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BASIC COMPUTER OPERATION Gülçin Sağdıçoğlu Celep [email_address] Department of Mathematics METU 2003
OUTLINE <ul><li>Computer Hardware </li></ul><ul><li>Operating systems </li></ul><ul><li>Terms  </li></ul><ul><li>Disk capa...
Computer Hardware <ul><li>Case </li></ul><ul><li>Power switch </li></ul><ul><li>Reset switch </li></ul><ul><li>Hard drive ...
The basic system including keyboard, mouse and monitor.
What is in the box?   Motherboard
 
Typical parts of a motherboard. ABIT SE6
Cabling For items in or attached to a system to work  properly they must be  securely connected.
Operating systems <ul><li>All computer systems have an operating system. Currently, there are three dominate typical user ...
Terms <ul><li>A:  Floppy disk  C: Local disk  D: Local disk  (partition) </li></ul><ul><li>RAM = Random Access Memory.  Th...
Disk capacities <ul><li>Floppy : 1.4 MB </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk: 20   G B –  160   G B </li></ul><ul><li>CD 700 - 800 ...
Floppies, CDs  Backup
Identify and use icons,  windows, menus <ul><li>Point, click, double-click, drag & drop </li></ul><ul><li>Minimize and max...
Name, save, retrieve, revise a document <ul><li>Name a document  (!) </li></ul><ul><li>Save a document </li></ul><ul><li>R...
Applications <ul><li>Open and work with more than one application at a time </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To switch between them  ...
Install/reinstall and update system software and drivers
Internet Applications <ul><li>BROWSERS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Netscape  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet Explorer </li><...
FTP (File Transfer Protocol) <ul><li>The  simplest and most secure way to  e xchange files over the Internet.  </li></ul><...
Viruses <ul><li>Viruses are programs that reproduce themselves into the files of your computer </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-viru...
REFERENCES <ul><li>Computer Fundamentals for Teachers  </li></ul><ul><li>Basic Computer Operation and Troubleshooting </li...
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Basic Computer Skills

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Basic Computer Skills

  1. 1. BASIC COMPUTER OPERATION Gülçin Sağdıçoğlu Celep [email_address] Department of Mathematics METU 2003
  2. 2. OUTLINE <ul><li>Computer Hardware </li></ul><ul><li>Operating systems </li></ul><ul><li>Terms </li></ul><ul><li>Disk capacities </li></ul><ul><li>Viruses </li></ul><ul><li>Applications and Documents </li></ul><ul><li>Install ation /reinstall ation </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Applications </li></ul>
  3. 3. Computer Hardware <ul><li>Case </li></ul><ul><li>Power switch </li></ul><ul><li>Reset switch </li></ul><ul><li>Hard drive </li></ul><ul><li>Floppy </li></ul><ul><li>CD/DVD </li></ul><ul><li>Serial ports </li></ul><ul><li>Parallel port </li></ul><ul><li>USB port </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboard/mouse </li></ul><ul><li>Network card </li></ul><ul><li>Modem </li></ul><ul><li>Sound card </li></ul><ul><li>Video card </li></ul><ul><li>RAM </li></ul><ul><li>Motherboard </li></ul><ul><li>Fan </li></ul><ul><li>Cables </li></ul>
  4. 4. The basic system including keyboard, mouse and monitor.
  5. 5. What is in the box? Motherboard
  6. 7. Typical parts of a motherboard. ABIT SE6
  7. 8. Cabling For items in or attached to a system to work properly they must be securely connected.
  8. 9. Operating systems <ul><li>All computer systems have an operating system. Currently, there are three dominate typical user operating systems. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Macintosh OS, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Microsoft Windows OS , </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Linux . </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. Terms <ul><li>A: Floppy disk C: Local disk D: Local disk (partition) </li></ul><ul><li>RAM = Random Access Memory. The thinking space available to a computer to use while performing operations. The space is emptied out when the computer is turned off. </li></ul><ul><li>D IRECTORY = A n organizational structure on disks to file management easier. Directories also become a local region for the computer to hunt for other files related to the current file. </li></ul><ul><li>DOCUMENT = A file created using an application. The file is only useful using the application that created it or a similar application that can convert it. </li></ul><ul><li>APPLICATION = A program that allows a computer to perform a certain function. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Disk capacities <ul><li>Floppy : 1.4 MB </li></ul><ul><li>Hard disk: 20 G B – 160 G B </li></ul><ul><li>CD 700 - 800 MB </li></ul><ul><li>DVD 4.7 GB </li></ul><ul><li> 17 GB </li></ul>1 KILOBYTE = 1000 BYTE 1 MEGABYTE = 1000 KB 1 G IGA B YTE = 1000 MB
  11. 12. Floppies, CDs Backup
  12. 13. Identify and use icons, windows, menus <ul><li>Point, click, double-click, drag & drop </li></ul><ul><li>Minimize and maximize a window </li></ul><ul><li>Use pull-down menus </li></ul><ul><li>Select, open, and move an icon </li></ul><ul><li>Select, open, move, and close a window </li></ul><ul><li>Resize a window </li></ul><ul><li>Scroll a window </li></ul><ul><li>A ctivate and de-activate a window </li></ul><ul><li>Start an application and create a document </li></ul>
  13. 14. Name, save, retrieve, revise a document <ul><li>Name a document (!) </li></ul><ul><li>Save a document </li></ul><ul><li>Retrieve a document from floppy disk </li></ul><ul><li>Retrieve a document from hard disk </li></ul><ul><li>Re-name a document </li></ul><ul><li>Edit and re-save a document </li></ul><ul><li>Print a document </li></ul><ul><li>Create and name folders </li></ul><ul><li>Save, open, and place documents inside folders </li></ul>
  14. 15. Applications <ul><li>Open and work with more than one application at a time </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To switch between them for Windows : click on the application at the &quot;TASKBAR&quot; down on the screen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alt & TAB button </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. Install/reinstall and update system software and drivers
  16. 17. Internet Applications <ul><li>BROWSERS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Netscape </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet Explorer </li></ul></ul>http://www.math.metu.edu.tr http: Hyper Text Transfer Protocol edu: Education (gov, org, com, ...)
  17. 18. FTP (File Transfer Protocol) <ul><li>The simplest and most secure way to e xchange files over the Internet. </li></ul><ul><li>FTP Client is the software that is designed to transfer files back-and-forth between two computers over the Internet. It needs to be installed on the computer and can only be used with a live connection to the Internet. (Browsers, WS-Ftp, SSH, Cute-Ftp,...) </li></ul>PC ARF
  18. 19. Viruses <ul><li>Viruses are programs that reproduce themselves into the files of your computer </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-virus software and automatic update </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mcafee Virus Scan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Configuration of Automatic Mcafee Virus Update via FTP http://www.math.metu.edu.tr/department/doc/virus/virus_update.html </li></ul><ul><li>Current security patches applied to operating system and applications. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not open any unexpected attachments that are e-mailed to you. (Particularly “.exe” files.) </li></ul>
  19. 20. REFERENCES <ul><li>Computer Fundamentals for Teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Basic Computer Operation and Troubleshooting </li></ul><ul><li>FTP New User Guide </li></ul>

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