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  1. 1. on the World Wide Web To publish a file on the World Wide Web means to transfer the file into a folder on a Web server so that other people around the world can access it with a Web browser. Publishing Files
  2. 2. Objectives: <ul><ul><li>Define what it means to publish a file on the World Wide Web. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Know where to get free Web space for publishing your files. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transfer files to your World Wide Web site. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inspect the folder of files at your Web site. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create folders and maintain a good directory structure at your Web site. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rename or delete files at your Web site. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Objectives: <ul><ul><li>Edit pages at your Web site. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cope with case-sensitive file servers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set the file permission attributes at your Web site. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advertise the existence of your Web site. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Understand what it means to be a WebMaster. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Getting Your Web Space <ul><li>There are two places where you can get file space on the Web. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First, your ISP account probably includes a certain allotment of Web space. If you are not sure, check with your ISP. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Second, there are sites on the Web where you can get “free” Web space in return for registering your name at the sites. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Your Web Space Address <ul><li>In order to transfer files to the Web, you need to know the name of your Web server and the path to your filespace on that server. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If you are using “free” Web space, you will be given the name of the server and the path to your filespace when you register and get your free Web space. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you are using Web space from an ISP, and you do not know the address of your Web space, contact your ISP and ask the question, “What is the FTP address of my Web space?” </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Publishing Files with Netscape Composer and Microsoft FrontPage <ul><li>Both Netscape Composer and Microsoft FrontPage make it easy to transfer files to the Web. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In order to make the transfer, however, you need to know the address of your Web server and the path to your filespace on that server. </li></ul></ul>The Microsoft FrontPage Publish Web dialog.
  7. 7. Correcting Problems in Published Web Pages <ul><li>You’re probably going to notice little problems like links that don’t work, misspellings, or formatting problems. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To fix the problems, you can use Netscape Composer or Microsoft FrontPage to open the file that contains the error and repair it. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Then save the file, and follow the steps to publish it again. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Using FTP Software to Maintain a Web Site <ul><li>Another way to transfer files to a Web site is to use an FTP program such as WS_FTP for Windows, or Fetch for the Macintosh. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These programs have a graphical user interface that makes it easy to upload and download files, inspect the contents of the folders at your Web site, delete and rename files, and create new folders. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. How to Configure a New FTP Connection <ul><li>The first time you use your FTP software, you will need to configure a new connection for your Web site. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The new connection configuration identifies the domain name of your Web server and your user ID on that server. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. How to Configure a New FTP Connection The WS_FTP Session Properties dialog.
  11. 11. How to FTP Files to the Web The WS_FTP program has graphical controls that make it very easy for Windows users to FTP a file to your Web site.
  12. 12. How to Delete and Rename Files at a Web Site <ul><li>Your FTP software provides a way to delete files you no longer want on the Web. It also lets you rename files. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Coping with Case-Sensitive File Servers <ul><li>If your Web server is case sensitive, you need to make sure that the filenames you FTP to the server match the case that you gave them in your HTML source code. </li></ul><ul><li>To cope with case-sensitive file servers, always keep the names of your files and folders in all uppercase or all lowercase. </li></ul>
  14. 14. How to Edit Web Pages Published to Your Web Site <ul><li>Sometimes you will need to update the information on a Web page that you have published to your Web site. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A link might have gone out of date, for example, and you need to update it. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maybe you have received an award, and you want to put it on your rèsumè page. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Relative Versus Absolute Links <ul><li>Links on the Web can be relative or absolute. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A relative link means that a file has been specified without its complete URL.The browser will look for it in folders related to the current Web page’s folder; hence the term relative. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An absolute link means that the complete URL has been specified. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Maintaining a Good Directory Structure <ul><li>You need to be careful how you create folders and subfolders when you make a local web that you plan to mount on the World Wide Web. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Because the links you make to local files are made relative to those files, the directory structure of the local web must be exactly the same as you intend to have out on the World Wide Web. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Maintaining a Good Directory Structure You have lots of HTML files, pictures, sounds, and movies that you plan to mount on the World Wide Web. Yu should keep them organized in a neat directory structure like this
  18. 18. How to Create New Folders on the Web <ul><li>As the number of files at your Web site increases, you may choose to create folders to help keep your site organized. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For example, if you create a series of Web pages related to your work, you might create a folder called work to keep them in. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The directory structure you create on the Web must mirror the structure of the website folder on your PC. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Setting the File Permission Attributes <ul><li>You will probably want to set the file permission attributes to let anyone in the world read and execute your files but allow only you to modify or delete them. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If your Web server is Unix-based, the command to type is chmod 755 . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you’re using WS_FTP (Windows) or Fetch (Macintosh), you can avoid the need to use Unix, because both WS_FTP and Fetch can change the permission attributes. </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Promoting Your New Web Site <ul><li>After you publish your Web site, you will want to let other people know about it. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adding your home page’s URL to the signature file of your e-mail software is a quick way of letting everyone to whom you send e-mail know </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You can also submit your Web site to the search engines, so your site gets indexed by the Web crawlers. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Setting the Metatags <ul><li>Metatags art extra tags you can add to your Web site to provide extra information about your document. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Both Netscape Cmposer and Microsoft FrontPage enable you to set the keywords in your document’s metatags. </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Setting the Metatags The Netscape Metatags tab of the Page Properties dialog. The FrontPage User Meta Variable Dialog..
  23. 23. Becoming a WebMaster <ul><li>A WebMaster is a person in charge of a Web site. The WebMaster keeps track of all the files in the Web site, maintains a good directory structure, and makes sure the links in the Web site work properly. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To learn more about this new profession, you may be interested in subscribing to CIO magazine, which was formerly called WebMaster magazine. To apply for a free subscription, click the CIO icon at the Interlit Web site. </li></ul></ul>