SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 31
Diabetes
Nhung H. Nguyen
Definition:
• “A metabolic disease in which the body’s inability to
produce any or enough insulin causes elevated
levels of glucose in the blood.”
Types of diabetes:
• Type 1
• Type 2
• Gestational diabetes
• Prediabetes
Type 1 diabetes:
– Also known as juvenile diabetes
– Usually diagnosed in children and young adults
– When body’s own immune system destroys the insulin producing
cells of the pancreas – beta cells – which produce insulin
– Only 5% of people have this disease
– Body does not produce insulin
– Is not preventable
• No primary intervention
– Causes?
• Predisposition to diabetes – genetics - and something (i.e. weather,
virus ... etc ) in environment triggers the disease
Symptoms of
Diabetes:
Type 2 diabetes:
– Most common form of diabetes – about 90% of cases
– Used to be called adult onset, non insulin dependent diabetes
– Body produces insulin, but does not use it properly
• glucose doesn’t move into cells, they pile up in the bloodstream
– sx’s when they do occur are often ignored because they may not
seem serious
Risk factors:
• Genetics
• Family pmHx
• Polycystic ovary syndrome
– Irregular menses
• Race
– African Americans, Hispanics and Asians > whites
• Age
– After age 45, but increases in younger adults and children
• Environmental factors
– Inactivity
– Weight gain
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM):
• Having diabetes during pregnancy
• Family Hx of diabetes, overweight prior to pregnancy?
• Having gestational diabetes puts you at risk for diabetes type 2
• Giving birth to a baby >9 lbs also puts you at risk for type 2
• 18 out of every 100 pregnant females will develop GDM
Complications for uncontrolled diabetes:
How to monitor your diabetes:
Preventions:
• Type 1:
– Not preventable, as of right now.
• Studies on ways to possible prevent further destruction of the beta
cells
– Maintain and control sugar levels, insulin injection
– Healthy life style – exercise and diet
– Islet transplantation?
Preventions:
• Type 2:
– Primary: maintain a healthy lifestyle
– Secondary: check HgA1c, adjust diet
• HgA1c – blood sugar avg over span of 3 months
– Measures what % of your Hg is coated with sugar
– Nl = 4 % - 5.6%, pre diabetes = 5.7% -6.4% and diabetes = 6.5% +
– Tertiary: exercise and eat well
– Foot exam?
Preventions:
• Gestational diabetes:
– Physical activity
• Researchers found being physically active before and after their
pregnancy reduced their risk of GDM by about 70% or more
– Diet
• A study showed that each 10 gram increase in fiber a day reduced
their risk of GDM by 26%
U.S. Prevalence:
U.S. Prevalence:
Diabetes and Obesity:
Research:
Cost of Diabetes (US):
Global prevalence:
http://www.idf.org/atlasmap/atlasmap
Global prevalence:
Prediabetes:
Prediabetes:
• Diabetes prevention program
– Lifestyle intervention group vs medicated group with Metformin
vs placebo group
– 3,243 participants were overweight and had prediabetes
– Lifestyle intervention reduced diabetes by 58%
– Metformin reduced diabetes by 31%
• Effective in both sexes ages 25-44 yoa and BMI of 30 +
Summary: Type 2 diabetes can be prevented/delayed with activity
and diet.
Twin study:
The Future:
The Future:
Websites:
• http://www.idf.org/about-diabetes
– global
• http://www.diabeteseducator.org/
• http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/home/
• http://www.diabetes.org/
– U.S.
• Questions?

More Related Content

Similar to Penyuluhan Diabetes.ppt

1 introduction to dm.ppt
1  introduction to dm.ppt1  introduction to dm.ppt
1 introduction to dm.pptasmabarhoom
 
Adaptation to Diabetes Mellitus
Adaptation to Diabetes MellitusAdaptation to Diabetes Mellitus
Adaptation to Diabetes MellitusNegin Dorri
 
Diabetes symptoms end causes
Diabetes symptoms end causes Diabetes symptoms end causes
Diabetes symptoms end causes luisPiarent
 
Student Work - Diabetes
Student Work - DiabetesStudent Work - Diabetes
Student Work - Diabetesjeremyschriner
 
