Disaster relief and rescue operation

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Disaster relief and rescue operation

  1. 1. DISASTER RELIEF ANDDISASTER RELIEF ANDRESCUE OPERATIONRESCUE OPERATIONTSG FLORES, RUDY C.TSG FLORES, RUDY C.
  2. 2. DISASTERDISASTER• A situation, usually catastrophic in nature, inA situation, usually catastrophic in nature, inwhich a number of persons are plunge intowhich a number of persons are plunge intohelplessness and as a result in need of food,helplessness and as a result in need of food,clothing, shelter, medical care and other basicclothing, shelter, medical care and other basicnecessities of life.necessities of life.
  3. 3. TYPES OF DISASTERTYPES OF DISASTER• NATURALNATURAL– EarthquakeEarthquake– FloodsFloods– HurricaneHurricane– Volcanic EruptionVolcanic Eruption• MAN-MADEMAN-MADE– ChemicalChemical - Warfare- Warfare– RiotsRiots - Major Accidents (Land & Sea)- Major Accidents (Land & Sea)– Air CrashesAir Crashes– Industrial AccidentsIndustrial Accidents
  4. 4. EFFECTS OF DISASTEREFFECTS OF DISASTER• PHYSICALPHYSICAL– DEATHSDEATHS– INJURIESINJURIES– FOOD SCARCITYFOOD SCARCITY– HOMELESSNESSHOMELESSNESS– INCREASE RISK OF COMMUNICABLE DISEASEINCREASE RISK OF COMMUNICABLE DISEASE– DISPLACEMENT OF POPULATIONDISPLACEMENT OF POPULATION• ECONOMICECONOMIC– DESTRUCTION OF CROPSDESTRUCTION OF CROPS– DISRUPTION OF PRODUCTIONDISRUPTION OF PRODUCTION– SET-BACK TO ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTSET-BACK TO ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
  5. 5. EMERGENCYEMERGENCY• A SITUATION ACTUAL OR IMMINENT,A SITUATION ACTUAL OR IMMINENT,INVOLVING UNUSUAL CONDITIONSINVOLVING UNUSUAL CONDITIONSAND HAZARDS WHICH IF NOTAND HAZARDS WHICH IF NOTCORRECTED OR PREVENTED COULDCORRECTED OR PREVENTED COULDLEAD TO DISASTER.LEAD TO DISASTER.
  6. 6. CONCEPT OF CIVIL DEFENSECONCEPT OF CIVIL DEFENSE• SELF- HELPSELF- HELP• MUTUAL ASSISTANCEMUTUAL ASSISTANCE• USE OF AVAILABLE RESOURCES IN THEUSE OF AVAILABLE RESOURCES IN THEARE BEFORE ASKING FOR ASSISTANCEARE BEFORE ASKING FOR ASSISTANCE• AUGMENTATION OF RESOURCES BYAUGMENTATION OF RESOURCES BYINDIVIDUAL VOLUNTEERS,INDIVIDUAL VOLUNTEERS,VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATIONS ANDVOLUNTARY ORGANIZATIONS ANDTHE GENERAL PUBLICTHE GENERAL PUBLIC
  7. 7. WHAT CAN WE DO ABOUTWHAT CAN WE DO ABOUTDISASTER?DISASTER?• SAVE LIVESSAVE LIVES• PROTECT SURVIVORSPROTECT SURVIVORS• REDUCE LOSSESREDUCE LOSSES• HELP RAPID RETURN OF NORMALCYHELP RAPID RETURN OF NORMALCY
  8. 8. BEFORE DISASTER STRIKESBEFORE DISASTER STRIKES• Have the following:Have the following:– FlashlightFlashlight– CandleCandle– MatchesMatches– First Aid Book and KitFirst Aid Book and Kit– Transistor radioTransistor radio• Know How and Where to Turn-off yourKnow How and Where to Turn-off yourelectricityelectricity
  9. 9. RULES WHEN DISASTERRULES WHEN DISASTEROCCURSOCCURS• Listen and remain tuned to the nearest operating radio stationListen and remain tuned to the nearest operating radio stationserving your community and carry out any instruction givenserving your community and carry out any instruction given• Do not use your telephone for anything less than for savingDo not use your telephone for anything less than for savinglives. If warning is ignored, telephone exchanges will belives. If warning is ignored, telephone exchanges will beoverloaded and rescue, medical and other services will beoverloaded and rescue, medical and other services will begravely affected in the efforts.gravely affected in the efforts.• Contact your neighbors- they may need help.Contact your neighbors- they may need help.• Contact your nearest disaster operation center if you needContact your nearest disaster operation center if you needhelp or can give helphelp or can give help• Sightseeing is forbidden- you will hinder essential work, trafficSightseeing is forbidden- you will hinder essential work, trafficand endanger yourselfand endanger yourself
  10. 10. ORGANIZATION OF CIVILORGANIZATION OF CIVILDEFENSEDEFENSE• RA 1190 (CIVIL DEFENSE ACT OF 1954)RA 1190 (CIVIL DEFENSE ACT OF 1954)• PD No. 1 as implemented by LOI No. 19 gave effectPD No. 1 as implemented by LOI No. 19 gave effectto RA 1190.to RA 1190.• NCDA (National Civil Defense Administration) wasNCDA (National Civil Defense Administration) wasestablished on August 18, 1954 through RA 1190established on August 18, 1954 through RA 1190became forerunner of the Office of Civil Defense.became forerunner of the Office of Civil Defense.
  11. 11. Functions of the Office of CivilFunctions of the Office of CivilDefenseDefense• To establish and administer a comprehensive national civilTo establish and administer a comprehensive national civildefense and civil assistance program.defense and civil assistance program.• To formulate plans and policies for the protection and welfareTo formulate plans and policies for the protection and welfareof the civilian population in time of war directly involving theof the civilian population in time of war directly involving thePhils. Or other national emergencies of equally gravePhils. Or other national emergencies of equally gravecharacter.character.• To estimate the total material, manpower and fiscalTo estimate the total material, manpower and fiscalrequirements for carrying out the civil defense program, andrequirements for carrying out the civil defense program, andallocate to the provinces, cities, municipalities and barangaysallocate to the provinces, cities, municipalities and barangayssuch as aid in facilities, material and funds as may be availablesuch as aid in facilities, material and funds as may be availablefrom the national government.from the national government.
