff - You have rags and start betting knowing you have 0 chance of winning the hand Semi Bluff - Betting on straight draws, flush draws, with middle pair or any other hand that may or may not improve by the river. You have a chance at winning the hand you just havent clenched it yet. Representing The Flop - You throw out a big bet on the flop when theres a high card, 3 to a flush, an obvious straight, etc. Your bet makes your opponents think you flopped something better than their hand. This style of bluff is usually executed with a pre flop raise followed by a bet on the flop. This can also work on the turn and would have the same title only the word flop is replaced by turn. Again you would want to throw out a pre flop raise (medium sized raise to cause opponents to think you have a medium sized pocket pair), check the flop then raise the turn. When Should You Bluff? Execute Stone Cold Bluffs when you are in Late Position and no real betting has taken place. Or try executing a Stone Cold Bluff when a "scare card" comes. Examples of scare cards would include a card that is larger than everything previously on the board, an obvious straight draw or a flush draw. Inside/Gut shot straight draws are harder to represent because a good deal of opponents wont even see the straight draw and will discredit your raise. Throwing out a large bet in Early Position is likely to get you into trouble unless youve been seen as a tight player, then opponents will most likely (unless theyre bad, have a really good hand, or have a read on you) fold to you. As for Semi Bluffing do that when it’s your turn to act OR check then reraise an opponent who throws out a bet. Representing the flop or turn should also be done in Late Position that way you know all of your opposition is weak and will (most likely) fold to your bet. Trying to represent the flop in Early Position may land you in a stand off with someone who really has cards on the flop, or they may give your pre flop and flop raise credit and drop the hand. When Should You NOT Bluff? You should NEVER under any circumstances try to bluff a bad player. The reason being is that bad 41
  42. 42. players dont know you are trying to make a move on them and will callregardless. You should also not bluff a calling station and wait toexecute bluffs on the river against Fishermen. Fishermen seem to callevery bet regardless of size until they failed to make their draw on theriver, at which point you can take the pot from them. You should alsonever try to bluff a tight player who is in the hand and is BETTING.Bluffing loose players may land you in a world of hurt as well being thatthey can operate similar to a calling station. You also do not want tobluff desperate players during a tournament. A desperate player is onthe short stack and is more likely to take chances to double up thananyone else at the table. If the short stack is in the blinds, however, youmay have a much better chance at getting him to lay down the handdepending on the player and their attitude toward any 2 live cards canwin a pot.How Do You Keep From Constantly Getting Caught On Bluffs? First youhave to bet big enough to scare people out of the pot. This newminimum raise frenzy sweeping the nation will not cut it when it comesto bluffing. You also cannot have the exact same bettingpattern/number of chips you throw out every time you are pulling amove. Raising every time you have a straight or flush draw is anotherway to get yourself into trouble. Sometimes you have to lay down thedraws. Variation is the key to winning pots. If your opponents label youas a bluffer they are much more likely to call you in the future.NOTE - None of these techniques should be executed with an all in maneuverunless you have a great read on your opponent and know he will not call you. Goingall in puts ALL your chips on the line and can be a costly gamble. Just because ChrisMoneymaker did it in 2003 doesnt make it a good play. Most people agree if SammyFarha had caught on to Moneymakers tell (He was STARING right at Farha)Moneymaker would have been busted out. 42