Gobindgarh public school
Gobindgarh public schoolGobindgarh public school
Gobindgarh public schooltaranpreetqwe
 
5 diabetes mellitus ishwar
5 diabetes mellitus ishwar5 diabetes mellitus ishwar
5 diabetes mellitus ishwarMahendra Poudel
 
Unraveling the Sugar Cube navs-2011
Unraveling the Sugar Cube navs-2011Unraveling the Sugar Cube navs-2011
Unraveling the Sugar Cube navs-2011EsserHealth
 
Approach to Diabetes mellitus.ppt.pptx
Approach to Diabetes mellitus.ppt.pptxApproach to Diabetes mellitus.ppt.pptx
Approach to Diabetes mellitus.ppt.pptxFebithaVP
 
Diabetes --what, why and how tibb can help
Diabetes --what, why and how tibb can helpDiabetes --what, why and how tibb can help
Diabetes --what, why and how tibb can helpYounis I Munshi
 
Diabetes (2).pptx
Diabetes (2).pptxDiabetes (2).pptx
Diabetes (2).pptxNgoFungTeh
 
Diabetes.ppt
Diabetes.pptDiabetes.ppt
Diabetes.pptSmithaDg2
 
15.Diabetes lecture.pptx
15.Diabetes  lecture.pptx15.Diabetes  lecture.pptx
15.Diabetes lecture.pptxmulenga22
 
Twin health-best-diabetes-reversal-program-in-india
Twin health-best-diabetes-reversal-program-in-indiaTwin health-best-diabetes-reversal-program-in-india
Twin health-best-diabetes-reversal-program-in-indiaRubinaKhatoon
 

Similar to Penyuluhan Diabetes.ppt (19)

diabetes food pyramid.ppt
diabetes food pyramid.pptdiabetes food pyramid.ppt
diabetes food pyramid.ppt
 
1 introduction to dm.ppt
1  introduction to dm.ppt1  introduction to dm.ppt
1 introduction to dm.ppt
 
Adaptation to Diabetes Mellitus
Adaptation to Diabetes MellitusAdaptation to Diabetes Mellitus
Adaptation to Diabetes Mellitus
 
Diabetes symptoms end causes
Diabetes symptoms end causes Diabetes symptoms end causes
Diabetes symptoms end causes
 
Diabetes mellitus
Diabetes  mellitusDiabetes  mellitus
Diabetes mellitus
 
Diabetes Mellitus (DM)
Diabetes Mellitus (DM)Diabetes Mellitus (DM)
Diabetes Mellitus (DM)
 
Student Work - Diabetes
Student Work - DiabetesStudent Work - Diabetes
Student Work - Diabetes
 
Gobindgarh public school
Gobindgarh public schoolGobindgarh public school
Gobindgarh public school
 
Diabetes
DiabetesDiabetes
Diabetes
 
Diabetes
DiabetesDiabetes
Diabetes
 
5 diabetes mellitus ishwar
5 diabetes mellitus ishwar5 diabetes mellitus ishwar
5 diabetes mellitus ishwar
 
Unraveling the Sugar Cube navs-2011
Unraveling the Sugar Cube navs-2011Unraveling the Sugar Cube navs-2011
Unraveling the Sugar Cube navs-2011
 
Approach to Diabetes mellitus.ppt.pptx
Approach to Diabetes mellitus.ppt.pptxApproach to Diabetes mellitus.ppt.pptx
Approach to Diabetes mellitus.ppt.pptx
 
Diabetes --what, why and how tibb can help
Diabetes --what, why and how tibb can helpDiabetes --what, why and how tibb can help
Diabetes --what, why and how tibb can help
 
Diabetes (2).pptx
Diabetes (2).pptxDiabetes (2).pptx
Diabetes (2).pptx
 
Hari mr
Hari mrHari mr
Hari mr
 
Diabetes.ppt
Diabetes.pptDiabetes.ppt
Diabetes.ppt
 
15.Diabetes lecture.pptx
15.Diabetes  lecture.pptx15.Diabetes  lecture.pptx
15.Diabetes lecture.pptx
 
