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Computer saftey adware, spyware & viruses

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Computer saftey adware, spyware & viruses

  1. 1. Computer Safety Viruses, Adware and Spyware A Module of the CYC Course – Internet Basics
  2. 2. Computer Safety Viruses, Adware and Spyware <ul><li>Although searching the web, watching videos, and sending and receiving emails can be fun, It is important to realize that there is a responsibility that comes along with it. </li></ul><ul><li>It is up to you to make sure that your computer is protected, and that it is free of Viruses, Spyware and Adware. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is a VIRUS? <ul><li>A Virus is a code written with the express intention of replicating itself. A virus attempts to spread from computer to computer by attaching itself to a host program. It may damage hardware, software, or data . </li></ul>
  4. 4. An example of a computer virus <ul><li>The RINBOT Virus affects all systems that operate on Microsoft Windows, including Windows 95, 98, 2000, NT, & XP. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Adware is any software package which automatically plays, displays, or downloads advertisements to a computer after the software is installed on it or while the application is being used. Some types of adware are also spyware and can be classified as privacy-invasive software. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Adobe Reader Yahoo Messenger Real Player Bearshare
  7. 7. <ul><li>While the term spyware suggests software that secretly monitors the user's behavior, the functions of spyware extend well beyond simple monitoring. </li></ul><ul><li>Spyware programs collect: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>personal information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet surfing habits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sites that have been visited </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And more… </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Spyware interferes with the users control of the computer in other ways: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>such as installing additional software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>redirecting Web browser activity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>accessing websites that cause more harmful viruses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>diverting advertising revenue to a third party </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Spyware can even change computer settings, resulting in slow connection speeds, different home pages, and loss of Internet or other programs. </li></ul>
  9. 9. WeatherBug Morpheus WildTangent
  10. 10. HOW TO AVOID VIRUSES, ADWARE & SPYWARE <ul><li>Purchase a credible virus protection software with regular updates. </li></ul><ul><li>Software packages that have a good reputation in the industry are </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Norton Anti-Virus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>McAfee Anti-Virus </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Both offer updates for a period of time following the purchase of their software. </li></ul><ul><li>Additional subscriptions to updates are available for a price. It is well worth it to keep your computer protected. </li></ul>
  11. 11. HOW TO AVOID VIRUSES, ADWARE & SPYWARE <ul><li>Run your virus protection diagnostics regularly. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>do not postpone updating the virus definitions when your software prompts you to do so. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This will keep your computer's &quot;antibodies&quot; strong and able to defend itself from attacks. </li></ul>
  12. 12. HOW TO AVOID VIRUSES, ADWARE & SPYWARE <ul><li>Do not open e-mail messages with strange subject lines. </li></ul><ul><li>They often contain viruses. If the subject line doesn't make any sense, it's best to delete the message if it's not from someone you know personally. </li></ul>
  13. 13. HOW TO AVOID VIRUSES, ADWARE & SPYWARE <ul><li>Do not open e-mail messages with strange subject lines. </li></ul><ul><li>They often contain viruses. If the subject line doesn't make any sense, it's best to delete the message if it's not from someone you know personally. </li></ul>
  14. 14. HOW TO AVOID VIRUSES, ADWARE & SPYWARE <ul><li>Change your e-mail preferences so you do not automatically open new messages. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Changing this preference can defend you from viruses that activate when an e-mail message is opened. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By opening each message manually, you choose which messages you open, and you can make sure that they come from people you know. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. HOW TO AVOID VIRUSES, ADWARE & SPYWARE <ul><li>Change your e-mail preferences so you do not automatically open new messages. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Changing this preference can defend you from viruses that activate when an e-mail message is opened. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By opening each message manually, you choose which messages you open, and you can make sure that they come from people you know. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. HOW TO AVOID VIRUSES, ADWARE & SPYWARE <ul><li>Change your e-mail preferences so you do not automatically open new messages. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Changing this preference can defend you from viruses that activate when an e-mail message is opened. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By opening each message manually, you choose which messages you open, and you can make sure that they come from people you know. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. HOW TO AVOID VIRUSES, ADWARE & SPYWARE
  18. 18. HOW TO AVOID VIRUSES, ADWARE & SPYWARE <ul><li>Use a firewall! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>While most spyware and other unwanted software come bundled with other programs or originate from unscrupulous Web sites, a small amount of spyware can actually be placed on your computer remotely by hackers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Installing a firewall or using the firewall that's built into Windows XP provides a helpful defense against these hackers . </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. HOW TO AVOID VIRUSES, ADWARE & SPYWARE <ul><li>Adjust Internet Explorer security settings. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You can adjust your Internet Explorer Web browser's security settings to determine how much—or how little—information you are willing to accept from a Web site. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Microsoft recommends that you set the security settings for the Internet zone to Medium or higher. </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. HOW TO AVOID VIRUSES, ADWARE & SPYWARE <ul><li>Download and install antispyware. </li></ul><ul><li>Protection windows Defender protects your computer from spyware and other unwanted software. </li></ul><ul><li>Windows Defender comes with Windows Vista and you can download it for no charge for Windows XP at the Microsoft Download Center. </li></ul>
  21. 21. HOW TO AVOID VIRUSES, ADWARE & SPYWARE <ul><li>Read all security warnings, license agreements, and privacy statements associated with any software you download </li></ul><ul><li>Never click &quot;agree&quot; or &quot;OK&quot; to close a window. Instead, click the red &quot;x&quot; in the corner of the window or press the Alt + F4 buttons on your keyboard to close a window. </li></ul><ul><li>Be wary of popular &quot;free&quot; music and movie file sharing programs, and be sure you clearly understand all of the software packaged with those programs. </li></ul>
  22. 22. CREDITS

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