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The trolley problem


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The trolley problem

  1. 1. The Trolley Problem
  2. 2. Trolley Problem A: “Bystander”
  3. 3. Trolley Problem 1: “Bystander” <ul><li>Is it permissible to not pull the lever? </li></ul><ul><li>Or is it obligatory to pull the lever? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Trolley Problem B: “Transplant”
  5. 5. Trolley Problem 2: “Transplant” <ul><li>Again, is it permissible to harvest organs from an innocent? </li></ul><ul><li>On a utilitarian calculation, the cases are formally identical. </li></ul>= 5 5 1 1
  6. 6. Trolley Problem C: “Drug”
  7. 7. Trolley Problem 3: “Drug” <ul><li>Given you haven’t promised the medicine to the one, it seems, it is at least permissible that you give it to the five. </li></ul><ul><li>It may even be required that you give the medicine to the five. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Trolley Problem D: “Fat Man”
  9. 9. Trolley Problem 4: “Fat Man” <ul><li>Is it permissible to push the Fat Man? </li></ul><ul><li>Again, the numbers seem to line up. </li></ul><ul><li>In all four cases, you are an agent, you have to make a choice, and perform an action based on this choice. </li></ul><ul><li>So why are our instincts so different in the cases? </li></ul>= 5 5 1 1