Twin health-best-diabetes-reversal-program-in-india
Twin health-best-diabetes-reversal-program-in-indiaTwin health-best-diabetes-reversal-program-in-india
Twin health-best-diabetes-reversal-program-in-india
 

Recently uploaded

CONGENITAL HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS by Dr M.KARTHIK EMMANUEL
CONGENITAL HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS  by Dr M.KARTHIK EMMANUELCONGENITAL HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS  by Dr M.KARTHIK EMMANUEL
CONGENITAL HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS by Dr M.KARTHIK EMMANUELMKARTHIKEMMANUEL
 
Bangalore whatsapp Number Just VIP Brookefield 100% Genuine at your Door Step
Bangalore whatsapp Number Just VIP Brookefield 100% Genuine at your Door StepBangalore whatsapp Number Just VIP Brookefield 100% Genuine at your Door Step
Bangalore whatsapp Number Just VIP Brookefield 100% Genuine at your Door Stepdarmandersingh4580
 
DR. Neha Mehta Best Psychologist.in India
DR. Neha Mehta Best Psychologist.in IndiaDR. Neha Mehta Best Psychologist.in India
DR. Neha Mehta Best Psychologist.in IndiaNehamehta128467
 
Sell pmk powder cas 28578-16-7 from pmk supplier Telegram +85297504341
Sell pmk powder cas 28578-16-7 from pmk supplier Telegram +85297504341Sell pmk powder cas 28578-16-7 from pmk supplier Telegram +85297504341
Sell pmk powder cas 28578-16-7 from pmk supplier Telegram +85297504341Sherrylee83
 
ANAPHYLAXIS BY DR.SOHAN BISWAS,MBBS,DNB(INTERNAL MEDICINE) RESIDENT.pptx
ANAPHYLAXIS BY DR.SOHAN BISWAS,MBBS,DNB(INTERNAL MEDICINE) RESIDENT.pptxANAPHYLAXIS BY DR.SOHAN BISWAS,MBBS,DNB(INTERNAL MEDICINE) RESIDENT.pptx
ANAPHYLAXIS BY DR.SOHAN BISWAS,MBBS,DNB(INTERNAL MEDICINE) RESIDENT.pptxDr. Sohan Biswas
 
Tips to Choose the Best Psychiatrists in Indore
Tips to Choose the Best Psychiatrists in IndoreTips to Choose the Best Psychiatrists in Indore
Tips to Choose the Best Psychiatrists in IndoreGokuldas Hospital
 
Tips and tricks to pass the cardiovascular station for PACES exam
Tips and tricks to pass the cardiovascular station for PACES examTips and tricks to pass the cardiovascular station for PACES exam
Tips and tricks to pass the cardiovascular station for PACES examJunhao Koh
 
Unveiling Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome: exploring it's hidden depths
Unveiling Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome: exploring it's hidden depthsUnveiling Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome: exploring it's hidden depths
Unveiling Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome: exploring it's hidden depthsYash Garg
 
ESC HF 2024 Spotlights Day-2.pptx heart failure
ESC HF 2024 Spotlights Day-2.pptx heart failureESC HF 2024 Spotlights Day-2.pptx heart failure
ESC HF 2024 Spotlights Day-2.pptx heart failuremahiavy26
 
Histology of Epithelium - Dr Muhammad Ali Rabbani - Medicose Academics
Histology of Epithelium - Dr Muhammad Ali Rabbani - Medicose AcademicsHistology of Epithelium - Dr Muhammad Ali Rabbani - Medicose Academics
Histology of Epithelium - Dr Muhammad Ali Rabbani - Medicose AcademicsMedicoseAcademics
 
Get the best psychology treatment in Indore at Gokuldas Hospital
Get the best psychology treatment in Indore at Gokuldas HospitalGet the best psychology treatment in Indore at Gokuldas Hospital
Get the best psychology treatment in Indore at Gokuldas HospitalGokuldas Hospital
 