  43. 43. Starting Hands Chart Grouped By PositionIn Texas Hold Em there are 169 possible starting hands if you excludeclassifying by Spade, Heart, Diamond, and Club. Depending on your Positionat the table you will want to play your hands differently. The value of yourcards is also determined by how many chips you have versus how large theblinds are in a tournament format. If you are the short stack you may notwant to enter late in position with certain hands but would raise in earlyposition with face cards in hopes of doubling up. Phil The Unibomber Laaksuggests short stacks go all in with cards thats total face value is 18 orgreater (quoted from Es Hollywood Hold Em where The Unibomber servedas the dealer.) Anyone who has ever played blackjack should know whatcards total up to 18 or higher (exception: in Blackjack AA is only worth 12and you would always split. In poker if you are on the short stack you shoulddefinitely know the move to make.) Definitions: T=10 Red means raise in that positionEarly Position HandsSuited / AA , KK , QQ , JJ , TT , AK , AQ , AJ , AT , KQ , KJ , KT , QJ , QT , JTPocket PairsOff suit AK , AQ , KQMiddle Position HandsSuited / 99 , 88 , 77 , 66 , A9 , A8 , A5 , A4 , A3 , A2 , K9 , Q9 , J9 , J8 , T9 ,Pocket T8 , 98 CardsOff suit AJ , AT , A9 , KJ , KT , QJ , QT , JT Other Notes: Raise with every hand from the Early Position Chart aside from KT, QT, and JT suited. Also reraise with QQ and JJ because someone from Early Position may be trying to make a 43
  44. 44. play at the pot (players usually dont raise from early position unless theyre strong or are trying to make a play. Test them on it to determine which of the 2 categories they fall into. Every hand on the list aside from the pocket pairs and A9, A8 have a chance at making a straight. They are either connected or have a 1, 2 or 3 card gap. K9 and AT are the only 2 hands on this list that have a 3 card gap.Late Position HandsSuited / 55 , 44 , 33 , 22 , A7 , A6 , K8 , K7 , K6 , K5 , K4 , K3 , K2 , Q8 , Q7 ,Pocket J7 , T7 , T6 , 97 , 96 , 87 , 86 , 76 , 75 , 65 , 54 , 43 CardsOff suit A8 , A5 , A4 , A3 , A2 , K9 , Q9 , J9 , T9 , T8 , T7 , 98 , 87 , 76 , 65 Other Notes: When you are in late position you can raise with pretty much any hand from the Early Position and Middle Position charts. T9 and below suited are questionable at best for a raise but if you raise with face cards you should be in decent shape unless someone was playing Big Slick or AA in early position praying for someone to raise the pot. The main reason you want to raise with a lot more hands in Late Position is to A) remove any Limpers with weak hands from seeing flops B) remove any tight players from seeing flops C) remove players who feel they dont want to risk the extra chips due to chip stack size. Also, because the blinds are forced bets those players may have been dealt 3 2 off suit and have no intention of playing. Or they may have pocket rockets in which case theyll (most likely) reraise you at which point you can fold and save yourself some chips. Aside from the pocket pairs A8, A7, A6, Kx suited, and Q7 all the hands mentioned above can make a straight with the proper flop.Small BlindSuited Q6 , Q5 , Q4 , Q3 , Q2 , J6 , T2 , 95 , 85 , 84 , 74 , 73 , 72 , 64 , 63 Cards , 53 , 42 , 32 A7 , A6 , K8 , K7 , K6 , K5 , Q8 , Q7 , Q6 , J8 , J7 , T6 , T2 , 97 , 96 ,Off suit 95 , 86 , 85 , 84 , 75 , 74 , 73 , 72 , 64 , 63 , 54 , 43 , 32 44
  45. 45. Youve already partly paid to see a flop, why not pay the whole way? If you canafford it, that is. All the hands on the small blind chart have the possibility tomake a straight (except for 72 and T2, those are just fun to win with becauseeveryone can have a good laugh about it, or start a fist fight). Keep in mindthat you will be first to act on the flop so if you dont hit anything you haveabsolutely no information about the other players hands and will most likely beforced to check and fold. If you arent willing to take a gamble do not call withany of these hands. A good portion of the hands on the small blind chart arecontroversial at best and dont have a very good chance of winning.Nevertheless, if you do manage to catch something youll be glad that youdidnt fold the small blind. As we said before, only call out of the small blindwith these hands IF YOU CAN AFFORD TO. If youre on the short stack in thesmall blind and have any of the above hands its probably a good idea to fold (orif there arent many players in the pot possibly an all in stone cold bluff to pickup your chips as well as the big blinds and anyone else who was in then folded).After all, you do have 2 live cards. This will backfire on you if anyone is playingtournament style call the short stack with any two cards system. Know youropponents before trying to pull any sort of bluff.Big BlindWinning with a garbage hand you normally wouldnt play with is known as theBig Blind Special. As the Big Blind you have wonderful position Pre Flop butterrible position on the Flop. You will either be second (if the small blind calls)or first (if the small blind folds) to act on the flop. With weaker starting handsprobably safer to check. With a strong starting hand its definitely better toraise. There are 2 reasons for this: 1) You will remove any limpers who mayhave caught something lucky on the flop and 2) Players may put you on aPosition bet (players who bet on the Dealer Button or the Big Blind are typicallyassumed to be making Position bets to buy the pot) and if/when your stronghand hits you may end up winning a larger pot due to the assumptions of theother players at the table.Types of Hands and the type of action you are looking for Large Pairs - Best against as few opponents as possible to avoid the risk of being outdrawn Medium Sized Pairs - Best against many opponents to justify making a call Small Sized Pairs - Best against as many opponents as you can get to justify making a call Drawing Hands - Best against many opponents to justify making a call 45