  12. 12. Functions cont…Functions cont…• To develop and coordinate a program for informing,To develop and coordinate a program for informing,educating and training the general public, members of theeducating and training the general public, members of thedisaster coordinating councils and disaster control groups ondisaster coordinating councils and disaster control groups oncivil defense and civil assistance measures.civil defense and civil assistance measures.• To furnish guidance to the various provinces, cities,To furnish guidance to the various provinces, cities,municipalities and barangays in the planning, organization andmunicipalities and barangays in the planning, organization andoperation of their civil defense organizationoperation of their civil defense organization• To advise the Secretary of National Defense on mattersTo advise the Secretary of National Defense on mattersconcerning civil defense and make recommendation fromconcerning civil defense and make recommendation fromtime to time as may be deemed appropriate or as the Secretarytime to time as may be deemed appropriate or as the Secretarymay require, andmay require, and• To perform such other duties as may be directed by higherTo perform such other duties as may be directed by higherauthority or provided by Law.authority or provided by Law.
  13. 13. NATIONAL DISASTER COORDINATINGNATIONAL DISASTER COORDINATINGCOUNCIL (NDCC)COUNCIL (NDCC)• Highest policy determining body for major disastersHighest policy determining body for major disasters• Composed of the member of the Cabinet with theComposed of the member of the Cabinet with thechairmanship of the Secretary of National Defensechairmanship of the Secretary of National Defense
  14. 14. NDCC FUNCTIONSNDCC FUNCTIONS• To advise the President on the status of theTo advise the President on the status of thenational disaster preparedness program, disasternational disaster preparedness program, disasteroperations and rehabilitation efforts undertakenoperations and rehabilitation efforts undertakenby the government and private sector.by the government and private sector.• Utilizes the facilities and services of the OfficeUtilizes the facilities and services of the Officeof Civil Defenseof Civil Defense
  15. 15. REGIONAL DISASTER COORDINATINGREGIONAL DISASTER COORDINATINGCOUNCIL (RDCC)COUNCIL (RDCC)• Responsible for the regional preparedness programs,Responsible for the regional preparedness programs,disaster operations and rehabilitation activities by thedisaster operations and rehabilitation activities by thegovernment and the private sector.government and the private sector.• Advise the NDCC through the OCD’s 13 regionalAdvise the NDCC through the OCD’s 13 regionalcenter on the status of disaster preparedness andcenter on the status of disaster preparedness andoperations in the region.operations in the region.
  16. 16. PDCC/MDCC/BDCCPDCC/MDCC/BDCC• Organized their respective disaster coordinatingOrganized their respective disaster coordinatingcouncilscouncils• Oversee the status of the preparedness programs,Oversee the status of the preparedness programs,disaster operations and rehabilitation activities by thedisaster operations and rehabilitation activities by thegovernment and private sector in their areas ofgovernment and private sector in their areas ofresponsibility.responsibility.
  17. 17. Civil Defense ServicesCivil Defense Services• Health ServiceHealth Service– Involves medical services and first aidInvolves medical services and first aid• Auxiliary Fire ServiceAuxiliary Fire Service– Helps the existing fire departments in operating fire engines puttingHelps the existing fire departments in operating fire engines puttingout fires and organizing fire brigades.out fires and organizing fire brigades.• Police ServicePolice Service– Helps the PNP in enforcing traffic regulation, prevention of lootingHelps the PNP in enforcing traffic regulation, prevention of lootingand other acts of lawlessnessand other acts of lawlessness• Emergency Transportation ServiceEmergency Transportation Service– Operates trucks, buses, and other means of transportation forOperates trucks, buses, and other means of transportation forhauling supplies, civil defense workers, injured persons and evacueeshauling supplies, civil defense workers, injured persons and evacueesto designated places.to designated places.
  18. 18. Cont..Cont..• Communication and Warning ServiceCommunication and Warning Service– Provides, operates and maintains continues and reliableProvides, operates and maintains continues and reliablecommunications and adequate warning systems throughoutcommunications and adequate warning systems throughoutthe period of impending and or existing disaster andthe period of impending and or existing disaster andcalamities.calamities.• Public Information ServicePublic Information Service– Provides accurate information and instruction to theProvides accurate information and instruction to thecivilian population during emergencies.civilian population during emergencies.• Rescue and Engineering ServiceRescue and Engineering Service– Provides teams to save lives by quickly getting people outProvides teams to save lives by quickly getting people outof damage buildings, and freeing the trapped or isolated.of damage buildings, and freeing the trapped or isolated.
  19. 19. Cont…Cont…• Evacuation ServiceEvacuation Service– Cares for the homeless and distresses responsible forCares for the homeless and distresses responsible forsetting up welfare centers for catering, accommodation,setting up welfare centers for catering, accommodation,billeting, emergency clothing, registration and inquiry andbilleting, emergency clothing, registration and inquiry andother assistance of personal nature.other assistance of personal nature.• Welfare and Rehabilitation ServiceWelfare and Rehabilitation Service– Provide for rapid restoration of well being and morale ofProvide for rapid restoration of well being and morale ofpersons affected by disaster and emergencies.persons affected by disaster and emergencies.

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