Premium ℂall Girls In Mumbai👉 Dail ℂALL ME: 📞9833325238 📲 ℂall Richa VIP ℂall...
Premium ℂall Girls In Mumbai👉 Dail ℂALL ME: 📞9833325238 📲 ℂall Richa VIP ℂall...Premium ℂall Girls In Mumbai👉 Dail ℂALL ME: 📞9833325238 📲 ℂall Richa VIP ℂall...
Premium ℂall Girls In Mumbai👉 Dail ℂALL ME: 📞9833325238 📲 ℂall Richa VIP ℂall...Avani bhatt
 
CAS 110-63-4 BDO Liquid 1,4-Butanediol 1 4 BDO Warehouse Supply For Excellent...
CAS 110-63-4 BDO Liquid 1,4-Butanediol 1 4 BDO Warehouse Supply For Excellent...CAS 110-63-4 BDO Liquid 1,4-Butanediol 1 4 BDO Warehouse Supply For Excellent...
CAS 110-63-4 BDO Liquid 1,4-Butanediol 1 4 BDO Warehouse Supply For Excellent...ocean4396
 
Hemodialysis: Chapter 1, Physiological Principles of Hemodialysis - Dr.Gawad
Hemodialysis: Chapter 1, Physiological Principles of Hemodialysis - Dr.GawadHemodialysis: Chapter 1, Physiological Principles of Hemodialysis - Dr.Gawad
Hemodialysis: Chapter 1, Physiological Principles of Hemodialysis - Dr.GawadNephroTube - Dr.Gawad
 
Video capsule endoscopy (VCE ) in children
Video capsule endoscopy (VCE ) in childrenVideo capsule endoscopy (VCE ) in children
Video capsule endoscopy (VCE ) in childrenRaju678948
 
Sonia Journal club presentation (2).pptx
Sonia Journal club presentation (2).pptxSonia Journal club presentation (2).pptx
Sonia Journal club presentation (2).pptxpalsonia139
 
Results For Love Spell Is Guaranteed In 1 Day +27834335081 [BACK LOST LOVE SP...
Results For Love Spell Is Guaranteed In 1 Day +27834335081 [BACK LOST LOVE SP...Results For Love Spell Is Guaranteed In 1 Day +27834335081 [BACK LOST LOVE SP...
Results For Love Spell Is Guaranteed In 1 Day +27834335081 [BACK LOST LOVE SP...BabaJohn3
 
Case presentation on Antibody screening- how to solve 3 cell and 11 cell panel?
Case presentation on Antibody screening- how to solve 3 cell and 11 cell panel?Case presentation on Antibody screening- how to solve 3 cell and 11 cell panel?
Case presentation on Antibody screening- how to solve 3 cell and 11 cell panel?DrShinyKajal
 
Denture base resins materials and its mechanism of action
Denture base resins materials and its mechanism of actionDenture base resins materials and its mechanism of action
Denture base resins materials and its mechanism of actionDr.shiva sai vemula
 

Recently uploaded (20)

CONGENITAL HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS by Dr M.KARTHIK EMMANUEL
CONGENITAL HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS  by Dr M.KARTHIK EMMANUELCONGENITAL HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS  by Dr M.KARTHIK EMMANUEL
CONGENITAL HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS by Dr M.KARTHIK EMMANUEL
 
Bangalore whatsapp Number Just VIP Brookefield 100% Genuine at your Door Step
Bangalore whatsapp Number Just VIP Brookefield 100% Genuine at your Door StepBangalore whatsapp Number Just VIP Brookefield 100% Genuine at your Door Step
Bangalore whatsapp Number Just VIP Brookefield 100% Genuine at your Door Step
 
DR. Neha Mehta Best Psychologist.in India
DR. Neha Mehta Best Psychologist.in IndiaDR. Neha Mehta Best Psychologist.in India
DR. Neha Mehta Best Psychologist.in India
 
Sell pmk powder cas 28578-16-7 from pmk supplier Telegram +85297504341
Sell pmk powder cas 28578-16-7 from pmk supplier Telegram +85297504341Sell pmk powder cas 28578-16-7 from pmk supplier Telegram +85297504341
Sell pmk powder cas 28578-16-7 from pmk supplier Telegram +85297504341
 