  46. 46. Other NotesPlease send us as much hate mail as youd like for including 73, 72, and T2 onthe list of playable starting hands out of the small blind.There are many different strategies on what hands should/should not be playedin a certain position. This is just an idea of what you could do, not what youshould do. No 2 hands are alike, sometimes your terrible cards in the blindmight flop a boat other times your AK suited might not even pair up and lose tosome incredibly loose calling station who (because hes a calling station) calledyour all in bet with 85 off suit.Starting Hands List For A Tight Player (note: do not rely on this list entirelywhen playing against a tight player. this is a list of the hands a tight player willmost likely play. There are a few on here a Tight Player might not evenconsider playing as well.) This Chart does NOT cover position, only the startinghands a tight player might play (it doesnt really need to cover position, theseare the stronger hands in Texas Hold Em) AA , KK , QQ , JJ , TT , 99 , 88 , 77 , AK , AQ , AJ , AT , A9 , A8 , A7 Pair / , A6 , A5 , A4 , A3 , A2 , KQ , KJ , KT , K9 , K8 , QJ , QT , Q9 , Q8 ,Suited JT , J9 , J8 , T9 , 98 AK , AQ , AJ , AT , A9 , A8 , KQ , KJ , KT , K9 , QJ , QT , Q9 , JT , J9Off suit , T9 46
  47. 47. The 106 Starting Hands You May (or may not) Want To Play AAp , KKp , QQp , JJp , AKs , TTp , AQs , AKo , 99p , KQs , AQo , AJs7 Votes , ATs , 88p , KQo , A9s , A8s , A7s , A6s , A5s 77p , 66p , A4s , A3s , A2s , KJs , QJs , KTs , AJo , QTs , JTs , T9s ,6 Votes K9s , Q9s , J9s , J8s , T8s , JTo , QJo , KJo , QTo5 Votes 55p , 44p , KTo , ATo , T9o , 98s , 87s , 97s , K8s , K7s Q8s , K6s , 76s , A9o , 86s , 65s , 33p , 22p , K5s , K4s , K3s , K2s ,4 Votes T7s , J9o3 Votes T8o , 96s , 54s , 75s , 85s , J7s , K9o , Q9o 2 or Q7s , Q6s , Q5s , Q4s , Q3s , J6s , J5s , T6s , 98o , 87o , 76o , J8o , Less 64s , 53s , 43s , Q2s , 74s , 42s , 32s , 65o , 54o , 43o , A8o , A7o , Votes A6o , A5o , A4o , A3o , A2o , K8o , K7o , K6o , Q8oHow should you use this chart you ask? If the hand appears in the 7 votes boxthen that means all 7 of our celebrity judges like the hand and its odds ofwinning. If the hand appears in the 6 votes box then its still most likely a verygood hand. 6 out of 7 is 86%. If it’s in the 5 its probably still a good hand, 4 itsturning into a mediocre hand, 3 is worse than 4 and 2 or less are morepreference hands than anything.How did you compile the information for this chart? We took 7 already designedplaying systems that tell you what to fold in LATE POSITION then threw everyhand that wasnt a fold in late position on a giant list and went hand by handdetermining how many votes each hand received. Our judges systems rangedfrom incredibly tight (a whole 29 hands to work with) all the way up to 86hands. Heres the breakdown: 29; 42; 50; 68; 84; 84; 86. Now these hands dontcome with an instruction manual so play them at your own risk. Just because 7poker systems included the hand doesnt mean it’s the best hand in the world.A5 suited for example was on everyones list simply because you can make astraight or a flush with it (if you get lucky enough to catch that kind of flop).There is no real order to the list other than how many votes each handreceived and was placed on the table randomly solely because we placed eachhand according to when we ran across it on our cross out sheet.Keep in mind there are 169 different starting hands in Texas hold em and ourlist has 106 of them. Pick and choose from the list above and create your ownfavorite hands list. Study the 106 hands above as well. If your opponent is astatistics player he will most likely be playing with a good portion of the handsabove and nothing else. Statistics players usually dont stray into 72 off suitterritory making huge raises like some aggressive players do. One of our editorsis famous for making huge raises (as well as making incredible straight flushes 47
  48. 48. and such) with 73 in fake money games online. Granted it is fake money but itsstill funny. 48