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Russia - Ukarine war.pptx

  2. 2 INTRO • Russia and Ukraine shared heritage • Ukraine has repeatedly been carved up by competing powers • 1991, Collapse of Soviet Union • Russia – Ukraine conflict • Russia invasion Ukraine
  3. 3 To brief offrs about conflict b/w Russia and Ukraine AIM
  4. 4 SEQ  Part – I - Hist Perspective  Part – II - Current sit  Part – III - World’s Response
  6. 6 HIST PERSPECTIVE • Dissolution of Soviet Union (1988 – 1991) • Ukraine was one of 15 separate republics that made up the Soviet Union until Soviet Union collapsed in 1991 • Many ethnic Russians still live in Ukraine • Ukraine President vetoed a trade agreement • Pro Western protest began
  7. 8 TIMELINE Vetoed trade agreement Nov 2013 Clashes caused people died 18-19 Feb 2014 President impeachment 22 Feb 2014 Russian Invasion 26-27 Feb 2014 Voting held Mar 2014 Airline shot down Jul 2014 1st Minsk agreement 5 Sep 2014 Minsk - II agreement Feb 2015 Cyber attks 2016 - 2017 Crisis escalates 2021 Russia mov in 2022
  9. 10 CURRENT SIT • More than 150,000 Russian tps had encircled Ukraine from three sides • Depl of tps by Joe Biden • Indep of the Donetsk People's Republic and the Luhansk People's Republic • Attk on Ukraine
  10. 13 LATEST EVENTS • Con of Russia over diff areas of Ukraine • 2 Mn refugees flee fighting • Limiting Russia’s ability to do business in dollar, euro and yen • US sanctions Russian banks that is around $1 Tr in assets • Russia destroyed Ukraine's 118 mil facilities • UN demands Russia’s wdr
  12. 16 WORLD’S RESPONSE • Washington sanctioned two of Russia’s state-owned banks • Sanctions on Russia by UK • Germany halted Nord Stream 2 • Canada announces sanctions on Russia, depl tps to Latvia • All the ldrs of diff cty have condemned the attk of Russia on Ukraine and decided to announce more sanctions
  13. 17 IMPACT OF ATTACK • Gas and oil prices on the rise • Rising prices of palladium and other essential metals • Stock market volatility • More cyber attks • Rising food prices • Travel restd
  14. 18 PAKISTAN’S STANCE • Pakistan refuses to condemn Russia at UN • Against the ban on Russia • Mil is not the soln of such conflict • Neut response over Russia invasion to Ukraine • Disputes should be resolved through dialogue and diplomacy • Bal and sovereign foreign policy
  15. 19 THANK YOU