ANAPHYLAXIS BY DR.SOHAN BISWAS,MBBS,DNB(INTERNAL MEDICINE) RESIDENT.pptx
ANAPHYLAXIS BY DR.SOHAN BISWAS,MBBS,DNB(INTERNAL MEDICINE) RESIDENT.pptxANAPHYLAXIS BY DR.SOHAN BISWAS,MBBS,DNB(INTERNAL MEDICINE) RESIDENT.pptx
ANAPHYLAXIS BY DR.SOHAN BISWAS,MBBS,DNB(INTERNAL MEDICINE) RESIDENT.pptx
 
Tips to Choose the Best Psychiatrists in Indore
Tips to Choose the Best Psychiatrists in IndoreTips to Choose the Best Psychiatrists in Indore
Tips to Choose the Best Psychiatrists in Indore
 
Tips and tricks to pass the cardiovascular station for PACES exam
Tips and tricks to pass the cardiovascular station for PACES examTips and tricks to pass the cardiovascular station for PACES exam
Tips and tricks to pass the cardiovascular station for PACES exam
 
Unveiling Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome: exploring it's hidden depths
Unveiling Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome: exploring it's hidden depthsUnveiling Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome: exploring it's hidden depths
Unveiling Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome: exploring it's hidden depths
 
ESC HF 2024 Spotlights Day-2.pptx heart failure
ESC HF 2024 Spotlights Day-2.pptx heart failureESC HF 2024 Spotlights Day-2.pptx heart failure
ESC HF 2024 Spotlights Day-2.pptx heart failure
 
Histology of Epithelium - Dr Muhammad Ali Rabbani - Medicose Academics
Histology of Epithelium - Dr Muhammad Ali Rabbani - Medicose AcademicsHistology of Epithelium - Dr Muhammad Ali Rabbani - Medicose Academics
Histology of Epithelium - Dr Muhammad Ali Rabbani - Medicose Academics
 
Get the best psychology treatment in Indore at Gokuldas Hospital
Get the best psychology treatment in Indore at Gokuldas HospitalGet the best psychology treatment in Indore at Gokuldas Hospital
Get the best psychology treatment in Indore at Gokuldas Hospital
 
Making Patient-Centric Immunotherapy a Reality in Lung Cancer: Best Practices...
Making Patient-Centric Immunotherapy a Reality in Lung Cancer: Best Practices...Making Patient-Centric Immunotherapy a Reality in Lung Cancer: Best Practices...
Making Patient-Centric Immunotherapy a Reality in Lung Cancer: Best Practices...
 
Premium ℂall Girls In Mumbai👉 Dail ℂALL ME: 📞9833325238 📲 ℂall Richa VIP ℂall...
Premium ℂall Girls In Mumbai👉 Dail ℂALL ME: 📞9833325238 📲 ℂall Richa VIP ℂall...Premium ℂall Girls In Mumbai👉 Dail ℂALL ME: 📞9833325238 📲 ℂall Richa VIP ℂall...
Premium ℂall Girls In Mumbai👉 Dail ℂALL ME: 📞9833325238 📲 ℂall Richa VIP ℂall...
 
CAS 110-63-4 BDO Liquid 1,4-Butanediol 1 4 BDO Warehouse Supply For Excellent...
CAS 110-63-4 BDO Liquid 1,4-Butanediol 1 4 BDO Warehouse Supply For Excellent...CAS 110-63-4 BDO Liquid 1,4-Butanediol 1 4 BDO Warehouse Supply For Excellent...
CAS 110-63-4 BDO Liquid 1,4-Butanediol 1 4 BDO Warehouse Supply For Excellent...
 
Hemodialysis: Chapter 1, Physiological Principles of Hemodialysis - Dr.Gawad
Hemodialysis: Chapter 1, Physiological Principles of Hemodialysis - Dr.GawadHemodialysis: Chapter 1, Physiological Principles of Hemodialysis - Dr.Gawad
Hemodialysis: Chapter 1, Physiological Principles of Hemodialysis - Dr.Gawad
 
Video capsule endoscopy (VCE ) in children
Video capsule endoscopy (VCE ) in childrenVideo capsule endoscopy (VCE ) in children
Video capsule endoscopy (VCE ) in children
 
Sonia Journal club presentation (2).pptx
Sonia Journal club presentation (2).pptxSonia Journal club presentation (2).pptx
Sonia Journal club presentation (2).pptx
 
Results For Love Spell Is Guaranteed In 1 Day +27834335081 [BACK LOST LOVE SP...
Results For Love Spell Is Guaranteed In 1 Day +27834335081 [BACK LOST LOVE SP...Results For Love Spell Is Guaranteed In 1 Day +27834335081 [BACK LOST LOVE SP...
Results For Love Spell Is Guaranteed In 1 Day +27834335081 [BACK LOST LOVE SP...
 
