California by Shane Tremblay


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California by Shane Tremblay

  1. 1. California: A History By: Shane Tremblay California : A History By: Shane Tremblay
  2. 2. CH 1 – Queen Calafia’s Island <ul><li>The name “Californians” meant to describe a race of black amazons </li></ul><ul><li> Native Americans in California: </li></ul><ul><li>25 Generations of Indians were living in California before the arrival of Europeans </li></ul><ul><li>More than 300,000 Native Americans in 1492 (European Arrival) </li></ul><ul><li>Native Americans offered linguistic and cultural diversity and were not war-like in their relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Sweat lodges were their form of healing and </li></ul><ul><li>therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Many Indians were communal in property </li></ul>
  3. 3. Ch 1 Queen Calafia’s Island <ul><li>California’s Landscape </li></ul><ul><li>1,264mi shoreline – Due to tectonic plates </li></ul><ul><li>Various Mountain Ranges: </li></ul><ul><li>41 Mountains over 10,000 feet </li></ul><ul><li>Sierra Nevada: 400mi long 80mi wide </li></ul><ul><li>Mt Whitney: 14,496feet Highest mountain in California </li></ul><ul><li>Numerous fault lines, most notably the San Andreas Fault </li></ul><ul><li>Death Valley: lowest point in California 282ft below sea level. Average Temp: 134 F </li></ul>
  4. 4. Ch1 Queen Calafia’s Island <ul><li>California’s Biodiversity and Climate: </li></ul><ul><li>Coastal areas offer shellfish and other easily gatherable foods </li></ul><ul><li>Interior of California: Bears found in various mountain ranges and other wildlife that require hunting </li></ul><ul><li>Birdlife in California distinct due to the adaption to their new environment </li></ul><ul><li>Redwoods in the North, most ancient living entities on the planet </li></ul><ul><li>Weather: Generally sunny, Rarely below 40 degrees in January, Rarely below 72 degrees </li></ul>
  5. 5. Ch 4 – Striking it Rich <ul><li>California Developing </li></ul><ul><li>California is ceded to the United States through the Treaty of Guadalupe Hildalgo </li></ul><ul><li>Debate over slavery in California </li></ul><ul><li>Mid 1800s cities begin to develop </li></ul><ul><li>Mormons arrive 1846 and brought social solidarity as well as manual labor which was in high demand at the time </li></ul><ul><li>The first water powered saw-mill reveals Gold in california </li></ul>
  6. 6. Ch 4 – Striking it Rich <ul><li>California Gold Rush: Mass Migration </li></ul><ul><li>1849 Gold Rush established California as a state and “matured” it as a state entity (as California is admitted in 1849) </li></ul><ul><li>With the gold rush came an increase in the Native American population (up to 255,000) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Huge migration from China, Australia, and Mexico (getting to California at this time is still a formidable obstacle) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>$594 Million in ingots – Equivalent to $10 Billion in 2001 dollars </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Ch 4 – Striking it Rich <ul><li>Consequences of Mining </li></ul><ul><li>California is seen as a dream, a way to make it to a better life, however, one in twelve miners lost their lives </li></ul><ul><li>Violence becomes prevalent in mines </li></ul><ul><li>Lynching also becomes an effective way to eliminate competition </li></ul><ul><li>Annual rate of 506 deaths per 100,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Destruction of the natural environment and urbanization occurs </li></ul>
  8. 8. Ch 5 – Regulation, Railroad, and Revolution <ul><li>Regulation: </li></ul><ul><li>Major problem: Large influx of people, with no one to administer land </li></ul><ul><li>The State questions the validity of the old Spanish land treaties, as a result, many people lose their land to the government </li></ul><ul><li>Corporations and Railroads become increasingly unregulated in California leading to an increase in power among top leaders </li></ul><ul><li>1873 Stock Market collapses, resulting in mass lynching of Chinese </li></ul><ul><li>1875 Banking system collapses, </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese become scapegoats for failed </li></ul><ul><li>expectations </li></ul>
  9. 9. Ch 5 – Regulation, Railroad, and Revolution <ul><li>Railroad: </li></ul><ul><li>1850s are characterized by the expansion of the railroad systems in the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Railroad labor consists of mostly outsourcing, as Chinese are a major force in the Sierra Railroad system </li></ul><ul><li>May 10, 1869 Union Pacific/ Central Pacific railroad tracks meet </li></ul><ul><li>By the 1870s and 1880s Railroads </li></ul><ul><li>own most of the land in California </li></ul><ul><li>and are increasingly controlling </li></ul>
  10. 10. Ch 5 – Regulation, Railroad, and Revolution <ul><li>Revolution: </li></ul><ul><li>“Businessmen’s Revolution” Between 1850 and 1854 the Capital is moved from San Francisco Bay to San Jose, to Vallejo, and back to San Francisco </li></ul><ul><li>Religion provided an immediate and compelling way for newcomers to organize and reorient themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Gold Rush creates a cattle boom </li></ul>