Editor's Notes

  1. The two countries’ shared heritage goes back more than a thousand years to a time when Kyiv, now Ukraine’s capital, was at the center of the first Slavic state, Kyivan Rus, the birthplace of both Ukraine and Russia Mongol warriors from the east conquered Kyivan Rus in the 13th century. In the 16th century Polish and Lithuanian armies invaded from the west. In the 17th century, The east became known as "Left Bank" Ukraine under Russian empire; lands to the west of the Dnieper, or "Right Bank," were ruled by Poland. With the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Ukraine became an independent nation. But uniting the country proved a difficult task. For one, “the sense of Ukrainian nationalism is not as deep in the east as it is in west,” says former ambassador to Ukraine Steven Pifer.  2014 Russian invaded
  2. The dissolution of the Soviet Union[h] (1988–1991) was the process of internal political, economic and ethnic disintegration within the USSR which resulted in the end of its existence as a sovereign state. It was an unintended result of General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev's effort to reform the Soviet political and economic system, in an attempt to end the Era of Stagnation Many ethnic Russians still live in Ukraine, especially in eastern part of the country including Crimean Peninsula EurAsEC (EAEC) vs. EU Eurasian Economic Community is an organization of 5 member countries that was created to encourage economic cooperation among countries in Eastern Europe and Central Asia (Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan) European Union is an organization of 28 members countries encourages common economic, social, and foreign policies. Ukraine’s movement toward the EU threatened plans to expand new EAEC into Ukraine and elsewhere. Ukrainian President vetoed a trade agreement with European Union because he favored trade relations with Russia
  3. Ukrainian President vetoed a trade agreement with European Union because he favored trade relations with Russia. Pro-Western protests began. clash between protesters and police caused rioting and people died. Ukrainian President impeached by Parliament for deaths of protesters. Ukrainian President fled the capital of Kiev, first to Crimea and then to Moscow Russian troops moved into Crimea. armed soldiers controlled access to Ukrainian military bases. Putin ended military maneuvers but left troops in Crimea to protect local Russian interests. a vote was held in Crimea and “97%” of Crimea residents voted to join Russia, Ukraine stated that Russia came in an stole a part of the territory of an independent country On July 17 a civilian airliner with 298 people on board was shot down over eastern Ukraine Representatives from Russia, Ukraine, France and Germany meet in Belarus to attempt to negotiate an end to the violence in the Donbas. They sign the first Minsk agreement, a deal between Ukraine and Russia to quiet the violence under a fragile cease-fire. The cease-fire soon breaks, and fighting continues into the new year. The Minsk group meets again in Belarus to find a more successful agreement to end the fighting in eastern Ukraine, resulting in the Minsk II agreement. It too has been unsuccessful at ending the violence. From 2014 through today, more than 14,000 people have been killed, tens of thousands wounded and more than a million displaced. As fighting in the Donbas continues, Russia repeatedly strikes at Ukraine in a series of cyberattacks, including a 2016 attack on Kyiv's power grid that causes a major blackout. Russia sends about 100,000 troops to Ukraine's borders, ostensibly for military exercises. Putin issues a contentious set of security demands. Among them, he asks NATO to permanently bar Ukraine from membership and withdraw forces stationed in countries that joined the alliance after 1997, including Romania and Balkan countries. Putin also demands a written response from the U.S. and NATO. On Feb. 21, Putin formally recognizes the independence of the Donetsk People's Republic and the Luhansk People's Republic — including territory claimed by separatists but controlled by the Ukrainian armed forces. He orders Russia's military to deploy troops there under the guise of a "peacekeeping" mission.
  4. In recent weeks Russia has moved about 100,000 troops - equipped with everything from tanks and artillery to ammunition and air power - to Ukraine's border. From the start of 2021 , Russia had increased their tps along ukarine border continuously and it includes tanks artillery and sldrs  Biden orderered the movement of 1,000 U.S. troops from Germany to Romania and the deployment of 2,000 additional U.S. troops to Poland and Germany. And on 15 feb additional 2000 tps in Poland On Feb. 21, Putin formally recognizes the independence of the Donetsk People's Republic and the Luhansk People's Republic — including territory claimed by separatists but controlled by the Ukrainian armed forces. He orders Russia's military to deploy troops there under the guise of a "peacekeeping" mission. President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia announced on television that he had decided “to carry out a special military operation” in Ukraine . Russian forces have launched a major military assault on Ukraine, with reports of missile strikes and explosions in major cities Response will be instant if someone tries to take on russia
  5. X More than a million refugees have now fled the fighting in Ukraine to the neighbouring countries S Eeeee Eleven military airfields, 13 command posts and communication centres, 14 S-300 and Osa anti-aircraft missile systems, and 36 radar stations were among the facilities put out of order. The resolution, supported by 141 of the assembly’s 193 members, passed in a rare emergency session called by the UN Security Council. Russia was joined by Belarus, which has served as a launch pad for Russian invasion forces, Eritrea, North Korea and Syria in voting against the resolution. Thirty-five members, including China, abstained. 12 nations did not vote.
  6. Washington sanctioned two of Russia’s state-owned banks – VEB and Promsvyazbank – and blocked it from trading in its debt on US and European markets On 22 feb, the UK announced sanctions against five Russian banks and three Russian billionaires: Gennady Timchenko, Boris Rotenberg and Igor Rotenberg Berllin halted certification of an 11.6 bn dollar Russian gas pipeline project while western state prepare to sanction Moscow over Ukarine.
  7. Russia's invasion of Ukraine has caused global energy prices to spike, with crude oil rising above $114 a barrel for the first time since 2014.  Rising prices of palladium and other essential metals As word of the Russian invasion broke, the global stocks market took a hit Russia's main stock market, the MOEX Index, took a record hit on Thursday, dropping over 35%, or more than $150 billion in value, The Departments of Treasury and Homeland Security have both sounded the alarm over possible cyberattacks on US banks, hospitals, government offices and power grids in retaliation for sanctions against Moscow. kraine, considered the "breadbasket of Europe," is one of the top five corn exporters in the world, trading some 35.9 million metric tons in 2019 alone. An extended open conflict would likely see prices go up in Europe, not just for corn itself but also for related goods, including cooking oil, corn syrup and livestock feed.