Case presentation on Antibody screening- how to solve 3 cell and 11 cell panel?
Case presentation on Antibody screening- how to solve 3 cell and 11 cell panel?Case presentation on Antibody screening- how to solve 3 cell and 11 cell panel?
Case presentation on Antibody screening- how to solve 3 cell and 11 cell panel?
 
Denture base resins materials and its mechanism of action
Denture base resins materials and its mechanism of actionDenture base resins materials and its mechanism of action
Denture base resins materials and its mechanism of action
 

Penyuluhan Diabetes.ppt

  • 2. Definition: • “A metabolic disease in which the body’s inability to produce any or enough insulin causes elevated levels of glucose in the blood.”
  • 3. Types of diabetes: • Type 1 • Type 2 • Gestational diabetes • Prediabetes
  • 4. Type 1 diabetes: – Also known as juvenile diabetes – Usually diagnosed in children and young adults – When body’s own immune system destroys the insulin producing cells of the pancreas – beta cells – which produce insulin – Only 5% of people have this disease – Body does not produce insulin – Is not preventable • No primary intervention – Causes? • Predisposition to diabetes – genetics - and something (i.e. weather, virus ... etc ) in environment triggers the disease
  • 6. Type 2 diabetes: – Most common form of diabetes – about 90% of cases – Used to be called adult onset, non insulin dependent diabetes – Body produces insulin, but does not use it properly • glucose doesn’t move into cells, they pile up in the bloodstream – sx’s when they do occur are often ignored because they may not seem serious
  • 7. Risk factors: • Genetics • Family pmHx • Polycystic ovary syndrome – Irregular menses • Race – African Americans, Hispanics and Asians > whites • Age – After age 45, but increases in younger adults and children • Environmental factors – Inactivity – Weight gain
  • 8. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM): • Having diabetes during pregnancy • Family Hx of diabetes, overweight prior to pregnancy? • Having gestational diabetes puts you at risk for diabetes type 2 • Giving birth to a baby >9 lbs also puts you at risk for type 2 • 18 out of every 100 pregnant females will develop GDM
  • 10. How to monitor your diabetes:
  • 11. Preventions: • Type 1: – Not preventable, as of right now. • Studies on ways to possible prevent further destruction of the beta cells – Maintain and control sugar levels, insulin injection – Healthy life style – exercise and diet – Islet transplantation?
  • 12. Preventions: • Type 2: – Primary: maintain a healthy lifestyle – Secondary: check HgA1c, adjust diet • HgA1c – blood sugar avg over span of 3 months – Measures what % of your Hg is coated with sugar – Nl = 4 % - 5.6%, pre diabetes = 5.7% -6.4% and diabetes = 6.5% + – Tertiary: exercise and eat well – Foot exam?
  • 13. Preventions: • Gestational diabetes: – Physical activity • Researchers found being physically active before and after their pregnancy reduced their risk of GDM by about 70% or more – Diet • A study showed that each 10 gram increase in fiber a day reduced their risk of GDM by 26%
  • 16.
  • 17.
  • 18.
  • 25. Prediabetes: • Diabetes prevention program – Lifestyle intervention group vs medicated group with Metformin vs placebo group – 3,243 participants were overweight and had prediabetes – Lifestyle intervention reduced diabetes by 58% – Metformin reduced diabetes by 31% • Effective in both sexes ages 25-44 yoa and BMI of 30 + Summary: Type 2 diabetes can be prevented/delayed with activity and diet.
  • 26.
  • 30. Websites: • http://www.idf.org/about-diabetes – global • http://www.diabeteseducator.org/ • http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/home/ • http://www.diabetes.org/ – U.S.